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Are You Born With Sleep Apnea

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Tests To Find The Cause Of Apnea

7 Signs You Have Sleep Apnea & What to Do About It

Tests might be done to find the cause for your baby’s apnea episodes. During the tests the nurses will watch your baby closely and write down his or her activities. We need to know what happens before, during and after the periods of apnea. That is why your baby might need tests. We need to find out what causes the apnea so we can give your infant proper care.

The Dangers Of Poor Sleep

The trouble with sleep apnea isnt just that you might not be getting the totalamount of sleep you need. Its that healthy sleep involves a series of cycles, roughly 90 minutes in length,that include moving from light to deep sleep, which is when you dream, and back again. When breathing problemsdisrupt those healthy cycles, all sorts of bad consequences happen.

Some of those consequences are obvious: youre low on energy and not thinkingclearly, which can make you moody and less productive and, more seriously, increases the risk of car crashes andother dangerous accidents.

However, some effects of inadequate sleep are more insidious. Research has linkedseveral chronic diseases to it:

  • Cardiovascular disease: sleep apneaheightens the risk of heart attack, high blood pressure, stroke, and arrhythmias.
  • Diabetes: getting good sleep seems tohelp people with type 2 diabetes manage their blood sugar, while lack of sleep worsens symptoms.
  • Obesity: lack of sleep leads tometabolic changes that encourage obesity, especially in children. Many people find it easier to control foodcravings when theyve had enough sleep.
  • Liver disease: people with sleepapnea are more likely to have problems with liver function and show signs of scarring.

Sleep apnea can be bad for your mental health as well. A 2012 study of sleep-apnea patients found that more than half of them suffered from depressionand anxiety.

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What You Can Do

Apnea may come on quickly and without warning, especially during times of stress or infection. The monitor placed on your baby is especially made to alert you to any possible periods of apnea or bradycardia. The best thing you can do as a parent is to be prepared. The doctors and nurses will teach you how to take care of your baby’s special needs. You can:

  • Read carefully all information given to you.

  • Ask any questions you may have.

  • Take an active part in your child’s care.

  • Tell us what you are thinking and feeling.

  • Let us help you care for your baby.

We know this is a difficult time for you and your family. Remember, this is a temporary condition. Together, we can help your baby grow and develop as a normal, healthy child.

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Complications Of Sleep Apnea

Lack of sufficient sleep makes you tired and exhausted. Over time, it affects your wellbeing and invites unwanted complications.

People who dont sleep well develop various mental disorders due to imbalance. Depression and anxiety are commonly diagnosed in sleep apnea sufferers.

More than 60 percent of stroke patients suffered from OSA.

Obesity is a major cause of type 2 diabetes. Eventually, sleep apnea triggers diabetes, an autoimmune condition.

OSA in middle-aged men suffers from low testosterone, poor libido, and erectile dysfunction.

How Many People Are Getting In Car Accidents Because Of Sleep Apnea

3 Sleep Disorder Causes That Will Keep You Awake at Night

There are some interesting facts about sleep apnea, like that people with sleep apnea are at twice the risk of having a car accident. According to one 2004 study, treating all United States drivers suffering from sleep apnea would save $11.1 billion in collision costs and save 980 lives annually. The correlation between obstructive sleep apnea and driving incidents isnt too surprising excessive daytime sleepiness and short sleep duration are some of the independent predictors of increased crash risk in people with sleep apnea.

Further, medical patients utilized 23% to 50% more medical resources prior to a sleep apnea diagnosis, and studies show undiagnosed moderate to severe sleep apnea in middle-aged adults may cause $3.4 billion in additional medical costs in the United States.

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Three Kinds Of Sleep Apnea

There are three types of sleep apnea, but only obstructive sleep apnea might be hereditary:

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea: the most common form of sleep apnea that we often associate with snoring that occurs when throat muscles relax during sleep, and there is less room to breathe
  • Central Sleep Apnea: when asleep, your brain doesnt send the right electrical impulses to your muscles telling you to breathe. According to scientific studies, central sleep apnea is not genetically passed down. Some of the underlying causes of central sleep apnea, such as certain heart issues, may have a genetic component. However, most of the causes do not, and theres little evidence that central sleep apnea itself is hereditary.
  • Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome : occurs when you suffer from obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.

Causes Of Sleep Apnea

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

OSA is usually caused when the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses and blocks the upper airway during sleep. Infants with medical problems like craniofacial syndromes , floppy airways due to laryngomalacia or large adenoids and big tissue at the back of their throat are at most risk.

Central Sleep Apnea

CSA is rarer. This is when the childs brain is misfiring and not telling the body to breathe when it should. There are some concerns that children born premature or if the mother smokes during pregnancy that this can increase the risk of central sleep apnea in infants. Central sleep apnea is most commonly idiopathic . It can also be seen in children with neurologic insults .

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Larry, the Cable Guy, is probably one of the most controversial but famous standup comedians of the 21st century. Larry won many loyal fans throughout his career. He worked as a radio host for some time.

Larry produced several comedy albums that took him to the top of the charts. Some of these included the Right to Bear Arms , Health Inspector , and A very Larry Christmas .

Sids Alte And Its Association With Osa

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It has been suggested that SIDS, ALTE, and OSA in infants have similar pathophysiological mechanisms and recently these have been linked to the adult OSA syndrome. Obstructive and central apnoea has been recorded during sleep in infants who have experienced an ALTE.,, In addition, several studies have reported obstructive events during sleep in infants who subsequently became victims of SIDS. Guilleminaultet al were the first to document obstructive apnoea in an infant with laryngomalacia who subsequently died of SIDS. Kahn et al and later Schlüter et al found that infants who subsequently died of SIDS had obstructive events more commonly recorded on a previous polysomnographic study than matched controls or infants who died from other known causes. These findings have suggested that upper airway obstruction is probably involved in the mechanisms of SIDS and ALTE.

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Who Gets Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea occurs in about 25% of men and nearly 10% of women. Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, including babies and children and particularly people over the age of 50 and those who are overweight.

Certain physical traits and clinical features are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. These include excessive weight, large neck and structural abnormalities reducing the diameter of the upper airway, such as nasal obstruction, a low-hanging soft palate, enlarged tonsils or a small jaw with an overbite.

Factors That Contribute To Inherited Obstructive Sleep Apnea

There are a number of factors that you can inherit that can contribute to the development of obstructive sleep apnea, such as:

  • Large tonsils – Often, when one parent is born with large tonsils, that trait will show up in their children. Large tonsils are one of the significant contributors to childhood sleep apnea.
  • Obesity – The genetic impact of obesity can range from 25% to as high as 80%, according to some researchers. If you have one or more parents and blood relatives that are obese, you can assume that your genetic predisposition to obesity is high, as well as the often-accompanying sleep apnea.
  • Hyperthyroidism – Both non-autoimmune and autoimmune hyperthyroidism have hereditary links, often directly inherited from a parent. The development of hyperthyroidism often puts direct pressure on the airway, leading to sleep apnea that requires separate management from hyperthyroidism.
  • Thicker neck – If one or more parents have a thick neck, it is more likely that you will inherit this trait, particularly if you are male. Having more mass around your neck can lead to obstructive sleep apnea, as it puts more pressure on your neck muscles and airway.
  • Small lower jaw – As with the thicker neck, a smaller lower jaw is often a hereditary trait, which contributes to sleep apnea.
  • Nasal congestion – Whether it is triggered by inherited allergies or hereditary enlarged adenoids, those who have nasal congestion are also more at risk of developing sleep apnea.

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Scientific Facts To Ponder

If you are more at risk for developing OSA, see a sleep specialist quickly if you start developing sleep troubles. An ENT specialist who can diagnose a sleep disorder helps you find the best treatment options to avoid becoming another statistic.

A study entitled Disparities and genetic risk factors in obstructive sleep apnea, published in Sleep Medicine, gleaned these facts about genetic factors:

  • The craniofacial structure among Asians appears to confer an elevated risk of OSA despite lower rates of obesity.
  • Among African Americans, Native Americans, and Hispanics, OSA prevalence is increased, likely due in part to obesity.
  • The burden of symptoms, particularly excessive daytime sleepiness, is higher among African Americans, though Hispanics more often report snoring.
  • Limited data suggest African Americans may be more susceptible to hypertension in the setting of OSA.
  • Among pediatric patients evaluated in a sleep clinic, African American race is associated with a 20% increase in OSA severity and greater oxygen desaturation.
  • African American children are 4-6 times more likely to have OSA compared to white children.
  • Even among young adults less than 26 years of age, African Americans are 88% more likely to have OSA as compared to whites.

Is Sleep Apnea Hereditary A Look In Sleep Apnea And If You Can Be Born With It

The Essential Guide To Paediatric Sleep Apnea in Singapore ...

While there are many factors that can contribute to sleep apnea, there is a strong possibility that it can in fact be hereditary. A family history of this serious condition is not something to take lightly and certainly something you want to discuss with your doctor or seek guidance for. Were here to ease your mind and answer the questions you may have surrounding the condition if a family member suffers from it.

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Central And Obstructive Sleep Apnea Have Hereditary Factors

For a quick overview, let’s clarify what is central sleep apnea and what is obstructive sleep apnea.

  • Central sleep apnea is due to neurological issues that cause your brain to send the wrong signals to the muscle groups that control your breathing, causing it to stop periodically.
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a mechanical issue, where the muscles located in the back of your throat become too relaxed. These slack muscles block your airway, either partially or completely.

There is also mixed sleep apnea, which is a mix of central and obstructive sleep apnea. In many cases, the treatment for all three types of sleep apnea will include the use of a PAP machine. Also, these different types of sleep apnea all carry genetic factors. However, there is less evidence supporting that central sleep apnea is hereditary, aside from certain heart-related conditions.

In the case of obstructive sleep apnea, there is far more research that points to obstructive sleep apnea having genetic factors, with it being about 40% hereditary. As obstructive sleep apnea is also the more common type, let’s focus on its hereditary factors.

What Is The Life Expectancy Of Someone With Sleep Apnea

A study observing sleep-disordered breathing and mortality showed a significant, high mortality risk with untreated sleep-disordered breathing independent of age, sex, and BMI underscore the need for treatment of sleep-disordered breathing indicated by frequent episodes of apnea and hypopnea. Sleep apnea can cause other health conditions that lead to premature death.

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Dangerous Sleep Apnea Of Children Why It Occurs And What To Do

September 12, 2021

Cessation of breathing in a sleeping child, or sleep Apnea, can be due to a variety of reasons, ranging from age-related physiology to serious diseases caused by genetic mutations.

Depending on the nature of the disorder, children sleep Apnea:

  • Not dangerous to the health of the baby, and therefore does not require any measures
  • Threatens the childs life and / or leads to mental retardation, frequent headaches during wakefulness, the development of hyperactivity syndrome
  • Disappears by itself or after proper treatment

Below you will find more information about the etiology of children sleep apnea, the possible consequences and current approaches to solving the problem.

Is Snoring Hereditary

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Snoring is caused by the vibrations of certain parts of the airway as air rushes past during sleep. The airway vibrates because the tissues of the mouth and throat are relaxed during sleep.

Genetics provide the geometry of a persons airway, and those with a family history of snoring are more likely to snore than people that didnt report snoring in their family.

In a landmark 1995 study published in the medical journal Chest, researchers examined the incidence of snoring and whether or not current snorers had any family history of snoring. The study found that many participants with a family history of snoring were more likely to snore than ones with no family history of snoring, meaning theres a hereditary component to snoring that can be passed to the next generation.

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What We Can Do

Even though we may not know what causes your baby’s breathing pauses, there are some things we can do to help prevent complications. We can:

  • Give your baby medicine to reduce the breathing pauses.

  • Teach you how to make your babys environment as safe as possible.

  • Teach you what to do if your baby stops breathing at home.

  • In very rare instances it may be necessary to place your baby on an apnea monitor to detect pauses in breathing. Although the monitor is placed to detect both apnea and bradycardia, it does not cure apnea and may not prevent SIDS or death.

Cbd And Sleep Apnea Options

While anxiety is only a side component of sleep apnea for many people, addressing itcan also help make the lifestyle changes necessary to combat the disease. Among them:

  • Cut back drinking and smoking

The problems with alcohol I discussed earlier, but smoking can also contribute toapnea by narrowing your airways.

  • Lose weight if you need to

Excess flesh around the neck can weigh down your air passages and have the sameeffect as booze. But overeating can also be a vicious cycle since research indicates that people crave food,especially carbs when theyre short of sleep. There is, unfortunately, still no magic pill for weight loss, butregulating mood may help combat stress eating.

  • Exercise

Even if you dont need to lose weight, this can help ease symptoms and give you moreenergy.

  • Establish good sleep habits

Try to establish good sleep habits that will help you slumber undisturbed. Keepingyour bedroom dark, quiet, and cool can help stimulate your bodys natural melatonin. Allow your living space toget darker as you near bedtime can also help.

  • Sleep on your side rather than your back

If you have trouble training yourself to do that, there are devices available thatwill vibrate if you roll onto your back during sleep. Or you can go the low-tech route and attach a tennis ballto the back of your pajama top.

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How Is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed

If your doctor determines that you have symptoms suggestive of sleep apnea, you may be asked to have a sleep evaluation with a sleep specialist or may order an overnight sleep study to objectively evaluate for sleep apnea.

  • Testing includes an overnight sleep study called a polysomnogram . A PSG is performed in a sleep laboratory under the direct supervision of a trained technologist. During the test, a variety of body functions, such as the electrical activity of the brain, eye movements, muscle activity, heart rate, breathing patterns, air flow, and blood oxygen levels are recorded at night during sleep. After the study is completed, the number of times breathing is impaired during sleep is tallied and the severity of the sleep apnea is graded.
  • For adults, a Home Sleep Test can sometimes be performed instead. This is a modified type of sleep study that can be done in the comfort of home. It records fewer body functions than PSG, including airflow, breathing effort, blood oxygen levels and snoring to confirm a diagnosis of moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea.

An HST is not appropriate to be used as a screening tool for patients without symptoms. Its not used for patients with significant medical problems . Its also not used for patients who have other sleep disorders in addition to the suspected obstructive sleep apnea.

Differences Between Adaptive Servo Ventilation And Other Treatments

Sleep Apnea Causes, Symptoms &  Effects

Along with adaptive servo ventilation, there are two other widely used treatments for sleep apnea. CPAP and BiPAP therapy are the most popular therapies that doctors recommend for patients suffering from different forms of sleep apnea. While CPAP and BiPAP are similar to adaptive servo ventilation, this central sleep apnea treatment is unique and should only be prescribed to certain patients.

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