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Can Antibiotics Cause Insomnia

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With Antibiotics Knowledge Is Power

What about medications for insomnia?

Antibiotics can be a double-edged sword. After their surprise discovery in 1928, they have impacted so many peoples lives. Some for the better, and some for the worse. While saving many peoples lives over the years, they have also included some damage in the way of side effects. The destruction of bacteria has left some immune systems devastated, and sometimes unable to recover. The lingering side effects also sometimes cause their problems that can send your health into a tailspin. Now you know a little bit more about antibiotics and the influence they have on your body and overall health. We hope you or your caregiver use this information to make the right informed decision for you. We are here for you. For more information on antibiotics, their side effects, and finding what works for you or your loved ones, please visit

Yellowing Of The Eyes Or Skin

Jaundice is a yellow color in the skin, the mucous membranes, or the eyes. The yellow pigment is from bilirubin, a byproduct of old red blood cells. If youve ever had a bruise, you may have noticed that the skin went through a series of color changes as it healed. When you saw yellow in the bruise, you were seeing bilirubin.

This effect, and liver damage or injury, can also be caused by amoxicillin. The liver injury can even occur after amoxicillin doses have stopped. This is more likely to happen when taking amoxicillin with clavulanate.

Recognizing early symptoms such as fatigue, poor appetite, and vomiting can help prevent jaundice from worsening. Talk to your doctor if you experience any of these symptoms.

Before taking amoxicillin, tell your doctor if you have or have ever had liver damage.

How Often Do Antibiotics Cause Side Effects

Research has found that one in five people experience side effects from taking antibiotics.

Moreover, some antibiotics are more prone to causing side effects, with a few causing serious side effects. For example, Fluoroquinolone antibiotics , gemifloxacin , levofloxacin , moxifloxacin , norfloxacin , and ofloxacin , commonly used to treat a variety of illnesses such as respiratory and urinary tract infections are known to cause serious side effects, including mental health problems, blood sugar problems, and permanent neurological damage. Its our recommendation to avoid these types of antibiotics if possible.

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Is Your Medication Making You Lose Sleep

Certain medications can upset your normal sleep patterns. Switching medications or lowering doses under your doctor’s supervision can often fix the problem.

If you rely on medications for a chronic condition or even minor ailments, you may find yourself sleep-deprived or battling daytime drowsiness.

Certain heart, blood pressure, and asthma drugs, as well as over-the-counter medicines for colds, allergies, and headaches, can interrupt normal sleep patterns, says James Wellman, MD, medical director of the Sleep Disorders Center of Georgia in Augusta.

In fact, a number of common medications can prevent you from falling asleep or staying asleep others can make you groggy or sleepy during the day. Chemicals work differently on everyone, so a given medication may not affect you and your best friend the same way, but the following drugs could cause sleep problems for most people.

How Effective Are Sleeping Pills

Insomnia Meds

Studies show that sleeping pills arent that helpful in promoting a good nights rest. Most people who take sleep aids fall asleep about eight to 20 minutes faster than those without medicine. On average, you might get an additional 35 minutes of shuteye.

Generally, sleep aids should be for short-term use. They may be most helpful if a stressful life event, such as a divorce or death in the family, is keeping you awake.

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Common Antibiotic Side Effects

The most common antibiotic side effects include gastrointestinal problems such as:

  • Nausea
  • Kidney problems

To name a few.

Notice how many of these side effects are similar to symptoms of anxiety. If a person is already concerned about his anxiety symptoms, experiencing an increase due to an antibiotic could increase his worry, which can cause an increase in anxiety.

Again, while the antibiotic itself doesnt cause anxiety, worrying about it and the increase in symptoms can cause an increase in anxiety. But this is behavioral-driven and not caused by the medication itself.

Should I Stop My Antibiotic If Im Having A Side Effect

If you are experiencing a bothersome or serious antibiotic side effect, you should contact your health care provider to discuss your symptoms. The outcomes may include:

  • Staying on the same antibiotic and managing the side effect
  • Adjusting the dose
  • Switching to a different antibiotic

In most cases, antibiotic treatment should not be stopped without a health care providers approval all medication should be finished. Stopping antibiotics early may allow the infection to worsen and may lead to antibiotic resistance, making the antibiotic less effective. Even if the infection appears to have cleared up before all of the medication is gone, the full course of antibiotic treatment should always be completed unless you are told otherwise by your doctor.

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Why Do Steroids Keep You Awake At Night

Cortisol, a natural hormone in the body, is responsible for the bodys fight or flight response it keeps the mind alert and stimulated. Corticosteroid medications like prednisone can mimic the action and produce the same desired effects and side effects as cortisol to varying degrees in different patients. Since cortisol is responsible for the fight-or-flight response, prednisone, along with other steroid medications, produces the same stimulatory effects, which can lead to a disruption of the normal sleep-wake cycle. This is the reason why steroids can potentially cause sleep disturbance, especially insomnia.

Are Sleeping Pills Safe For Children

Medication Induced Insomnia

Some parents give over-the-counter antihistamine medications to children to help them sleep. These medicines arent approved for sleep purposes. Theres a risk of overdosing a child.

Dont give a child supplements like melatonin. Theres no research on their safety in children.

Currently, there are no prescription sleep medicines available for children. Changing a childs sleep behaviors is often the best way to improve sleep.

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What Is Temazepam And How Does It Work

Temazepam is indicated for the short-term treatment of insomnia .

For patients with short-term insomnia, instructions in the prescription should indicate that temazepam should be used for short periods of time .

The clinical trials performed in support of efficacy were 2 weeks in duration with the final formal assessment of sleep latency performed at the end of treatment.

  • Temazepam is available under the following different brand names: Restoril

Summary: Do Probiotics Improve Or Worsen Sleep Quality

For now, we know that the intestinal microbiota plays some role in many psychiatric disorders including depression.

However, this research is incomplete.

While most theories look at the possibility of probiotics improving gut health and in turn improving sleep quality, its also possible that probiotics could worsen sleep quality .

I know thats not the most satisfying answer, but hopefully this topic will be better understood in the years to come.

For now, know that it does seem possible for probiotics to improve sleep in some, and even trigger insomnia symptoms in others. For any specific testing and diagnosis, youll need to see a doctor.

References

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How Probiotics Might Help Improve Cns Related Disorders

All this begs an obvious question: can we improve gut health in order to treat certain conditions?

Early research looks promising.

One review looked at a variety of animal and human studies that involved giving subjects commercially available probiotics . They found:

These probiotics showed efficacy in improving psychiatric disorder-related behaviors including anxiety, depression, autism spectrum disorder , obsessive-compulsive disorder, and memory abilities, including spatial and non-spatial memory.

So while there are a lot of specifics to work out, probiotics may be a tool to improve gut health and help treat certain conditions.

Cold And Allergy Drugs

Medication

Over-the-counter decongestants and allergy medications work wonders to help reduce the sniffles, sneezing, and a runny nose. But the main ingredients in some of these formulas can also cause jitteriness and insomnia. This includes phenylephrine and pseudoephedrine, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians.

Examples of cold and allergy treatments that might contain these medications include DayQuil, Sudafed, Claritin-D, and Allegra-D. If youre taking cold or allergy meds on a short-term basis, you can probably get by with a few restless nights. But if you take decongestants regularly, talk with your provider about a different medicine that may make it easier to sleep. If possible, avoid taking decongestants close to bedtime.

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Worry Is An Example Of Apprehensive Behavior That Creates The Physiological Psychological And Emotional State Of Anxiety

So again, no. Taking antibiotics doesnt cause anxiety. If a person is anxious, being concerned about taking an antibiotic, or being worried about an increase in symptoms because of the antibiotic could be enough to increase apprehensive behavior, including the overly apprehensive behavior that leads to panic attacks.

Worried About Taking An Antibiotic

Many anxiety disorder sufferers have health and medical sensitivities. These sensitivities often stem from deep-seated cores fears, such as the fear of pain and suffering, fear of dying and death, fear of loss, fear of the unknown, fear of being out of control, and so on.

Health and medical sensitivities can create a fear of taking medication, including antibiotics. When antibiotics are prescribed, health and medical sensitivities can trigger worrisome behavior, which creates anxiety.

Here again, its not that the antibiotic itself has caused anxiety but that a worrisome reaction to taking an antibiotic has.

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Unusual Bleeding Or Bruising

Bleeding under the skin can occur from broken blood vessels that form tiny pinpoint red dots . Blood can also collect under the tissue in larger flat areas , or in a very large bruised area .

Amoxicillin can increase the risk of bleeding. If youre experiencing either unusual bleeding or bruising, see a doctor immediately. Internal bleeding may be occurring, which could lead to bleeding in the digestive system, or, in rare cases, the brain.

To prevent this, make sure your doctor knows if youre on anticoagulants or blood thinners before you start taking amoxicillin.

If you experience this side effect of amoxicillin, its considered a rare but serious side effect. Seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Types Of Medication Known To Cause Insomnia And Nightmares: Are Prescription Drugs Ruining Your Sleep Pattern

5 Medications That Can Cause Insomnia | Insomnia

Insomnia can influence every aspect of your life. Studies show that difficulties falling or staying asleep may come to the detriment of memory, attention span, and mental well-being.

Although the condition is generally associated with chronic diseases like diabetes, obesity, and depression, almost everyone will experience spells of sleeplessness at some point in their life. Today, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one-quarter of the U.S. population suffer sporadically from inadequate sleep. Without a clear medical cause, its easy to chalk it up to everyday stress however, the culprit could be hiding in your medicine cabinet.

Chronic conditions aside, insomnia is also a side effect of a variety of medication. The following list from the AARP contains some of the most commonly prescribed drugs known to disturb sleep patterns.

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Antibiotics As Antidepressants: Can Antibiotics Treat Major Depressive Disorder

Earlier I told you, that the exact mechanism by which antibiotics modulate mood is not known.

While some studies show that could negatively impact our mood, some depict the opposite.

Surprising enough, researchers have looked at the therapeutic potential of antibiotics for relieving depressive symptoms.

This dual effect of antibiotics could be dose dependent or related to their structure or class to which they belong .

Multiple studies in animal models of depression have found that certain antibiotics such as doxycycline, ceftriaxone, beta-lactam antibiotics, modified quinolone antibiotics, linezolid mediate an antidepressant effect.

They possibly act in the following ways:

  • Lowering inflammation
  • Reducing oxidative stress
  • Influencing BDNF levels
  • Influencing neurotransmitters or brain chemistry

A few have progressed to human studies as well. A study published in Journal of Affective Disorders, 2018 confirmed that minocycline shows a large antidepressant potential in comparison to placebo.

D-cycloserine is another antibiotic that also exerts an antidepressant effect. It acts on a receptor in the brain called NMDA receptor to influence neurotransmitter glutamate and GABA.

However, its dosing is very important, at certain doses it may worsen mental health conditions.

Researchers have also identified some antibiotics with eubiotic properties- these kill infectious bacteria and positively modulate our gut microflora.

What Is The Best Time Of Day To Take Prednisone

Steroids can cause sleep disruption, especially when they are taken in the evening. If this is the case with you, talk to your doctor about taking your entire dose of prednisone in the morning. This may help prevent sleep deprivation. With a morning dose, any alertness that prednisone causes should dissipate by the time youre ready to go to bed and make it easier for you to fall asleep.

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Does Prednisone Make It Hard To Fall Asleep

Prednisone is not a stimulant at a lower dose and for short-term therapy, prednisone typically does not cause sleep disruption in most patients. However, steroids can make you jittery or more alert. Some patients find that prednisone keeps them awake and leads to sleep deprivation, especially at higher dosages.

Benzodiazepines Opiates And Barbiturates Can All Impact Breathing

Popular Prescription Drugs Linked to Dementia

Sanja Jelic, MD, is board-certified in sleep medicine, critical care medicine, pulmonary disease, and internal medicine.

If you use certain prescription medicationssuch as benzodiazepines, opiates or opioids, and barbituratesyou may wonder how these can affect your risk of sleep apnea. As these medications can have impacts on both sleep architecture, muscle tone, and breathing, the consequences can be important.

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Moxatag Side Effects List For Healthcare Professionals

Because clinical trials are conducted under widelyvarying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of adrug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of anotherdrug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

Clinical Study Experience

Tonsillitis and/or Pharyngitis

In a controlled Phase 3 trial, 302 adult and pediatricpatients were treated with Moxatag 775 mg once-daily for 10days and 306 adult and pediatric patients were treated withpenicillin VK 250 mg QID for 10 days.

In this clinical trial, the majority oftreatment-emergent adverse reactions were of a mild and transient nature withsimilar frequency reported in both treatment groups. Discontinuation due todrug-related treatment-emergent adverse reactions occurred in 1.3% of the Moxatag-treatedpatients and 3.3% of the penicillin VK-treated patients.

The most frequently reported adverse reactions which were suspected or probably drug-related are shown in Table 1.

Table 1: Drug-Related Treatment-Emergent AdverseReactions by System Organ Class Experienced by ⥠1% of Patients in EitherTreatment Group â ITT/Safety Population

System Organ Class/
*Presented in decreasing orderof frequency in the Moxatag column within each system organ class.

Adverse Reactions For Other Amoxicillin Products

The following adverse reactionshave been reported for other products containing amoxicillin:

Infections and Infestations: Mucocutaneouscandidiasis.

The Next Nightmare May Lurk In The Medicine Cabinet

The next time youre outrunning a pack of hungry wolves, naked, and then wake up in a cold sweat, remind yourself its only a bad dreamand that it could be a side effect of a prescription medication youre taking.

A wide array of drugs can cause nightmares. The list includes certain antidepressants, antibiotics, beta blockers, blood-pressure medications, statins for lowering cholesterol and drugs for Alzheimers and Parkinsons diseases. Some drugs tend to cause bad dreams when they are first taken others bring nightmares when theyre stopped. Alcohol, over-the-counter antihistamines and some dietary supplements have the same effect.

This is a very common complaint, says Andres San Martin, a psychiatrist in New York City. You put a patient on an antidepressant and routinely, theyll say, You know Im feeling better, but Im having very vivid dreams. The emotion and passion can be quite overwhelming.

Although the mechanisms arent completely understood, sleep experts think drugs cause nightmares because they interfere with so-called sleep architecturethe stages of light, deep and rapid-eye-movement, or REM, sleep that people typically rotate through three or four times a night. The REM stages, during which the most vivid dreams occur, normally get longer toward morning. But some medications delay or decrease REM, and some create a REM rebound effect when people stop taking them, making the REM stage unusually long or intense.

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Relaxation Techniques As An Alternative To Sleeping Pills

Relaxation techniques that can relieve stress and help you sleep include simple meditation practices, progressive muscle relaxation, yoga, tai chi, and the use of deep breathing. With a little practice, these skills can help you unwind at bedtime and improve your sleep more effectively than a sleeping pill or sleep aid. Try:

A relaxing bedtime routine. Turn off screens at least one hour before bed and focus on quiet, soothing activities, such as reading, gentle yoga, or listening to soft music instead. Keep the lights low to naturally boost melatonin.

Abdominal breathing. Most of us dont breathe as deeply as we should. When we breathe deeply and fully, involving not only the chest, but also the belly, lower back, and ribcage, it can actually help the part of our nervous system that controls relaxation. Close your eyes and try taking deep, slow breaths, making each breath even deeper than the last. Breathe in through your nose and out through your mouth. Make each exhale a little longer than each inhale.

Progressive muscle relaxation is easier than it sounds. Lie down or make yourself comfortable. Starting with your feet, tense the muscles as tightly as you can. Hold for a count of 10, and then relax. Continue to do this for every muscle group in your body, working your way up to the top of your head.

For a guided progressive muscle relaxation meditation, .

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