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Can Antibiotics Cause Sleep Problems

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Worry Is An Example Of Apprehensive Behavior That Creates The Physiological Psychological And Emotional State Of Anxiety

So again, no. Taking antibiotics doesn’t cause anxiety. If a person is anxious, being concerned about taking an antibiotic, or being worried about an increase in symptoms because of the antibiotic could be enough to increase apprehensive behavior, including the overly apprehensive behavior that leads to panic attacks.

Can Taking Antibiotics Cause An Increase In Anxiety And Its Symptoms Including Causing Panic Attacks


Anxiety is caused by apprehensive behavior. So, no, taking an antibiotic doesn’t cause anxiety or panic attacks.

Taking an antibiotic, however, can cause anxiety-like symptoms as well as aggravate existing anxiety symptoms, including increasing a sense of nervousness, agitation, danger, and foreboding. If a person has a history of being anxious, these increases could lead to an increase in anxious behavior, including being the cause of a panic attack.

Jim Folk, the president of, experienced anxiety-like symptoms and an aggravation of anxiety symptoms when he was struggling with anxiety disorder and took an antibiotic.

While an increase in anxiety and its symptoms may be listed as a side effect of taking an antibiotic, the increase in anxiety is most likely caused by worrying about taking an antibiotic rather than the antibiotic itself. Or, because of worrying about the side effects or the aggravation of existing anxiety symptoms.

Common Antibiotic Caused Insomnia Tremors In Man Who Committed Suicide Says Doctor

The family of surfing legend Bob Davie speak to The New Zealand Herald about the adverse effects of the medication he was prescribed. / Alan Gibson

A commonly-prescribed antibiotic is believed to be the cause of a Kiwi surfing legend’s tremors and insomnia which resulted in him taking his own life.

The type of medicine Bob Davie was given has been dispensed from pharmacies more than 1.8 million times in the last decade. But it has concerned scientists here and been the subject of repeated warnings overseas.

Davie, who started the country’s first commercial surfboard factory, died on February 27, 2017, aged 74. The Coroner ruled his death a suicide.

He had been prescibed Ciprofloxacin between 2009 and 2011 for a prostate infection.

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The medication is a type of fluoroquinolone antibiotic which can be used to kill a wide range of bacteria. It is often prescribed for severe urinary tract or prostate infections.

The drug has been linked to nerve damage and tendon ruptures that have caused permanent disability, as well as depression, anxiety and suicidality.

In December 2011, a Hamilton general and respiratory doctor said in a referral letter seen by the Weekend Herald she believed the tremors, insomnia and agitation Davie experienced were side effects of the Ciprofloxacin.

Read more:

His family believe the drug damaged the active grandfather’s nervous system so badly he felt he could no longer cope.

What Are The Potential Risks Or Complications Of Prescription Sleeping Pills

Some prescription sleep medicines may bring on parasomnia. This disruptive sleep disorder can cause dangerous behaviors while you’re still mostly asleep. People who take Z-drugs, in particular, may sleepwalk or eat, take medications, talk or even drive, all while unaware that they’re doing these things. You may appear to be awake, but your brain is not fully alert. Most people don’t remember doing these things after they wake up.

Benzodiazepines can be addictive and lead to substance abuse. To lower this risk, healthcare providers only prescribe these sleeping pills for short-term use. You’re more likely to get a prescription for Z-drugs instead.

Antibiotic Side Effects Can Mimic And Aggravate Existing Anxiety Symptoms

Addiction and Sleep

Antibiotics can cause a wide range of side effects with many similar to symptoms of anxiety and hyperstimulation. For instance, stomach and digestive distress are the most common antibiotic side effects. Stomach and digestive distress are also common symptoms of anxiety and hyperstimulation.

If you are experiencing stomach distress as an anxiety symptom and then experience an increase in stomach distress due to an antibiotic, the increase might be perceived as an increase in anxiety and its symptoms. And if you are a worrier, worrying about the increased stomach distress can cause an increase in anxiety.

In this case, the antibiotic side effects aggravated the existing anxiety symptoms. Then, your worried reaction caused the increase in anxiety.

The Benefits Might Be Smaller And The Risks Greater Than You Expect

Learn more.

Sleeplessness is complicated—but that hasn’t stopped millions of Americans from craving a simple chemical solution.

In a July 2018 Consumer Reports survey of 1,767 U.S. adults, nearly one-third of people who complained of sleep problems at least once per week said they had used an over-the-counter or prescription sleep drug in the previous year.

But many of those people don’t get the restful night’s sleep they seek. Only about a third of people who took sleep medications—either OTC or prescription—reported very good or excellent sleep on those nights. 

Should You Take Trazodone for Insomnia?

And they often don’t wake refreshed: Nearly 6 out of 10 people taking sleep medications reported side effects such as feeling drowsy, confused, or forgetful the next day. Three percent admitted to dozing off while driving.

Among the most common reasons Americans gave for taking a sleep drug is that they thought it would work better than other approaches.

But drugs aren’t the cure-all many people expect.

“In terms of improvement of total sleep time, the benefits of sleep medications are pretty modest,” says Michael Sateia, M.D., emeritus professor of psychiatry at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth. Plus, some of the most commonly used drugs, notably OTC sleeping pills, should never be used long-term, and have little published research backing up even their short-term use, Sateia says.

Antibiotic Treatment Can Be Followed By Intestinal Infections Why

Stanford University School of Medicine scientists explain why two potentially deadly pathogens get a foothold in the forbidding environment of the gut following antibiotic treatment.

The researchers wrote in the journal Nature that their findings may help identify ways to counteract the effects of the depletion of “friendly gut-dwelling bacteria” after antibiotic treatment.

Several gut pathogens can cause serious problems during a course of antibiotics. Senior author, Justin Sonnenburg, PhD, said “Antibiotics open the door for these pathogens to take hold. But how, exactly, that occurs hasn’t been well understood.”

The authors explained that there is a significant rise in carbohydrate availability in the gut twenty-four hours after administering oral antibiotics. This temporary surplus of carbohydrates, plus a reduction of “good bacteria” in the gut, allows at least two potentially life-threatening pathogens to multiply rapidly.

Over the last ten years, scientists have made enormous progress in understanding what goes on in the “complex microbial ecosystem” that exists in the large intestine of every healthy mammal, including humans’.

Approximately 1,000 different types of microbes coexist harmoniously within a typical healthy human’s gut. These bacterial strains that inhabit this challenging but nutrient rich niche have adapted extremely well, so well in fact that we would struggle to survive without them.

Sonnenburg said:

Mucus has two functions:

What Are The Potential Risks Or Complications Of Sleeping Pills

When you take sleeping medicines night after night, your body may start to depend on them. When you stop the medicine, your insomnia may come back worse than before. This effect is called rebound insomnia.

If you’ve used sleep aids for a long time, talk to your healthcare provider about how to stop safely. It may take months to stop taking the pills.

You also shouldn’t mix sleep aids with other sedatives or alcohol. There’s a possibility of overdosing.

Common Antibiotics May Be Linked To Temporary Mental Confusion

American Academy of Neurology
Antibiotics may be linked to a serious disruption in brain function, called delirium, and other brain problems, more than previously thought, according to a new article. Delirium causes mental confusion that may be accompanied by hallucinations and agitation. Medications are often the cause of delirium, but antibiotics are not necessarily the first medications doctors may suspect.

Antibiotics may be linked to a serious disruption in brain function, called delirium, and other brain problems, more than previously thought, according to a “Views and Reviews” article published in the Feb. 17, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, a medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Delirium causes mental confusion that may be accompanied by hallucinations and agitation. Medications are often the cause of delirium, but antibiotics are not necessarily the first medications doctors may suspect.

“People who have delirium are more likely to have other complications, go into a nursing home instead of going home after being in the hospital and are more likely to die than people who do not develop delirium,” said author Shamik Bhattacharyya, MD, of Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Mass., and a member of the American Academy of Neurology. “Any efforts we can make to help identify the cause of delirium have the potential to be greatly beneficial.”

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Questions To Ask Your Doctor About Sleep Aids And Side Effects

If you are considering taking sleep medication, always consult your doctor and explain your situation in detail. Tell them what kind of sleep issues you’ve been having, when they started, and how frequently you experience them. This information can help them prescribe an appropriate treatment plan to relieve your sleep issues.

Regarding medication side effects, consider asking your doctor these questions:

  • Are there other things in my life that could be contributing to my sleep issues, such as stress, diet, exercise, or a poor sleep environment?
  • What types of sleep medication would be safe for me?
  • How often should I take this medication, and at what time of day?
  • How should I take the medication? Should I drink water or eat food at the same time, or before?
  • Are there any activities I should avoid after taking the medication, such as driving?
  • How long should I take this medication?
  • Is there a generic version I can take that may be more affordable?
  • What side effects can I expect from this medication?
  • What side effects should I be concerned about, or cause me to stop taking the medication?
  • Are there any food or substances I should avoid when taking this medication, like alcohol or grapefruit?
  • Was this article helpful?

Maternal Antibiotics May Affect Brain Development In The Baby

In third-world countries where infections are endemic, giving a mother antibiotics while pregnant can increase the odds that her baby will have a healthy birth weight. But in high-income countries, antibiotic use during pregnancy is associated with low birth weight. Why is that?

Most mothers don’t know it, but they pass on more than their own genes to their children: they pass down microbial genes as well. So when mom gets sick or takes antibiotics, it can affect this microbial heritage. Maternal infections and antibiotic use during pregnancy are associated with increased rates of schizophrenia, autism, anxiety, and depression later in the child’s life.

Before you freak out, remember that associations don’t imply causality, and antibiotics during pregnancy can save the life of both the mother and the baby. But it’s worth keeping in mind that broad-spectrum antibiotics may also damage the microbiota in a way that can have a lasting effect on the child.

Problems With Antibiotics What You Dont Know Can Hurt You

When you feel sick is it usually your thought… “If I get antibiotics right away , I’ll be feeling better really quickly”? Of course everyone wants to feel better as soon as possible, but did you know that there are problems with antibiotics that can make them detrimental to your health? Antibiotics won’t help you if you have a viral infection, antibiotics have dangerous side-effects, some of which can be serious, and even if antibiotics would be effective on your infection, you would only be likely to shorten your illness by a couple of days. 

Your own immune system is the best defense against infection, so before you run to your doctor for a antibiotic prescription, read this article!

Antibiotics are often prescribed by doctors to treat infection. However, recent studies show that they can be harmful for you and your immune system.

While they may effectively destroy germs or slow down their growth, they are also known to cause several health problems, leading to side effects that harm your immune system.

The reason why antibiotics can be harmful is that they don’t only destroy the disease-causing bacteria but they also kill the good germs – the good gut bacteria that help with digestion.

They are also often over-prescribed for infections that they are ineffective on and non-essential use of antibiotics can lead to drug resistance.

Restless Legs Syndrome And Periodic Limb Movement Disorder

Insomnia: Focus on New Dosing Concerns In Women

Symptoms of restless legs syndrome include uncomfortable limb sensations at sleep onset and motor restlessness exacerbated by relaxation. Periodic limb movement disorder is characterized by repetitive, stereotypic limb movements occurring in 15- to 40-second cycles in NREM sleep and often leading to recurrent arousals from sleep. These disorders are quite common, occurring in up to 15% of the population and increasing in frequency with age.

Historically, both periodic limb movement disorder and restless legs syndrome have been treated with benzodiazepines, particularly clonazepam. Low dosages of dopamine precursors and dopamine receptor agonists at bedtime have been demonstrated to be efficacious in these disorders. Possible side effects from these medications, which include carbidopa/levodopa, pergolide, pramipexole, selegiline, and ropinirole, are nausea, headache, and occasional augmentation of symptoms.

Relaxation Techniques As An Alternative To Sleeping Pills

Relaxation techniques that can relieve stress and help you sleep include simple meditation practices, progressive muscle relaxation, yoga, tai chi, and the use of deep breathing. With a little practice, these skills can help you unwind at bedtime and improve your sleep more effectively than a sleeping pill or sleep aid. Try:

A relaxing bedtime routine. Turn off screens at least one hour before bed and focus on quiet, soothing activities, such as reading, gentle yoga, or listening to soft music instead. Keep the lights low to naturally boost melatonin.

Abdominal breathing. Most of us don’t breathe as deeply as we should. When we breathe deeply and fully, involving not only the chest, but also the belly, lower back, and ribcage, it can actually help the part of our nervous system that controls relaxation. Close your eyes and try taking deep, slow breaths, making each breath even deeper than the last. Breathe in through your nose and out through your mouth. Make each exhale a little longer than each inhale.

Progressive muscle relaxation is easier than it sounds. Lie down or make yourself comfortable. Starting with your feet, tense the muscles as tightly as you can. Hold for a count of 10, and then relax. Continue to do this for every muscle group in your body, working your way up to the top of your head.

For a guided progressive muscle relaxation meditation, .

What To Do If You Feel Tired And Sleepy From Antibiotics

So you have at this point ruled out other medications and treatments as being the culprit. You are sure that the fatigue is not caused by the illness or other medicinal interactions. Now it is time to determine if the antibiotics are making you tired. Perhaps you are at a point where fatigue is keeping you from doing your job correctly. Or maybe you are unable to focus when driving. Perhaps you are unable to do your normal favorite activities due to being drowsy. Drowsiness significantly increases your risk of falling or getting into a car accident. You could find yourself being permanently injured due to this side effect. If you do end up feeling tired and sleepy from the antibiotics, what do you do? The one thing you shouldn’t do is immediately stop the medication. This may allow the infection to worsen and can also lead to antibiotic resistance. If you just started to take the medication and the fatigue doesn’t fade within the first couple of days, or it gets worse, here are a few things we recommend to do:

Should I Stop My Antibiotic If I’m Having A Side Effect

If you are experiencing a bothersome or serious antibiotic side effect, you should contact your health care provider to discuss your symptoms. The outcomes may include:

  • Staying on the same antibiotic and managing the side effect
  • Adjusting the dose
  • Switching to a different antibiotic

In most cases, antibiotic treatment should not be stopped without a health care provider’s approval; all medication should be finished. Stopping antibiotics early may allow the infection to worsen and may lead to antibiotic resistance, making the antibiotic less effective. Even if the infection appears to have cleared up before all of the medication is gone, the full course of antibiotic treatment should always be completed unless you are told otherwise by your doctor.

Side Effects Not Requiring Immediate Medical Attention

Some side effects of amoxicillin may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects.

Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common

  • Bad, unusual, or unpleasant taste
  • change in taste
  • discoloration of the tooth
  • dizziness

Managing side effects

Antibiotics That May Have A Side Effect Of Tiredness

Response to antibiotics — or any medication — varies by individual. Side effects, such as fatigue, aren’t uniform or universal.

Although it’s rare, some of the antibiotics that may have a side effect of tiredness or weakness include:

Discuss the potential for fatigue with your doctor when they prescribe you antibiotics.

You can also discuss this with your pharmacist, and review the safety and prescribing information to see if unusual tiredness or weakness is listed as a possible side effect.

If you start any new medication that makes you drowsy, consider:

  • discussing alternative medications or dosages with your doctor
  • avoiding activities like driving that require you to be alert, until you fully understand how the medication affects you
  • avoiding over-the-counter medications that list drowsiness as a side effect
  • avoiding alcohol and other substances that can make you tired
  • keeping healthy sleep habits and making sure you get a full night’s rest

If the fatigue doesn’t get better, or if it gets worse, within a few days of starting an antibiotic, call your doctor.

Your doctor may want you to come in for a follow-up to make sure the antibiotic is appropriate for you or to determine if you’re experiencing one of the more serious side effects.

What Are The Most Common Side Effects Of Antibiotics

All medications have side effects, including antibiotics. Antibiotics are medications that treat infections by killing bacteria or other organisms or slowing their growth. An antibiotic side effect occurs as an unwanted reaction that occurs in addition to the desirable therapeutic action of the antibiotic you are taking. Side effects of antibiotics can range from mild allergic reactions to severe and debilitating adverse events. When used appropriately, most antibiotics are relatively safe with few side effects. However, some side effects may interfere with your ability to finish the medication. In these cases, you should contact your doctor.

Common side effects with antibiotics include:

  • Mild skin rash or other allergic reactions
  • Soft stools, short-term diarrhea
  • Fungal vaginal infections or oral thrush 

More severe antibiotic side effects include:

  • Severe allergic reaction that results in difficulty breathing, facial swelling
  • Severe watery or bloody diarrhea; Clostridium difficileinfection
  • Stomach cramps
  • Yeast infections in the mouth or vagina

These side effects are extremely variable; however, there are some common side effects that may occur within larger antibiotic drug classes, as described in Table 1. Long term side effects of antibiotics can occur, but are infrequent.

How To Determine If Behaviors Are Due To A Substance

How do you figure out if a medication or substance that you are using is contributing to sleep-related behaviors? The most important consideration is to examine the timing. Did you start using the substance prior to the onset of the symptoms? Were the behaviors worsened while using it? If the medication or substance is discontinued, do the symptoms or behaviors go away?

In general, it may be necessary to consult with your prescribing physician. If possible, it may be necessary to discontinue the medication to see if the parasomnias resolve.

In many cases, abnormal sleep behaviors observed with hypnotic medications like Ambien occur when the amount taken exceeds the recommended dose or when it is taken improperly. Blood levels may exceed what is deemed to be safe. Women are advised by the Food and Drug Administration to take lower doses due to these potential risks. When combined with other medications that act on the brain, or with alcohol, the risks are worsened. In addition, the medication may be taken at the wrong time or there may be inadequate time in bed prior to waking.??

The misuse of these medications may cause serious accidents or other harm. The same is true for other drugs that may be abused. It is unclear if the same underlying triggers, including genetics, are important for non-REM parasomnias that are related to drug use.

Stomach And Digestive Problems Can Feel Like Anxiety

Sleep Disorder: Symptoms, Causes, Types and Treatments

There is a tight gut-brain connection. Our thoughts and feelings can affect our stomach and digestive system, and our stomach and digestive system can influence our thoughts and feelings.

Many anxiety disorder sufferers experience stomach and digestive problems due to their struggle with anxiety. Consequently, they equate their anxiety to their symptoms.

Antibiotics often cause stomach and digestive problems as side effects. Experiencing an increase in stomach and digestive problems because of antibiotic use could be misconstrued as experiencing an increase in anxiety. If an anxious person worries about an increase in anxiety and its symptoms, this worry will increase anxiety.

Once again, it’s not that the antibiotic has caused an increase in anxiety but that worrisome behavior has.

If you experience an increase in anxiety and its symptoms when taking an antibiotic, consider the above and work to contain your apprehensive behavior. Keeping yourself contained in spite of an increase in symptoms due to the antibiotic can prevent anxiety from escalating, which will prevent panic attacks.

Generally, the side effects of taking an antibiotic subside shortly after stopping the antibiotic . But in some cases , adverse reactions to antibiotics might take several months to clear. Talking with your doctor AND pharmacist about which medication is best for you could help you steer clear of those antibiotics that have the potential for long-term problems.

Do Thyroid Problems Contribute To Sleep Disturbances

Thyroid hormones imbalances manifest themselves through an array of symptoms that affect our health and quality of life. Sleep disturbances may also occur due to thyroid problems, but the relationship between the two is complex is poorly studied. Below, we’re going to focus on each of the two most common thyroid conditions and elucidate their impact on the quality of sleep.

The Next Nightmare May Lurk In The Medicine Cabinet

The next time you’re outrunning a pack of hungry wolves, naked, and then wake up in a cold sweat, remind yourself it’s only a bad dream—and that it could be a side effect of a prescription medication you’re taking.

A wide array of drugs can cause nightmares. The list includes certain antidepressants, antibiotics, beta blockers, blood-pressure medications, statins for lowering cholesterol and drugs for Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. Some drugs tend to cause bad dreams when they are first taken; others bring nightmares when they’re stopped. Alcohol, over-the-counter antihistamines and some dietary supplements have the same effect.

“This is a very common complaint,” says Andres San Martin, a psychiatrist in New York City. “You put a patient on an antidepressant and routinely, they’ll say, ‘You know I’m feeling better, but I’m having very vivid dreams.’ The emotion and passion can be quite overwhelming.”

Although the mechanisms aren’t completely understood, sleep experts think drugs cause nightmares because they interfere with so-called sleep architecture—the stages of light, deep and rapid-eye-movement, or REM, sleep that people typically rotate through three or four times a night. The REM stages, during which the most vivid dreams occur, normally get longer toward morning. But some medications delay or decrease REM, and some create a “REM rebound” effect when people stop taking them, making the REM stage unusually long or intense.

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