Does Humira Cause Hair Loss Or Weight Gain
In very rare cases, Humira may cause some hair loss.
Unexplained weight loss or weight gain, though, is not directly caused by Humira. However, its active ingredient increases the risk of lymphoma, leukemia, and other cancers, many of which are characterized by loss of appetite and involuntary weight loss. Talk to a doctor immediately if you notice weight loss, decreased appetite, or getting full on a small amount of food while taking Humira.
Serious Side Effects Of Humira
Because Humira suppresses the immune system, patients are at an increased risk of severe and even life-threatening infections and cancers. As with all antibody injections, allergic reactions are also a risk. The most severe side effects of Humira are
- Serious or life-threatening infections
- Muscle weakness
You should stop taking Humira and seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following adverse reactions when taking Humira:
- Fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, or other signs of a hepatitis B infection.
- Swollen glands, tiredness, fever, chills, night sweats, loss of appetite, involuntary weight loss, unexplained skin bumps, easy bruising or bleeding, or other common signs of cancer.
- Hives, facial swelling, blistering, purple skin, trouble breathing, drop in blood pressure, dizziness, fainting, or other signs of a severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis.
- Fatigue, fever, joint pain, facial rash, sunlight-induced skin lesions, shortness of breath, and other signs of lupus-like syndrome.
- Racing heartbeat, palpitations, chest pain, or other signs of heart irregularities.
Humira injections may be discontinued if any of these conditions are experienced.
You should immediately talk to your doctor about the possibility of discontinuing Humira if you experience:
Humira is administered only once every two weeks, so doctors and patients have time to reconsider Humira in the face of adverse effects.
Homeopathic Remedies Harmed Hundreds Of Babies Families Say As Fda Investigated For Years
The FDA declined to comment about Actemra. In a written statement, a spokeswoman said the agency continually monitors postmarketing safety of approved drug products and remains committed to informing the public in a timely manner when the FDA identifies safety issues.
Dr. Jeffrey Siegel, senior medical director for rheumatology products at Roche and its subsidiary Genentech, said STATs examination of Actemra included important questions that we think about all the time. We try very hard not to be complacent, and to fully explore these issues.
In an interview at Genentechs headquarters in South San Francisco, he cited a recent study as definitive proof that the drug does not increase cardiovascular risk. But experts consulted by STAT disputed that claim.
In 2008, when FDA scientific advisers met at a Silver Spring, Md., hotel near the agencys headquarters to debate whether to recommend approval of Actemra, they were haunted by a notorious error just a few years earlier.
Vioxx, another arthritis drug, had been pulled from the market after it was implicated in tens of thousands of heart attack deaths, a problem that hadnt shown up in the short-term clinical trials used for approval. Those early studies suggested Vioxx would be safer for patients than existing medicines. The new drug, Actemra, similarly seemed relatively safe based on short-term studies.
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How Sleeping Impacts Your Body And Your Pain
During sleep, important bodily functions occur, such as rest, information processing, memory, buildup of molecules and cells, and circadian rhythm. Inadequate sleep has a negative impact on body processes. Each of the processes impacts pain level, too.
Can Xeljanz Be Crushed Split Or Chewed
You may be able to crush, split, or chew Xeljanz tablets. If you have trouble swallowing the tablets, talk with your doctor or pharmacist. They can recommend ways to make swallowing the medication easier for you.
However, you shouldnt crush, split, or chew Xeljanz XR tablets. These should be swallowed whole. If you have trouble swallowing Xeljanz XR tablets, talk with your healthcare provider. They can recommend ways to help you swallow the tablets, or they may prescribe a different form of Xeljanz for you.
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Side Effects And Risks
Xeljanz and Humira contain different drugs. Therefore, they can cause some similar side effects and some different side effects. Below are examples of these side effects.
More common side effects
These lists contain examples of more common side effects that can occur with Xeljanz, with Humira, or with both drugs .
- Can occur with Xeljanz:
boxed warnings from the FDA regarding the risk of serious infections and cancer. Xeljanz also has a boxed warning regarding the risk of blood clots. A boxed warning is the strongest warning the FDA requires. It alerts doctors and patients about drug effects that may be dangerous.
Drug Forms And Administration
Xeljanz contains the drug tofacitinib. It comes as a tablet thats taken by mouth, once or twice a day.
Humira contains the drug adalimumab. Its given as a subcutaneous injection, typically once every other week. Your healthcare provider may give you the injection, or they may show you how to self-inject Humira at home.
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Xeljanz For Rheumatoid Arthritis
Xeljanz is FDA-approved to treat moderately or severely active rheumatoid arthritis in adults. This drug is used in people who didnt receive enough benefit from treatment with methotrexate. Its also used in people who had bothersome side effects from methotrexate.
RA is an autoimmune condition that causes pain and swelling in your joints. Over time, it can cause damage to your joints.
For RA treatment, Xeljanz can be used on its own or in combination with methotrexate or other medications called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs . Xeljanz is a non-biologic DMARD, which is a DMARD thats not made from living cells. It can only be used in combination with other non-biologic DMARDs.
Effectiveness for rheumatoid arthritis
Xeljanz has been found effective to treat RA in several clinical studies. In these studies, each persons response to treatment was measured using the American College of Rheumatologys scoring system. Having a score of ACR20 means that the person had a 20% reduction in their RA symptoms, including fewer painful joints.
One study looked at people who didnt have enough benefit from treatment with other DMARDs before the study. Of these people, 59% who took Xeljanz had an ACR20 score after 3 months. Of people who took a placebo , 26% had the same result.
Xeljanz Use In Pregnancy
There isnt enough information available to know if Xeljanz is safe to take during pregnancy. In animal studies, harm was seen in fetuses when pregnant females were given Xeljanz. But animal studies dont always predict what will happen in humans.
If youre pregnant or considering becoming pregnant, talk with your doctor about whether Xeljanz is right for you. Your doctor will discuss the benefits and risks of using Xeljanz during pregnancy. Theyll also discuss the benefits and risks of not treating your condition during pregnancy.
If youre taking or have taken Xeljanz during pregnancy, youre encouraged to enroll in the Xeljanz pregnancy registry. A pregnancy registry allows healthcare providers to collect information about the safety of using certain drugs during pregnancy. To enroll in this pregnancy registry, call 877-311-8972 or visit the registry website.
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What Is The Most Important Information I Should Know About Humira
You should discuss the potential benefits and risks of HUMIRA with your doctor. HUMIRA is a tumor necrosis factor blocker medicine that can lower the ability of your immune system to fight infections. You should not start taking HUMIRA if you have any kind of infection unless your doctor says it is okay.
- Serious infections have happened in people taking HUMIRA. These serious infections include tuberculosis and infections caused by viruses, fungi, or bacteria that have spread throughout the body. Some people have died from these infections. Your doctor should test you for TB before starting HUMIRA, and check you closely for signs and symptoms of TB during treatment with HUMIRA. If your doctor feels you are at risk, you may be treated with medicine for TB.
- Cancer. For children and adults taking TNF blockers, including HUMIRA, the chance of getting lymphoma or other cancers may increase. There have been cases of unusual cancers in children, teenagers, and young adults using TNF blockers. Some people have developed a rare type of cancer called hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma. This type of cancer often results in death. If using TNF blockers including HUMIRA, your chance of getting two types of skin cancer may increase. These types are generally not life-threatening if treated tell your doctor if you have a bump or open sore that doesnt heal.
Talking To Your Doctor
Keegan: I have. I have also mentioned it to my pharmacy reps. They both kind of dont seem familiar with it, even though its a well-known topic in online communities.
Have you ever dealt with a Humira hangover, or similar symptoms after taking a biologic? Keegan and I would love to hear your story!
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Should I Avoid Certain Vaccines During Xeljanz Treatment
Yes, you should avoid getting live vaccines during Xeljanz treatment. Live vaccines contain weakened particles of live viruses or bacteria. These particles cause your immune system to react against that particular virus or bacteria. This is how your body develops immunity to protect you from the condition you were vaccinated for.
When youre taking Xeljanz, your immune system isnt as effective at fighting infections. If you get a live vaccine during Xeljanz treatment, you may end up getting infected by the virus or bacteria that the vaccine is meant to protect you from.
Examples of live vaccines include:
Before starting Xeljanz, talk with your doctor about your vaccination history. Theyll make sure that youre up to date on your vaccines before you start Xeljanz.
Xeljanz use before and during pregnancy hasnt been studied in humans. Some results from animal studies are described below.
Financial And Insurance Assistance
If you need financial support to pay for Xeljanz, or if you need help understanding your insurance coverage, help is available.
Pfizer Inc., the manufacturer of Xeljanz, offers a program called XelSource. For more information and to find out if youre eligible for support, call 844-935-5269 and say representative. To find out more information online, visit the websites below, which are specific for your condition:
You should take Xeljanz according to your doctor or healthcare providers instructions.
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What If The Cause Is Medical
There are over-the-counter and holistic options, but check with your doctor first. Antihistamines and melatonin are the two most popular over-the-counter remedies.
If stress is a problem, you might try some relaxing exercises.
- Deep breathing or meditation
- Positive self-talk. Dont dwell on the stressful events of the day.
- Sometimes putting some soothing music on helps.
When home remedies fail to help, you should see your doctor because there could be something medically wrong causing the inability to sleep. Once your doctor identifies the root of the problem, proper steps can be taken to remedy it. Doctors can prescribe effective sleep medications to help you fall asleep. Your doctor also can go through your list of medications to see if the side effects are causing a lack of sleep.
If your problem is that Crohns symptoms are keeping you up, get with your gastroenterologist. Almost all Crohnies suffer from insomnia at some point. Doctors may have better options than sleeping pills, such as remedying those stomach issues keeping you up. Its hard to lie down when youre having stomach cramping, bloating, nausea, and an urgency to get to that restroom.
Rest is important for the body. Without a proper amount of sleep, your body just cant function correctly. Sleeping regularly keeps the body healthier.
How To Take Them
A person takes either Stelara or Humira over a long period of time.
Individuals receive these medicines by injection. Biologics would not survive in the gut, so people cannot take them as pills.
A healthcare professional will usually give a person an injection pen so that they can inject themselves. The exact dose depends on individual factors, including the severity of the condition.
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When Humira Is No Longer Effective
Some patients can develop resistance to therapy with TNF- blockers. The cause is probably the formation of inactivating antibodies by your own immune system. These bind to the individual spatial structure of the active ingredient.
If such a loss of effectiveness is probable, i.e. other causes for the lack of effectiveness are excluded, patients can switch to a different TNF- blocker with another active ingredient. However, the dosage may need to be adjusted or increased. The monitoring of such therapy always belongs in the hands of a specialist and should also be checked at regular intervals. They can create an individual medication and dosage plan for each patient.
Humira lost its patent protection in autumn 2018. At the end of the patent protection, competition from various manufacturers began, which caused prices to drop. According to data from the GKV drug index 2016, Humira was actually the drug with the highest sales. Now there are several approved successor products with the same active ingredient on the market.
Scheinfeld, N. . Adalimumab: a review of side effects. Expert opinion on drug safety, 4, 637-641. Downloaded on 06.06.2018 from
Frost, H. . Antibody-mediated side effects of recombinant proteins. Toxicology, 209, 155-160. Downloaded on 06.06.2018 from
Dr. med. André Sommer
Will I Have Withdrawal Symptoms If I Stop Using Xeljanz
Possibly. If you stop taking Xeljanz, the symptoms that you were using Xeljanz to treat may come back or become worse.
A small clinical study that included people with rheumatoid arthritis found that 37% of people who stopped taking Xeljanz were able to stay off the drug for 1 year without their disease getting worse. In this study, people who had less severe RA symptoms were more likely to be able to stop taking Xeljanz without their symptoms worsening.
If youre interested in stopping Xeljanz, talk with your doctor before doing so. They can discuss with you the risks of stopping treatment.
Xeljanz For Ulcerative Colitis
Xeljanz is FDA-approved to treat moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis in adults. This drug is used for people who didnt receive enough benefit from other medications called tumor necrosis factor inhibitors. Xeljanz is also used in people who had bothersome side effects from TNF inhibitors.
With UC, the lining inside of your colon or rectum is inflamed. This long-term condition can cause belly pain, diarrhea, and blood in your stools.
Effectiveness for ulcerative colitis
In clinical studies, Xeljanz has been found effective for helping people with UC to achieve remission and also to stay in remission.
One study looked at UC treatment over 8 weeks. Remission was reached by 10% to 13% more people taking Xeljanz than by those taking a placebo .
Another clinical study looked at peoples results after 1 year of treatment. Remission was reached in 23% to 30% more people taking Xeljanz than in those taking a placebo.
Side Effects Requiring Immediate Medical Attention
Along with its needed effects, adalimumab may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking adalimumab:
- lower back or side pain
- muscle aches and pains
- pain or tenderness around the eyes or cheekbones
- rapid and sometimes shallow breathing
- red, scaling, or crusted skin
- sudden numbness and weakness in the arms and legs
- unusual bleeding or bruising
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Which Side Effects Are Of Particular Importance
To understand which side effects can be caused by therapeutic antibodies like Humira, you should keep the mode of action in mind. The target of the active substance adalimumab, which is contained in Humira, is the so-called tumor necrosis factor . It is a messenger for our immune system – which is widespread and effective: it affects almost all cells and is an essential mediator of immune and inflammatory reactions.
TNF- blockers are therefore counted among the drugs that aim at the suppression of the immune system . That is why one of the side effects can be infections.
Tuberculosis must therefore be excluded before starting therapy with Humira. However, ongoing therapy may also have to be interrupted in the case of various infections, which are initially less serious, so that the body’s immune system can react appropriately to pathogens. Serious infections are very rare overall, but are potentially dangerous.
|Particularly important because potentially dangerous||General side effects|
Tab.: Overview of the side effects of Humira
Tell Your Doctor About All Your Medical Conditions And Medications
Because of the risk of serious side effects, you should tell your doctor about:
- Active or previous infections
- A history of cancer, nervous system disorders , or heart failure
- If you are pregnant or breastfeeding
- Any medications or dietary supplements you may be taking, including over-the-counter medications
- Recent or forthcoming vaccinations
- Numbness, tingling, vision problems, or muscle weakness
- Rubber or latex allergies
When taking Humira, inform your doctor immediately if you fall ill or get pregnant. Do not start taking any drug or dietary supplement until talking to your doctor first.
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