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Can Sleep Apnea Cause Depression

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Sleep Apnea Symptoms Include Snoring Fatigue Headache And Even Depression

Snoring Sleep Apnea and Depression

In many cases, people experience symptoms of sleep apnea without knowing that they have it. After all, the most noticeable and obvious symptoms like snoring occur while you are asleep.

Sleep apnea is best known for snoring, but did you know that there are a multitude of other sleep apnea symptoms that you might not know about? If youve been dealing with symptoms like dry mouth, headache, or even depression, sleep apnea might be to blame. Finding effective sleep apnea treatments could help you to get back to feeling like yourself.

The Relationship Between Sleep Apnea And Stress Panic Attacks And Chest Pains

Recent data confirms that there is an association between Obstructive Sleep Apnea and anxiety. In its more serious forms, those with anxiety disorders will have elevated blood pressure, chest pains, and even panic attacks.

This is where the connection to sleep apnea comes in. Those key symptoms of sleep apneainsomnia, fatigue, sleeplessness, and irritabilitymay also trigger elevated blood pressure, chest pains, and panic attacks.

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Types Of Anxiety In People With Sleep Disorders

Many people ask themselves if there is any link between sleep apnea and anxiety, for example:

  • Is it possible for sleep apnea to cause depression and anxiety?
  • I have suffered from generalized anxiety disorder for many years, and now I began to think that i have sleep apnea, because of the symptoms like: feeling tired during the day and cant concentrate properly as i cant sleep at night thinking and worrying about death. Is it my worry, or I have sleep apnea?

Anxiety is one of the most common mental problem associated with sleep disorders. Its not unusual that if you have anxiety disorder, you will also have sleep disturbances, like insomnia.

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Tips For Cpap Users With Sleep Apnea And Anxiety

Note: Some CPAP users with anxiety turn their ramp feature off, because they feel they cant get enough oxygen in and then start to panic.

For more info about claustrophobia and CPAP masks, see CPAP claustrophobia.

If you find impossible to use the CPAP machine, then I recommend other treatments for sleep apnea that could help you with anxiety, such as:

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How Can Healthier Sleep Habits Treat Sleep Anxiety

Can Sleep Apnea Cause Depression?

Sleep habits, or sleep hygiene, are your routines around bedtime that can affect your sleep. Your healthcare provider may ask you to keep a sleep diary for several weeks. This is a daily log of your sleep habits. It can help identify things that might make it harder for you to fall asleep or stay asleep.

Some common ways to improve your sleep hygiene include:

  • Avoid drinking lots of fluids before bed, especially alcohol.
  • Do relaxing activities before bed, such as meditation or listening to soft, peaceful music.
  • Dont consume caffeine in the late afternoon or evening.
  • Dont go to bed unless you feel sleepy.
  • Go to bed and wake up at the same time each day.
  • If you dont fall asleep within 20 minutes, get out of bed.
  • Make sure your bedroom is comfortable, quiet and softly lit.
  • Only use your bed for sleep and sex. For example, avoid watching television or doing work in bed.
  • Set a goal of getting at least seven hours of sleep every night.
  • Stop using electronic devices at least 30 minutes before bedtime.
  • Try not to eat right before bedtime. If youre hungry, have a light snack and not a big meal.

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What Does Anxiety Feel Like

The symptoms of anxiety disorders can affect people both emotionally and physically.

People with anxiety may feel extremely nervous and on-edge. This can affect their concentration and mood, leading to irritability and restlessness. Their fear or sense of impending doom can feel overwhelming and out-of-control.

Physically, anxiety disorders can provoke tense muscles, rapid breathing and heartbeat, sweating, trembling, gastrointestinal distress, and fatigue.

Many people with anxiety disorders attempt to avoid situations that could trigger heightened worry however, this does not resolve their underlying fear and can interrupt both professional and personal activities. Over time, a person with anxiety disorder may get used to being worried such that a state of distress or fear seems normal.

Anxiety disorders can occur alongside other mental health problems like depression. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America , nearly 50% of people with depression are also diagnosed with an anxiety disorder.

Take Sleep Problems Seriously

You should tell your doctor if you:

  • have trouble falling or staying asleep
  • feel tired during the day
  • have physical pain, discomfort or other complaints that prevent you from getting a good nights sleep

Treatments such as cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia and continuous positive airway pressure devices for apnea can restore good sleep, helping you sidestep related conditions like depression.

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Treating Sleep Apnea Could Improve Your Depression

Many people have found relief from depression when they address and treat their sleep apnea. In one study, participants with sleep apnea who scored higher than a 10 on a health questionnaire measuring depressive symptoms were considered clinically depressed. After the 228 people in the study started to use CPAP therapy to treat their sleep apnea, the percentage of people who scored higher than a 10 on the depressive symptoms questionnaire decreased from 74.6% to only 3.9%.

Other studies have found conflicting results, suggesting that depression may not be so easily relieved in all cases. But if you are suffering from depression, identifying and treating a possible sleep disorder is certainly worth a try.

Connecting Anxiety Depression And Sleep Deprivation

Can stress or anxiety cause sleep apnea?

This year, at the annual meeting for the Society for Neuroscienceresearchers found that in healthy adults, sleep deprivation can worsen symptomsof anxiety. These conditions can form a dangerous perpetual cycle. Researcher atthe Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston,Cliff Saper described this relationship as a two-way interaction the sleeploss makes the anxiety worse, which in turn makes it harder to sleep.

A study presented at the conference this year observedanxiety levels in 18 healthy people following a night of good rest or stayingawake. They had each of the participants take anxiety tests the next morning.Their findings showed that the people whose anxiety levels were 30 percenthigher were those who were sleep deprived.

Various studies have also showed a correlation between people with depression and anxiety as well. The chances of getting depression is significantly higher when an anxiety disorder exists. In fact, about half of people with severe depression also have anxiety. This shows that these two mental illnesses can become more prevalent when a person isnt getting the quality of rest that they need.

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Do I Need Health Insurance To Receive This Service

The referral service is free of charge. If you have no insurance or are underinsured, we will refer you to your state office, which is responsible for state-funded treatment programs. In addition, we can often refer you to facilities that charge on a sliding fee scale or accept Medicare or Medicaid. If you have health insurance, you are encouraged to contact your insurer for a list of participating health care providers and facilities.

Sleeping This Way Can Lead To Depression Study Shows

    If you feel unrefreshed after a night’s sleep, you may have sleep apnea, and the position you’re sleeping in may make it worse. “Obstructive sleep apnea is a common problem that affects a person’s breathing during sleep, during which air cannot flow normally into the lungs,” say the authors of one big sleep apnea study. “The blockage in the airflow is usually caused by the collapse of the soft tissues in the back of the throat and the tongue during sleep.” The authors found that sleep apnea can have dangerous repercussions. Read on to discover 4 symptoms and see what sleeping position makes it worseand learn what you can do about it. And to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these Sure Signs You Have “Long” COVID and May Not Even Know It.

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    Obstructive Sleep Apnea Risk Factors

    Anyone can have obstructive sleep apnea. Its more likely if you:

    • Are male
    • Are black, Hispanic, or Native American
    • Have a family history of sleep apnea
    • Have asthma
    • Have a large or thick neck
    • Have smaller airways in your nose, throat, or mouth
    • Have too much tissue at the back of your throat that hangs down to block your airway

    Sleep Debt Can Cause Unusual Anxiety Problems

    Can Sleep Apnea Cause Depression?

    Sleep debt can cause increased anxiety even in those that do not experience anxiety regularly. When you dont get enough sleep, several issues affect your body that can ultimately lead to trouble with anxiety and stress. But sleep debt can particularly affect those that already have anxiety, making it harder to cope with symptoms.

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    Make Sure Your Mask Fits Correctly

    When it comes to CPAP therapy, one size does not fit all. Its very important to get a mask that fits correctly and is comfortable for you.

    There are many different types of masks available, including ones that cover the full face and ones that cover only the nose. Masks also come in a range of sizes, to accommodate different face shapes. There are also options that allow you to sleep in any position, accommodate glasses, and stay on if you toss and turn.

    Be sure to discuss your options with your doctor and schedule follow-up appointments to check the fit, evaluate your treatment progress, and adjust or switch your mask if necessary.

    Tips For Better Sleep

    Many lifestyle tips for coping with depression can also improve sleep. Tips for targeting sleep issues often focus on improving sleep hygiene , which are behaviors that have been shown to benefit sleep health:

    • Exercise More: Getting sufficient exercise improves sleep quality , makes it easier to fall asleep, and reduces daytime sleepiness.
    • Maintain a Consistent Sleep Schedule: Going to sleep and getting up at the same time every day may help sync your drive to sleep and your circadian rhythm. Since irregular sleep schedules are associated with daytime sleepiness and lower sleep quality, its important to maintain a consistent sleep schedule even on the weekends.
    • Reserve the Bed For Sleep and Sex: People who use their bed for activities other than sleeping may begin to associate their bedroom with these unhelpful habits. One behavioral approach to treating insomnia is to restrict the bed to only two activities : sleep and sex.
    • Create a Nighttime Routine: Before bed, give yourself some time to wind down and relax. Turn off the TV, silence your cell phone, and find activities that help you ease into bed. Some people find reading, journaling, or taking a warm bath before bed to be helpful.
    • Revamp Your Bedroom: Making sure that your bedroom is optimized for sleep can make a big difference. Reduce noise and light that may keep you awake, make sure the bedroom temperature is comfortable, and consider bedroom scents to help you relax.

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    Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Sleep Apnea And Increased Depression Risk

    • People with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder may also be more likely to have apnea, according to a study published in February 2015 in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.
    • Frequent snoring and pauses in breathing are associated with a greater likelihood of depression, according to a study published in April 2012 in the journal Sleep. The risk of depression was significantly higher for people diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea.
    • Among adults with obstructive sleep apnea, 53.9 percent and 46.1 percent of them have some degree of anxiety or depression, respectively, according to a study published in March 2014 in the Journal of Research in Medical Sciences.
    • As many as 14 percent of suicidal adults with major depressive disorder were found to have obstructive sleep apnea, according to a study published in September 2019 in the Journal of Psychiatric Research.

    What Tests Help Confirm A Sleep Anxiety Diagnosis

    Sleep Deprivation, Can This Cause Depression?

    In some cases, your provider may do a sleep study to find out if you have a sleep disorder. Also called polysomnography, a sleep study is a test where you stay overnight in a sleep lab. Your healthcare provider evaluates how your body works during sleep by checking your:

    • Blood oxygen levels.

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    Are Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Depression Connected

    Are Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Depression Connected?

    Is there a relationship between depression and obstructive sleep apnea ? Although an exact pathophysiological relationship between OSA and depression is not fully understood, it seems that people with OSA are more likely to also experience depression.

    Do I Have Depression Obstructive Sleep Apnea Or Both

    Given how many symptoms overlap between depression and obstructive sleep apnea, as well as the uncertainty over the exact relationship between these two conditions, how can you tell which one you have? Should you seek out treatment for OSA, depression, or both?

    If you have been diagnosed with depression but have not responded to traditional methods such as antidepressants, talk to your physician about testing for OSA, especially if you have loud snoring and excessive daytime sleepiness. Its possible that your depressive symptoms caused by OSA have led you to be incorrectly diagnosed with depression. If this turns out to be the case, your OSA as well as your depressive symptoms will likely be greatly improved by treatment. The most common and effective treatment for OSA is continuous positive airway pressure therapy, which splints the pharyngeal airway space leading to improved oxygenation and decreased sleep fragmentation

    If youve been diagnosed with depression but havent found relief from your symptoms, its also quite possible that you have both obstructive sleep apnea and depression. If this describes you, you will likely need different treatment plans to alleviate the symptoms of both conditions. Studies have demonstrated that antidepressants are less effective in treating depression when there is also OSA present.

  • Symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea and depression overlap and may, therefore, complicate diagnosis and treatment of each disorder.
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    Common Symptoms Of Depression

    Sleep apnea is widely known for symptoms like loud snoring, waking up abruptly due to shortness of breath, and overall difficulty sleeping. Unfortunately, other emotions and behaviors stemming from this condition are often looked at as simply a part of living with sleep apnea. To ensure that you get the treatment you need for your emotional and physical health, read on for common symptoms of depression:

    • Feelings of sadness, emptiness, or hopelessness.
    • Changes in appetite.

    Sleep Fragmentation And Hypoxemia

    How Sleep Apnea Can Cause Depression

    Neurobiology of depression and upper airway control in OSA: the role of serotonin

    The high comorbidity of OSA and depression also suggests that both disorders may share a common neurobiological risk factor. On the neurotransmitter level, the serotoninergic system has a central role as a neurobiological substrate underlying impairments in the regulations of mood, sleep-wakefulness cycle, and upper airway muscle tone control during sleep. Depression is associated with a functional decrease of serotoninergic neurotransmission, and is mostly responsible for the alterations in sleep as outlined above .

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    Anxiety Can Lead To Sleep Debt

    One of the Catch-22s of sleep debt anxiety is that its not uncommon for the anxiety caused by sleep debt to lead to further sleep issues. Many people struggle to sleep with anxiety, and unfortunately even when that anxiety is caused by a lack of sleep it can be hard to turn off your mind and get rest. This is entirely normal, and something that you can reduce if you to manage your anxiety.

    But keep this in mind when youre going to sleep. If you have anxiety because of sleep debt and it disrupts your sleep causing more sleep debt, youre not alone. This problem affects millions of those with sleep deprivation, and is something you will learn to work on in the future as you start to address both your sleep and your anxiety issues.

    When sleep debt causes or contributes to anxiety, the solution is simple: take steps to get more sleep. If youre able to go to sleep earlier then you can ease the problem by simply taking it upon yourself to get longer periods of sleep, and allowing that sleep to refresh your body.

    Dont expect this to stop your anxiety right away. Sleep debt issues tend to linger, and you may need to have a good nights sleep for a few weeks in a row if you want to improve. Taking responsibility for your health and aiming to go to bed earlier can have a positive impact on your levels of anxiety.

    • Journal Writing

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    Treating Sleep Apnea In Nashville

    Both of the dentists at Devine Dentistry can perform an airway evaluation to detect the presence of a sleep breathing disorder such as sleep apnea. From there, we can treat your disorder by addressing the root causewhatever is blocking your airwaythrough oral appliance therapy. Drs. Brian Devine and Russell Mack can provide you with a custom-made mouthpiece, made from high-quality materials and designed for a snug, comfortable, and effective fit in your mouth. When worn, one of our oral appliances guides your lower jaw forward, helping you maintain an open airway all night long.

    Anxiety and depression can ruin your life. So can sleep loss. If youre getting proper rest, you have a better chance of overcoming your anxiety disorder and reclaiming the life you want. Get screened for a sleep breathing disorder today by calling the office of Devine Dentistry today at 269-4209 if you live in the areas of Belle Meade, Green Hills, and Nashville, TN.

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