Iii The Effects Of Heart Disease On Sleep
Heart disease can affect your ability to sleep in subtle ways. People with congestive heart failure often have a hard time falling asleep or staying asleep. This is due to the shortness of breath that is caused by CHF. This shortness of breath is often made worse when you lie down. The blood in your legs flows back into the heart. This can bring the heart more blood than it is able to pump.
People who have these symptoms may feel like they have insomnia. Doctors call these symptoms:
- Paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
Heart disease also causes people to worry about their health. They are often afraid that they might have a heart attack or stroke. This anxiety can make it very hard to sleep at night. Over time, this sleep problem can develop into chronic insomnia.
The Evidence Of The Link Between The Two Illnesses
According to a;study titled, Sleep Apnea Increases the Risk of New Onset Atrial Fibrillation: A Clinical Cohort Study, by researcher Tetyana Kendzerska and a team of researchers from the University of Ottawa in Canada, there is evidence that shows a link between the two illnesses.
The study rationalizes the relationship between sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation through testing of a total of 8,256 subjects. The median age of the subjects is 47 years of age with 62% males with the rest females. The subjects who are free of arrhythmias were monitored for any connection between obstructive sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation based on risk factors involving age, sex, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, congestive heart failure history, and pulmonary diseases.
The research resulted in a final conclusion that sleep time with oxygen depletion was evident in 90% of the population and a factor of atrial fibrillation in the next ten years. This result suggests that there indeed is a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and atrial fibrillation.
Sleeping Heart Rate: Decoding The Clues To Long
Do you know how fast your heart beats when youre sleeping? If not, it might be time to find out. Countless studies;have shown that resting heart rate is a key indicator of longevity. How fast or slow your heart beats during sleep can determine your risk of certain diseases and disorders, all while shedding light on your overall physical health.
Tapping into this knowledge is also important for determining your target heart rate zones, which can guide you to peak athletic performance. Heres everything you need to know about your sleeping heart rate plus how to identify and improve it.
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Is There A Connection Between Sleep Apnea And Vertigo
Vertigo is a type of dizziness that comes on unexpectedly, or it can be an ongoing issue. For some, it presents itself as a feeling of spinning while for others it feels as though the world around a person is unsteady or shifting.
Vertigo is an inner-ear and balance disorder that can be caused by anything that affects the inner ear. For many, it begins with an ear infection or something similar. However, anything that affects the brain can transfer to the inner ear quite easily. This means that sleep apnea could be a factor leading to vertigo since it decreases the amount of quality sleep and reduces the amount of oxygen that goes to the brain.
Right now, some of you are probably wondering about the link between CPAP therapy and vertigo. CPAP machines are one of the most common and effective treatments for sleep apnea. It involves pumping extra air through a face mask to open up the airway and improve the flow of oxygen to the body.
However, could this extra air be causing pressure changes that lead to dizziness or vertigo? CPAP use has been linked to increases in air pressure in the ear. The positive air pressure is believed to travel through the eustachian tube into the middle ear and can cause problems. The eustachian tube is a canal that connects the middle ear to the upper part of the throat behind the nose.
Again, this is unfortunately another area that hasnt been well studied. Its possible this may be whats causing your vertigo, but we dont know for sure.
When To See A Doctor
Given the significant health consequences of untreated sleep apnea, its important to know when its time to reach out to a doctor. Common signs and symptoms of sleep apnea include:
- Frequent, loud snoring or gasping during sleep
- Reduced breathing or pauses in breathing during sleep
- Daytime sleepiness and fatigue
- Difficulty maintaining attention and concentration
- Dry mouth or headaches when waking
- Sexual dysfunction or decreased libido
- Waking up often at night to urinate
Primary care doctors or specialists are all good resources if youre concerned about having sleep apnea. Diagnostic tests for sleep apnea often include a comprehensive sleep evaluation and polysomnography to diagnose or rule out this serious condition.
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What Are The Effects Of Sleep On Your Heart
Going against nature is bound to be destructive. Human beings need timely sleep to function optimally. Moreover, if you sleep on time you wont have to worry about depending on coffee or a variety of other elements to stay awake or active throughout the day. However, sleep deprivation, poor sleeping patterns and insomnia can lead to several heart complications.
Researchers at Norwegian University have proven that insomnia increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.; Insomnia refers to the Delayed sleep Phase that causes sleeplessness along with a wide array of heart problems.Of all the health disorders, cardiovascular disease is on top of the list among all other health problems caused by insomnia. Plus, the disruptive sleep disorder exacerbates your blood circulatory system contributing to high blood pressure, an increased heart rate, which can also lead to stroke.
Lack of Sleep and Coronary Artery Calcification
It is a state when calcium deposits harden around your aortic valve and block the narrow opening of the valve.; This reduces blood flow leading to Aortic valve stenosis.; Researchers have shown people who have a comparatively shorter time span of sleep are at greater risk of developing CAC.
Treatment For Sleep Apnea Anxiety
How can I get sleep if I have sleep apnea and anxiety?
CPAP treatment;is the most effective way for healthy sleep in apnea patients, but it’s also a tough choice for a patient who also have anxiety.
This study;also demonstrates that compliance to CPAP treatment can treat depression, sleep apnea and anxiety together.
The fear of using the CPAP mask, or having;claustrophobic symptoms;with the mask, can make the treatment difficult.
If you can, start using;nasal pillows;which are less intrusive than nasal masks or full face masks. The;ResMed Swift FX nasal pillow;is very simple, with only one strap across the cheek. This mask should be the first to try.
However, if you need to wear a full face mask and have claustrophobia, you can get accustomed with the mask by wearing it while playing a game in front of your computer or watching TV. Then you can wear it while sitting up reading. Finally, try to wear the mask when you read in bed.
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Types Of Anxiety In People With Sleep Disorders
Many people ask themselves if there is any link between;sleep apnea and anxiety, for example:
- Is it possible for sleep apnea to cause depression and anxiety?
- I have suffered from generalized anxiety disorder for many years, and now I began to think that i have sleep apnea, because of the symptoms like:;feeling tired;during the day and can’t concentrate properly as i can’t sleep at night thinking and;worrying;about death. Is it my worry, or I have sleep apnea?
Anxiety is one of the most common;mental problem;associated with sleep disorders. It’s not unusual that if you have anxiety disorder, you will also have sleep disturbances, like insomnia.
Isnt Sleep Apnea Just A Fancy Name For Snoring
Not at all. Snoring is that annoying sound that occurs when air passes relaxed tissues in your throat as you sleep. Sleep apnea is a disorder in which a persons breathing repeatedly starts and stops during sleep.;Not everyone who snores has sleep apnea, but many who have sleep apnea do snore regularly and loudly. One in five adults suffers from at least mild sleep apnea; it afflicts more men than women.;The most common type is obstructive sleep apnea , in which weight on the upper chest and neck contributes to blocking the flow of air. A less-common type, central sleep apnea , occurs when the brain fails to send regular signals to the diaphragm to contract and expand. CSA has been associated with brain stem stroke.
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Heart Problems Resulting From Sleep Deprivation
Although it is not fully clear why sleep deprivation has such damaging effects on heart health, scientists do understand that it causes interruptions in elemental health functions and biological processes like glucose metabolism, blood pressure and inflammation. Risk of cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease is increased in those who do not get enough sleep, regardless if the person is young and healthy.
Heart palpitations are also a serious condition to consider. Caused by a disruption in the hearts normal electrical function, heart palpitations can present as skipped beats, pauses or extra heartbeats that cause a fluttering or flip-flopping sensation. Of the myriad of factors that can lead to palpitations, such as excessive caffeine and constant stress, lack of sleep has been linked to incidents of heart palpitations.
Heart Rate And The Severity Of Osahs
In the 62 patients, before nCPAP therapy, heart rate over the 24-h period was positively correlated with AHI during sleep . It was also positively correlated with the percentage time of arterial O 2 saturation <90% during sleep . The degree of the reduction in heart rate after nCPAP therapy was positively correlated with the degree of the decrease in AHI during sleep . It was also positively correlated with the degree of the decrease in percentage time of arterial O 2 saturation <90% during sleep .
Among the 15 patients whose heart rate was measured for 2 days before nCPAP treatment, heart rates did not differ significantly between the first and the second 24-h interval . This result was unaltered if the two patients who were receiving a beta-blocker were excluded from the analysis.
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Can Sleep Apnea Cause Dizziness And Lightheadedness
Unexplained dizziness is a bothersome symptom for many. It can make it challenging to work, complete household chores, and pursue many favorite hobbies. There are many causes for dizziness, so if it is an ongoing concern, it should be discussed with a doctor. However, one common root cause of dizziness is sleep apnea.
When you are dizzy, you feel lightheaded and disoriented. The lightheadedness is the part of it where it feels like you are going to faint.;
Most commonly, those who have sleep apnea and dizziness will feel it most severely first thing in the morning. You may be suffering from sleep apnea dizziness if you wake up disoriented and have to take a few extra moments to get your bearings before you feel steady on your feet and safe to walk. This is usually caused because the brain has been deprived of oxygen during the night and not functioning at 100 percent first thing in the morning, so trying to switch from the laying down position to an upright and moving position becomes troublesome.
At its most serious levels, this absence of oxygen is called hypoxemia, which can regress into hypoxia if left untreated long enough. When your body goes into hypoxia, vital organs begin shutting down due to a lack of oxygen. In aviation accidents involving cabin depressurization, for instance, hypoxia is frequently the cause of death. The absence of sufficient oxygen for breathing at high altitudes means vital organs quickly fail.
Sleep And Coronary Heart Disease
Research has found that sleep deprivation contributes to atherosclerosis. Plaque forms as a consequence of inflammation, which involves white blood cells, which are produced by the immune system, to collect in the arteries. Poor sleep triggers chronic inflammation, which contributes to plaque formation and hardening of the arteries.
The impact of sleep deprivation on coronary heart disease is also believed to be influenced by sleeps effects on blood pressure. Hypertension strains the arteries, making them less effective at bringing blood to the heart and as a result contributing to heart disease.
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The Myth Of Catching Up
Most people believe that their late nights of little sleep can be made up by sleeping extra hours on the weekends. Studies show that this habit can actually lower cardiovascular health even more. Unfortunately, the damage done to the cardiovascular system on Tuesday night was done on Tuesday night, and sleeping in on Saturday is not going to help that situation. In other words, there is no such thing as sleep debt.
Researchers are in agreement that best thing someone can do to protect their heart against the unfortunate correlation between lack of sleep and heightened cardiovascular risks is to get more sleep each and every night.
Tips For Cpap Users With Sleep Apnea And Anxiety
Note: Some CPAP users with anxiety turn their ramp feature off, because they feel they can’t get enough oxygen in and then start to panic.
For more info about claustrophobia and CPAP masks, see CPAP claustrophobia.
If you find impossible to use the CPAP machine, then I recommend other treatments for sleep apnea that could help you with anxiety, such as:
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Sleep Apnea May Stop Your Heart
People with sleep apnea have a slightly higher risk for sudden cardiac arrest an often fatal condition when the heart shuts off according to a study from the Mayo Clinic published today.
Sudden cardiac deaths account for nearly half a million deaths per year, but their underlying risk factors remain unresolved.
A growing body of evidence suggests that sleep apnea, where a person’s breathing pauses or becomes shallow while asleep, increases a person’s chances for developing heart disease.
This same group of Mayo researchers found people with sleep apnea had 2.6-fold higher risk of SCA while sleeping during the night between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. In the general population, these hours are typically connected with the lowest number of sudden cardiac deaths.
“The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in Western populations is high and will likely only continue to grow given the obesity epidemic and direct relationship between obesity and sleep apnea,” said lead author Dr. Apoor Gami, M.D., MSc, FACC, a cardiologist at Midwest Heart Specialists – Advocate Medical Group in Elmhust, Ill.
This study recruited 10,000 Minnesota residents with suspected sleep disorders and identified 78 percent with moderate sleep apnea. Patients were tracked for up to 15 years, although the average follow-up occurred five years after an initial overnight sleep exam.
Assistive breathing devices or surgery to remodel air passages can remedy sleep apnea.
Chest Pain And Untreated Sleep Apnea
Untreated OSA is a risk factor for problems with the heart that can cause chest pain: coronary artery disease, chronic heart failure and atrial fibrillation.
Thus, it wouldnt be surprising if someone with bouts of nighttime chest pain is found to have both OSA and one of the three cardiac conditions mentioned above.
Though obesity is a major risk factor for OSA, its not the only risk factor. This is why thin people, including women, can have this often misdiagnosed condition.
For example, a naturally small airway, excess pharyngeal tissue and/or large tongue base can cause an obstruction during sleep, when these tissues are very relaxed, leading to apnea.
The episodes of ceased breathing overnight cause internal disruptions such as reduced blood oxygen and increased heart rate and blood pressure, but these would not cause chest pain.
Dr. Tavels medical research includes over 125 publications, editorials and book reviews in peer-reviewed national medical journals. He was formerly director of the cardiac rehabilitation program at St. Vincent Hospital in Indiana. mortontavel.com
Lorra Garrick has been covering medical, fitness and cybersecurity topics for many years, having written thousands of articles for print magazines and websites, including as a ghostwriter. Shes also a former ACE-certified personal trainer.
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How Does Sleep Affect Your Heart Health
Getting good sleep isnt just important for your energy levelsits critical for your heart health, too. Learn how sleep is connected to heart health.
Sleep is not a luxury. It is critical to good health. Sleep helps your body repair itself. Getting enough good sleep also helps you function normally during the day.
Get enough sleep. Most adults need at least 7 hours of sleep each night.1
Sleep And Heart Health During Pregnancy
Pregnancy places additional strain on the heart; and some women develop cardiovascular problems during pregnancy. High blood pressure, for example, can begin or worsen during pregnancy with potential complications for both the mother and her baby.
Insomnia, sleep apnea, and other sleep difficulties affect many pregnant women, and these issues have been associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular problems both during and after pregnancy. Ongoing research studies are working to identify ways to improve sleep during pregnancy with the goal of also reducing hypertension and other cardiovascular issues.
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