Is Insomnia Caused By Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Common sleep medicine dogma states that chronic;insomnia is a completely separate disorder from;obstructive sleep apnea . But just like other seemingly disparate medical conditions, theres increasing evidence that there may be a certain degree of overlap between these two conditions. Its been shown that anywhere from 39 to 58% of patients with OSA also have insomnia. Conversely, up to 43% of older people with;chronic insomnia were found to have undiagnosed sleep apnea.
Its been stated that;chronic insomnia and sleep apnea can co-exist together, but very few studies are saying the one could cause the other. To challenge this assumption, Dr. Barry Krakow and the Sleep and Human Health Institute is looking at the provocative theory that a large percentage of people with;chronic insomnia have undiagnosed breathing problems during sleep.
I wrote in my book, Sleep, Interrupted, that almost every patient that I see with;chronic insomnia has;significantly narrow upper airways, and one or both parents snore heavily. Most;chronic insomniacs prefer not to or absolutely cant sleep on their backs, due to the tongue taking up relatively too much space within the confines of smaller jaws. When in deep sleep, especially when on their backs, the tongue can fall back due to gravity, and because of additional muscle relaxation, causes breathing pauses and an inability to stay asleep.
What do you think about my suspicion?
Does Cpap Help With Insomnia
Treatment for OSA is usually CPAP therapy, a machine that sends constant pressurized air into the airway to ensure it stays open during sleep. As a result, those on CPAP can also find relief for their insomnia. Certain lifestyle modifications can also help improve both conditions, such as regular exercise, weight reduction, healthy diet, and quitting smoking or alcohol consumption.
You may have noticed that sleep apnea is more physiological while insomnia symptoms can be largely psychological. Like maintaining a healthy diet and exercise regimen, getting a good nights sleep is imperative to your overall health. Sleep allows your body to rest and restore energy so it can carry out its important physiological and psychological functions.
Thats why its crucial for you to understand the differences and similarities between sleep apnea and insomnia, as well as when it might make sense to complete a sleep study. If you do start CPAP therapy for sleep apnea or insomnia, its also worth looking into behavioral therapy as its been proven to improve CPAP therapy compliance.
What Causes Sleep Apnea
When it comes to digging behind the problematic roots of sleep apnea, it is a condition that is entirely caused by physical factors. Sleep apnea happens when a part of the soft palate collapses when youre sleeping, which blocks the airflow.
The narrow airway is often a result of excess tissue, enlarged tonsils, or a large uvula, which is often the case for obstructive sleep apnea. The main cause of obstructive sleep apnea is obesity. Central sleep apnea, on the other hand, occurs when the brain fails to control the muscles in your air passage, which leads to disrupted airflow.
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What Are Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders are conditions that impair your sleep or prevent you from getting restful sleep and, as a result, can cause daytime sleepiness and other symptoms. Everyone can experience problems with sleep from time to time. However, you might have a sleep disorder if:
- You regularly experience difficulty sleeping.
- You are often tired during the day even though you slept for at least seven hours the night before.
- You have a reduced or impaired ability to perform regular daytime activities.
There are more than 100 million Americans of all ages who are not getting an adequate amount of sleep. Sleep is very important. Not getting enough sleep can have untoward consequences on school and work performance, interpersonal relationships, health and safety.
So How Are Sleep Apnea And Insomnia Related Can One Cause The Other
Now that we understand what sleep apnea and insomnia are, lets explore how theyre linked.
Sleep disorders often raise the classic chicken and egg question. Does insomnia cause sleep apnea? Does sleep apnea cause insomnia? Does it matter which came first?
While insomnia and sleep apnea are two separate disorders, there is a high percentage of cases in which both occur simultaneously. Many people who are diagnosed with one of the conditions are later diagnosed with the other condition as well. For a majority of patients with both disorders, insomnia is a symptom of sleep apnea or, to put it another way, the obstructed breathing of sleep apnea is a cause of the sleeplessness of insomnia.
This may not be the causal relationship in all cases, but one thing is clear: if you know youre struggling with one of these conditions, theres a chance you may develop or already have the other. If youre an insomniac who wakes during the night, ask a sleep medicine specialist to rule out sleep apnea as a possible cause. And if youre an apnea patient who is still struggling to get restful sleep, talk to your doctor about measures to treat the underlying insomnia.
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Accessing Your Military Records
During your VA disability application, youll need to get hands-on several of your military records. Youll need your service record at the least to prove your service connection or that you meet qualifications for a presumptive condition. You may also need to get your military medical records to prove that your condition started while you were in the military.
The first place to start retrieving your military documents is through your eBenefits account. Many of these documents can be accessed through the records portal in this account. If you cant get the records you need there, you can always visit your local VA office for help.;
Do Not Go To Bed Too Early
While it might sound counterintuitive, some people with sleeping problems, such as insomnia, regularly go to bed too early, hoping to sleep more. However, its likely that going to bed when you are not tired will have the opposite effect and wind up making it hard for you to break . Go to bed at exactly the exact same time, respecting the routine.
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Youre A Noisy Sleeper
Snoring, snorting or gasping: Noisy sleep is a warning sign that your upperairway might be obstructed. Not all snorers have apnea, but the two oftengo hand-in-hand. As snoring gets louder, chances of havingsleep apnea are greater and greater.If you have apnea, your bed partner might notice that the snores arepunctuated by pauses in breathing. Those are apnea episodes, and they canrecur hundreds of times a night.
Sleep Apnea Does More Than Make You Tired
If you are suffering from Obstructive Sleep Apnea , you are not alone.;In fact,;9% of adult females and a remarkable 24% of adult males;experience sleep apnea. Unfortunately, many who suffer from;sleep disordered breathing;are mistakenly being treated with insomnia medications, which does not treat the real problem. ;If your;Obstructive Sleep Apnea is left untreated,;insomnia could be just one of many serious health complications you are at risk for.
Neurons based in your brainstem are responsible for regulating your bodys cardiovascular system and maintaining a low resting heart rate. According to a;study published in the Journal of Physiology, people who;suffer;from Obstructive Sleep Apnea frequently experience a diminishing of this neural activity.;;As a result, these individuals are at a higher risk of developing an elevated heart rate and high blood pressure, as well as of experiencing adverse cardiovascular events.
In the study, researchers used rats as their test subjects and replicated Obstructive Sleep Apnea conditions over;a four-week period. During this time, they monitored the synaptic activity of the parasympathetic neurons that control heart rate, as well as recorded;changes in the rats blood pressure and heart rate.
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What Causes Sleep Disorders
Sleep problems can be caused by various factors. Although causes might differ, the end result of all sleep disorders is that the body’s natural cycle of slumber and daytime wakefulness is disrupted or exaggerated. Eight factors include:
- Physical .
- Have difficulty controlling your emotions?
- Need to take naps almost every day?
Whats The Connection Between Adhd And Sleep
Beginning around puberty, people with ADHD are more likely to experience shorter sleep time, problems falling asleep and staying asleep, and a higher risk of developing a sleep disorder. Nightmaresare also common in children with ADHD, especially those with insomnia. Sleep problems in ADHD tend to increase with age, though sleep problems in early childhood are a risk factor for future occurrence of ADHD symptoms.
Even those who are rarely hyperactive during the day may experience racing thoughts and a burst of energy at night that interfere with sleeping. For some, nighttime presents the perfect opportunity to hyperfocus on a project, as there are less distractions. Unfortunately, this makes it difficult to settle down for sleep and it can lead to a disrupted sleep-wake schedule. Over time, insomnia may worsen as people start to develop feelings of stress related to bedtime.
Many people with ADHD experience daytime sleepiness and difficulty waking up as a result of poor sleep. Others experience restless, non-refreshing sleep with multiple nighttime awakenings.
Sleep problems in ADHD appear to differ depending on the type of ADHD. Individuals with predominantly inattentive symptoms are more likely to have a later bedtime, while those predominantly hyperactive-impulsive symptoms are more likely to suffer from insomnia. Those with combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive ADHD experience both poor sleep quality and a later bedtime.
What Is A Concussion
A concussion is a kind of injury to the head which is caused by force or trauma. It could be an external blow, or it could result from extreme shaking that jostles the brain from its place inside the skull.Common causes for concussions include sports injuries, falls, physical assaults, combat injuries, and car collisions.
Traumatic brain injury describes the damage done to the brain as a result of a concussion, as well the damage caused by objects which have penetrated the skull.
Mild TBIs typically take the form of concussions. However, more acute TBIs occur when physical damages to the brain are far more severe: the tissue is torn or bruised, or the brain bleeds. Without prompt attention to these injuries, someone can suffer long-term damage or even die.
Still, calling a concussion a mild TBI does no service to the one suffering the condition, as concussions are still considered very serious and can still have long-lasting and negative results.
Main Differences Between Insomnia And Apnea
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How Do Adhd Sleep Problems Affect Daily Life
Though there is little research on the subject of ADHD with accompanying sleep disorders, children and adults with ADHD plus a sleep disorder often report more severe ADHD symptoms and a lower quality of life. They may also be more likely to suffer from depression, anxiety, hyperactivity, inattention, difficulty processing information, and a higher BMI. Over the long term, chronic sleep deprivation leaves people vulnerable to physical health problems.
Daytime sleepiness can have serious effects on school and work. People may judge a person with ADHD for sleeping at inappropriate times, without realizing that it is part of their condition and very difficult to avoid. Sudden bouts of sleepiness may also be dangerous while driving or performing other activities that require concentration.
Not sleeping well at night can also cause daytime fatigue. Individuals with ADHD-related sleep deprivation may feel grumpy, irritable, restless, or tired, or they may have trouble paying attention at school or at work. Sometimes, these symptoms may be mistaken for a mood disorder. In turn, anxiety and behavioral difficulties have been linked to a higher incidence of sleep problems for children with ADHD.
These problems also take their toll on families and caregivers of people with ADHD. Preliminary research shows that primary caregivers of children with ADHD as well as sleep problems are more likely to be depressed, anxious, stressed, and late to work.
Get Your Va Disability Rating For Sleep Disturbances
Sleep disturbances can have a serious impact on every area of your life, from your relationships to your career. Getting the right VA disability rating for sleep disabilities can help get you the compensation you deserve. Talk to your doctor about getting a diagnosis and start the process of applying for VA disability.
If youd like help submitting or appealing a VA disability claim, get in touch with us at Woods and Woods, The Veterans Firm. We fight for veterans every day, and you dont pay unless we win.;Contact us today;to start getting the compensation you deserve.
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Whats The Biology Behind The Adhd
ADHD sleep problems may be a side effect of impaired arousal, alertness, and regulation circuits in the brain. Other researchers believe that ADHD sleep problems can be traced to a delayed circadian rhythm with a later onset of melatonin production. Despite similarities between certain sleep disorders and ADHD symptoms, research has failed to find consistent sleep abnormalities in people with ADHD.
Some individuals find it easier to sleep with the calming effects of stimulant medications that are commonly prescribed for ADHD. However, for many people, stimulant medications cause a number of sleep problems in their own right. Co-existing disorders such as anxiety, depression, or substance abuse, as well as poor sleep hygiene, likely also play a role in sleep difficulties.
What Is Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a common and serious disorder that causes you to repeatedly stop breathing during sleep. A temporary pause in breathing may happen a few times a night or, in more severe cases, hundreds of times a night. Sleep apnea can affect people of all lifestyles, genders, body types and ages, including children.
There are two kinds of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea . OSA involves the temporary relaxation of tissues in the back of your throat during sleep. This relaxation narrows or closes your airway, limiting the amount of air that can travel in and out of your lungs. You may snore loudly or make gasping sounds as you attempt to breathe. Eventually, your brain and body become oxygen deprived and you may wake up as the airway muscles reopen.
Central sleep apnea is much less common than OSA. CSA occurs when your brain doesnt send the appropriate signals to the muscles that control your breathing. This type of sleep apnea most often occurs in association with CPAP therapy for OSA, a condition known as complex sleep apnea syndrome.
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Key Differences Between Sleep Apnea And Insomnia
Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder. In fact, about half of all people experience its symptoms occasionally, and 10 percent of Americans suffer from chronic insomnia. Sleep apnea is the second most common sleep disorder; it affects an estimated 22 million Americans. Both of these conditions can rob you of the rest you need to function and feel your best, but there are some key differences between the two. Lets discuss how you can recognize each of them.
Transform Your Room Into A Haven Of Peace
Your bedroom should be the quietest space in the house. If you live in a city or other noisy environment, and loud noises wake you up several times each night, try wearing earplugs.
Apps and devices that play white noise can also help you sleep better. When a sound wakes you up in the night, it isnt the sound itself that wakes you up, but the sudden change in sound that jar you. White noise creates a masking effect, blocking those sudden changes that exude light sleepers.
This is the reason why the majority of bedpartners prefer the white noise of a CPAP machine rather than their spouses crescendo-decrescendo snoring sounds, Clete A. Kushida, director of the Stanford Center for Human Sleep Research, writes in an email to Popular Science.
But having your bedroom the quietest place in your home does not do if your frame is noisy. Just imagine how annoying it would be if every time your partner changes the position your framework started creaking. It would not be possible to get a full-resting night. Heck, youd have the same problem even if you sleep alone!
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What Are The Signs Of Sleep Apnea
This brief disruption causes the brain to wake enough to resume breathing, though it doesnt necessarily jolt the sleeper awake in some cases. Instead, repeated suffications with low oxygen, morning headaches, dry mouth when waking up, and plenty of trips going to the bathroom in between your sleeping hours. The recurrent brain arousals leave the person exhausted in the morning from poor sleep quality.