Avoid Alcohol And Sleeping Pills
If you have trouble sleeping, try a cup of decaffeinated herbal tea or juice instead of unwinding with a glass of wine. Alcohol and certain medications can make throat muscles relax more than normal. As a result, airways can get blocked. Alcohol and medications can also make it harder for your brain to “wake up” and register a lack of oxygen in the body. This can cause longer and more serious pauses in breathing. If you find it hard to fall asleep, try reading a book or taking a warm bath.
Symptoms And Signs Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
- Poor work or school performance
- Restless movements during sleep with tossing and turning
- In children, symptoms often mimic ADHD
Sleep apnea is not a matter to take lightly. The results of an oxygen shortage mean that the heart has to work harder in order to pump oxygen through to the body and brain. Heart disease, heart failure, enlarged heart, and stroke can all be the results of this added pressure on the circulatory system. In addition, the constant release of the adrenal and cortisol hormones to start the body awake place an added strain on the lymphatic system, resulting in various health problems.
Sleep apnea is also directly linked with weight gain and obesity which can wreak havoc on the body, causing problems such as metabolic syndrome and diabetes. People with untreated obstructive sleep apnea have a greater risk of premature death and should take these symptoms very seriously.
Osa Can Be Associated With All Major Etiologies Of Chronic Cough Upper Respiratory Infections That Initiate Chronic Cough And Abnormal Upper Airway Pathology
There are several likely mechanisms by which obstructive sleep apnea can lead to cough. OSA worsens the postulated triggers of GERD, UACS, and asthma. In addition, OSA is associated with a higher frequency of upper respiratory tract infections that may initiate cough.
OSA and GERD:
OSA and UACS:
OSA can be associated with increases in nasal inflammation that is improved with humidification of nasal CPAP.3941 Nasal inflammation in OSA patients occurs directly from the OSA itself39 and from the effects of CPAP therapy.41 Whether there is any relation between nasal inflammation occurring in OSA patients and propensity to cough is unknown. Apart from these studies, the bulk of the literature pertaining to nasal and sinus disease in OSA relates to the effects of increased nasal resistance causing sleep disturbances, particularly in children.
OSA and Asthma:
Current asthma guidelines recommend testing for OSA in overweight or obese patients with poorly controlled asthma.42 Recent studies indicate that the association of OSA with uncontrolled asthma may be independent of obesity.43 A number of different pathways can bring about heightened airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness in patients with OSA.44 These include local and systemic mechanisms that can cause heightened airway inflammation and potentiate asthmatic responses in patient with OSA.44
OSA and Triggering Respiratory Infections:
OSA and Upper Airway Pathology:
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Other Positive Airway Pressure Breathing Devices
In addition to CPAP, there are other devices that a sleep specialist may recommend for sleep apnea treatment.
Expiratory positive airway pressure single-use devices fit over the nostrils to help keep the airway open and are smaller, less intrusive than CPAP machines. These may benefit people with mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea.
Bilevel positive airway pressure devices can be used for those who are unable to adapt to using CPAP, or for central sleep apnea sufferers who need assistance for a weak breathing pattern. This device automatically adjusts the pressure while youre sleeping, providing more pressure when you inhale, less when you exhale. Some BiPAP devices also automatically deliver a breath if the mask detects that you havent taken one for a certain number of seconds.
Adaptive servo-ventilation devices can be used for treating central sleep apnea as well as obstructive sleep apnea. The ASV device stores information about your normal breathing pattern and automatically uses airflow pressure to prevent pauses in your breathing while youre asleep.
Clean The Cpap Regularly
Bacteria accumulation and contamination of the CPAP machine parts might be one of the leading causes of the therapy side effects. That is why it is essential to clean your CPAP machine and parts regularly.
The CPAP equipment should be cleaned after every use, which means that the majority of sleep apnea patients should be cleaning their CPAP devices every day.
You can clean your CPAP device using CPAP cleaners, or using products like cleaning brushes for the tubing, surface cleaners, and sprays, or cleaning wipes.
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Carrie Fisher And The Hidden Dangers Of Sleep Apnea
When Carrie Fisher passed away last year, her death left a lot of people shocked and more than a little devastated she was well loved for her role as the fierce and capable Princess Leia and later, General Leia in the Star Wars franchise and, as an outspoken and honest advocate for mental health and addiction recovery. Two weeks ago, her fans and family finally got some answers as to what could have claimed her life at such a young age. Among the contributing factors was sleep apnea, a term most people may never have even heard prior to the release of her autopsy report on June 16.
Heres what you need to know about the sleep disorder and how it can affect us all in truly devastating ways.
What Is Sleep Apnea
First of all, sleep apnea is a condition in which the body stops breathing as often as it should during sleep. Most commonly, this is caused by a blockage of the airways that results in breathing pauses for several seconds or even up to a minute. In mild cases, this may happen between 5 and 15 times per hour but people with severe case of sleep apnea may experience 30 or more pauses in breathing every hour during sleep.
When the breathing passages are blocked and oxygen is limited, the brain triggers a startle message by delivering a burst of hormones including adrenalin and cortisol. These hormones cause a reaction that wakes up the body so that the respiratory system starts breathing again. All of this happens repeatedly during the night, not only interrupting sleep but causing many serious side effects and underlying conditions.
Sleep apnea may be difficult for an individual to discover on their own because they dont observe themselves while they are sleeping. Often times, family members or roommates begin complaining about loud snoring or restless sleep before the person with sleep apnea is truly aware of the situation. In addition to snoring and observable breathing pauses, this sleep related breathing disorder has many other signs and symptoms that should be considered.
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Chronic Cough And Osa Are Common Disorders
The prevalence of OSA increases with age and body mass index. OSA prevalence based on values of AHI 5 increases with age, from 8% in 20- to 44-year-olds to 20% in 45- to 64-year-olds, and to 30% in 65- to 100-year-old men.17 Even though the prevalence of cough is quite high in the general population, unexplained cough is higher in middle-aged females, with the mean age of chronic cough in studies being 46-60 years.5 This overlaps with the age group in which the prevalence of OSA as assessed by clinical and laboratory criteria starts peaking.17 Even though the prevalence of sleep apnea is lower in adult females, there is a significant increase in OSA prevalence in postmenopausal females, with a higher prevalence of REM-related sleep disordered breathing in women under the age of 55 years.18,19 In addition, sleep apnea tends to be underdiagnosed in women because of atypical manifestations of sleep disordered breathing.20
Chronic Cough Sleep Apnea
Defined as a cough lasting for over two months, chronic cough has recently been linked to people with obstructive sleep apnea. This is the most common reasons that people are referred to respiratory clinics. Chronic cough is believed to affect between 10% and 30% of the population, but the numbers are difficult to narrow down as it often goes undiagnosed. Even when chronic cough is diagnosed, the cause often remains a mystery which makes treatment very difficult as well.
The link in the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and chronic cough is difficult to determine, but some researchers believe that the inflammation of the airways related to chronic cough may also be a trigger for obstructive sleep apnea. One study has indicated that treatment of OSA with a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure machine brought relief to the chronic cough symptom in a majority of the cases.
Patients who have inexplicable chronic cough should certain consider the potential that they may have obstructive sleep apnea, particularly if they exhibit other symptoms as well. This is especially true if the chronic cough is particularly present during sleep at night. Although its hard to tell which of the conditions causes the other, the link between the two is becoming more and more obvious.
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How To Get An Obstructive Sleep Apnea Diagnosis
In order to be diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, you will need to consult with your doctor. They will make an evaluation based on your signs and symptoms as well as the results of some tests. If they think its necessary, they may refer you to a sleep specialist for further evaluation.
With a physical examination, your doctor will look at the back of your throat, mouth, and nose to check for extra tissues or other abnormalities. They may also check your blood pressure, your weight, and your neck circumference. A sleep specialist will conduct additional evaluations in order to reach an obstructive sleep apnea diagnosis, which can include multiple tests.
- Polysomnography .This sleep study hooks you up to equipment to monitor your heart, lung, and brain activity, breathing patterns, leg and arm movements, and blood oxygen levels while you sleep. Conducted as a full-night study or split-night study at a sleep lab, a polysomnography test can diagnosis you with OSA and help rule out other sleep disorders.
- Home Sleep Testing . Depending on the circumstances, your doctor might provide you with a version of the sleep test that you can do at home. This test measures airflow, breathing patterns, blood oxygen levels, limb movements, and snoring intensity.
Nutrition Lifestyle And Weight Loss
If appropriate, a nutrition and weight-loss program can often provide benefit. Living with a healthier body is known to have a significant, direct positive effect on sleep, OSAHS and many other health issues. A direct link between excess weight and both OSAHS and snoring severity has been shown, so if you are overweight you may find that weight loss provides an improvement in your OSA symptoms.
CPAP treatment should then solve the problem of choking in sleep and allow you to sleep properly again. We will help you with the next step if you are diagnosed.
If you would like any advice, then please call us on 0800 024 8050.
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Sleep Apnea Is Serious And Can Be Dangerous
It cant be stressed enough that sleep apnea, whether it is caused by airway obstruction or mixed muscle signals, is serious and requires treatment. This is a disorder that literally means a patient will not breathe during the night. Consider that in tandem with how few people seek out or even know to seek out effective treatments like Continuous Positive Airway Pressure .
Years and years of this can lead to dangerous fatigue that contributes to physical accidents, to say nothing of the damage it can cause the body, including serious cardiovascular risks that can and do contribute to death, as they did in Ms. Fishers tragic case.
What Conditions Cause Sleep Apnea
There are medical conditions associated with this. Several health conditions, such as chronic heart failure, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and Parkinsons disease, increase the risk of obstructive sleep apnea. A history of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, hormonal disorders, stroke, chronic lung disease, asthma, and more may contribute to the risk.
The Biggest Throat Problem For Sleep Apnea Sufferers
If you wake up every morning needing to hack up lots of thick mucous, or have throat pain, hoarseness, or a chronic cough, youre not alone. You may think its the beginning of a cold, but a cold doesnt continue for weeks to months without progressing into the full-blown viral symptoms.
Instead, these symptoms are the beginnings of the most common throat problem sleep apnea sufferers face. And as I explain below, without understanding why this occurs, it can be one of the hardest problems to treat.
Beware of the Vacuum Effect
People with obstructive sleep apnea are more prone to breathing problems at night due to partial or total collapse of one or more areas of the entire upper airway, from the nose to the tongue. Its usually worse when on your back, since the tongue can fall back more in this position. During deep sleep, your muscles naturally relax and youll be more susceptible to breathing stoppages.
Pressure sensors placed inside sleep apnea patients reveal that every time an apnea occurs, a tremendous vacuum effect is created inside the chest and throat, which literally suctions up your normal stomach juices into your esophagus and throat. This can happen occasionally, even for normal people, but if you happen to have a late meal or a snack just before bedtime, there will be even more stomach juices lingering in your stomach to come up into the throat. If you happened to drink a nightcap, the situation is even worse since alcohol is a strong muscle relaxant.
Cpap Side Effects You Should Know
CPAP is currently one of the best treatment options for patients with obstructive sleep apnea.
However, even though the effectiveness is there, and scientifically backed, it is important to mention that side effects are rather common. Just like any treatment device, the CPAP machine has its advantages and disadvantages.
Unfortunately, the side effects of CPAP treatment are often overlooked and expected as a normal occurrence. However, people who are already experiencing health issues because of their sleep apnea dont want to deal with more conditions caused by a treatment.
So, because people arent aware of how serious these side effects can be, weve decided to tackle this topic in the following paragraphs. Hopefully, youll become more familiar with the disadvantages of CPAP therapy, and you can discuss more with your doctor or medical professional.
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Sleep Apnea Treatment Options
If you suspect you are experiencing sleep apnea, talk to your Orlando ENT about your concerns. There are several different sleep apnea treatments:
- Sleep study to see how your sleep is being interrupted
- CPAP machine which applies mild air pressure to make sure the airways remain open
- Medications to help you stay more alert throughout the day will encourage better sleep at night
- Weight loss as obesity can interfere with nighttime breathing
Clean Your Cpap Regularly
Make sure that your CPAP mask and machine are clean. It is important to make cleaning your mask, tubing, and water chamber a regular habit to avoid any bacteria or fungi buildup. The CPAP mask and humidifier chamber should be cleaned daily with mild soap and water. On top of this, you should soak all of the parts in vinegar and water, using one part vinegar to three parts water. Follow this routine once a week. There are also sanitizing machines, like a CPAP cleaner, that you can purchase if you are having trouble keeping up with this cleaning schedule.
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Left Untreated Your Health Can Suffer
Imagine if you had trouble breathing 30 times an hour while you were awake, causing you to lose your breath, choke and cough. Youd likely rush to your closest emergency room in a panic. For as many as one in 15 people, this is exactly what happens to them while they sleep. The condition is called sleep apnea, and it can lead to a range of serious health issues if left untreated.
Unfortunately, many cases do go untreated, simply because the person suffering from sleep apnea has no idea theyre dealing with such a serious medical condition.
“Many of our patients come in because a bed partner or roommate notices snoring and disrupted sleep,” explained Dr. Sreelatha Naik, Geisinger sleep physician. “However, many patients are referred to us by cardiologists and other specialists that recognize some of the effects of sleep apnea, such as heart disease and stroke. Recognizing the symptoms early can help you get treatment before the related health issues go from bad to worse.”
The common signs of sleep apnea
Although you may not know you have sleep apnea since youre sleeping or nearly sleeping when it happens there are some clues that you should watch for:
There are two types of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
What happens if you have sleep apnea?
Resulting health problems include:
- Arrhythmia, such as AFib or heart flutters
- Heart attack
Does Asbestos Affect Breathing
Damage caused by fibrous asbestos fibers irritate and scar tissue in the lungs, resulting in stiff lung functions. In fact, the air around you has been polluted by the cloud. It is as Asbestosis progresses that lung tissue often leaves scars. A stiffening lung tissue will restrict the expansion of your lungs.
Dry Mouth In The Morning
If you have a narrow airway and/or obstructed nasal passages, your body will adapt by sleeping with your mouth open. As you breathe with your mouth open all night, it will become very dry. In the morning, its common to wake up with a dry mouth if you have sleep apnea or an obstructed airway. You might also experience a sore throat too.