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Can Sleep Apnea Lower Your Heart Rate

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Can You Change Your Resting Heart Rate

Sleep Apnea and its Impact on the Heart

If you run or do other moderate to vigorous physical activity regularly, you can lower your resting heart rate. Thats because exercise strengthens the heart muscle, allowing it to pump a higher volume of blood with each heartbeat. As a result, more oxygen gets delivered to the muscles, so the heart doesnt need to beat as many times as it would in someone who is less fit.

As people age, the resting heart rate stays about the same unless they are taking medicines that slow heart rate, such as beta blockers or calcium channel blockers.

To determine your resting heart rate, try taking your pulse when you wake up a few days a week over the course of several weeks. With your index and middle fingers, press lightly on the opposite wrist, just below the fat pad of your thumb. Or press gently on the side of your neck, just below your jawbone. Count the number of beats over a period of 30 seconds. Double that number to get your heart rate in beats per minute.

A resting heart rate that is too low , or one that is 100 or higher, could be a sign of trouble and should prompt a call to your doctor.

Sleep And High Blood Pressure

Several studies have shown that people with obstructive sleep apnea are at a much greater risk of having high blood pressure. OSA causes your oxygen level to drop. Your heart beats faster due to the lack of oxygen. This causes your blood pressure to rise. Over time, this can lead to an ongoing increase in blood pressure. It is important to treat high blood pressure since it is a proven cause of other forms of cardiovascular disease. This includes heart attack, heart failure and stroke.

But treating high blood pressure may not be enough. When high blood pressure does not respond well to treatment, it is often due to the presence of untreated sleep apnea. Once the OSA is treated, then the high blood pressure tends to improve as well. It is vital for your doctor to determine if a sleep disorder such as OSA is a factor in your high blood pressure.

What Are The Health Risks Of Sleep Apnea

Can sleep apnea kill you? Yes, but rarely. However, it makes a person susceptible to a lot of health issues. Some of these health risks are what heightens the chances of death. We will discuss some common health risks associated with sleep apnea:

  • Heart Issues

Heart failure and high blood pressure are likely to occur in individuals with sleep apnea because the cessation of breathing multiple times at night results in frequent sudden drops of oxygen levels in the blood. This raises blood pressure, stresses the cardiovascular system, and increases the risk of abnormal heartbeats, stroke, or a heart attack.

  • Daytime Fatigue

Disrupted sleep will limit your bodys restorative ability from a rejuvenating sleep and make you feel tired, be irritable or have trouble focusing during the day.

  • Type 2 Diabetes

Obesity and advanced age are the most common factors that can affect the metabolism of glucose when your body develops insulin resistance. Sleep apnea is also a risk factor for type 2 diabetes.

  • Liver Problems

Sleep apnea puts you at a higher risk of abnormal liver tests such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which causes scarring.

  • Metabolic Syndrome

Some experts suggest that individuals with MS may also have sleep apnea because of cardiovascular and metabolic complications such as high blood sugar and hypertension.

  • Complications from Medication and Surgery

Read Also: Diagnosed With Sleep Apnea After Military Service

Clinical Aspects: Effects Of Treatment

From OSA to HF

The main question to address in this section is whether treatment of OSA is associated with ameliorated cardiac function and heart failure prognosis on top of the traditional treatment for heart failure.

Continuous positive airway pressure

From HF to OSA

The clinical question to be answered in this section is whether treatment of heart failure ameliorates OSA.

Drugs for heart failure

Cardiac rehabilitation

Exercise rehabilitation programmes represent beneficial therapeutic measures to increase physical performance in patients with heart failure. A 4-month rehabilitation programme has been shown, for instance, to both improve OSA and significantly decrease muscle sympathetic nerve activity .

Atrial overdrive pacing

Resynchronisation therapy

From CSA to HF

The main question of the present section is whether treating CSA is associated with better prognosis in heart failure patients.

Current Research Indicates A Connection Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Hypertension

Does a person

A 2018 article published by the Journal of Hypertension notes that the connection between obstructive sleep apnea and both acute and chronic increases in blood pressure is well-established by scientific literature.

While central sleep apnea is common in patients with advanced heart failure, these patients typically have low blood pressure. The relationship between central sleep apnea and hypertension, if there is any, is therefore currently unclear.

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What Happens When You Stop Breathing

When you stop breathing, your heart rate also tends to drop the longer your body is deprived of oxygen. Then, your involuntary reflexes cause you to startle awake at the end of that period of not breathing. When this occurs, your heart rate tends to accelerate quickly and your blood pressure rises.

These are changes that take place acutely when you stop breathing. However, your body starts to experience chronic effects if you experience frequent apnea. Data suggests increased risk, particularly when you stop breathing roughly 30 times or more per hour. But there is likely a risk at even lower frequency rates.

For example, your blood pressure tends to go up, your heart walls thicken due to increased workload and the structure of your heart changes. It tends to become stiffer and less flexible because there are more fibrous cells growing in between the muscle cells.

All of those things increase the risk that you can have either atrial or ventricular arrhythmias. They also tend to reduce the function of the heart so that its less efficient at pumping blood.

Can Cpap Treatment Help Your Heart Rate

My grandmother is supposed to be sleeping with a CPAP machine, unfortunately she does not use it every time she is napping or nightly. Lately her heart rate has been extremely low. The doctor told her that it was that low because she was not using her cpap. I strongly disagree because she had 2 stents put in 3 weeks ago and has not gotten any better with her breathing or pulse they believe she needs a pacemaker. My question is: by not using your cpap machine wouldn’t you heart rate rise than lower when not using a cpap?

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Having A Racing Heart Chest Pain And Dizziness

A racing heart, chest pain, and dizziness are warning signs of a heart attack. If you or someone else are experiencing these symptoms, call 911 or your local emergency services right away.

Medical emergency

A heart attack is a medical emergency and needs immediate medical treatment. Go to the nearest emergency room if you experience these symptoms.

Your doctor will begin by asking about your symptoms and performing a physical examination. Theyll listen to your heart and check for signs of conditions that can cause a racing heart, such as an enlarged thyroid.

Your doctor may also order one or more of the following tests:

List Of 40+ Possible Sleep Apnea Secondary Conditions

Causes of High Pulse Rate & Quality of Sleep Dr Berg
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Allergic Rhinitis
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Anxiety
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Asthma
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Atrial Fibrillation
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Back Pain
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Brain Infections or swelling of the brain
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Brainstem or Spinal Cord
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Cervical Nerve conditions
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Cervical Spine Injuries
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Chemicals or Toxins exposure
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Chronic Pain
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Chronic Sinusitis
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Lung Condition
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to conditions that interfere with the jaw, tongue, or nose
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Congestive Heart Failure
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Depression
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Deviated Septum
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Diabetes
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Encephalitis
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Fatigue
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Fibromyalgia
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to GERD
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Gulf War Syndrome
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Heart Attack
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Heart Disease
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Heart Rhythm Disorders
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to High Blood Pressure
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Hypertension
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Hypothyroidism
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Insomnia
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Insulin Resistance
  • Sleep Apnea secondary to Liver Disease
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    Diagnosing And Treating Sleep Apnea For Better Health

    Its important to treat sleep apnea, because it can have long-term consequences for your health. While there have been some high-profile deaths linked to sleep apneasuch as with Judge Antonin Scalia Jun says that the true risk is from damage done over time.

    Obstructive sleep apnea can range from mild to severe, based on a measurement system called the apnea-hypopnea index . The AHI measures the number of breathing pauses that you experience per hour that you sleep.

    Obstructive sleep apnea is classified by severity:

    • Severe obstructive sleep apnea means that your AHI is greater than 30
    • Moderate obstructive sleep apnea means that your AHI is between 15 and 30
    • Mild obstructive sleep apnea means that your AHI is between 5 and 15

    Johns Hopkins Home Care

    We provide high quality, individualized care for patients of all ages where you feel most comfortable your home or community. Our services and equipment are designed to help you regain and retain a level of independence.

    Whether or not you need treatment for sleep apnea depends on its severity, whether or not you have symptoms such as sleepiness and other health conditions. For example, if you have risk factors for heart disease, your doctor might opt to treat you even for mild sleep apnea. On the other hand, if you have a severe case of sleep apnea, your doctor might insist on treatment even if youre not sleepy.

    Not very relaxing, right? Luckily, its treatable.

    How Many Veterans Have Sleep Apnea

    A ton According to medical research, military veterans are FOUR TIMES more likely to have sleep apnea than the normal civilian population, a truly staggering number

    The major problem for your sleep apnea VA claim, however, is that you probably were NOT diagnosed with sleep apnea on active duty.

    Further compounding the issue is there seems tobe resistance among military clinics worldwide from ordering-up sleep studiesfor active duty military members.

    But, maybe theres a better way toservice-connect your sleep apnea claim even if youve already filed or beendenied?

    Good news, there is a better way and theres a laundry list of possible sleep apnea secondary conditions.

    So, heres the opinion of VA Claims Insider: If you did NOT have a sleep study while on active duty and you did NOT get a diagnosis of sleep apnea on active duty, you should attempt to service connect your sleep apnea VA claim secondary to another service-connected disability rated at 0 percent or higher.

    Quick note: You MUST have a medical diagnosis ofsleep apnea and that must be confirmed by a sleep study .

    Like my comments toward the beginning of thispost, most veterans didnt realize they had sleep apnea while on active duty.

    BUT, you must act now, and you must get a sleepstudy from a VA doctor or a private doctor.

    Secret hack: You can also order a sleep studyat-home test kit if you dont want to wait for the VA or private doctor.

    Okay, lets explore how you can service connect sleep apnea secondary.

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    How Does Sleep Apnea Affect The Heart

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    People who have sleep apnea pause in their breathing while asleep. These pauses occur anywhere from 5 to 30 times an hour and last from a few seconds to up to a minute or longer. Snoring is often involved.1

    These pauses in breathing affect sleep quality and can lead to fatigue and drowsy driving.1 Recent research shows that untreated sleep apnea leads to serious health problems, especially cardiovascular disease , obesity, stroke, and type 2 diabetes.

    Sleep Apnea And Heart Disease

    Lookee Ring Sleep Oxygen Monitor w Vibration for Apnea ...

    Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and globally. Several behaviors increase the risk of heart disease, including eating an unhealthy diet, not getting enough physical activity, drinking too much alcohol, and smoking. Health conditions that increase the risk of heart disease include high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol levels, diabetes, and obesity.

    Untreated sleep apnea also significantly increases the risk of heart arrhythmias and cardiovascular disease. Its estimated that patients with sleep apnea are 2-4 four times more likely to develop heart arrhythmias than people without this condition. Sleep apnea increases the risk of heart failure by 140% and the risk of coronary heart disease by 30%.

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    Can You Die From Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    This is the most common form of sleep apnea. During obstructive sleep apnea, the airway becomes narrow or blocked, and the person ceases to breathe multiple times while asleep. This disrupts sleep and causes snoring, headaches, fatigue, and poor concentration during the daytime. The disorder is commonly found in people who are overweight.

    Can you die from obstructive sleep apnea? Usually, the nervous system will detect obstructive sleep apnea and slightly awaken the person to resume breathing. If the condition remains untreated, it may increase the risk of stroke and heart attacks because lowering the oxygen level repeatedly can stress and damage the cardiovascular system after a while.

    Your doctor may recommend continuous positive airway pressure therapy or an oral device to wear at night to treat obstructive sleep apnea.

    How Does Sleep Apnea Affect Your Life Expectancy

    Can sleep apnea put your life expectancy in jeopardy?

    The average life expectancy is 78.8 years, according to the CDC. The advancement of modern medicine and technology has made living this long possible. However, bad habits and diseases continue to fight against the progress we have made. Thats why its important to know what diseases and conditions lower your life expectancy.

    Even conditions that prove to be a minor inconvenience can have a long-term impact on your health. Sleep apnea, for instance, is a troublesome condition that is often overlooked. Now, scientists are concerned that disorders influence on your quality of life can also affect how long you live.

    Also Check: How To Claim Sleep Apnea Va

    Changes In Pressure Within The Chest

    When a person with obstructive sleep apnea attempts to breathe, they inhale against a narrowed or closed upper airway. These unsuccessful, forced inhalations can cause substantial changes in pressure within the chest cavity. Over time, these repetitive changes in intrathoracic pressure can damage the heart. Intrathoracic pressure changes can lead to atrial fibrillation , problems with blood flow to the heart, and even heart failure.

    Sleeping Heart Rate: Decoding The Clues To Long

    Low Vitamin D Causes Almost 100% Of Sleep Apnea Cases

    Do you know how fast your heart beats when youre sleeping? If not, it might be time to find out. Countless studies have shown that resting heart rate is a key indicator of longevity. How fast or slow your heart beats during sleep can determine your risk of certain diseases and disorders, all while shedding light on your overall physical health.

    Tapping into this knowledge is also important for determining your target heart rate zones, which can guide you to peak athletic performance. Heres everything you need to know about your sleeping heart rate plus how to identify and improve it.

    Read Also: How To Use Nose Clip For Snoring

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    Obstructive Sleep Apnea Might Lead To Irregular Heartbeat

    Patients with obstructive sleep apnea may be at greater risk of developing atrial fibrillation, or irregular heartbeat, new research finds.

    Lead author Dr. Tetyana Kendzerska, Ph.D., of the University of Ottawa in Canada, and colleagues came to their findings by analyzing the medical records of more than 8,000 adults.

    The results were recently presented at the American Thoracic Society Conference 2017, held in Washington, D.C.

    Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep, due to a partial or complete blockage of the upper airway.

    According to the American Sleep Apnea Association, more than 22 million people in the United States are affected by sleep apnea, with OSA being the most common form.

    Patients with OSA are more likely to have high blood pressure, or hypertension, which is a major risk factor for heart disease and other cardiovascular conditions.

    When it comes to atrial fibrillation , however, the new study from Dr. Kendzerska and team finds that the risk of this condition may be higher for patients with OSA, independent of high blood pressure.

    A-fib is a condition characterized by an irregular, often rapid heartbeat, which can increase the risk of stroke, heart failure, and other complications.

    Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    The most effective, noninvasive treatment for sleep apnea requires the use of continuous positive airway pressure . This therapy requires the patient to wear a sealed mask over the nose, or in certain cases both the nose and mouth while sleeping. The patient receives forced room air via the mask , increasing the pressure in the oropharyngeal airway, which helps to maintain airway patency. Oral-dental devices may also be used in mild cases or for patients requiring treatment for primary snoring. These are intended to reposition the mandible, thereby maximizing the diameter of the oropharyngeal airway. In other cases, surgical procedures remain viable options, albeit the least desired treatment because of their invasiveness and complexity. In severe cases of sleep apnea, especially among patients with significant episodes of bradyarrhythmias or tachyarrhythmias, gastric bypass surgery should be considered.

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