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Can Sleep Deprivation Cause High Blood Pressure

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Make Time For Downtime

Can Sleeping Only 6 Hours Or Less A Night Cause High Blood Pressure?

In our society, nowadays, people arent getting enough sleep. They put sleep so far down on their priority list because there are so many other things to do family, personal stuff and work life, Dr. Walia says. These are challenges, but if people understand how important adequate sleep is, and how to sleep better, it makes a huge difference.

The Problem With Insomnia

We have all had short bouts with insomnia, but when it becomes more the rule, it affects your heart health. Over time it can lead to higher stress levels, less motivation to exercise, and unhealthy food choices all leading to heart disease.

Lack of sleep is a national problem, so find ways to improve your sleep habits.

Call;to talk with Weirton Medical Center;about how to improve your sleep habits and improve your heart health.

Sleep And Heart Health During Pregnancy

Pregnancy places additional strain on the heart; and some women develop cardiovascular problems during pregnancy. High blood pressure, for example, can begin or worsen during pregnancy with potential complications for both the mother and her baby.

Insomnia, sleep apnea, and other sleep difficulties affect many pregnant women, and these issues have been associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular problems both during and after pregnancy. Ongoing research studies are working to identify ways to improve sleep during pregnancy with the goal of also reducing hypertension and other cardiovascular issues.

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Symptoms Of Stress And Their Impact On Sleep

Stress doesnt always show itself right away. It may start slowly and quietly, revealing itself as a headache, upset stomach, or just good, old-fashioned fatigue. Your mental health can become affected as depression and anxiety begin to take over. All of that stress starts to build up over time until suddenly, theres no ignoring it anymore. Often, your sleep can be the biggest victim.

Sleep is a chance for the body to rest and regenerate, recharging for the next day to come. Our bodies are only able to survive so long without the opportunity for rest, and a lack of sleep can significantly impair the bodys systems and the way they can work together to keep the body going.;

Stress has long been known as a significant deterrent to a healthy nights rest, and if left untreated, the body will slowly give way over time. It opens the door to other, more severe issues, like depression, weight gain, skin problems, decreased sex drive, and heart disease.;

Thankfully, there are ways to help.

Problems With Memory And Concentration

Can Proper Sleep Lower Your Blood Pressure, Weight ...

As you sleep, your brain;forms new pathways;between nerve cells that help you process and retain new information. When you dont get enough sleep, your brain is unable to form these pathwaysmaking it more difficult for you to focus, concentrate, and remember new things youve learned. Sleep deprivation can affect both your short- and long-term memory and interfere with your ability to complete tasks efficiently.

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Sleep Is As Important As What You Eat

âIn general, people with diabetes have to be very careful about sleep because anything that throws off their routine can make them feel a lack of energy and fatigue,â says Zafarlotfi. âThe more fatigued they feel, the more their motor is running, and the more likely they are to develop insulin deficiencies.

âProper sleep is as important as diet for people with diabetes,â she says.

How Does Sleep Apnea Treatment Affect Blood Pressure

There are a number of treatment options for OSA. Treatment not only improves sleep quality but could also help manage hypertension. The most common and effective treatment is called continuous positive airway pressure .

CPAP treatment involves wearing a facemask attached to a machine that pumps air into the lungs at night. It works by preventing the airway from collapsing, which improves sleep quality in people affected by OSA. Studies investigating the effects of CPAP in patients with hypertension and OSA have shown that treatment with CPAP lowers blood pressure during the day and at night, especially in patients with severe OSA. CPAP also reduces catecholamine levels.

Some patients have a hard time adjusting to the CPAP facemask at night. Consistent, proper use of CPAP is important in order to effectively manage OSA and hypertension. Mouthpieces are one alternative to CPAP and are designed to help maintain an open airway during sleep. Research is needed to determine if mouthpieces also lower blood pressure in people who experience high blood pressure and OSA. Certain surgical procedures are also done to treat OSA in selected patients.

Losing weight either through diet and lifestyle changes or through weight-loss surgery is another approach to managing OSA that may also lower blood pressure.

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Is There A Best Sleep Position For High Blood Pressure

Youll find greatly conflicting expert opinions on how your sleeping position contributes to . If you have been diagnosed with hypertension, ask your doctor for advice on which sleeping position might be best for you. People with sleep apnea should avoid sleeping on their back, as this position promotes airway blockage and may, therefore, cause blood pressure to rise. For others, the best sleep posture for high blood pressure might be the one that allows you to get seven-plus hours of restorative sleep each night.

Insomnia & Sleep Deprivation

Can Sleeping Only 6 Hours Or Less A Night Cause High Blood Pressure?

Research shows that your chances of developing high blood pressure increase significantly when you sleep less than seven hours of sleep each night. Insomnia is a condition that prevents you from falling asleep and achieving uninterrupted sleep. Now it turns out that it could be to blame for high blood pressure, too.

In a groundbreaking 2015 study, Chinese researchers found that those who took an average of 14 minutes longer to fall asleep increased their chances of high blood pressure by 300 percent. The inability to fall and stay asleep is one of the main driving causes of hypertension.;

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How Does Sleep Apnea Cause High Blood Pressure

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Each time a person with OSA experiences airway collapse and briefly stops breathing during sleep, their sympathetic nervous system becomes activated and blood pressure rapidly spikes when they resume breathing. Sometimes, this sequence of pausing and resuming breathing can cause a person to wake from sleep. When a person wakes up after an OSA event, activation of the sympathetic nervous system and blood pressure levels escalate to an even greater degree.

Additionally, when sleep is disrupted by OSA symptoms, the body releases sympathetic nervous system hormones called catecholamines into the blood. Catecholamines are stress hormones that are majorly released by the adrenal glands. Examples of catecholamines include dopamine and epinephrine . High levels of catecholamines in the blood cause high blood pressure.

Can Lack Of Sleep Cause High Blood Pressure

When most people think about high blood pressure, they might have the image of a poor, high salt diet and lack of exercise. And if thats what you were thinking might be behind your high blood pressure, theres a chance that youre right.

Smoking, obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, excess sodium, and other factors, including chronic kidney disease and genetics also make you more susceptible to hypertension. But one thing that often gets ignored? Lack of sleep.

Sleep regulates hormones like cortisolwhen people are chronically sleep deprived, the nervous system isnt able to regulate these hormones which can lead to elevated blood pressure.

A study conducted by researchers at the University of Arizona last year found that even just one or a few poor nights of sleep could cause a sudden spike in blood pressure. The 300 men and women who participated did not have any known heart conditions and were monitored through the night. There was a positive correlation between sleeping less and higher blood pressure spikes during the night, building on other evidence just how important sleep is for our heart health.

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Lack Of Sleeps Impact On The Body

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Between long work hours, family and social commitments, screen time, and other factors, it can be difficult to find time for a proper night’s sleep. Sound sleep may be even harder to come by if you have a sleep disorder or another medical condition.

The average adult needs between seven and nine hours of sleep per night, yet recent reports have indicated that 34.8% of people regularly sleep less than seven hours per night.

At some point or another, all of us have had to power through the sleepiness and grouchiness that arise after a night of short sleep. However, when these short nights start to accumulate over a longer period of time, it can become a larger problem. Sleep plays a vital role in our health , and growing evidence shows that chronic sleep deprivation may contribute to a variety of health problems.

Sleep Deprivation Plus Stress Hurts Blood Pressure

CPAP SLEEP APNEA CONTROL

Study: Blood Pressure Rises 10 More Points When Sleep Deprivation Is Added to Stress

Researchers recruited 20 healthy young adults and measured their blood pressure at rest and then after a stressful task, in this case, giving an impromptu speech where they had to defend themselves for a supposed transgression — either running a stop sign or taking someoneâs wallet.

A week later, after staying up all night, study participants returned to the lab to take the tests again.

Systolic blood pressures, the top number on a blood pressure reading, climbed about 10 points higher when fatigued people were delivering their speeches compared to when they were doing the same task well rested.

âLack of sleep in combination with stress caused a much higher increase in blood pressure,â says study researcher Peter L. Franzen, PhD, an assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburghâs Sleep Medicine Institute.

It suggests that not getting enough sleep may be involved in the development of cardiovascular disease, he says.

While 10 extra points may not sound like a huge difference, experts who study blood pressure say itâs important.

âThatâs clinically relevant,â says David Pollock, PhD, regents professor of medicine at the Georgia Health Sciences University in Augusta.

Previous studies have shown that not getting enough sleep can raise blood pressure, as can stress. But few have looked at what happens when sleepy people are under pressure.

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Sleep And Coronary Heart Disease

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Research has found that sleep deprivation contributes to atherosclerosis. Plaque forms as a consequence of inflammation, which involves white blood cells, which are produced by the immune system, to collect in the arteries. Poor sleep triggers chronic inflammation, which contributes to plaque formation and hardening of the arteries.

The impact of sleep deprivation on coronary heart disease is also believed to be influenced by sleeps effects on blood pressure. Hypertension strains the arteries, making them less effective at bringing blood to the heart and as a result contributing to heart disease.

Lack Of Sleep May Increase Risk Of Death

In the ââ¬ÅWhitehall II Study,ââ¬ï¿½ British researchers looked at how sleep patterns affected the mortality of more than 10,000 British civil servants over two decades. The results, published in 2007, showed that those who had cut their sleep from seven to five hours or fewer a night nearly doubled their risk of death from all causes. In particular, lack of sleep doubled the risk of death from cardiovascular disease.

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Sleep Deprivation Stage : 48 Hours

The stages of sleep deprivation become even more worrisome when you reach 48 hours without sleep. At this point, your body is under a significant amount of excess stress.

Studies have found that the immune system of people missing out on 48 hours of sleep is usually drastically different from well-rested people. For instance, your levels of white blood cells fall dramatically, making it difficult for you to fight off disease.

A study of healthy people who had been deprived of sleep for 2 days found higher levels of nitrogen in the urine too. This indicates huge levels of stress in your body.

Additionally, your reaction time will be seriously impaired by this point. Youll struggle to keep yourself out of danger and be unable to make even the simplest decisions.

Weakens Your Immune System

Sleep deprivation – Intro to Psychology

Getting proper sleep helps the body fight infection and improves your response to vaccines . By contrast, poor sleep sets off a stress response that causes elevated inflammation markers , including higher white blood cell counts and altered levels of the stress hormone cortisol . Long-term sleep loss also lowers levels of “good” cholesterol . Over time, these changes have been associated with a higher risk of developing chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity.

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The Physical Effects Of Sleep Deprivation

Sleep deprivation occurs any time that you get less sleep than your body needs. The degree of sleep deprivation can range from total acute sleep loss to chronic deprivation due to a reduction in the total sleep time. This can occur over one night or stretch over weeks, months, or even years. If someone requires 9 hours of sleep to feel rested, it is possible to become sleep deprived by getting 8 hours of sleep.

Most of the physical side effects from sleep deprivation are relatively minor and, thankfully, easily reversible. And the cure? Get some sleep. If you do not sleep enough, you may be faced with myriad consequences, including:

How Much Sleep Do We Need

Most of us need around 8 hours of good-quality sleep a night to function properly but some need more and some less. What matters is that you find out how much sleep you need and then try to achieve it.

As a general rule, if you wake up tired and spend the day longing for a chance to have a nap, it’s likely that you’re not getting enough sleep.

A variety of factors can cause poor sleep, including health conditions such as sleep apnoea. But in most cases, it’s due to bad sleeping habits.

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Add A Calming Soundtrack

Music has long been linked to a series of health benefits, and blood pressure is no different. Classical music, in particular, has shown notable effects in reducing stress levels and improving the quality and duration of sleep when played before bed. Before you turn the lights out, consider a little Mozart to help whisk you away to dreamland.

Your Blood Pressure While You Sleep

Can Poor Sleep Cause High Blood Pressure?

Sleep and blood pressure are connected. Based on your bodys natural rhythms, your blood pressure will rise and fall over the day. Although the stages of sleep each have a different effect on your blood pressure, its a short-term variability thats completely normal. Youll see a drop in your blood pressure while sleeping during the non-rapid eye movement, which is 80% of your total sleep. However, if you see spikes in your blood pressure while you sleep, thats an indicator that something is wrong. Doctors suggest that taking your blood pressure while sleeping is actually the best representation of cardiac health.

Not being able to fall asleep is both a symptom and an amplifier of high blood pressure if you have trouble falling asleep, that might be a symptom of having high blood pressure. But when you have trouble falling asleep, your blood pressure stays higher for longer, which leads to a number of conditions down the line ;like heart disease or stroke.

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How Dangerous Is High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is classified as Stage One or Stage Two. Stage One hypertension is a reading of 130/80 mm Hg or above, while Stage Two has readings of 140/90 mm Hg or above. Anything exceeding 180/120mm is considered a medical emergency.

If youve been diagnosed with hypertension, or youve just experienced a sudden spike in blood pressure, youre far from alone. In fact, according to the CDC, 45 percent of adults in the United States experience high blood pressure, and only a quarter of those have their blood pressure properly being treated.

But just how dangerous is high blood pressure?

Blood pressure can have a dramatic impact on your health, especially if you have chronic hypertensionbut even sudden spikes in high blood pressure can contribute to the following.

Sleep Deprivation And High Blood Pressure

Sleep deprivation and high blood pressure: a link you dont want to ignore

The average adult needs at least seven hours of sleep, yet statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that anywhere from 28 to 44% of adults in the United States regularly get less. Unfortunately, the less sleep you get, the greater your risk of developing high blood pressure.

What does sleep have to do with high blood pressure?

Your blood pressure directly responds to sleep loss along with a whole host of negative side effects. A 2010 study conducted amongst 538 middle-aged adults found that sleep deprivation was a reliable predictor of increased blood pressure levels. The results remained consistent even after being adjusted for age, race, sex, and presence of high blood pressure medication. In these cases, both shortened sleep duration and poor sleep quality contributed to the increase in blood pressure readings.

In part, sleep deprivations effects on the mental and emotional state shed light onto the forces at work. Without enough sleep, the brain becomes more sensitive to negative thoughts and feelings, which causes an increase in stress hormones like cortisol that naturally cause a rise in blood pressure.

What are the most common causes of sleep deprivation?

Theres no single cause of sleep deprivation and usually, there are a number of interacting factors, but some of the most prevalent include:

  • Stress
  • Poor Sleep Habits
  • Undiagnosed Sleep Disorders

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