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Do You Have To Snore To Have Sleep Apnea

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So What Is Central Sleep Apnea

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Here is how Mayoclinic.org describes this less common, but still very relevant disorder

Central Sleep Apnea is a disorder in which your breathing repeatedly stops and starts during sleep. Central Sleep Apnea occurs because your brain doesnt send proper signals to the muscles that control your breathing. This condition is different from Obstructive Sleep Apnea, in which you cant breathe normally because of upper airway obstruction. Central Sleep Apnea is less common than Obstructive Sleep Apnea.

As you can see, central and obstructive sleep apnea have very different causes despite the fact that they pretty much produce the same result.

Other Causes Of Snoring

While snoring does not necessarily indicate the presence of a sleep disorder, it can disrupt sleep for you and your partner. Snoring is associated with obesity and old age even for those who do not have sleep apnea symptoms. Other risk factors for snoring include:

  • Consumption of sedatives like alcohol and sleep-inducing medications
  • Chronic nasal congestion or blockage
  • A relatively small or displaced jaw
  • Pregnancy
  • Postmenopausal status

Another common cause of snoring is back sleeping, which can affect breathing by restricting the airway. People who snore are often encouraged to sleep on their sides instead.

The Difference Between Snoring And Sleep Apnea

Many people mistakenly believe that snoring and sleep apnea are interchangeable terms, but this is not the case. While everyone who suffers from OSA snores, not everyone who snores has OSA.

  • Poor muscle tone
  • Other obstructions

Snoring is just one symptom of sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is diagnosed when a person has multiple pauses in their breathing pattern during sleep, which can result in disturbed, interrupted or light sleep. Lack of restful sleep, in turn, can cause extreme daytime drowsiness, difficulty concentrating, depression and anxiety.

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Five Signs That You May Have Sleep Apnea

Sleep Advisor Disclaimer – Nothing on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment… Read more here

If youre struggling to sleep properly and feeling fatigued, and arent sure why, its worth considering if its sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a surprisingly common issue that isnt that well-known but has quite a large impact. Its a chronic condition that disrupts your sleep and can exacerbate existing anxiety, even causing panic attacks. There are a few different types, but the most common is known as obstructive sleep apnea.

This is where the airway either gets blocked or collapses during your sleep. Theres also central sleep apnea, which is where your brain simply forgets to send the right signals its literally forgetting to breathe for a while whilst youre asleep. Both of these can highly increase your risk of arrhythmia, heart conditions, strokes, and other problems, so its definitely worth catching early. Here are some common signs and symptoms that you might have sleep apnea. This article isn’t meant to be a self-test please consult your doctor if you think you have sleep apnoea.

Interested in exploring further? Check out our in-depth guide for sleep apnea here.

Many Solutions Are Available

Does Snoring Mean You Have Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is very treatable, says Dr. Foldvary especially at centers that provide excellent patient education and a broad range of treatments.

The gold standard treatment for sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure . But its not one size fits all, she says.

There are multiple forms of PAP therapy and a wide range of masks. Patients with difficulty tolerating the constant flow of air pressure often prefer auto- or bi-level PAP therapy, and need help with mask options, says Dr. Foldvary.

When apnea is mild, options include a body pillow or positional device that helps promote sleeping on the side, and oral appliances that advance the lower jaw forward.

Some people require surgery to remove tonsils or other tissues that block the airway.

Finally, a limited number of people will benefit from a revolutionary new treatment called hypoglossal nerve stimulation, she says.

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Can You Have Sleep Apnea And Not Snore

âWhen someone snores, you have a narrowing of the airway because people have excessive amounts of soft tissues in the nasal passages. With that narrowing, you hear this acoustic sound, and thatâs where snoring comes from,â Chidinma Chima-Melton, MD, Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine in the Pulmonary and Critical Care Division at the University of California, Los Angeles, tells WebMD Connect to Care.

Snoring is often associated with sleep apnea, but is it possible to have sleep apnea and not snore? In short, yes. While snoring indicates the blockage of the upper airway, it does not always indicate sleep apnea. Additionally, youâre more likely to snore if you have sleep apnea, but having the sleep disorder doesn’t automatically mean you’ll snore.

In fact, Mayo Clinic notes that snoring often does not factor prominently in the symptomology of central sleep apnea, a rarer form of the disorder. This is because central sleep apnea is rooted a faulty connection between the brain and the muscles that control breathing, rather than obstruction of the upper airway.

If you think you might have sleep apnea but you’re not snoring, it can be helpful to look for other abnormal sleep behaviors and daytime symptoms, including:

  • Fatigue
  • Frequent naps

Whether or not you snore, sleep apnea can lead to debilitating health conditions.

Snoring And Sleep Apnea

This Harvard Medical School guide explains the physical traits and lifestyle habits that contribute to both snoring and sleep apnea. It describes simple things you can do to prevent snoring and offers advice on devices and procedures that may help treat stubborn cases. Youll also learn whether you should be checked for sleep apneaand what that testing entails. In addition, you’ll receive details and advice about using positive airway pressure , the gold standard treatment for sleep apnea, as well as several other therapies.

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The Stanford Sleep Book

Dr. Dement’s pioneering textbook has been the core text for Sleep and Dreams since 1980, but it has just recently been made available to the wider public for the first time.

In it you’ll find a more detailed account of the most important things you need to know about sleep, alertness, dreams, and sleep disorders. Studies, statistics, plus plenty of Dr. Dement’s classic anecdotes painting the history of sleep medicine.

Do You Have Sleep Apnea If You Snore

Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Snoring is strongly associated with sleep apnea, but not everyone who snores has OSA. In fact, not everyone who has sleep apnea snores!

Snoring is just the vibration caused when some part of your upper airway partially blocks your airflow. That blockage can happen anywhere from the back of the throat, to your soft palate or uvula, all the way to your nose, and can be caused by anything from allergies, nasal congestion, sinus infection, or even just the natural shape of your body. Getting older or gaining weight can also contribute to snoring.

Loud snoring is often one of the first symptoms of sleep apnea, because its one of the most noticeable however, with OSA, snoring will be accompanied by breathing pauses that can last up to 10 seconds or longer. In sleep apnea patients these pauses are most often caused when the soft tissues of the upper airway lose muscle tone and collapse. OSA is a serious sleep disorder that is associated with high blood pressure, heart disease, hypertension, and an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

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Be Wary Of Insurance Pitfalls

Health insurers will typically cover some or most of the costs of one of these procedures if your doctor deems it necessary. But not surprisingly, dealing with insurance can be a minefield. Medicare, the government insurance program, requires patients to use their CPAP machines for a minimum of four hours at a time for at least 70 percent of the nights in each of the first three months after they receive them. People who dont abide by the rule can lose their machine. And its not only people on Medicare: Many private insurers have adopted the same criteria. As ProPublica and NPR recently reported, the machines can track exactly how often patients use them and send that data to insurers, who in turn can deny coverage. I cant tell you how often patients have their equipment taken away from them, said Dr. Kryger. The monitoring of the equipment is being used to deny patients therapy.

Other Positive Airway Pressure Breathing Devices

In addition to CPAP, there are other devices that a sleep specialist may recommend for sleep apnea treatment.

Expiratory positive airway pressure single-use devices fit over the nostrils to help keep the airway open and are smaller, less intrusive than CPAP machines. These may benefit people with mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea.

Bilevel positive airway pressure devices can be used for those who are unable to adapt to using CPAP, or for central sleep apnea sufferers who need assistance for a weak breathing pattern. This device automatically adjusts the pressure while youre sleeping, providing more pressure when you inhale, less when you exhale. Some BiPAP devices also automatically deliver a breath if the mask detects that you havent taken one for a certain number of seconds.

Adaptive servo-ventilation devices can be used for treating central sleep apnea as well as obstructive sleep apnea. The ASV device stores information about your normal breathing pattern and automatically uses airflow pressure to prevent pauses in your breathing while youre asleep.

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Is Sleep Apnea Dangerous

As a sleep disorder, sleep apnea is not dangerous on its own. At worst, its an irritable problem that lets you feel like a zombie throughout the day. However, for some patients, sleep apnea can be potentially dangerous.

For people who are already at the risk of some other health problems, sleep apnea can be a triggering factor that will start these health problems.

These include stroke, heart problems, high blood pressure, and even some other complications like metabolic syndrome. So the sufferers of sleep apnea will be at a higher risk of some of these health complications.

Sleep Apnea Cardiovascular Risk And Metabolism

Do I Have Sleep Apnea? Signs You May be Suffering From This Common ...

Several studies have shown an association between sleep apnea and problems like type 2 diabetes , strokes , heart attacks and even a shortened lifespan, says Jun. Why this connection? For one thing, obesity is common in sleep apnea patients, and obesity greatly increases risks of diabetes, stroke and heart attack, he says. In most cases, obesity is the main culprit behind both conditions, Jun explains.

Still, its important to note that not everyone with sleep apnea is obese. Furthermore, evidence suggests an independent link between sleep apnea and diabetes. Our lab and others have shown that sleep apnea is associated with higher risks of diabetes, independent of obesity, and that sleep apnea can increase blood sugar levels, says Jun.

For people who are overweight or obese, weight loss is key for treating or avoiding sleep apnea. People who accumulate fat in the neck, tongue and upper belly are especially vulnerable to getting sleep apnea. This weight reduces the diameter of the throat and pushes against the lungs, contributing to airway collapse during sleep.

Women in particular should be careful as they age. While premenopausal women tend to put on weight in the hips and in the lower body instead of the belly, this shifts with time. Weight begins to accumulate in traditionally male areas like the tummy, and this leads to a greater chance of sleep apnea.

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Is Snoring Bad Tell

If I snore, then When you finish this sentence, what comes to mind?Maybe, my partner wakes up. Or I wake up. Or the underlying concern: I might have sleep apnea.There are multiple causes for snoring, and sleep apnea is one of them. That said, snoring isnt bad on its own instead, its one of many possible indicators of sleep apnea. To decide whether or not your snoring is related to sleep apnea, its crucial to interrogate why, how often, and what happens when you snore.

Are You Suffering From Sleep Apnea

It can manifest itself in different ways. But some of the hallmarks of sleep apnea are easy to spot.

Because sleep apnea occurs when youre unconscious, millions of people who have it are not even aware of it. So how do you know if youre one of them? The American Sleep Apnea Association developed a brief quiz that can give you some insight. If you answer yes to any of these questions then you might have sleep apnea.

  • Are you a loud or regular snorer?
  • Have you ever been observed to gasp or stop breathing during sleep?
  • Do you feel tired or groggy when you wake up? Do you wake up with a headache?
  • Are you often tired or fatigued during the day?
  • Do you fall asleep while sitting, reading, watching television or driving?
  • Do you often have problems concentrating or remembering things?

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Health Consequences Of Sleep Apnea

The chronic sleep deprivation caused by sleep apnea can result in daytime sleepiness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness, and an increased risk of accidents and errors in your daily activities.

Sleep apnea also has a mental impact. It can trigger moodiness and irritability and cause anxiety and depression. It also increases your risk of other serious health problems like high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, and stroke.

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Upper Airway Surgery For Sleep Apnea

Med Talk/Health Talk: Sleep Apnea

If you have exhausted other sleep apnea treatment options, surgery to increase the size of your airway may be a possibility.

The surgeon may remove tonsils, adenoids, or excess tissue at the back of the throat or inside the nose, reconstruct the jaw to enlarge the upper airway, or implant plastic rods into the soft palate. Surgery carries risks of complications and infections, and in some rare cases, symptoms can become worse after surgery.

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Snoring And Sleepy But No Sleep Apneawhat To Do

As a snoring and sleep apnea surgeon, I see patients all the time who snore and report being sleepy. We will order a sleep study, assuming that they have obstructive sleep apnea. However, the sleep study may show no evidence of obstructive sleep apnea. This can be both good and bad news. The good news is that the patient does not have obstructive sleep apnea and its association with some significant health concerns. The bad news is that most medical insurance plans in the United States do not cover treatment for snoring without obstructive sleep apnea. The patient is therefore tired and not covered for medical treatment.

It Impacts More Than You

But perhaps the most troubling consequence of the condition is that it can make you a danger to those around you. Uncontrolled sleep apnea makes you two and a half times more likely to be involved in car accidents, and it nearly doubles the rate of workplace accidents. In recent years a number of major train, bus and car crashes that resulted in multiple deaths and hundreds of injuries were blamed on untreated sleep apnea. In addition to being a public safety hazard, sleep apnea can make life miserable for your bedmate: Imagine sleeping next to someone who is constantly snoring and waking up throughout the night.

The spouses of people with severe sleep apnea are clinically sleep deprived, said Dr. Malhotra. Theyve got a jet engine next to them all night and theyre not sleeping properly.

Many people look at snoring as a joke or a minor nuisance. But for those who have to put up with it night after night, it is anything but. Experts say it is a common cause of marital friction and broken relationships. Many spouses have to sleep in separate bedrooms because of it. Studies show that at least half of people who have afflicted bed partners complain that their sleep is constantly disrupted. One study of women who live with heavy snorers found that they frequently experienced insomnia, morning headaches, daytime sleepiness and fatigue.

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Snoring Or Sleep Apnea: They Can Be Quite Different Things

Millions of Americans suffer from snoring activity during sleep. While some of these people are simple snorers or primary snorers, many have a serious sleep disorder called Obstructive Sleep Apnea .

Understanding the differences between sleep apnea and primary snoring is the first step to effective treatment of both conditions. For all the people across the country who are getting nudged or elbowed throughout the night from frustrated bed partners, its important to know what their snoring means, and how they can silence it.

What Is A Cpap Device And How Does It Work

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A CPAP device is a machine that uses a hose and airtight nosepiece or mask to deliver a steady stream of air as you sleep. The air pressure helps keep your airway open, preventing pauses in breathing.

CPAP technology is constantly being updated and improved, and the new CPAP devices are lighter, quieter, and more comfortable than they used to be. So even if youve given up on them in the past, you owe it to yourself to give them a second look.

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How To Treat Snoring

Luckily, if your snoring is not connected to sleep apnea, you may be able to treat it with some easy lifestyle changes:

  • Change sleeping positions. When you sleep on your back or stomach, your airways are fighting gravity. Trying a new sleep position may be enough to snore no more.
  • Try nasal strips or sprays. Nasal strips adhere to your skin like a bandaid, and help to keep your nasal passages open. If allergies or nasal congestion are the cause of your snoring, your sleep medicine specialist may also recommend a saline or medicated nasal spray.
  • Avoid alcohol before bed. If youre serious about stopping your snoring, skip the spirits or at least stop drinking within four hours of going to bed.
  • Weight loss. If narrow airways are the cause of your woes, losing weight may be enough to cure your snoring for good.

If these changes dont help, it may be that your snoring is caused by your anatomy. In this case, the way you treat it will depend on the cause. If, for example, your snoring is caused by your tongue, your doctor may recommend an oral appliance like a tongue retainer or mouthpieces that advance your lower jaw. Or if your snoring is caused by enlarged tonsils or adenoids, your doctor may recommend neck surgery to remove the obstruction.

CPAP, or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, uses a stream of pressurized air to gently keep your airways open during sleep. CPAP therapy is considered the most effective non-invasive treatment for OSA.

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