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Does Blood Pressure Drop When Sleeping

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Better sleep to lower blood pressure

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Diet And Nutrition For Low Blood Pressure

A balanced meal with complex carbohydrates, fish, lean meat, fruits and cooked vegetables goes a long way in preventing hypotension. Changing meal patterns to make them more frequent and less heavy prevent as well as address postprandial fatigue and hypotension.

On diagnosis of a dip in BP, a low blood pressure diet that supplies adequate sodium, and potassium while maintaining blood sugar levels is generally recommended for patients.Increased consumption of non-alcoholic beverages helps maintain adequate hydration and is recommended. Increasing salt quantities or addition of soy sauce in everyday cooking is a simple change that combats effects of low blood pressure and may be suggested by your doctor.

Why Would Blood Pressure Medicine Make Your Pressure Drop On Standing

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My Blood Pressure Is Quite Low At 88/58 Is It Safe To Go To Sleep When It Is That Low

Yes, it is safe. Lying down can help since it makes it easier for the heart to push blood to the brain and the main organs.

A decrease in blood pressure is usually not dangerous and those suffering from low blood pressure have a tendency to live longer since their blood vessels are under less stress than those with high blood pressure. However a drop in pressure can still cause symptoms that are rather unpleasant: low endurance, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, a need for more sleep, sweating during exercise, cold extremities, and increased sensitivity to temperature changes. When blood pressure drops there can also be episodes of vision loss, pronounced dizziness and palpitations. Low pressure occurs if the systolic pressure is below 105 for men and 100 for women.

Doctors often consider low blood pressure hereditary and slender women are more likely to have it. It is usually the result of a lack of tonus in blood vessels because they do not respond well to nerve stimulation. This is usually associated with exhausted adrenals that no longer produce enough stress hormones. A low blood sugar level, physical or mental stress, a standing stationary position , anemia due to blood loss and dehydration can all trigger a drop of blood pressure in susceptible people. Hypothyroidism, poorly controlled diabetes, heart problems, kidney diseases and a prolonged severe disease can also cause a drop in blood pressure.

Beware Of Blood Pressure Changes At Night

Sleeping With High Blood Pressure  Shawn Karam

MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2020 — If your blood pressure changes a lot overnight — either rising or falling — you may have an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, a new study from Japan reports.

When systolic blood pressure jumps up by 20 mm/Hg or more during the night, the risk of heart disease and stroke goes up by 18% and the risk of heart failure increases by 25%.

If people consistently had higher blood pressure readings at night, but normal readings during the day, the risk of heart failure more than doubled. The researchers, writing in the journal Circulation, dubbed this a “riser pattern.”

On the other hand, for people with a drop in blood pressure of more than 20%, the study team noted a more than twice the risk of stroke. They called this group “extreme dippers.”

“Nighttime blood pressure is increasingly being recognized as a predictor of cardiovascular risk,” study lead author Dr. Kazuomi Kario said in a journal news release. He’s chair of cardiovascular medicine at the Jichi Medical University in Tochigi, Japan.

Dr. Raymond Townsend, an expert volunteer for the American Heart Association, said blood pressure is typically higher in the morning and lower in the afternoon and evening.

Compared to the overall daytime blood pressure pattern, “blood pressure is generally about 10% to 20% lower during sleep. Sleep time offers a relatively pure look at blood pressure. Most factors that influence blood pressure are minimized during sleep,” he explained.

More information

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Home Blood Pressure Monitoring

Some people buy their own blood pressure monitor to use at home. This means you can measure your blood pressure on an ongoing basis.

The blood pressure readings you do at home are as good as those done by your doctor.

If you decide to buy one, it’s important to get the correct cuff size. If the cuff is too big or too small, it can give an inaccurate reading.

If you take your own blood pressure and get an unusually high reading, take it a second time after at least five minutes. If it’s still high and you’re worried, contact your nurse or GP.

Treatment Of Sudden Severe Hypotension

Serious conditions that cause a sudden drop in blood pressure need urgent medical treatment in hospital. Treatment will depend on the cause, but will often include measures to raise blood pressure. Depending on the cause and severity of the condition, these may include:

  • fluids given via a drip into a vein
  • a blood transfusion or
  • medicines to elevate blood pressure.

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Learning To Cope With Stress Can Help

Stress and hypertension have often been linked, but researchers are still looking into a direct relationship between the two. Still, the best advice to hypertensive patients: Try to relax.

When you are stressed, your body sends stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol into the bloodstream. These hormones create a temporary spike in blood pressure, causing your heart to beat faster and blood vessels to narrow. When the stressful situation is over, blood pressure goes back to its normal level.

Chronic stress, however, may cause your body to stay in this highly-charged state longer than natural.

While stress itself may or may not affect blood pressure, how you cope with stress does. For instance, overeating, smoking and drinking alcohol in response to stressful situations are direct causes of sustained high blood pressure. On the flip side, healthier coping mechanisms like exercising, practicing yoga and meditating can all help lower blood pressure.

How Bad Sleep Affects Your Blood Pressure

How does sleep apnea affect blood pressure?

The connection between sleep and blood pressure has been studied extensively. In one large study56, of 1741 subjects, those who slept between 5 and 6 hours per night had a 250% higher chance of developing high blood pressure compared to those who slept over 6 hours. Those who slept less than 5 hours had a 410% higher chance of developing high blood pressure.

Another very large study57 on sleep duration and hypertension, of over 700,000 people also found a strong relationship between sleep duration and high blood pressure: the less you sleep, the higher the chance of high blood pressure.

In fact, in one very interesting study aimed at sleep and its effect on blood pressure58, participants had extended their time in bed by 1 hour. Of that hour, 35 minutes were spent asleep. In 6 weeks, they lowered their blood pressure by 14/8 mmHg .

Anyways, suffice it to say that sleep is very important to your health. Its not just a passive rest. Your body and brain are hard at work normalizing body functions while youre sleeping.

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Making Changes If You Have Anxiety Or Depression

If your high blood pressure is co-occurring with a mental health problem such as depression or anxiety, it can be even tougher to find the energy and motivation to make the necessary lifestyle changes. Just thinking about exercising or preparing a healthy meal, for example, can seem overwhelming. But by focusing all your efforts on one tiny change at a time, youll find that youre capable of more than you realized.

Take the first step. It could be as simple as going for a walk or downloading a meditation app or buying some nicotine patches. It can take time for lifestyle changes to register as a reduction in blood pressurebut sometimes they can improve your mood much sooner. Taking that first step is always the hardest.

Focus on small steps. Its easy to get overwhelmed by daily life when youre battling depression, anxiety, or another mood disorder. By taking small but positive steps each day, though, youll find that your energy and outlook will gradually start to improve. Once you feel happier and more positive, youll find it easier to forge ahead with lifestyle changes and see the results in both your blood pressure readings and your overall outlook and wellbeing.

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How To Combat Hypertension With Sleep

There is good news if you are battling hypertension. Symptoms can be caught quickly with regular physicals. The treatment for high blood pressure is manageable. Simple changes to diet, exercise and sleeping habits can make a huge difference in your life.

If you have a history of high blood pressure in your family, it is a good idea to keep up with regular check ups because hypertension is hereditary. Catching it earlier will lower your risk of bigger issues down the line.

While diet and exercise are extremely important to treating hypertension, sleep is a daily activity that most neglect in their treatment plan. By changing how you sleep and what you sleep on, you can greatly impact your blood pressure.

Choose a Comfortable Mattress

If you feel groggy and in pain in the morning, it may be a sign that it is time to upgrade your mattress. Traditional innerspring mattresses typically start becoming less comfortable around the eighth year of use. If youre over that amount of time, you might be sleeping poorly and not even realizing it because youve become accustomed to how youre sleeping now.

Choose the best mattress for your sleeping style to make sure you are as comfortable as possible as you sleep. Less tossing and turning in the middle of the night means more time getting good, restful sleep. Your body will rejuvenate from the days work and stress as well as allow you to sleep longer through the night without interruption.

Practice Healthy Sleeping Habits

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What Happens If Eye Drops Get Into Your Bloodstream

When you put drops in your eye, the drops can become pumped into the tear system if you blink. Once in contact with the vascular nasal mucosa, relatively rapid absorption of drugs into the bloodstream can occur. The drops can act as a systemic bolus an infusion of the drug into the bloodstream.

How Cold Increases Blood Pressure

Postprandial Hypotension: Understanding Drops in Blood ...

During the winter months, blood pressure tends to rise, notes the Mayo Clinic. Why? Because colder weather causes a narrowing of the blood vessels. That, in turn, can drive your blood pressure numbers up, as more pressure is required to ensure that blood continues flowing through narrower veins and arterial passages.

Research published in the journal Hypertension in July 2013 concluded that, among middle-aged men and women, every 18-degree Fahrenheit drop in temperature was associated with a 1.85 increase in systolic blood pressure and a 1.18 rise in diastolic blood pressure .

The study team offered several explanations as to why, including the effect cold weather appears to have on the sympathetic nervous system, which controls the body’s “fight or flight response” to a stressful or dangerous situation. Decreased sweating was another cited reason.

And speaking broadly, the weather can also have an indirect effect on blood pressure levels. For example, when the cold of winter hits, people generally tend to become less active, Mayo notes. That decrease in activity levels is often accompanied by a related increase in weight. The resulting off-season “winter bod” may ultimately drive up high blood pressure risk, particularly among those who already have a history of high blood pressure or a long-standing struggle with excess weight.

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Should I Talk To My Doctor About Sleep Apnea

If you have high blood pressure and are concerned about whether you might also have sleep apnea, speak with a doctor. Diagnosis is the first step to accessing effective treatments for OSA that may improve your sleep and blood pressure. Consider whether any of the following symptoms apply to you:

  • Daytime sleepiness
  • Difficulty with attention and memory
  • Headaches in the morning
  • Dry mouth when waking up
  • Irritability, anxiety, or depression

Sleep apnea is often not recognized by the affected individual. In many cases, a bed partner notices nighttime symptoms of OSA, which prompts a visit to the doctor. If you share a bedroom or home with someone else, ask if they have noticed you exhibiting any of these signs while you are sleeping:

  • Loud snoring
  • Choking or gasping during sleep
  • Pauses in breathing during sleep

Experiencing one or more of these symptoms does not necessarily mean you have sleep apnea, but it is a good reason to bring up sleep with your doctor.

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What To Know About Blood Pressure Changes When You Move From One Position To Another

Your blood pressure can also change as you move from one position to another. This may be particularly noticeable when you move from a sitting or lying position to a standing position.

When you stand, gravity causes blood to pool in your lower body. This can cause a temporary drop in blood pressure. However, your body has a way to adjust to this change.

Certain reflexes in your body send a signal to your brain when a drop in blood pressure is detected. Your brain then tells your heart to beat faster in order to pump more blood. This works to stabilize your blood pressure.

However, sometimes this process can be interrupted, causing the drop in blood pressure to last longer than normal. When this happens, theres a delay in blood flow to your brain. As a result, you may feel lightheaded, dizzy, or faint for a short while after you stand.

This condition is called orthostatic hypotension or postural hypotension. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

American Heart Association recommends sitting down to take your blood pressure. They also note that while there are differences in the right arm versus the left arm, these are small and only cause a variation of 10 mm Hg or less.

Additional posture-related factors can also affect your blood pressure readings. To get an accurate reading at your doctors office try to:

There are some instances where you may have your blood pressure taken lying down. An example of this is if youve been hospitalized and cant sit up.

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Effect Ofother Weather Changes

Blood pressure also can be affected at times by other types of weather changes that are not related to temperature, notes the Mayo Clinic.

For example, sudden shifts in humidity or atmospheric pressure can cause your blood pressure to rise, for many of the same reasons it would go up in reaction to the cold. So, too, can changes in wind conditions or cloud cover, particularly among seniors.

Blood Pressure Measuring Tips

Studies look at causes of high blood pressure while sleeping

Consider that when your blood pressure is being measured, your arm should be at the level of your heart. If the arm is hanging down whether you are sitting or standing, the arm should be extended out. If you are lying down, the arm should be along your side, leveled with your body.

Aside from being aware of your arm position, here are some other tips to keep in mind when having your blood pressure measured:

  • Rest for about five minutes before the reading is taken.
  • Try not to eat or exercise for 30 minutes before a screening.
  • Have your reading in the morning, since your bodys rhythms can cause blood pressure to rise in the afternoon and evening.
  • Have your pressure taken from all three positions: sitting, standing, and lying down.
  • Have your blood pressure taken three times in one session with one minute of rest between each test.

Dont get caught up in comparing your blood pressure to others. Instead, know that there is a healthy blood pressure level for each sex and specific age. Here you can find an age and gender chart you can check to see what your healthy range is.

Monitoring your blood pressure on a regular basis can give you the most accurate picture of what is happening with your blood pressure. There are some common factors that can impact your pressure readings. Many are related to lifestyle and include smoking, diet, and physical activity level. Family history can also play a role, as can stress.

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