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Does Co Sleeping Cause Separation Anxiety

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What Is Separation Anxiety In Dogs


is when a pet is incredibly attached to their owner and feel very distressed when theyre left alone. Sadly, this is the second leading cause of owners giving up their pets to pounds or to be euthanized.;

This was Blanches biggest issue and its probably what brought me more stress than anything too! I personally know how awful it is to have moments of extreme anxiety , so leaving my beautiful girl in that state tore me to pieces. Not to mention the complaints from the hotels and the amount of money that I had to pay for my dog scratching the door.

Objective Measures Of Sleep And Anxiety Symptoms

Two objective means by which quality of sleep is measured are actigraphy and PSG. Briefly, an actigraph is a device that measures minute movements during sleep. Actigraphs are useful in the measurement of sleep as they provide sensitive measurement of movement that is reflective of quality of sleep , and the data they provide correlate well with PSG data . PSG is used during sleep studies to measure quality of sleep through electroencephalography , eye movement and muscular skeletal movements. Actigraphy and PSG collect unbiased data in âreal-timeâ and are not limited by the retrospective recall of observable sleep behaviours, providing incremental validity above and beyond child- and parent-report . However, only a few studies to date have used this technology in anxious children and adolescents .

Home-based PSGADIS-IV: C/P; PSAS-CChildren with GAD had higher sleep efficiency and fewer REM sleep periods; self-reported somatic arousal during pre-sleep period positively correlated with REM sleep percentage in GAD group

Is Separation Anxiety Affecting Your Babys Sleep

When looking for reasons why your baby is waking at night, you need to also rule out separation anxiety. This month Meg Faure looks at this thorny issue.

Sleep is your very first separation from your baby and from day one, it creates anxiety for many mothers. For this reason, you may have chosen to have your baby in your room for the first few weeks, as hearing your little ones fluttery breathes and new baby grunts reassured you that your baby was okay.

If we as adults suffer anxiety over separating from our babies for sleep times, it is understandable that at some stage in the first few years, your baby or toddler too will suffer some anxiety when separating from the person she depends on so completely.

Although normal separation anxiety starts from day one in parents, for babies, separation anxiety only raises its head after 6 months of age. The reason is that although your baby recognises you when she sees you from early on, she has no memory of you when you are not around. This is because the part of the brain that develops memory only develops later in the first year. Secondly your young baby has no concept of time and space, so whether you are gone for a second or a few hours, the separation is equally irrelevant for your newborn.

6 12 Months

18 Months Preschooler

Every toddler is different and the degree to which yours will be affected may vary substantially from other babies you know.

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Some Dogs Display Separation Anxiety Symptoms That Are Exceptions To The Rules

As a canine behavior specialist, Ive seen my share of dogs over the years who suffered from separation anxiety. The vast majority of my clients have been able to modify their dogs distress when left alone, and I felt confident in my knowledge of the issue. Then my husband and I adopted a two-year-old Husky-mix from our local shelter, and everything changed.

Sierra didnt exhibit the classic signs of separation anxiety, namely, destruction, urination and/or defecation, and vocalization. Wed leave her loose in the house alone and return to find everything intact, no mess, and no complaints from the neighbors about noise. I never would have suspected there was a problem except that when I was gone, even for short periods, Id find her panting heavily. It wasnt due to hot weather we adopted her in late December so I set up a video camera to monitor her activity.

Heres what I discovered: Immediately after my departure, Sierra began pacing between the window where she could see my car pull out, and the French doors, where she could view it disappearing down the hill to the main road. The vocalizing that accompanied the pacing went from soft whimpering to a pronounced series of whines, and soon turned into barking. The barks became more urgent. Finally, she melted into a series of pitiful howls. Reviewing the footage tore at my heart. My girl was clearly suffering.

Here are seven common myths, and why you shouldnt take them at face value:

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Seven Ways to Treat Separation Anxiety

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Whats In The Future For Adult Separation Anxiety Disorder Research

As mentioned, ASAD started being recognized as a distinct disorder in the late 1990s. Since then research has proven that it is very different from childhood Separation Anxiety Disorder. Still, the absence of research on the treatment of ASAD suggests that researchers have largely overlooked this disorder, along with psychiatrists and other mental health care professionals.}

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is currently being revised, and the new edition is due out in 2012. The committees working on the revision must take into account the distinctness of ASAD from childhood Separation Anxiety Disorder in the new edition. As it stands in the current edition, the diagnostic criteria mention ASAD only in passing, concerning itself almost entirely with the childhood disorder.}} In considering the possible revision of diagnostic criteria for adults, it would be useful to focus on issues of symptom overlap with other mental disorders, and the differences of ASAD with a number of the disorders mentioned above.}

The treatment of ASAD is only in its infancy. It relies on treatments for other Anxiety Disorders and the intuition of psychiatrists and other mental health professionals. Therapies specific to ASAD need to be developed, especially the modification of conventional exposure-based cognitive-behavioral treatments, to provide better strategies that address ASAD.}

Other directions for future research are:}}

]Staff of Insight Journal. ]

Treatments For Anxiety And Sleep

Fortunately, both anxiety and insomnia are treatable. The best strategy for achieving an optimal therapeutic outcome is to determine which condition developed first and treat it.

Both the known sleep deprivation symptoms and causes of anxiety can be treated with medication, as well as non-pharmaceutically. However, in some cases, a combined approach might be the best possible option.

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Getting Another Dog Will Solve The Problem

Oh, if only this one was always true! Whether getting a second dog will alleviate the anxiety of the first depends largely on whether the original dogs distress stems from being separated from a particular person , or from simply not wanting to be left alone, which is more accurately called isolation distress. In the case of the latter, any warm body will do.

Thats good news, as the problem might be solved by the presence of a different person, another dog, or, in some cases, even a cat. So for a dog with isolation distress, getting another dog certainly could help; but there is always the chance that it wont; and, in the worst-case scenario, you could end up with two dogs with separation issues!

Unless you were planning to add another dog to the family anyway, its better to do a bit of experimenting first. Consider fostering a dog for a rescue organization or borrowing a friends sturdy, non-anxious dog for a short time. That way, youll find out whether your dog is more relaxed with a buddy while youre gone. Who knows, if it works out, you might even decide to adopt the foster dog permanently!

Creating A Safe Sleep Area For Your Baby

Signs of Separation Anxiety in Dogs THE 4 TYPES of Separation-Related Problems

Any;sleep surface that baby uses should be made safe for baby:

  • Baby should be placed on his back to sleep.
  • The sleep surface should be firm. Do not put a baby on a waterbed mattress, pillow, beanbag, sheepskin or any other soft surface to sleep.
  • Bedding should be tight fitting to the mattress.
  • The mattress should be tight fitting to the headboard and footboard .
  • There should not be any loose pillows, stuffed animals, or soft blankets near the babys face.
  • There should not be any space between the bed and adjoining wall where the baby could roll and become trapped.
  • Babies should;never;sleep on a sofa, couch, futon, recliner, or other surface where baby can slip into a crevice or become wedged against the back of the chair/sofa/etc.

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Adult Nighttime Separation Anxiety

Interestingly, many adults also can have some nighttime separation anxiety, especially in long-term relationships. This type of anxiety is complex because it differs from other adult separation anxiety and is often misunderstood.

Adult separation anxiety in general causes issues like:

  • Jealousy
  • Distrust
  • Control issues

It is actually somewhat indistinguishable from similar personality characteristics, and still not an excuse for negative behavior. This is different from nighttime separation anxiety, however, which tends to be fairly similar to the way it is experienced by children. It’s not a fear of being separated from parents so much as it’s a fear of being alone in a person’s bed.

Sometimes this is due to traumatic issues, like an attack at night or a partner that cheated. Other times it’s due to basic anxiety – interestingly, anxiety has a controlling component that often affects thoughts, so those that are experiencing anxiety may find that when they’re alone they start to feel unsafe or uncomfortable, and their mind starts to wander towards negative things.

This can even occur when a partner is there, but emotionally/physically distant. For example, if they have chosen to sleep on the other side of the bed or they are outside in the living room doing an activity. When you’re used to someone around you, it can have an interesting effect on the mind.

Still, adults that have problems sleeping alone at night will benefit best from traditional anxiety reduction strategies.

The Relationship Between Mothers Attachment Orientations And Their Infants Sleep Patterns

Diana Cohenca-Shiby

1Department of Behavioral Sciences, Ariel University, Ariel 40700, Israel


Objective. In this paper we examine the association between mothers attachment style and their infants sleep patterns. We hypothesized that low levels of anxiety and avoidance attachment orientations would enable the mother to use more efficient strategies to put her infant to sleep, and in time the infant will assimilate these strategies and consequently develop suitable and more independent sleep routines. Participants and Measures. The 125 mothers who participated in this study completed a measure of attachment orientations and a measure of mothers perception of their infants sleep patterns. Results. The results indicated that the greater the mothers avoidance attachment orientation is, the longer it takes to put the child to bed at night, the more wakeful the child is at night, and the more the night wakings are. However, for mothers with high anxiety attachment orientation, there is a positive correlation between childs age and the time it takes to put him/her to bed, such that the older the child, the longer it takes. . The implications of the parent strategies for putting infants to bed on infants sleep patterns are discussed. Suggestions for future studies examining broader implications of the results are offered.

1. Introduction

1.1. Sleeping and Falling Asleep Patterns and Attachment Orientations

2. Method

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A Dog With Separation Anxiety Should Never Be Left In A Crate When Alone

This one is another partial myth. There are dogs who, if left crated, will frantically try to escape, and may injure themselves in the process. Others will chew themselves to the point of self-mutilation. Clearly, for those dogs, crating is not a good option. But for a dog who is comfortable in her crate, who sleeps in it at night, and doesnt mind being contained there for brief periods during the day, the crate might just be a saving grace. Many dogs will settle down more quickly when crated, particularly if the crate lends a feeling of being safely enclosed. For that reason among others, I prefer the plastic snap-together type crates to the wire ones.

Are There Benefits To Co

What Is Separation Anxiety In Children When It Starts And

Co-sleeping might not be viewed as the norm in the United States, but elsewhere in the world its a common and encouraged practice. Many cultures value the practicality and physical togetherness of sharing a bed.

When you stop to think about it, sleeping next to a loved one feels completely natural and innate for most human beings. Its not something we need to do in solitude or privacy, and young kids may long for the comfort of a parents arms throughout the long hours of the night.

There are other benefits to co-sleeping, too:

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Easing Separation Anxiety Disorder: Tips For School

For children with separation anxiety disorder, attending school can seem overwhelming and a refusal to go is commonplace. But by addressing any root causes for your childs avoidance of school and by making changes at school, though, you can help reduce your childs symptoms.

Help a child who has been absent from school return as quickly as possible. Even if a shorter school day is necessary initially, childrens symptoms are more likely to decrease when they discover that they can survive the separation.

Ask the school to accommodate your childs late arrival. If the school can be lenient about late arrival at first, it can give you and your child a little wiggle room to talk and separate at your childs slower pace.

Identify a safe place. Find a place at school where your child can go to reduce anxiety during stressful periods. Develop guidelines for appropriate use of the safe place.

Allow your child contact with home. At times of stress at school, a brief phone calla minute or twowith family may reduce separation anxiety.

Send notes for your child to read. You can place a note for your child in their lunch box or locker. A quick I love you! on a napkin can reassure a child.

Provide assistance to your child during interactions with peers. An adults help, whether it is from a teacher or counselor, may be beneficial for both your child and the other children theyre interacting with.

Nap Times Cheat Sheet

Learn how to space naps, how many a day per age, best times, etc. and get your nap game ON!

As loving parents, we may be tempted to never leave our child to save them from the stress of it. We fear we may damage our attachment with them.

After all, we care deeply about forming and maintaining a secure attachment to our child, and the tears and tantrums surrounding separation can make us feel like we are going the wrong direction.

But the truth about attachment is very reassuring. In a study looking at nuanced studies surrounding secure attachment, parents can be reassured.

A secure attachment is built and maintained NOT by being present 100% of the time or immediately meeting every request and need . Rather, it is forged by repairing and comforting and continuing to return.

However, this doesnt mean we shouldnt be sensitive to the particular needs of our child during this developmental stage. The good news is, there are helpful tips and practices that will guide you through this time and help you come out the other side with an even more secure attachment.

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References: Coping With Nighttime Fears

Adam EK, Hawkley LC, Kudielka BM, and Cacioppo JT. 2006. Day-to-day dynamics of experiencecortisol associations in a population-based sample of older adults. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 103:17058-63.

Eliot L. 2000. Whats going on in there? How the brain and mind develop during the first five years of life. New York: Bantam.

Ferber R. 1995. Sleeplessness in children. In R Ferber and M Kruger , Principles and Practices of sleep medicine in children.

Fox NA, Henderson HA, Marshall PJ, Nichols KE, and Ghera MM. 2005. Behavioral inhibition: linking biology and behavior within a developmental framework. Annu Rev Psychol. 56:235-62

France KG and Blampied NM. 1999. Infant sleep disturbance: Description of a problem behaviour process. Sleep Medicine Reviews 3: 265-280.

Glaze DG. 2004. Childhood insomnia: why Chris cant sleep. Pediatrics Clinics of North America 51: 33-50.

Gordon J, King NJ, Gullone E, Muris P, and Ollendick TH. 2007. Treatment of childrens nighttime fears: the need for a modern randomised controlled trial. Clin Psychol Rev. 27:98-113.

Gordon J, King N, Gullone E, Muris P, and Ollendick TH. 2007. Nighttime fears of children and adolescents: frequency, content, severity, harm expectations, disclosure, and coping behaviours. Behav Res Ther. 45:2464-72.

Gregory AM and Eley TC. 2005. Sleep problems, anxiety, and cognitive style in school-aged children. Infant and Child Development 14: 435-444.

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If Your Dog Has Separation Anxiety Its Best To Ignore Him While Youre At Home

Dealing With Separation Anxiety In Teens

This one was probably an extrapolation of the traditional advice to ignore your dog for 10 minutes before leaving the house, and for 10 minutes after returning. The logic goes that the less difference in emotional peaks and valleys between when youre at home and when youre gone, the easier it will be for the dog. But I didnt get a dog to ignore him, and I bet you didnt either. Besides, imagine that your significant other suddenly began to ignore you. Wouldnt you wonder what youd done wrong? Would you not become anxious and stressed even if you werent to begin with? Dogs are masters of observation and believe me, if you suddenly start to ignore your dog, chances are youll cause more anxiety, not less. It is true that you shouldnt make a huge fuss over your comings and goings, but keeping things on an even keel emotionally is the key.

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