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Does Lack Of Sleep Increase Blood Pressure

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Sleep And Type 2 Diabetes

Bad Sleep Cause High Blood Pressure

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition in which the level of blood sugar, also known as blood glucose, is too high due to the bodys inability to process sugar properly. Excess blood glucose damages blood vessels, negatively affecting cardiovascular health. People with diabetes are twice as likely to die from heart disease or stroke than people without this condition.

Many factors affect blood sugar, but studies have found that a lack of sleep worsens glucose metabolism. Poor sleep is associated with prediabetes, a a type of glucose intolerance that does not meet the parameters for diabetes. People already diagnosed with diabetes who have insufficient or restless sleep may have a harder time controlling their blood sugar. Impaired sleep may also worsen the hardening of arteries in people with type 2 diabetes.

What Can I Do To Get Better Sleep

  • Stick to a regular sleep schedule. Go to bed at the same time each night and get up at the same time each morning, including on the weekends.
  • Get enough natural light, especially earlier in the day. Try going for a morning or lunchtime walk.
  • Get enough physical activity during the day. Try not to exercise within a few hours of bedtime.
  • Avoid artificial light, especially within a few hours of bedtime. Use a blue light filter on your computer or smartphone.
  • Dont eat or drink within a few hours of bedtime avoid alcohol and foods high in fat or sugar in particular.
  • Keep your bedroom cool, dark, and quiet.

Work with your health care team to identify obstacles to good sleep, including other medical conditions.

Negative Effects Of Sleep Deprivation

The heart is significantly impacted when the body doesnt get enough sleep. As Dr. Gina Lundberg, clinical director of Emory Womens Heart Center, says, People who are sleep deprived have slower metabolism and more difficulty losing weight. They also have the effect of not wanting to exercise or participate in other healthy habits.

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How Does High Blood Pressure Affect Your Health

Studies have confirmed that lack of sleep increases your risk of high blood pressure. But what does that mean for your health? Firstly, it creates a dangerous situation for your heart as well as your brain. The more pressure that is put on your blood vessels, the greater the risk of a rupture. High blood pressure may cause your blood vessels to become narrow or leak. This can cause blood clots that block blood flow to your brain, which may result in a stroke.

High blood pressure may increase your risk of a heart attack. The harder your heart has to work to pump blood throughout the body, the more strain is put on it. Eventually, your heart may become overworked and give out completely. According to researchers at the Mayo Clinic, approximately half of all people who leave their hypertension untreated die of heart disease due to poor blood flow . Poor blood flow to your body also means your skin and other important organs are not getting the oxygen and nutrients they need to stay healthy.

Sleep Boosts Mental Wellbeing

Lack of sleep can cause high blood pressure

Given that a single sleepless night can make you irritable and moody the following day, it’s not surprising that chronic sleep debt may lead to long-term mood disorders like clinical depression and generalised anxiety disorder in adults.

When people with anxiety or depression were surveyed to calculate their sleeping habits, it turned out that most of them slept for less than 6 hours a night.

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Sleep Deprivation Stage : 48 Hours

The stages of sleep deprivation become even more worrisome when you reach 48 hours without sleep. At this point, your body is under a significant amount of excess stress.

Studies have found that the immune system of people missing out on 48 hours of sleep is usually drastically different from well-rested people. For instance, your levels of white blood cells fall dramatically, making it difficult for you to fight off disease.

A study of healthy people who had been deprived of sleep for 2 days found higher levels of nitrogen in the urine too. This indicates huge levels of stress in your body.

Additionally, your reaction time will be seriously impaired by this point. Youll struggle to keep yourself out of danger and be unable to make even the simplest decisions.

Insomnia And Poor Sleep Quality Are Hypertension Risks

Does insomnia, a lack of sleep, increase hypertension?

When it comes to high blood pressure or hypertension there are many factors that come into play: Diet, weight, smoking and alcohol use can all be attributed to your rising blood pressure.

In fact, lack of sleep is also a factor. Getting a good nights rest not only determines your energy level the next day, but plays a large role in hypertension.

Blood pressure is the amount of blood pumped from your heart against blood vessels. This process is vital for blood flow, as well as carrying oxygen and nutrients. Hypertension refers to an excessive amount of blood flow being pushed from the heart.

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Can I Take Tylenol Products With Diphenhydramine Sleep Aid If I Have High Blood Pressure

If you have high blood pressure and are experiencing pain and sleeplessness TYLENOL® PM may be an appropriate pain reliever/nighttime sleep aid option for you. SIMPLY SLEEP® may also be an appropriate nighttime sleep aid for those with high blood pressure who experience occasional sleeplessness without pain.

Does Lack Of Sleep Cause High Blood Pressure Get To Know Here

HBP 043- How is High Blood Pressure linked to insomnia or poor sleep

According to recent studies, sleep deprivation is believed to be one of the causes of high blood pressure. Let us know more on the exact relation between the two.

According to recent studies, sleep deprivation is believed to be one of the causes of high blood pressure. Let us know more on the exact relation between the two.

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a condition caused when the pressure exerted by blood on the wall of arteries, rises above normal. The normal blood pressure should be 120/80 mm Hg. When the pressure rises to 140/90 mm Hg or more, the person is said to be suffering from high blood pressure. Earlier this condition was found only in older adults , however, due to the modern-day stressful lifestyle, this condition is found even in younger adults. There are several causes of high blood pressure. According to recent studies, lack of sleep has also been linked to hypertension. But, how exactly does lack of sleep cause hypertension or high blood pressure? Let us find an answer to the query in detail.

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Sleep Deprivation And High Blood Pressure

Sleep deprivation and high blood pressure: a link you dont want to ignore

The average adult needs at least seven hours of sleep, yet statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that anywhere from 28 to 44% of adults in the United States regularly get less. Unfortunately, the less sleep you get, the greater your risk of developing high blood pressure.

What does sleep have to do with high blood pressure?

Your blood pressure directly responds to sleep loss along with a whole host of negative side effects. A 2010 study conducted amongst 538 middle-aged adults found that sleep deprivation was a reliable predictor of increased blood pressure levels. The results remained consistent even after being adjusted for age, race, sex, and presence of high blood pressure medication. In these cases, both shortened sleep duration and poor sleep quality contributed to the increase in blood pressure readings.

In part, sleep deprivations effects on the mental and emotional state shed light onto the forces at work. Without enough sleep, the brain becomes more sensitive to negative thoughts and feelings, which causes an increase in stress hormones like cortisol that naturally cause a rise in blood pressure.

What are the most common causes of sleep deprivation?

Theres no single cause of sleep deprivation and usually, there are a number of interacting factors, but some of the most prevalent include:

  • Stress

Chris Evans Reveals His Wife Gave Him A Blood Pressure Monitor

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High means your heart is working extra hard to supply blood around the body. Beware the muscle may get exhausted and give up. What’s the one thing that could contribute to high blood pressure?

The NHS confirmed that high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher.

The first number represents the amount of pressure in the arteries while the heart contracts.

The second number represents the blood pressure when the heart relaxes.

An ideal blood pressure reading is between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg.

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How To Sleep Better

If youre experiencing mild, occasional problems with sleep, try these simple strategies from sleep expert Michelle Drerup, PsyD, DBSM.

1. Treat getting enough sleep as if it is as important as taking medicine.

With all the demands on our time every day, you might put a good nights rest at the bottom of your priority list. But Dr. Drerup says we need to schedule adequate time for sleep.

Its very easy to stay up late and burn the candle at both ends, she says. However, when you do that, you quickly run into a problem of dealing with sleep deprivation.

2. Keep a consistent wake time.

Wake up at the same time every day, including weekends or days off. Waking at the same time every day will actually help you to sleep better at night. A fixed wake time helps to build a strong desire for sleep throughout wakefulness. This sleep drive gradually builds, and shortening it by sleeping in will make it harder to fall asleep the next night. Sleeping in on the weekend makes it much more difficult to wake up earlier on Monday morning.

It also is important, Dr. Drerup says, to do some relaxing activity such as taking a warm bath or reading a book before bedtime. By making these activities part of your bedtime ritual, you can train yourself to associate these activities with sleep. This association will help you to move more easily into slumber.

3. Put away the smart phones and tablets.

4. If you do wake up during the night, avoid looking at the clock.

How Dangerous Is High Blood Pressure

Can Lack Of Sleep Cause High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is classified as Stage One or Stage Two. Stage One hypertension is a reading of 130/80 mm Hg or above, while Stage Two has readings of 140/90 mm Hg or above. Anything exceeding 180/120mm is considered a medical emergency.

If youve been diagnosed with hypertension, or youve just experienced a sudden spike in blood pressure, youre far from alone. In fact, according to the CDC, 45 percent of adults in the United States experience high blood pressure, and only a quarter of those have their blood pressure properly being treated.

But just how dangerous is high blood pressure?

Blood pressure can have a dramatic impact on your health, especially if you have chronic hypertensionbut even sudden spikes in high blood pressure can contribute to the following.

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Problems With Memory And Concentration

As you sleep, your brain forms new pathways between nerve cells that help you process and retain new information. When you dont get enough sleep, your brain is unable to form these pathwaysmaking it more difficult for you to focus, concentrate, and remember new things youve learned. Sleep deprivation can affect both your short- and long-term memory and interfere with your ability to complete tasks efficiently.

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How Much Sleep Do I Need

Most adults need at least 7 hours of sleep each night.1 However, more than 1 in 3 American adults say they dont get the recommended amount of sleep.2 While this may be fine for a day or two, not getting enough sleep over time can lead to serious health problemsand make certain health problems worse.

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Will Sleeping Tablets Affect My Heart Condition Or My Heart Pills

For those still struggling to get a good night’s sleep, you may also look to pharmaceutical or complementary medicines for help.

However, some medication for insomnia isnt safe for people with certain heart conditions, so its important to mention your heart condition and treatment to your health professional when youre talking about sleeping tablets.

Its also possible that certain sleeping pills could interact with your heart medication. Once again, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before starting any medication to help you sleep.

Silent Killer Health Risks

What Is The Relation Between High Blood Pressure and Sleep?

Results indicate that nighttime systolic blood pressure was a significant, independent risk factor for cardiovascular events, said Dr. Kazuomi Kario, the lead author of the study and a professor of cardiovascular medicine at Jichi Medical University in Tochigi, Japan.

The study highlights the importance of including nighttime blood pressure monitoring in patient-management strategies and will hopefully encourage physicians to ensure that antihypertensive therapy is effectively lowering blood pressure throughout the 24-hour dosing period.

For the study, Japanese researchers studied 6,359 people, using wearable monitors to measure both daytime and nighttime blood pressure.

The participants all had at least one cardiovascular risk factor, and most were taking medication to control their blood pressure. However, none had symptomatic cardiovascular disease when the study started.

During 2-year to 7-year follow-ups of the participants, researchers said they found those who had nighttime systolic blood pressure that was 20 millimeters of mercury above their daytime systolic reading were significantly more likely to experience atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and heart failure.

Overall, study participants experienced a total of 306 cardiovascular events, including 119 strokes, 99 diagnoses of coronary artery disease, and 88 diagnoses of heart failure.

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Blood Pressure Out Of Control

Think of a garden hose and the water flowing through it. When the water pressure is normal, the water comes out smooth and controlled. But if you continue to turn the knob and water starts gushing out more rapidly, the hose is now under a lot of stress and becomes less controllable.

This is similar to your blood vessels and your blood flow. High blood pressure is not only damaging to your blood vessels, but its also bad for your overall health. Hypertension generally worsens with age, but simple steps can keep it within normal levels. Having trouble keeping yours under control? If youre doing all the right things to keep your blood pressure down, it may be your sleeping patterns that are hindering your success.

Sleep And Heart Health During Pregnancy

Pregnancy places additional strain on the heart and some women develop cardiovascular problems during pregnancy. High blood pressure, for example, can begin or worsen during pregnancy with potential complications for both the mother and her baby.

Insomnia, sleep apnea, and other sleep difficulties affect many pregnant women, and these issues have been associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular problems both during and after pregnancy. Ongoing research studies are working to identify ways to improve sleep during pregnancy with the goal of also reducing hypertension and other cardiovascular issues.

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The Link Between Sleep Deprivation And Hypertension

Many studies, involving hundreds of thousands of adults around the world, have confirmed a link between short sleep duration and high blood pressure. Why sleep duration affects blood pressure remains something of a mystery. Its possible the body requires a long sleep duration to adequately manage certain hormone levels that contribute to blood pressure control. Whatever the reason, the evidence suggests that habitually sleeping fewer than six hours per night raises your risk of developing hypertension.

Sleep Disorders And Heart Health

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Many sleep disorders have detrimental effects on heart health. Insomnia, one of the most common sleep disorders, is often accompanied by insufficient sleep and can lead to elevated cardiovascular health risks.

Obstructive sleep apnea is a breathing disorder that is linked to heart disease, obesity, diabetes, stroke, and high blood pressure. People with OSA have lapses in breathing during sleep when their airway gets blocked.

Interrupted breathing from OSA causes fragmented sleep, which is one reason why the condition is tied to multiple cardiovascular problems. In addition, disturbed respiration reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood, which may worsen the impacts of OSA on heart health.

Disorders of abnormal movement during sleep, such as restless leg syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder, have also been linked to heart problems. While the exact explanation is unknown, it may relate to abnormal activation of the cardiovascular system that occurs with these conditions and induces elevated and fluctuating heart rate and blood pressure.

Circadian rhythm sleep disorders, which occur when a persons internal clock is misaligned with day and night, have been associated with cardiovascular problems. For example, people who work night shifts and have to sleep during the day have heightened risks of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes as well as cardiac events like a stroke or heart attack.

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Causes Of Nighttime Spikes

Kario told Healthline that blood pressure rises naturally to excrete excess sodium from the kidneys, particularly among people with high sensitivity to salt intake.

Usually, high daytime blood pressure is enough to excrete the sodium, he said. However, in the subjects with increased circulating blood volume , blood pressure needs to increase not only during daytime but also nighttime to excrete the sodium from the body. This is the compensated mechanism, but its harmful to the heart.

Dr. Raymond Townsend, a medical expert with the American Heart Association and director of the Hypertension Program at University of Pennsylvania, told Healthline that ideally all blood pressure measurements would be taken at night, not during the day.

When youre asleep at night, its the purest time for blood pressure, he said. Its a window into how that persons system is working.

Townsend, who has administered thousands of nighttime blood pressure tests, said theres potential for using consumer devices for at-home blood pressure monitoring.

A device called the WatchBP Home from Microlife, for example, can provide up to three nocturnal blood pressure results per night.

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