Other Symptoms Of Hypertension
In addition to dizziness, very high blood pressure can be associated with other symptoms that you very much need to know and identify in order to prevent heart complications. Other symptoms of hypertension are:
- Difficulty getting to sleep.
- Tinnitus or other hearing problems.
- Very bad headaches.
- Hot flushes.
- Redness of the ears and cheeks.
If you are hypertensive and in addition to these usual symptoms you experience chest pain, which may or may not radiate to the arm or jaw, shortness of breath, chest tightness and changes in heart palpitations, you need to go to the emergency room immediately Well, it could be a heart attack.
Could Too Many Carbs Cause Insomnia
Your diet affects your health in a variety of ways. In addition to the known effects of what you eat on your weight and overall nutrition, several studies have found that your diet can affect your immune system and your risk of developing a variety of diseases. New research has discovered that there is also a link between the foods you choose and the quality of your sleep. Can too many refined carbs cause insomnia and other common sleep disorders?
Weakens Your Immune System
Getting proper sleep helps the body fight infection and improves your response to vaccines . By contrast, poor sleep sets off a stress response that causes elevated inflammation markers , including higher white blood cell counts and altered levels of the stress hormone cortisol . Long-term sleep loss also lowers levels of âgoodâ cholesterol . Over time, these changes have been associated with a higher risk of developing chronic conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity.
Recommended Reading: Can Melatonin Cause Insomnia
You May Like: Is Your Oxygen Level Lower When You Wake Up
Is All Insomnia The Same
Not all insomnia is the same people can experience the condition in distinct ways. Short-term insomnia happens only over a brief period while chronic insomnia lasts for three months or more. For some people, the primary problem is falling asleep while others struggle with staying asleep .
How a person is affected by insomnia can vary significantly based on its cause, severity, and how it is influenced by underlying health conditions.
Sleep And Coronary Artery Disease
People with obstructive sleep apnea have been shown to have higher rates of coronary artery disease . There are two main reasons why this may occur:
CAD limits the flow of blood due to narrow arteries. This prevents the right amount of oxygen from reaching the heart. Sleep apnea also causes the blood oxygen level to drop during pauses in breathing. This leads to a rise in the heart rate and blood pressure. An extra strain is put on the heart. The amount of oxygen sent to the heart decreases at the time when the heart needs more oxygen. Studies have shown that the presence of OSA increases the risk of death from CAD. But if the sleep apnea is treated, death due to CAD is reduced.
Recommended Reading: Betta Fish Sleeping Position
Blood Pressure And The Heart
Theres a reason why your blood pressure is taken every time you visit a doctors office or hospital, regardless of the complaint that brought you there. High blood pressure is rightly known as the silent killer. It often carries no symptoms or warning signs but can drastically increase your risk of having a heart attack or stroke. The higher the number, the harder your heart is having to work to pump blood around your body and the more likely it is that damage is being done to the heart muscle. Since all parts of your body rely on circulation, though, its not just your heart that high blood pressure can impact. If blood doesnt flow easily, it can harm your arteries as well as vital organs such as the kidneys, eyes, and brain.
High blood pressure has been shown to damage the tiny blood vessels in the parts of your brain responsible for cognition and memory, greatly increasing your risk of developing Alzheimers disease or another dementia. Being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease can also take an emotional toll, affecting your outlook and making you more susceptible to anxiety and depression. And just as blood pressure may have an impact your mood, the reverse can also be true:
Reducing Your Salt Intake
The American Heart Association recommends no more than a teaspoon of salt a day for adults. That may sound alarmingly small, but there are many painless ways to reduce your sodium intake.
Reduce canned and processed foods. Much of the salt you eat comes from canned or processed foods like soups, convenience meals, and fast food.
Cook more meals at home. Preparing your own meals gives you more control over your sodium intake. Use fresh ingredients whenever possible and cook without salt.
Use spices as alternatives to salt. Try fresh herbs like basil, thyme, or chives, or dried spices such as allspice, bay leaves, or cumin to flavor your meal without sodium.
Substitute reduced sodium versions. Choose your condiments and packaged foods carefully, looking for foods labeled sodium free, low sodium, or unsalted.
See Heart-Healthy Diet Tips to learn more.
The effects on your blood pressure
- Adopting the DASH diet, eating plenty of fruit and vegetables, and reducing your consumption of unhealthy fats can lower your blood pressure by about 11 mm Hg.
- Cutting back on sodium by about 1,000 mg per day can reduce your blood pressure by 5 to 6 mm Hg.
- Increasing your potassium intake from food to 3,500-5,000 mg can knock 4 to 5 mm Hg off your reading.
- Limiting your alcohol intake to two drinks per day if youre male, or one drink per day if youre female can lower your reading by about 4 mm Hg.
You May Like: What Percentage Of Disability Is Sleep Apnea
More Studies Confirm Link Between Sleep Deprivation And Hypertension
Two studies that have been published in the journal Sleep Medicine demonstrate the association betweensleep and hypertension.
For the first analysis, researchers reviewed 21 studies that involved 225,000 participants. The analysis revealed that short sleepersthose who sleep less than six hours a nightare 20% more likely to develop hypertension.
For the second study, 270 patients admitted to a hypertension clinic were studied. Those with resistant hypertension were defined as having a blood pressure over 140/90 while taking three medications or controlled with four or more medications. Researchers found that the inability to fall asleep or more time lying in bed without sleep was prevalent, specifically in women suffering from resistant hypertension.
Experts believe that the reason for these sleep disorders is the activation of the bodys stress systems. People with sleeping disorderssuch as insomnia and sleep apneawho sleep less than six hours a night activate two stress systems: thehypothalamic pituitary-adrenal systemand the sympathomedullary pathway. When both systems are activated, adrenaline and cortisol are released. If they continue to release throughout the night, it can lead to difficulties treating hypertension.
Should You Take Trazodone For Insomnia
Prescriptions for this little-known drug spiked during the COVID-19 pandemic. But does it workand is it safe?
The number of people suffering from insomnia has surged during the pandemic: Twenty-eight percent of Americans, in fact, said theyve had a harder time falling or staying asleep since its onset, according to a November 2020 Consumer Reports nationally representative survey .
That sleeplessness has also triggered a wave of people seeking relief. Google searches for insomnia jumped 58 percent in the months following the pandemics onset, according to a February 2021 study in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. Prescriptions for insomnia drugs also increased, according to GoodRx, a prescription drug research firm.
Some of those prescription meds, such as Ambien, Belsomra, and Lunesta, are quite familiar. But prescriptions also spiked for another drug often used to help people fall asleep: trazadone, a decades-old antidepressant that can cause drowsiness as a side effect.
Trazodone, in fact, has long been among the most commonly prescribed medications to treat sleeplessness.
Heres why so many people with sleep problems turn to it, and what to do if your doctor suggests you try it.
Don’t Miss: How Do You Track Sleep On Apple Watch
Sleep Increases Sex Drive
Men and women who don’t get enough quality sleep experience a loss of libido and less of an interest in sex, research suggests.
Men who suffer from sleep apnoea a disorder in which breathing difficulties lead to interrupted sleep also tend to have lower testosterone levels, which can lower libido.
What Can I Do To Get Better Sleep
- Stick to a regular sleep schedule. Go to bed at the same time each night and get up at the same time each morning, including on the weekends.
- Get enough natural light, especially earlier in the day. Try going for a morning or lunchtime walk.
- Get enough physical activity during the day. Try not to exercise within a few hours of bedtime.
- Avoid artificial light, especially within a few hours of bedtime. Use a blue light filter on your computer or smartphone.
- Dont eat or drink within a few hours of bedtime avoid alcohol and foods high in fat or sugar in particular.
- Keep your bedroom cool, dark, and quiet.
Work with your health care team to identify obstacles to good sleep, including other medical conditions.
You May Like: How Long Do Bettas Sleep
What Can You Do To Help Relieve Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure
Depending on the type of low blood pressure you have, you may be able to relieve some of your symptoms by:
- Eating a healthy diet with fewer carbohydrates and smaller meals.
- Drinking more water and avoiding alcohol.
- Getting up slowly after youve been sitting or lying down.
- Focusing on breathing a few times before you change position.
- Wearing compression stockings.
How Dangerous Is High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is classified as Stage One or Stage Two. Stage One hypertension is a reading of 130/80 mm Hg or above, while Stage Two has readings of 140/90 mm Hg or above. Anything exceeding 180/120mm is considered a medical emergency.
If youve been diagnosed with hypertension, or youve just experienced a sudden spike in blood pressure, youre far from alone. In fact, according to the CDC, 45 percent of adults in the United States experience high blood pressure, and only a quarter of those have their blood pressure properly being treated.
But just how dangerous is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure can have a dramatic impact on your health, especially if you have chronic hypertensionbut even sudden spikes in high blood pressure can contribute to the following.
Don’t Miss: How Good Is Garmin Sleep Tracking
Blood Pressure Facts And Figures
Healthy blood pressure ranges from 120/75 to 140/85. The higher is the systolic pressurethe pressure in the arteries when the heart is pumping. The lower the diastolic pressurethe pressure in the arteries when the heart is at rest, in between pumping.
Blood pressure that is lower than these figures indicates that the blood vessel walls are too relaxed and blood isnt being efficiently pushed around the body, so nutrients that the blood carries, such as oxygen and iron, may not reach the tissues properly.
Also the pulse rate tends to be fast, as the body tries to make up for the low pressure by pumping faster.
- Fainting, feeling light headed or giddy, seeing spots or having tunnel vision on standing up
- Sleep disturbances, night terrors, sudden waking with no obvious cause
- Feelings of weakness and fatigue
- Difficulty getting going in the morning
- Low mood, sadness and hopelessness
- Frequent headachesor migraines
- Sensitivity to hot and cold
- Dieting low protein intake
How To Get A Good Night’s Sleep
Not getting enough zzzs? Consumer 101 TV show host Jack Rico gets expert CR tips on how to fall asleep faster and wake up more rested.
Lisa L. Gill
As a dorky kid, I spent many a Saturday at the Bloomington, Ind., public library, scouring Consumer Reports back issues for great deals. Now, as a bigger kid, that’s still my job! Identifying products and services, especially in healthcare, that are safe, effective, and affordableand highlighting those that aren’tis my top concern. Got a tip? Follow me on Twitter
Also Check: How Does Garmin Measure Rem Sleep
How Does Sleep Apnea Treatment Affect Blood Pressure
There are a number of treatment options for OSA. Treatment not only improves sleep quality but could also help manage hypertension. The most common and effective treatment is called continuous positive airway pressure .
CPAP treatment involves wearing a facemask attached to a machine that pumps air into the lungs at night. It works by preventing the airway from collapsing, which improves sleep quality in people affected by OSA. Studies investigating the effects of CPAP in patients with hypertension and OSA have shown that treatment with CPAP lowers blood pressure during the day and at night, especially in patients with severe OSA. CPAP also reduces catecholamine levels.
Some patients have a hard time adjusting to the CPAP facemask at night. Consistent, proper use of CPAP is important in order to effectively manage OSA and hypertension. Mouthpieces are one alternative to CPAP and are designed to help maintain an open airway during sleep. Research is needed to determine if mouthpieces also lower blood pressure in people who experience high blood pressure and OSA. Certain surgical procedures are also done to treat OSA in selected patients.
You May Like: Can Antibiotics Cause Sleep Problems
Exploring The Connection Between Blood Sugar And Insomnia
Todays society is full of stimulation. From the technology you use to the foods you eat, there are many things you come in contact with throughout the day that will stimulate your brain. All of this stimulation and activity can make it difficult to sleep, and many adults suffer from insomnia as a result. Consider the connection between certain activities, such as blood sugar and insomnia.
Medication and Insomnia
For some, turning to medications may be the first step in addressing insomnia. However, a few of these medications have strong side effects, are not tolerated well and may lead to a chemical dependence. While medications may help you short-term, they do not address the underlying causes of insomnia. Medications might not work well as a long-term solution to your sleep issues.
Blood Sugar Stability and Insomnia
Often, insomnia is linked directly to blood sugar imbalances. If you cant fall asleep, or if you can fall asleep but not stay asleep, a blood sugar imbalance may be to blame. Read on to learn how your blood sugar affects your quality of sleep and what you can do to get a better nights rest.
What Is Insomnia?
Facts about Insomnia
Insomnia is common in adults, and the National Institutes of Health report that approximately 30 percent of the general population suffer from some sleep disruption. About 10 percent of people who suffer from insomnia have daytime functional impairments that are associated with a diagnosis.
Unable to Fall Asleep
Don’t Miss: Can You Donate Plasma If You Have Sleep Apnea
You Can Stop Worrying About Those Studies That Linked Sleeplessness With High Blood Pressure Researcher Finds
Theres good news for the 30 per cent or more of adults who suffer from insomnia difficulty falling asleep, waking up for prolonged periods during the night or unwanted early morning awakenings.
New research from Assistant Professor Nicholas Vozoris, a respirologist at St. Michaels Hospital, has found that insomnia does not put them at increased risk of developing high blood pressure.
Dr. Vozoris said there is growing concern among patients and health care providers about the potential medical consequences of insomnia, especially on the cardiovascular system.
If there were a link, this would have at least two major implications for the health care system. First, because insomnia is a common problem and often chronic in duration, a large portion of the population would need long-term screening for the possible development of high blood pressure.
Second, doctors might prescribe sleeping pills more often in an effort to treat insomnia from a possible blood-pressure lowering perspective. Vozoris said sleeping pills are already used too often and associated with a number of serious side effects, including addiction, overdose, car accidents and falls.
Participants were asked about their insomnia symptoms, and their responses were correlated with whether they had doctor-diagnosed hypertension, were taking anti-hypertension drugs, or had measured high blood pressure.
His findings were published June 25 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.
The Physical Effects Of Sleep Deprivation
Sleep deprivation occurs any time that you get less sleep than your body needs. The degree of sleep deprivation can range from total acute sleep loss to chronic deprivation due to a reduction in the total sleep time. This can occur over one night or stretch over weeks, months, or even years. If someone requires 9 hours of sleep to feel rested, it is possible to become sleep deprived by getting 8 hours of sleep.
Most of the physical side effects from sleep deprivation are relatively minor and, thankfully, easily reversible. And the cure? Get some sleep. If you do not sleep enough, you may be faced with myriad consequences, including:
Also Check: Can Candida Cause Sleep Problems
Make Time For Downtime
In our society, nowadays, people arent getting enough sleep. They put sleep so far down on their priority list because there are so many other things to do family, personal stuff and work life, Dr. Walia says. These are challenges, but if people understand how important adequate sleep is, and how to sleep better, it makes a huge difference.