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Does Sleep Apnea Cause Seizures

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Caring For A Child With Epilepsy

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470,000 children in the United States have epilepsy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , approximately 336,000 kids have at least one seizure annually. Whether youre the parent or the caretaker of a child with epilepsy, youll have many questions and concerns.

Epilepsy affects people at different ages and in different ways. For some, it will be easily controlled with medication and outgrown after a few years. For others, it may be a lifelong challenge affecting many areas of life. Well help you find information about seizures and epilepsy in youth of all ages, from newborns to the teenage years. Some information is unique to specific ages, while others are common for all children with epilepsy.

The Alert And Mate Apps Have Features Designed To Track Nocturnal Seizures

Embrace2 works with two companion apps, the Alert App and Mate App.

One useful feature of Embrace2 isAlert Review. In the Alert App, every time that Embrace2 detects a possible convulsive seizure, the alerts are stored in a pending bar. The pending bar shows you how many alerts you have to review before they show up in your seizure diary inside the Mate App.

When reviewing an alert, you can indicate if it was a false alarm, indicate how long it lasted, and add notes about how you were feeling beforehand. If you see pending alerts for seizures that you do not remember, it could possibly mean that you had a nighttime seizure.

The Mate App is the seizure diary that visualizes the information tracked by the Alert App. If you are looking for a seizure tracker, then Mate can help with this. You can also add in other seizure types that are not detected by Embrace, to have a more complete picture of your health.

Mate also shows your rest and physical activity information. It provides detailed statistics, such as the time you woke up and went to bed, the number of tosses and turns, and interruptions. All of this information together could be helpful to show your doctor to help them understand your lifestyle patterns better.

Seizures And Sleep Apnea

A lack of sleep can affect electrical and hormonal activity in the brain and may trigger seizures. In fact, some people who only experience one seizure in their entire life do so after they stayed awake all night studying or partying. Research from the Epilepsy Foundation has even found that that around 40 percent of those who have epilepsy also have sleep apnea. A separate study, conducted in Norway, found that lack of sleep and excessive tiredness were among the most common triggers for seizures.

It is also worth noting that many people with epilepsy may have undiagnosed sleep apnea. They might not even recognize sleep apneas symptoms because not everyone with the condition snores. Moreover, these people could attribute other sleep apnea symptoms, such as daytime fatigue, to seizures and epilepsy medication.

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When Sleep Disorders Mimic Epilepsy

In medical jargon, epilepsy and sleep disorders have what is called a bidirectional relationship: that is, epilepsy disturbs sleep, and sleep deprivation aggravates epilepsy. Whats more, treatments for epilepsy can further disrupt healthy sleep.

In addition, separate sleep disorders can be more pervasive in those with epilepsy, or they can mimic symptoms of epilepsy, making it difficult to identify and diagnose either without sophisticated tests.

Adult Epilepsies Associated With Sleep

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Seizures are divided in generalized and focal. In generalized seizures, the epileptic activity starts in multiple brain regions simultaneously, while in focal seizures, the epileptic discharges originate in one area of brain that may or may not spread to other regions of the brain. Seizures occurring with loss of consciousness are known as focal dyscognitive seizure or focal seizure with loss of consciousness, formerly known as complex partial seizures. Seizures occurring without change in awareness are called focal simple seizures where there is no loss of consciousness.

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Make An Appointment With Silent Night Therapy

If you have epilepsy and believe you should be screened for a sleep disorder such as sleep apnea, please do not hesitate to reach out to Silent Night Therapy. Our sleep specialists have the tools and expertise to diagnose your sleep problems and help find practical solutions that fit your lifestyle. If you prefer to do an at-home sleep study, we can provide you with a kit mailed straight to your door. Please give us a call at 983-2463 or contact us online.

Are Nocturnal Seizures Dangerous

Since nocturnal seizures mostly happen at night, they are less likely to be noticed, even by the person experiencing them . Unfortunately, most cases of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy occur after a seizure, and most deaths happen when people are in bed, supposedly sleeping .

However, if someone is there to provide first aid, keep the person on their side during a generalized seizure, or reposition them to keep their airway open, it may help limit SUDEP .

Another reason why nocturnal seizures may be dangerous is that people can get hurt: they may fall out of bed or have bruises when they wake up from injuries at the night. Since a lack of sleep can be a trigger for seizures in general, nocturnal seizures may also cause more daytime seizures . Sleep monitoring solutions, like the Mate App, could help you understand when youve had a good nights sleep.

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Question : Does Intermittent Vagus Nerve Stimulation Increase The Number Of Apneic Or Hypopneic Events At Night

Eight case reports and small case series totaling 36 patients 47,10,1417 show that VNS increases the AHI, which usually improves after discontinuation of the VNS. Marzec et al. studied 16 adult patients with VNS to determine if there was a change in AHI and oxygen saturation during sleep with VNS activation.4 The average baseline AHI in these patients was 1.9 this increased to 4.2 after activation, and 5 patients had an AHI > 5. Esophageal pressure monitoring in one patient in this series demonstrated that these events were primarily obstructive in nature. These patients also had decreased airflow and decreased but persistent respiratory effort during periods of VNS activation, possibly secondary to decreased airway dimensions. The average oxygen saturation for these patients during inactivated VNS periods was 92.2% this decreased to 90% during activated periods. CPAP eliminated the respiratory events in one patient.4

Can Sleep Apnea Cause Seizures

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Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your upper airway to become blocked while youâre asleep, interfering with your breathing. Scientific research shows significant connections between sleep apnea and conditions such as type 2 diabetes, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , and even cancer. There is also an association between sleep apnea and seizures. We consulted with experts for more details.

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Embrace2 May Be Able To Help

If you are looking for a solution like this, Embrace2 may be able to help. It is a wristband cleared by the FDA to detect possible generalized tonic-clonic seizures with 98% accuracy , both day and night. When it detects a possible tonic-clonic seizure, it sends a text message and makes a phone call to caregivers to alert them that you need help. It doesnt matter how far you are from each other you could be sleeping in adjoining rooms or different cities. The text message also contains your GPS location, in case your caregiver has to find you or send your position to emergency services.

In periods of rest, the false alarm rate is low for both children and adults, 0.05 and 0.02 respectively . With a low FAR and high sensitivity, Embrace2 only calls for help when you need it.

This way, you can sleep more soundly, knowing that your loved one will be alerted and can come to help you quickly. Or, if you are a parent, with Embrace2, you can sleep in your own bed, with the peace of mind that youll be called if Embrace2 detects a possible seizure.

What else does Embrace2 have to help with nocturnal seizures?

Understanding The Link Between Sleep Apnea And Brain Damage

    According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, about 26 percent of U.S. adults are living with sleep apnea. Many with sleep apnea do not receive the proper treatment. Untreated sleep apnea is often associated with a number of serious health problems, such as Type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. However, a lesser-known risk of this sleep apnea is brain damage. If youre wondering, can you get brain damage from sleep apnea, here is everything you need to know.

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    Is Sleep Apnea Connected To Seizures

    The human body is a complex network of connected systems. When something is amiss in one regard, it often has ripple effects that can have consequences for various aspects of an individuals life. That is why different medical conditions are so often correlated with one another. For example, research indicates that sleep disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea in Vero Beach, may cause or exacerbate a broad range of other conditions it may even lead to seizures. In this blog post, well take a look at the connection between these two issues.

    What Should You Do If You Have Sleep Apnea

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    Whether you have epilepsy or not, itâs always best to have sleep apnea diagnosed and treated as soon as possible if you want to avoid additional health concerns. Get in touch with your physician or a sleep dentist in Lakeway if you suffer from daytime fatigue, frequent loud snoring, or breathing issues during sleep .

    Of course, itâs important to have your epilepsy treated as well. That said, if youâre already living with both conditions, you can greatly improve the quality of your life â and of your sleep â by taking the initiative in seeking a solution for your sleep disorder.

    About Eaddy Dentistry

    Here at Eaddy Dentistry, the father-and-son team of Dr. Winston Eaddy and Dr. Daniel Eaddy have built their approach to oral healthcare around a philosophy of trust, comfort, affordability, and quality. In addition to traditional dental care, they can also help patients suffering from sleep apnea get a good nightâs rest again with oral appliance therapy. If you suspect that sleep apnea is aggravating your epilepsy or another condition, you should seek care immediately get in touch with us through our website or by calling 263-4252.

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    Relationships Between Obstructive Sleep Apnea And Epilepsy

    There is evidence for a bidirectional relationship between OSA and epilepsy. The proposed mechanisms of the deleterious effect of OSA on epilepsy include sleep deprivation, sleep fragmentation, cerebral hypoxemia, decreased cardiac output, cardiac arrhythmias, autonomic instability, and increases in sympathetic activity.7 Evidence from prior studies has demonstrated abnormal sleep architecture in people with epilepsy. These abnormalities include reduced total sleep time, reduced REM sleep, prolonged REM latency, and increased number of arousals these abnormalities are independent of seizures.6 The occurrence of seizures can further exacerbate abnormal sleep architecture.6 Epilepsy may also have a more direct effect on OSA in some patients as supported by a case report demonstrating the resolution of clinically significant OSA after frontal lobe resection.7,8 There is also evidence that adults with temporal lobe epilepsy are more affected by abnormal sleep architecture compared to patients with frontal lobe epilepsy or generalized epilepsy.6

    Sleep Apnea And Seizures: Can Osa Cause Seizures

    Posted byRSC Diagnostics on Sep 18, 2020

      Obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA, is a serious condition that affects a much larger number of people than many realize. In fact, in the 1990s, it was shown to affect 24% of men in the United States and 9% of the women in the country. Today, with the rate of obesity being even higher, there is a good chance that the number of people who are suffering from this condition has increased. Sleep apnea and seizures can be a huge problem, as well.

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      Sleep Apnea And Seizures

      âThere is a correlation between sleep apnea and seizures, but it is not clearly understood,â David Nazarian, MD, Medical Director at My Concierge MD, tells WebMD Connect to Care. âSleep apnea can cause a decrease in oxygen levels in our bodies and thus interfere with the brainâs normal electrical activity.â

      Sleep apnea is commonly diagnosed in people with epilepsy. According to Nazarian, nearly 40 percent of epilepsy patients also have sleep apnea.

      âPeople who have epilepsy and sleep apnea are more likely to have a seizure during the night than people without sleep apnea,â Nazarian explains. âNot getting enough sleep or poor quality of sleep can trigger an episode of seizure in people who suffer from epilepsy disorders. It is very important to get adequate sleep if you have a diagnosis of epilepsy.â

      Nazarian further notes that âseveral studies suggest that untreated obstructive sleep apnea facilitates seizures in susceptible patient populations, particularly older individuals.â

      To avoid these complications, it is crucial to have your sleep apnea diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.

      âIf sleep apnea is treated in time, one sleeps soundly and experiences fewer episodes of constant arousals and awakenings during sleep,â George Samuel, MD and Medical Advisor at WhatASleep, tells WebMD Connect to Care. âAs the brain recovers from chronic sleep deprivation, the malfunctions that lead to seizures may become less common.â

      Can A Person Have Mini Seizures While Sleeping

      Sleep Problems : About Seizures During Sleep

      While some patients arent adversely affected by their sleep patterns, many do find that they tend to have issues during the night. Some experience mini seizures while sleeping. Seizures occur because sleep activates select electrical signals that can trigger seizers, especially if the patient has benign focal epilepsy, also called Rolandic epilepsy.

      Mini seizures can happen any time during the sleep cycle, but they commonly occur during stages one and two. These are lighter levels of sleep, and the brain is between the sleeping and waking states. The patient may wake or remain unaware.

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      Epilepsy And Sleep: How Are Seizures Linked To Sleep Apnea

        There are many conditions that can cause seizures â including head injuries, brain infections, low blood sugar, and drug use â but if you suffer from such convulsions on a recurring basis, then you most likely have epilepsy. While the exact cause of epilepsy has yet to be definitively defined, it is known that it can potentially be linked to anything that affects your brain naturally, that includes the quality of the sleep you get every night. Take the time to learn more about the connection between epilepsy and sleep apnea in Lakeway â and how having one of those conditions treated could also improve the other.

        Epilepsy And Sleep: Familiar Bedfellows

        The relationship between epilepsy and sleep is complex and has been the subject of study since the late 1800s after correlation between sleep and seizures was documented.

        The process of sleep can activate seizure activity the brain is, contrary to popular thinking, very active during sleep, when major electrical and hormonal activity takes place. Its this activity which can predispose an epileptic to nocturnal seizures.Research shows that this seizure activity follows a cycle, just as circadian rhythms are also cyclical.

        Epileptic activity is also shaped by sleep stages and their transitions.

        Most activity is linked to NREM stage sleep while seizures can be partially prevented during REM sleep.

        In addition, the sleep architecture of someone with epilepsy will be influenced by their disorder and can include:

        • increases in how long it takes to fall asleep

        • higher arousal events throughout the night

        • more wakefulness after sleep onset

        • less efficient sleep

        • reduced or broken REM sleep

        As one can guess, these can all add up to chronic sleep deprivation for the person with epilepsy.

        For some epileptics, seizures only happen while they sleep, while others experience them at other times of the day . Others may have all of their seizures during sleeping, or while falling asleep or waking up. And for many epileptics, inadequate sleep may be enough to aggravate seizure activity that has been triggered by other reasons.

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        What Is A Seizure

        A seizure is a sudden change in brain activity caused by increased electrical activity.

        Also known as a convulsion, this increase in electrical activity can lead to something as simple as a silent period of staring or something more dramatic, including violent involuntary muscular contractions and/or unconsciousness.

        Nocturnal Seizures In Children

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        Several types of childhood epilepsy can cause nocturnal seizures.

        Benign rolandic epilepsy, the most common form of childhood epilepsy, usually disappears in adulthood. The primary symptom is nighttime seizures.

        Children with this form of epilepsy may also have migraines or behavioral issues. Most children with this form of epilepsy have a family history of seizures.

        Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, sometimes called Janz syndrome, typically begins in adolescence, and the seizures may be short at first. Doctors do not know what causes this type of epilepsy, but it may be genetic.

        Not all nighttime seizures in children mean the child has epilepsy. Between 2% and 5% of children under 5 years of age in the United States experience , which happen when they have a fever.

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        Contact The Sleep Experts At Silent Night Therapy Today

        If you or a loved one is suffering from sleep apnea, be sure to seek treatment right away and get a better nights sleep. Dr. Brown and the OSA team are here to help those with a history of snoring, who have obstructive sleep apnea, and those who cant tolerate wearing a CPAP. Our team can diagnose and treat your sleep apnea with the use of effective oral appliances. Call us at 983-2463 to schedule a consultation with us today.

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