Health Consequences Of Sleep Apnea
The chronic sleep deprivation caused by sleep apnea can result in daytime sleepiness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness, and an increased risk of accidents and errors in your daily activities.
Sleep apnea also has a mental impact. It can trigger moodiness and irritability and cause anxiety and depression. It also increases your risk of other serious health problems like high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, and stroke.
The Impacts On Lifestyle Exactly How Does It Impact My Social Life
The impacts of sleep apnea can leave you really feeling exhausted constantly. Its important to know the warning signs as well as get detected by a doctor. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you might have sleep apnea:
Ongoing sleepiness throughout the day also after getting a lot of remainder
Daytime awareness that your breathing might be unusual
Taking a breath stops briefly while resting
Loud snoring during sleep
How Does Sleep Apnea Affect The Body
Sleep apnea can affect your entire body, including your:
Cardiovascular system: Sleep apnea increases your risk of developing high blood pressure, which increases the strain on your heart. If you have sleep apnea, youre more likely to have an abnormal heart rhythm, which can cause a stroke.
Digestive system: Sleep apnea patients are more likely to develop fatty liver disease or high levels of liver enzymes. It can also worsen GERD symptoms, which leads to sleep problems.
Endocrine system: People with sleep apnea are at a higher risk of developing insulin resistance, leading to Type II diabetes.
Respiratory system: When youre deprived of oxygen when youre asleep, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease symptoms worsen.
These possible side effects on your body are why its most important to have a sleep apnea consultation at Dr. Avi Ishaaya Centers in Los Angeles, CA as soon as you are experiencing sleep apnea symptoms.
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How Often Does Sleep Apnea Occur
Sleep apnea occurs in about 25% of men and nearly 10% of women.
Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, including babies and children and particularly people over the age of 50 and those who are overweight.
Certain physical traits and clinical features are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea..
The Effects Of Sleep Apnea On The Body
Sleep apnea is a condition in which your breathing repeatedly pauses while you sleep. When this happens, your body wakes you up to resume breathing. These multiple sleep interruptions prevent you from sleeping well, leaving you feeling extra tired during the day.
Sleep apnea does more than make you sleepy, though. When left untreated, it can contribute to heart disease, diabetes, and other long-term health risks.
Sleep apnea happens when your airway becomes blocked or collapses during the night. Each time your breathing restarts, you might let out a loud snore that wakes both you and your bed partner.
Many health conditions are linked to sleep apnea, including obesity and high blood pressure. These conditions, coupled with the lack of sleep, can harm many different systems in your body.
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Sleep Apnea May Not Always Occur Every Single Night And In Fact May Be Sporadic In Some Cases
This can be referred to as intermittent sleep apnea, in which the intermittency is measured in days or weeks rather than hours in a single night.
There is night to night variability, positional variability and sleep stage variability of apnea, says Dr. Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer, DO, MS, and Director, Sleep Disorders Center, Cleveland Clinic.
In order for sleep apnea to be sporadic or periodic, the circumstance that leads to it needs to be sporadic or periodic.
So for example, suppose a persons obesity is the prime driver of apneic episodes every night.
The obesity is always there, every single minute of every night. Hence, if untreated, they experience sleep apnea every night, with likely no hour of absent apnea.
On the other hand, when obesity isnt a factor, there can be variables that cause obstructive sleep apnea to occur periodically rather than nightly.
Alcohol can worsen apnea too and cause night to night variability, says Dr. Foldvary.
Drinking relaxes the throat structures, making them more susceptible to collapsing during slumber.
She adds that an upper airway infection, as well, can cause variability.
Lying on ones back during sleep , especially if the head is minimally elevated, may for some individuals be a contributing factor to the intermittency, especially when other variables are present such as alcohol consumption.
Positional variability refers to sleep position.
How Is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed In Children
First, a doctor gathers information from the child and parent or guardian about the childs sleep habits and any daytime and nighttime symptoms. The doctor may also perform a physical examination of the childs mouth, neck and throat to look for physical characteristics that increase risk for sleep apnea .
If this initial evaluation indicates further testing is appropriate, the doctor may suggest polysomnography, which is a sleep study performed overnight at a sleep clinic. Polysomnography involves measuring specific body functions while a person is sleeping. It is painless and noninvasive. Polysomnography is the gold standard method for evaluating suspected sleep apnea, as it provides the most definitive results.
Home sleep tests are generally not recommended for children, based on the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine guidelines.
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When To Seek Medical Advice
See your GP if you think you might have OSA.
They can check for other possible reasons for your symptoms and can arrange for an assessment of your sleep to be carried out through a local sleep centre.
As someone with OSA may not notice they have the condition, it often goes undiagnosed.
Read more about diagnosing OSA.
What It Is Its Risk Factors Its Health Impacts And How It Can Be Treated
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Sleep apnea is a condition marked by abnormal breathing during sleep. People with sleep apnea have multiple extended pauses in breath when they sleep. These temporary breathing lapses cause lower-quality sleep and affect the bodys supply of oxygen, leading to potentially serious health consequences.
Sleep apnea is one of the most common sleep disorders in the United States. It can affect children and adults and people of both sexes, although it is more common in men.
Because of sleep apneas prevalence and potential health impact, it is important for people to be aware of what sleep apnea is and to know its types, symptoms, causes, and treatments.
Who Gets Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea occurs in about 25% of men and nearly 10% of women. Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, including babies and children and particularly people over the age of 50 and those who are overweight.
Certain physical traits and clinical features are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. These include excessive weight, large neck and structural abnormalities reducing the diameter of the upper airway, such as nasal obstruction, a low-hanging soft palate, enlarged tonsils or a small jaw with an overbite.
Lifestyle Treatments For Sleep Apnea
For mild cases of sleep apnea, lifestyle changes may be enough to treat the issue. Your doctor will let you know if thats the right starting point. But even if you are prescribed a medical treatment, the following changes can help reduce your sleep apnea episodes and improve your sleep.
Lose weight. If you are overweight, losing weight can have an enormous impact. While it is usually not a total cure, it can reduce the number of breathing episodes you experience, reduce your blood pressure, and decrease daytime sleepiness. Even a small amount of weight loss can open up your throat and improve sleep apnea symptoms.
Exercise. Even when exercise does not lead to weight loss, it can decrease your sleep apnea breathing episodes and improve your alertness and energy during the day. Aerobic exercise, resistance training, and yoga are all good choices for strengthening the muscles in your airways and improving breathing.
Sleep on your side. Lying on your back is the worst position for sleep apnea, as it causes the jaw, tongue, and other soft tissues to drop back toward the throat, narrowing your airway. Sleeping on your stomach isnt much better, since lying face down or twisting your head to the side both obstruct breathing. Lying on your side, on the other hand, helps keep your airway open. If you find side sleeping uncomfortable or you tend to roll on to your back after youre asleep, countered side pillows or body pillows may help.
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Getting Back To Cpap Therapy Is Recommended
Therefore, if you need to take a break from using your CPAP, dont worry about the risks associated with it. Your breathing will simply return to your untreated tendency, and it is likely that you will initially derive a residual benefit from your recent use. As soon as possible, get back to your CPAP treatment and reap the rewards for your long-term health.
If you are interested in avoiding an interruption of your therapy, you may consider the use of a full-face mask with a cold, a CPAP battery with camping, or a travel CPAP on a trip.
Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome Is A Combination Of Osa And Central Sleep Apnea
Doctors have recently identified a third type of sleep apnea called complex sleep apnea, which is a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Patients with this type of sleep apnea may at first seem to have obstructive sleep apnea, but unlike typical patients with obstructive sleep apnea, these patients symptoms are not fully addressed with the use of CPAP.
In patients with complex sleep apnea syndrome, breathing problems persist even after the airway obstruction is addressed and treated, which means something besides the collapsing throat muscles are also contributing to the apnea.
The problem is that there is still a lot of debate among sleep medicine specialists about whatexactly is going on in complex sleep apnea, or what the key characteristics that define it are.
In a study published in March 2014 in the journal Sleep Medicine Clinics, doctors conducted a review of 223 patients referred to the Mayo Clinic Sleep Disorders Center over one month, as well as 20 patients diagnosed with central sleep apnea. 00122-7/abstract” rel=”nofollow”> 11) They found that 15 percent of all sleep apnea patients had complex sleep apnea. As many as 84 percent were found to have obstructive sleep apnea, and 0.4 percent had central sleep apnea.
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Sleep Apnea Is Unlikely To Get Better Even With Treatment
FALSE. Sleep apnea treatment combined with weight loss is often effective, Dr. Pervez says.
They had this overwhelming sense of tiredness and fatigue and a mental fog, and when that lifts, it can be a night-and-day difference, he says.
Can A Cpap Suffocate You
Having a CPAP mask covering your face is a new sensation which needs a small adjustment period. … When you can see that the mask incorporates a valve that lets fresh air in from around you, not just from the machine, you‘ll know that you can‘t suffocate with the mask on even if the machine somehow stops working.
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What Happens During Sleep Apnea
In sleep apnea, episodes of upper airway collapse interrupt your breathing so that oxygen cant reach your cells.
Each time your body has to restore normal breathing and oxygen levels, youre briefly aroused from sleep, says Dr. Foldvary. This fragments the brain waves that characterize different sleep stages, leading to daytime sleepiness, fatigue and a host of other symptoms.
If you have 15 or more of these episodes per hour, your apnea is considered moderate to severe. And the health impact is enormous.
Most people dont realize untreated apnea increases your risk of stroke, heart attack and high blood pressure, she says. If you have atrial fibrillation, sleep apnea doubles your odds for having a recurrence. If you have heart failure, it increases your risk of hospital admission.
Sleep apnea also raises your risk of motor vehicle accidents, work-related injuries and accidents, and academic underachievement at all ages, even in early childhood.
Most telling: Worldwide, people with obstructive apnea rate their quality of life worse in every dimension.
The Causes Of Sleep Apnea
The most common type of apnea is obstructive sleep apnea, which occurs when muscles in back of the throat lose their tone, resulting in upper airway collapse.
Obesity, increasing age and being male are the main risk factors, says Dr. Foldvary. Drinking alcohol and sleeping on your back can aggravate the condition.
After menopause, womens rate of apnea approaches that of mens as female hormone levels which help to stiffen and open the airway fall.
When postmenopausal women see the doctor, they often present without classic symptoms. They usually dont complain of loud, disruptive snoring, and rarely report gasping or choking during sleep. They may be thin instead of heavy.
Postmenopausal women commonly present with fatigue, which is often attributed to depression, says Dr. Foldvary. Thus, it can take women up to a decade longer than men to receive a diagnosis of sleep apnea.
Other causes of sleep apnea include large tonsils or other obstructive tissues in the airway. In about 25 to 30 percent of cases, a family history of sleep apnea is present.
To find out if you have apnea, your doctor will take a sleep history and order a sleep study. In some cases, you may be referred to a sleep medicine specialist.
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How Do You Self Diagnose Sleep Apnea
Sleep Apnea Self-TestsDo you experience any of these problems? Do you ever wake from sleep with a choking sound or gasping for breath?Has your bed partner noticed that you snore or stop breathing while you sleep?Do you have any of these other symptoms? Do you have any of these physical features?More items
The Results Of Sleep Apnea On Your Health Way Of Life And Also Job Society How Much Does A Night Mouth Guard For Sleep Apnea Cost
Sleep apnea can vary from one person to another. Still, as a whole, it takes a toll on your physical wellness, psychological health and wellness, and work society.
The effects of sleep apnea can impact your way of life. For instance, you might have trouble concentrating the following day since your brain is still tired from not getting adequate sleep. Sleep deprival can also threaten because it places you in danger for hypertension, diabetes, as well as cancer.
In the work environment, people with sleep apnea usually find it difficult to concentrate throughout meetings or stay concentrated on a job for an extensive time. This is especially real if they have an extra complicated task with several tasks that call for complete focus.
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It Impacts More Than You
But perhaps the most troubling consequence of the condition is that it can make you a danger to those around you. Uncontrolled sleep apnea makes you two and a half times more likely to be involved in car accidents, and it nearly doubles the rate of workplace accidents. In recent years a number of major train, bus and car crashes that resulted in multiple deaths and hundreds of injuries were blamed on untreated sleep apnea. In addition to being a public safety hazard, sleep apnea can make life miserable for your bedmate: Imagine sleeping next to someone who is constantly snoring and waking up throughout the night.
The spouses of people with severe sleep apnea are clinically sleep deprived, said Dr. Malhotra. Theyve got a jet engine next to them all night and theyre not sleeping properly.
Many people look at snoring as a joke or a minor nuisance. But for those who have to put up with it night after night, it is anything but. Experts say it is a common cause of marital friction and broken relationships. Many spouses have to sleep in separate bedrooms because of it. Studies show that at least half of people who have afflicted bed partners complain that their sleep is constantly disrupted. One study of women who live with heavy snorers found that they frequently experienced insomnia, morning headaches, daytime sleepiness and fatigue.
Frequency Of Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea tends to take place every night. In fact, it usually occurs multiple times each hour throughout the night. It can occur anywhere between 5 and 30 times every hour, going up to hundreds of times every night.
Whenever this happens, you might either choke, pant or grunt in order to deal with the lack of oxygen or breathing rate. This can also cause you to suddenly wake up to open up the pathway for the oxygen to pass through once again.
Frequent snoring can also take place throughout the night. The exact frequency of how many times an hour sleep apnea occurs every night can differ from person to person.
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Why Getting Diagnosed Matters
Untreated sleep apnea can wreck your sleep, causing you to feel drowsy, fatigued, or irritable during the day. It can also make it harder to focus at work, and could even increase your risk of falling asleep while driving.
In fact, sleep specialist Dr. Nayantara Santhi says, Sleep apnea is a prevalent and often undiagnosed condition. Because it causes sleep disturbances, sleep apnea leads to significant impairment in memory, mood and cognitive functioning. Treating it can go a long way in restoring good sleep and thereby health and well-being.
And as if all that wasnt enough, sleep apnea may also up your odds for developing other health complications, including:
- High blood pressure and stroke: Sudden drops in blood oxygen levels can raise your blood pressure. Over time, that can strain your cardiovascular system and put you at risk for having a stroke.
- Other cardiac events: Research suggests that obstructive sleep apnea is associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation, congestive heart failure, and other vascular diseases.
- Surgery complications: People with sleep apnea may be more likely to experience complications during major surgery because theyre prone to breathing problems, especially when sedated.
- Liver problems: People with sleep apnea are more likely to have scarring on their livers.
- Sleep-deprived partners: Loud snoring caused by sleep apnea can make it difficult for those around you to get a restful nights sleep.