What Are The Main Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea
Two of the main symptoms of sleep apnea are usually observed by a patient’s spouse or other family member and appear in the form of loud snoring or visible episodes of interrupted breathing as the patient sleeps. These symptoms should raise the alarm enough for the patient to seek medical health. What happens when you live alone, and there isn’t anybody around to detect these worrisome signs?
How Do You Know If You Have Sleep Apnea
You probably know that daytime sleepiness is an indication that you’re not getting sufficient sleep. If you have ever been sleep-deprived because you or your partner kept waking up during the night, you’re not alone.
It might surprise you to know that an estimated 90% of people with sleep apnea are completely unaware of their condition.
What Are The Types Of Sleep Apnea
There are three types of sleep apnea:
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea : OSA occurs when the airway at the back of the throat becomes physically blocked. That obstruction causes temporary lapses in breath.
- Central Sleep Apnea : CSA happens because there is a problem with the brains system for controlling muscles involved in respiration, leading to slower and shallower breathing.
- Mixed Sleep Apnea: When a person has both OSA and CSA at the same time, it is referred to as mixed sleep apnea or complex sleep apnea.
Because the underlying causes are distinct, there are important differences in the symptoms, causes, and treatments of OSA and CSA.
Lofta WatchPAT is a FDA-approved portable diagnostic device that uses the most innovative technology to ensure the accurate screening, detection, and the follow-up treatment of sleep apnea. .
Don’t Miss: Does Zoloft Cause Insomnia
Is Cpap My Only Option For Treatment
You may not have to use a CPAP machine. Many people with OSA are successfully treated with oral appliances that adjust jaw placement to keep their airways open. At Dental Sleep Alternatives, we specialize in the use of oral appliances to treat sleep apnea. Start by getting a referral from your doctor, or talk to us and well connect you with one of our referring physicians. Once you have a proper medical order, you can schedule your appointment with Dental Sleep Alternatives. Well get you fitted for an appliance, train you in its usage and care, and follow up with you to make sure everything is working as it should. Then youll follow up with your referring physician to see how much you are benefitting from healthy, sound sleep.
At Least 23% Of Children Suffer From Sleep Apnea
This is a rough estimate since theres a number of different techniques for monitoring sleep apnea symptoms in kids. Some data indicate that there are 1% to 4% of children suffering from sleep apnea. Its also interesting that this sleep disorder is particularly common among kids aged two to eight, as childhood sleep apnea statistics show.
Compared to adult sleep apnea, pediatric OSA differs in both the symptoms and causes. For example, some of the symptoms include learning and behavioral problems, while enlarged adenoids or tonsils are the most common cause.
You May Like: Weight Gain After Stopping Zoloft
How To Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that needs to be treated. Your medical provider or a sleep doctor can help you select a treatment plan that is right for you. Depending on the treatment, she may work in collaboration with other members of the sleep team, including dentists, psychologists, physician assistants, nurses and technologists. Your plan may include any combination of these treatments:
Research For Your Health
The NHLBI is part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health the Nations biomedical research agency that makes important scientific discovery to improve health and save lives. We are committed to advancing science and translating discoveries into clinical practice to promote the prevention and treatment of heart, lung, blood, and sleep disorders, including sleep apnea. Learn about the current and future NHLBI efforts to improve health through research and scientific discovery.
Also Check: Does The Garmin Vivofit 4 Track Sleep
Do I Have Sleep Apnea
Loud, heavy snoring might be the classic sign of obstructive sleep apnea, but it isnt the only one. Other common symptoms include:
- Excessive daytime sleepiness: Frequent nighttime awakenings can disrupt your sleep cycle and cause fragmented sleep.
- Moodiness, irritability, or difficulty concentrating: All are common consequences of sleep deprivation.
- Choking or gasping in the middle of the night: These are signs that youve temporarily stopped breathing .
- Feeling crappy when you wake up: Think dry mouth, sore throat, or morning headaches. Blech.
What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea
There are different types of sleep apnea, including central sleep apnea, and obstructive sleep apnea is the most common. It is a common and serious sleep disorder that causes you to stop breathing during sleep. If you have sleep apnea, your airway becomes blocked repeatedly during sleep. The amount of air reaching your lungs is limited. When this happens, you may snore loudly or make choking noises. Your brain and body become oxygen deprived and you may wake up. This may happen a few times a night, or in more severe cases, several hundred times a night.
In many cases, an apnea, or a short pause in breathing, is caused by the tissue in the back of the throat collapsing. The muscles of the upper airway relax when you fall asleep. If you sleep on your back, gravity can cause the tongue to fall back. This narrows the airway, which reduces the amount of air that can reach your lungs. The narrowed airway causes snoring by making the tissue in the back of the throat vibrate as you breathe.
If you feel tired or unrefreshed after waking up even though you have had a full night of sleep, it may be due to sleep apnea. During the day, you may feel fatigued, have difficulty concentrating or may even unintentionally fall asleep. This is because your body is waking up numerous times during the night, even though you might not be conscious of each awakening.
The lack of oxygen your body receives can have a negative impact on your health. This includes:
Don’t Miss: Does The Garmin Vivofit 4 Track Sleep
A Person Sleeping Beside Someone With Sleep Apnea Can Lose Up To An Hour Of Sleep Per Night
People with undiagnosed sleep apnea are likely to disturb their partners rest because they regularly snort, gasp, and snore in their sleep. However, according to snoring statistics, not all people who snore have this sleep disorder. Also, while ananti-snoring device can help you reduce snoring, it usually isnt an effective treatment for sleep apnea.
You Have Urges To Pee At Night
Sleep apnea can cause an urgent need to urinate, and it can sometimes even lead to accidents in the night. “To open the airway to begin breathing, patients suffering from sleep apnea will use a great deal of abdominal muscle and diaphragm effort,” says Oexman. “This effort puts a great deal of pressure on the abdomen, and thus the bladder. If the patient wakes up, they will sense the pressure as the need to urinate. In some cases, the patient can urinate without the ability to stop the flow while still in bed.”
You May Like: Garmin Vivoactive 4s Sleep Tracking
What Happens When You Stop Breathing
When you stop breathing, your heart rate also tends to drop the longer your body is deprived of oxygen. Then, your involuntary reflexes cause you to startle awake at the end of that period of not breathing. When this occurs, your heart rate tends to accelerate quickly and your blood pressure rises.
These are changes that take place acutely when you stop breathing. However, your body starts to experience chronic effects if you experience frequent apnea. Data suggests increased risk, particularly when you stop breathing roughly 30 times or more per hour. But there is likely a risk at even lower frequency rates.
For example, your blood pressure tends to go up, your heart walls thicken due to increased workload and the structure of your heart changes. It tends to become stiffer and less flexible because there are more fibrous cells growing in between the muscle cells.
All of those things increase the risk that you can have either atrial or ventricular arrhythmias. They also tend to reduce the function of the heart so that its less efficient at pumping blood.
Diagnosing And Treating Sleep Apnea For Better Health
Its important to treat sleep apnea, because it can have long-term consequences for your health. While there have been some high-profile deaths linked to sleep apneasuch as with Judge Antonin Scalia Jun says that the true risk is from damage done over time.
Obstructive sleep apnea can range from mild to severe, based on a measurement system called the apnea-hypopnea index . The AHI measures the number of breathing pauses that you experience per hour that you sleep.
Obstructive sleep apnea is classified by severity:
- Severe obstructive sleep apnea means that your AHI is greater than 30
- Moderate obstructive sleep apnea means that your AHI is between 15 and 30
- Mild obstructive sleep apnea means that your AHI is between 5 and 15
Johns Hopkins Home Care
We provide high quality, individualized care for patients of all ages where you feel most comfortable your home or community. Our services and equipment are designed to help you regain and retain a level of independence.
Whether or not you need treatment for sleep apnea depends on its severity, whether or not you have symptoms such as sleepiness and other health conditions. For example, if you have risk factors for heart disease, your doctor might opt to treat you even for mild sleep apnea. On the other hand, if you have a severe case of sleep apnea, your doctor might insist on treatment even if youre not sleepy.
Not very relaxing, right? Luckily, its treatable.
Dental Signs Of Sleep Apnea
If you have obstructive sleep apnea, youre more likely breathing through your mouth, which can lead to dry mouth and tooth decay. Another dental sign of obstructive sleep apnea is bruxism, or teeth grinding, during the night. The Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache found that bruxism affects up to 31% of adults, a quarter of whom may also have sleep apnea.
Similarly, temporomandibular joint disorders have a strong link with sleep apnea. The Journal of Dental Research found people with two or more signs and symptoms of sleep apnea had a 73% higher risk for a TMJ disorder. If youre already aware that you have dental concerns as well as any signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, you should speak with your doctor.
How Can I Tell If I Have Sleep Apnea
While the main signs of sleep apnea are snoring, waking up multiple times at night and observed interrupted breathing, if you live alone, there are several other signs you should look for before seeking medical attention. Here are the most important and noticeable signs to look out for:
Feeling sleepy during the day. Most times, feeling excessively tired during the day can be a sign of sleep apnea. This happens when your interrupted breathing doesn’t allow you to reach the stage of sleep that helps you rest deeply so you can wake up refreshed in the morning.
Waking up abruptly while gasping or choking. When your breathing is interrupted and restarted, you may wake up suddenly gasping for air.
Waking up with a sore throat or dry mouth. This happens when your airways dry out from the inability to create the necessary moisture they produce when you are breathing correctly.
Waking up to a painful headache. When your breathing is interrupted, oxygen doesn’t reach your brain, which produces a headache when you wake up.
If you are having one or more of these symptoms don’t hesitate to get medical help. Our experts are willing to provide the treatment you need to get an accurate diagnosis and get your sleep apnea under control before it threatens your life. For more information about our sleep apnea dental devices, reach out to our team today!
Recommended Reading: How Does Provent Work
Waking Up Frequently To Use The Bathroom
A less common symptom of obstructive sleep apnea is nocturia, or the need to get up to urinate throughout the night. When your breathing is disrupted, your heart finds itself under extra pressure. This affects the hormone that controls urine production in the kidneys and increases the frequency that you need to urinate. Because you keep having to get up to use the bathroom, your sleep quality deteriorates even further.
Obstructive Vs Central Sleep Apnea: Key Differences And Treatment Options
Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that affects thousands of individuals. With this condition, you have an interruption in your breathing while sleeping that occurs through repetitive pauses, referred to as apneic events. There are several types of sleep apnea, but two prominent types include obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.
As a sleep technologist, its important for you to know the key differences between central and obstructive apnea so you know how to best treat your patients who may have one or the other disorder.
Read Also: Sleep Deprivation Headache Cures
What Are The Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea
The signs, as well as symptoms of obstructive along with central sleep apneas, tend to overlap. This can sometimes make it tough to figure out which kind you have. The signs and symptoms that are the most common of these sleep apneas are:
- Snoring loudly
- Times when you stop breathing whilst sleeping, this would be told to you by someone else, i.e., your sleep partner
- Gasping for air whilst sleeping
- Waking up having a dry mouth
- Having a headache in the morning
- Finding it tough to remain asleep or insomnia
- Extreme daytime sleepiness or hypersomnia
- Finding it tough paying attention when awake
- Feeling irritable
- Having heartburn
You can also read more about the risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea or central sleep apnea here.
In this episode of A Healthy Bite, Dr. David Shirazi explains how sleep apnea is related to many other conditions such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and more. He tackles sleep and pain problems head-on, empowering people to rewrite their narrative and take control of their health. Dr. Shirazi believes that sleep disturbances are at the basis of many health problems and that improving sleep hygiene can help folks cope with practically any ailment, including ADHD, dementia, hypertension, and more.
If you are not getting quality sleep, do yourself a favor and listen to this episode. You can find Dr. Shirazi at TMJLA.com.
Sleep Apnea with David Shirazi
Rebecca: and by appliance, do you mean the,
Rebecca: Wow. Very interesting.
Can You Have Sleep Apnea Without Snoring
One of the hallmarks of sleep apnea is snoring, followed by a long pause in breathing and a gasping inhale. This pattern may be what alerts your partner to your sleep disordered breathing and sends you to a sleep clinic for a full evaluation. But can you have sleep apnea without snoring? Surprisingly, yes. Heres what you need to know.
Read Also: Does Weight Loss Help Sleep Apnea
Who Gets Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea occurs in about 25% of men and nearly 10% of women. Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, including babies and children and particularly people over the age of 50 and those who are overweight.
Certain physical traits and clinical features are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. These include excessive weight, large neck and structural abnormalities reducing the diameter of the upper airway, such as nasal obstruction, a low-hanging soft palate, enlarged tonsils or a small jaw with an overbite.
Sleep Apnoea Can Cause Other Problems
Without treatment, sleep apnoea can lead to:
- a higher chance of having a stroke
- depression or changes in your mood
- a higher chance of having a serious accident caused by tiredness, such as a car accident
- difficulty concentrating at work or school
Sleep apnoea can also be difficult for your partner and put a strain on your relationship with them.
Other Signs Of Sleep Apnea: Mouth Breathing And Excessive Urination
If you wake up with a very dry mouth and gummy front teeth, it may also be a sign of sleep apnea, Shives says. My little phrase is, Its very hard to gasp through your nose. People who have obstructive sleep apnea tend to sleep with their mouths open.
After treatment with continuous positive airway pressure devices the gold standard for treating sleep apnea patients keep their mouths closed at night, Shives says.
A less common symptom of sleep apnea is waking up frequently with a desperate need to urinate. When a persons breathing is disrupted, it puts pressure on the heart. This, in turn, affects a hormone that normally controls urine production in the kidneys, says Vishesh K. Kapur, MD, MPH, medical director of the Sleep Institute at the University of Washington in Seattle. This tends to occur when obstructive sleep apnea is really extreme, Kapur tells WebMD.
Once you treat the apnea, Shives says, This problem is immediately eradicated.
Some other symptoms — such as lower pain threshold, mood changes or irritability, depression, or problems concentrating — often show up in people with obstructive sleep apnea. But they arent particularly good diagnostic hints, Kapur says, because they are associated with so many other problems and conditions.