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How Does Sleep Deprivation Cause Obesity

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Cbd For Erectile Dysfunction: Everything You Need To Know

Effects of Sleep Deprivation – Why Sleep Deprivation Causes Weight Gain and Diabetes

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  • CBD and a Happier, Healthier Life
  • Why Poor Sleep Can Lead To Weight Gain

    • Researchers say poor sleeping patterns can lead to weight gain and an increase in body mass index.
    • They say the extra weight can lead to health issues such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and coronary artery disease.
    • Researchers say caffeine and alcohol intake, as well as impulsive behaviors, can result in poor sleep.
    • They recommend people set a regular bedtime and wake-up time, and make sure their bedroom is primarily for sleep.

    Not getting enough sleep or having inconsistent sleeping patterns is associated with a higher body mass index .

    Researchers in a study published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine used Fitbit wearable technology to collect sleep data from more than 120,000 people over a 2-year period.

    We examined the hypothesis that shorter sleep duration and greater day-to-day variability of sleep duration are associated with increased body mass index , the study authors wrote.

    They found that those in the study with a BMI over 30 had slightly shorter sleep durations and more variability in their sleep.

    These findings provide further support to the notion that sleep patterns are associated with weight management and overall health. The findings also support the potential value of including both sleep duration and individual sleep patterns when studying sleep-related health outcomes, the researchers wrote.

    Experts say the findings of the study arent surprising.

    Treatment For Sleep Apnea

    Treating sleep apnea usually involves opening up the airwaves so that a person can breathe more easily at night. The correct treatment will depend on the underlying problem and could include lifestyle changes, such as losing weight or reducing smoking and drinking.

    In some cases, doctors may recommend sleeping with certain devices, such as a mouthpiece. Such devices allow for more natural breathing at night. Physical therapy for the mouth and face can also be helpful.

    If the sleep apnea is severe and other treatments do not work, surgery is another option. This could be to move the jaw, adjust the airways, or remove tonsils.

    There is also a range of home remedies a person can try. Read about them here.

    Treating sleep apnea may also help with a persons ED. Getting enough sleep may restore testosterone levels to normal and reduce ED.

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    Symptoms Of Sleep Deprivation

    • Mood and behavioral changes, which may include anxiety, and depression
    • Problems with functions like planning, organization, and judgment
    • Psychiatric symptoms like paranoia, disorientation, and hallucinations
    • Difficulty concentrating. This can result in decreased reaction times, impaired work/school performance, or increased risk of car accidents
    • Physical effects, such as gastrointestinal symptoms, such as upset stomach or diarrhea and generalized discomfort, pain and aches.
    • Any interference in the natural flow of the sleep cycle can impact hormones such as growth hormone and thyroid hormone contributing to infertility
    • Increased risk for stroke. heart disease, and asthma attack
    • Diminished ability to combat infections
    • A small decrease in your body temperature, due to cold

    Problems With Memory And Concentration

    Effects Of Sleep Deprivation Infographic

    As you sleep, your brain forms new pathways between nerve cells that help you process and retain new information. When you dont get enough sleep, your brain is unable to form these pathwaysmaking it more difficult for you to focus, concentrate, and remember new things youve learned. Sleep deprivation can affect both your short- and long-term memory and interfere with your ability to complete tasks efficiently.

    Recommended Reading: How Long Does It Take To Hallucinate From Lack Of Sleep

    Feeling Tired = Less Energy To Make Smart Food Choices

    When you come home pooped after an especially long, crazy day, what do you want to eat? Probably something warm, comforting, and above all, easy. Likedelivery pizza or boxed mac and cheese, not kale and quinoa salad that takes half an hour to make.

    Thats because when youre zonked, its hard to think straight. So when your stomach starts to rumble, you may be more likely to reach for the yummiest, easiest thing instead of the healthiest thing.

    But thats not all. In addition to making it tougher to make complex decisions, sleep deprivation also amplifies the part of your brain that responds to rewards, found one recent University of California-Berkeley study. Which means that greasy, gooey, or otherwise not-very-good for you fare is even more tempting than usual, making it harder for you to say no.

    Waking Up To Sleeps Role In Weight Control

    A good nights sleep is one of the keys to good health-and may also be a key to maintaining a healthy weight. There is mounting evidence that people who get too little sleep have a higher risk of weight gain and obesity than people who get seven to eight hours of sleep a night. Given our societys increasing tendency to burn the midnight oil-in 1998, 35 percent of American adults were getting 8 hours of sleep a night, and by 2005 that had dropped to 26 percent -lack of sleep could be a major contributor to the obesity epidemic.

    This article briefly summarizes the latest findings on the link between sleep and obesity in children and adults, and it outlines a few ways that too little sleep could lead to too much weight.

    Read Also: Do Formula Fed Babies Sleep Better

    Sleep And Heart Health During Pregnancy

    Pregnancy places additional strain on the heart and some women develop cardiovascular problems during pregnancy. High blood pressure, for example, can begin or worsen during pregnancy with potential complications for both the mother and her baby.

    Insomnia, sleep apnea, and other sleep difficulties affect many pregnant women, and these issues have been associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular problems both during and after pregnancy. Ongoing research studies are working to identify ways to improve sleep during pregnancy with the goal of also reducing hypertension and other cardiovascular issues.

    Also Check: Can Sleep Apnea Cause Anemia

    Restless Legs Linked To Obesity

    Does Sleep Deprivation Lead to Weight Gain?

    Beyond difficulties breathing, weight may have other impacts on sleep. Restless legs syndrome is characterized by discomfort in the legs in the evenings with an urge to move to relieve the symptom. There are many potential causes of restless legs syndrome, from iron deficiency to pregnancy. One of the curious causes that has been associated with an increased risk of restless legs is obesity. Some research suggests that a chemical messenger in the brain called dopamine may be involved. It is not fully understood what might explain this relationship, however.

    It has also been observed that people with restless legs syndrome often get up and grab a bite to eat during the early part of the night. This seems to provide some relief from the symptoms affecting their legs. Whether these extra calories contribute to obesity and the existence of this relationship is uncertain.

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    Insomnia & Sleep Deprivation

    Research shows that your chances of developing high blood pressure increase significantly when you sleep less than seven hours of sleep each night. Insomnia is a condition that prevents you from falling asleep and achieving uninterrupted sleep. Now it turns out that it could be to blame for high blood pressure, too.

    In a groundbreaking 2015 study, Chinese researchers found that those who took an average of 14 minutes longer to fall asleep increased their chances of high blood pressure by 300 percent. The inability to fall and stay asleep is one of the main driving causes of hypertension.

    Relationship Between Stress Sleep And Weight

    The biological reaction to a stressor is the activation of the HPA-axis. In a stressful environment the body will release multiple hormones including cortisol. Over a long duration high cortisol concentrations can have negative effects on the immune system, attention and memory and can increase the risk of psychological disorders, such as depression. Also, too much stress can have an impact on sleep and is a risk factor of insomnia.

    Stress can have an effect on sleep patterns, food intake and consequently weight gain. Stress has been found to be associated with increased emotional reward of palatable foods, which in turn can also lead to obesity. There seems to be only a one-sided relationship between cortisol levels and sleep deprivation. High cortisol levels due to high stress can lead to decreased sleep duration. However, 24-hour sleep deprivation does not seem to lead to changes in cortisol levels in healthy adults.

    However, it is believed that chronic sleep deprivation has a negative effect on the neuroendocrine system and seems to change the ways in which people deal with challenges. The first changes appear to be on emotional perception, but might also change the fundamental properties of the neuroendocrine stress axis in the long run.

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    Being Awake Later Means More Time To Eat

    But too little shuteye doesnt just make it harder to make healthy meal and snack choices. Most likely, it also means that youre staying up longerand simply have more time to nosh.

    Of course, just because youre awake in the wee hours doesnt mean you have to keep eating. But according to the research, you probably will. Compared to those who turned out the lights at 10 P.M., adults who stay up until 4 A.M. eat about 550 more calories, found a2013 SLEEP study.Verified SourceOxford AcademicResearch journal published by Oxford University.SLEEP study.” class=”src-popup-link”> View sourceAnd over the course of just five nights, that added up to more than two pounds gained.

    Adding insult to injury? When you stay up late, youre almost certainly not going to be snacking on carrot sticks . According to recent research out of Oregon Health & Science University, the bodys internal clock appears to naturally be set to desire sweet, starchy, or salty foods after about 8 P.M. Hello, midnight potato chips!

    Why Is Sleep Important For Sexual Health

    Sleep Deprivation and Weight Gain
  • Slide 5
  • Sleep is essential for overall good health and, in turn, sexual health. It helps the body recuperate from the day and gets ready for the next.

    In contrast, sleep deprivation can lead to poorer health, raising a persons risk for serious health conditions like heart disease, obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes.

    All of these conditions are associated with sexual problems, as the following links explain:

    Sleep deprivation also affects the immune system, weakening the bodys ability to fight infections.

    Researchers have explored the role of sleep in specific aspects of sexual function, too.

    Sleep and Mens Sexual Function

    • Testosterone. Much of a mans testosterone is produced while hes sleeping. This hormone plays a large role in his sexual function, from fueling his sex drive to forming erections. When men dont get enough sleep, their testosterone levels fall, and that could lead to sexual problems.
    • Judgment. Sleep deprivation has been linked to poor sexual judgment in men. In a study of college students, sleep-deprived men were more likely to think a woman had sexual intentions than well-rested men.

    Sleep and Womens Sexual Function

    Sleep problems and disorders often cause people to use separate beds or rooms. When this happens, intimate relationships may start to decline, as most people initiate sexual activity in bed before falling asleep.

    Getting Enough Sleep

    International Society for Sexual Medicine

    Why is Sleep Important?

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    How Can You Get Better Sleep When Overweight

    The term sleep hygiene means engaging in practices that support a good nights sleep. This is important for everyone, but its especially critical if you are dealing with sleep concerns. Sleep hygiene involves things like setting a predictable sleep schedule, creating a bedtime routine, and engaging in healthy habits during the day. The following steps may be especially useful to consider when overweight:

    • Exercise: Exercising may improve sleep quality in people suffering from sleep disturbances. It has also been shown to reduce symptoms in patients with OSA, independent of weight loss. Also, exercising outside exposes you to natural light, promoting a healthy sleep-wake cycle.
    • Find a mattress that works for you: Its important that your mattress allows for proper alignment of your spine and balanced contact pressure between your body and the mattress. Mattress preferences vary from one person to the next. Research has shown that body weight affects the type of mattress one may find most comfortable.
    • Select foods carefully: Diet and nutrition are also components of sleep hygiene, but sleep loss can make healthy eating more challenging. Taking steps to maintain a balanced diet may improve sleep. For example, researchers have found that a diet high in carbohydrates may to get deep sleep. Another study found that eating within 30 to 60 minutes of bedtime resulted in poorer sleep patterns.
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    Does Sleep Deprivation Lead To Weight Gain

    F. Perry Wilson, MD, MSCE

    Welcome to Impact Factor, your weekly morsel of medical commentary on a new study. I’m Perry Wilson. And I, like you, should probably be getting more sleep. This realization came after reading this study appearing in Current Biologya Cell publicationwhich examined in great detail just what happens metabolically when an individual is sleep deprived.

    Even more interesting, they examined whether “catch-up sleep”that stuff we try to get on the weekendmakes any difference. This is a super-interesting study which shows that the internal banker keeping track of your sleep debt is not satisfied when he is paid back only on Saturday and Sunday.

    Thirty-six healthy volunteers were brought into a closed unit for 2 weeks. For 3 days, they were each in bed for 9 hours, affording them the opportunity for a good night’s sleep. Then they were randomized into one of three groups.

    The control group was put in bed for 9 hours a night, which sounds lovely. One group was randomized to sleep deprivation: 5 hours in bed at night. The final, and most interesting, group was randomized to sleep deprivation, but they were allowed to sleep in on the weekendso-called recovery sleep.

    I love this design. A good control group getting lots of sleep, a sleep-deprivation group with a fairly restricted schedule, and then a real-world group, representing what so many of us actually do.

    But why? Similar calories, more weight gain.

    Why does that matter?

      Tables

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      Can Lack Of Sleep Cause Weight Gain

      When we think of the key factors controlling our weight, most of us probably think of diet and exercise. We all know that we have to try to eat healthily and that itâs important to take regular exercise if we want to keep our weight in check. But it might be interesting to learn that thereâs a third factor which is just as important and often overlooked: sleep.

      Getting good quality sleep is equally as important as diet and exercise in regulating our weight.

      Poor sleep can negatively impact all facets of our life but our weight is one area that we might not realise is being affected. Yet itâs well established that lack of sleep is a risk factor for weight gain and obesity1.

      We all sleep badly from time to time and we can all relate to the feelings of fatigue that are part and parcel of a poor nightâs sleep. Because of this, good intentions can often go out of the window the following morning.

      Do you ever wake up after a sleepless night and say to yourself:

      • âIâm tired, so I donât feel like exercising. Another day maybeâ¦â
      • âI was going to eat healthily today but Iâm so tired. I need coffee and biscuits to give me some energy.â
      • âThat list of things I wanted to get done today? It can wait. I need a sofa dayâ¦â
      • âI think Iâll treat myself to some nice comfort food to help me get through this tired old day.â

      Do any of these sound familiar? Take any of the above statements and it becomes obvious how they could impact your weight over time.

      Hormones That Regulate Sleep Cycles

      How Lack of Sleep Can Cause Weight Gain | Insomnia

      There are various neurotransmitters and hormones released by the brain that send signals to promote sleep or wakefulness. Many of these chemicals are stimulated by light or darkness.

      • GABA is a neurotransmitter that decreases nerve cell activity, playing a major role in allowing the body to sleep.
      • Adenosine is another neurotransmitter that gradually accumulates in the brain during the day, and at high concentrations makes us sleepy at night. Caffeine in coffee and other beverages can keep us awake as it blocks brain receptors for adenosine.
      • Melatonin is a hormone released by the brain when it is dark. It travels to cells to tell the body to sleep. Sunlight or exposure to light inhibits the production of melatonin and increases the release of cortisol, which awakens us. If we are exposed to too much artificial light late at night, less melatonin may be released making it harder to fall asleep.
      • Serotonin, the bodyâs âfeel-goodâ chemical, is a neurotransmitter associated with both sleep and being awake. The brain releases this chemical during daylight but also uses it to form melatonin at night.
      • Hormones that counteract sleep include norepinephrine, adrenaline, histamine, and cortisol. These are secreted in response to stress and cause the body to be awake and alert. If one experiences prolonged or chronic stress, the body releases adrenocorticotropic hormone , which in turn releases cortisol. Levels of ACTH tend to be higher in people who have insomnia.

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