Cost Of Sleep Disorders
From a financial perspective, the economic cost of sleep disorders is staggering. In a case study conducted in Australia in 2004, the overall cost of sleep disorders was determined to be 7.4 billion dollars for a population of 20.1 million people. This amounts to 0.8% of Australias gross domestic product for that year. Therefore, there is a pressing need to better understand sleep disorders and effective treatments to address them.
Sleepless Cities Revealed As One In Three Adults Suffer From Insomnia
27 Oct 2017
As many as 16 million UK adults* are suffering from sleepless nights as a third say they have insomnia.
- Two thirds of UK adults suffer from disrupted sleep and nearly a quarter manage no more than five hours a night.
- Half of UK adults admit they dont get the right amount of sleep, with women more likely to agree than men .
- Cardiff and Sheffield worst affected by insomnia.
- Improving sleep is biggest health ambition for a quarter of UK adults but half dont take any measures to help them sleep.
- More than one in ten take sleeping tablets or drink alcohol to aid sleep.
As many as 16 million UK adults* are suffering from sleepless nights as a third say they have insomnia, initial findings from Avivas upcoming Wellbeing Report reveal. Almost half agree they dont get the right amount of sleep.
With the nation set to enjoy an extra hour in bed as the clocks go back for the winter this weekend, the findings suggest a longer and better quality nights sleep may be sorely needed. On average, Avivas data suggests UK adults sleep for six hours per night below the seven to nine hours sleep recommended by the National Sleep Foundation**.
Cardiff is the UK city most likely to suffer from insomnia , followed by Sheffield , Glasgow and Newcastle .
|Most likely to suffer from insomnia||Percentage|
How Many People In The Uk Have Insomnia
Over the years, much research has been carried out in an attempt to determine exactly how many people in the UK have insomnia. Much of this research suggests that around a third of adults suffer with insomnia, but more recent findings suggest that insomnia may be a much larger problem than we once thought.
To find out how many people have insomnia in the UK in 2021, we surveyed 1,000 UK adults using Google Surveys to discover how many people in the UK have insomnia. Are key findings revealed that:
- 36% of UK adults struggle to get to sleep at least on a weekly basis
- Almost 1 in 5 have trouble falling asleep every single night
- Nearly half of the UK have trouble falling asleep at least once a month
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How Many People Have Nightmare Disorders & Is It Hereditary
Nightmare is classified under the category of sleep disorder also known as parasomnias in DSM 5 classification of psychiatric disorders. Nightmare is an experience of bad dream during the sleep which involves a variety of emotions like fear, anxiety, dysphonia, sadness, anger, etc. It can also characterized by threat to life, safety, fear of losing someone dear, disruption of physical integrity, etc.
Nightmare is more commonly seen among children and adolescent age group in comparison to the adults with almost three-quarters of children have experienced them at least once in their lifetime. Usually the onset of this disorder is between 3 to 6 years and the peak incidence is found in the age group of 7 to 9 years. Nearly 35 to 45% of children between 2 to 18 years suffer from sleep disorders which also include nightmares as the commonest of them all. Different data statistics have suggested different incidence of nightmares among different age groups and it also varies because of different criteria for classification of nightmares and different population.
Snoring Stats Prove That 44% Of Men And 28% Of Women Aged 3060 Snore
Nearly everyone has snored at some point in their lives. It may not seem like a sleep disorder, but if snoring occurs, its possible that the throat or nose are obstructed. Besides, if the air passage is completely blocked, it may lead to a more severe disordersleep apnea . Some of the reasons for snoring include obesity, allergies, enlarged tonsils, and hypothyroidism.
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What Is The Connection Between Sleep Pain And Mental Health
People with chronic pain may suffer from a self-perpetuating cycle of pain, insomnia, and depression or anxiety. For example, someone who is in pain may become anxious when they cannot sleep. They may sleep poorly and wake up feeling depressed, which increases their sensitivity to pain. The next night, they are in pain again, so they cannot sleep well, and the cycle continues. Over time, this negative cocktail may worsen existing conditions and even have an influence on a persons level of disability.
One of the more important psychological factors seems to be the tendency to catastrophize. A study on osteoarthritis patients found a link between catastrophizing, poor sleep quality, and a more active central nervous system, suggesting that catastrophizing amplifies felt pain.
Its estimated that one-third of people with chronic pain also meet the requirements for clinical depression. On the whole, it appears that chronic pain patients with depression have higher pain levels, poorer sleep hygiene, and find it harder to switch off their brains at night.
The sensation of pain varies widely from person to person. Psychological factors are among several factors that affect the severity of the pain we feel. This does not mean the pain is not real, but it means that treating pain may require a multifaceted approach that accounts for these various and complex psychological factors.
What Are The Symptoms Of Sleep Disorders
The symptoms of sleep disorders depend on the specific disorder. Some signs that you may have a sleep disorder include that:
- You regularly take more than 30 minutes each night to fall asleep
- You regularly wake up several times each night and then have trouble falling back to sleep, or you wake up too early in the morning
- You often feel sleepy during the day, take frequent naps, or fall asleep at the wrong times during the day
- Your bed partner says that when you sleep, you snore loudly, snort, gasp, make choking sounds, or stop breathing for short periods
- You have creeping, tingling, or crawling feelings in your legs or arms that are relieved by moving or massaging them, especially in the evening and when trying to fall asleep
- Your bed partner notices that your legs or arms jerk often during sleep
- You have vivid, dreamlike experiences while falling asleep or dozing
- You have episodes of sudden muscle weakness when you are angry or fearful, or when you laugh
- You feel as though you cannot move when you first wake up
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Women Are 40% More Likely To Have Insomnia Than Men
Insomnia can affect anyone and at any time, and certain factors may increase that risk. The reason why women are more prone to insomnia than men lies in hormonal differences. More specifically, women sleep less because they deal with bloating and cramps during menstruation, restless leg syndrome during pregnancy, and hot flashes during menopause.
Causes Of Sleep Problems
Sleep problems can be caused by various factors. Although causes may differ, the end result of all sleep disorders is that the body’s natural cycle of slumber and daytime wakefulness is disrupted or exaggerated.
Factors that can cause sleep problems include:
- Physical disturbances
- Psychiatric disorders
- Environmental issues
Short-term or acute insomnia can be caused by life stresses , illness, or environmental factors, such as light, noise, or extreme temperatures.
Other factors that can interfere with sleep include:
- Genetics: Researchers have found a genetic basis for narcolepsy, a neurological disorder of sleep regulation that affects the control of sleep and wakefulness.
- Night shift work: People who work at night often experience sleep disorders, because they cannot sleep when they start to feel drowsy. Their activities run contrary to their biological clocks.
- Medications: Many drugs can interfere with sleep, such as certain antidepressants, blood pressure medication, and over-the-counter cold medicine.
- Aging: About half of all adults over the age of 65 have some sort of sleep disorder. It is not clear if it is a normal part of aging or a result of medications that older people commonly use.
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Causes Of Sleep Disorders
Sleep disorders can be complex to understand because they can be caused by multiple factors. According to Dr. Singh, there are four potential causes of sleep disorders:
Nering On Sleep Research And Health
NHLBI will continue to work with its partners to translate scientific sleep research discoveries into improved strategies to prevent and treat sleep disorders. NHLBI is committed to working with researchers, health care providers, and public and private organizations to implement the research opportunities outlined in the NIH Sleep Research Plan. Recommended research initiatives include looking at the connection between sleep and the bodys natural circadian rhythm, studying the influence of genetic and environmental factors that could influence a person’s sleep health, and conducting more clinical trials to improve treatments for sleep and circadian disorders.
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Common Sleep Disorders Related To Gad
A nightmare is a disturbing dream associated with negative feelings, such as anxiety or fear that awakens you. Nightmares are common in children but can happen at any age, and occasional nightmares usually are nothing to worry about. Mayo Clinic
While the fear of nightmares can cause anxiety and nightmares can be a dreamlike reflection of anxiety, these conditions do not always correlate. One study demonstrates that they are often actually quite independent of each other.
Population surveys indicate that the prevalence of anxiety disorder is about 24% to 36% in subjects with insomnia complaints and about 27% to 42% for those with hypersomnia. Luc Staner, M.D.
Insomnia and GAD quite often coexist in patients. Either condition can be a symptom or cause of the other and it is often quite difficult to know which came first.
Nocturnal panic, waking from sleep in a state of panic, is a common occurrence among patients with panic disorder, with 44-71% reporting at least one such attack. Nocturnal panic is a non-REM event that is distinct from sleep terrors, sleep apnea, nightmares or dream-induced arousals. Department of Psychology, University of California
This condition is shown to be most severe among patients who experience both daytime and nocturnal panic attacks and may share a similar pathophysiology as adult night terrors.
Is Nightmare Disorder Hereditary
Although the nightmare disorder is not found to be strongly associated with genetic and heredity causes according to a study about 7% of the children suffering from this disorder are found to have a family history of nightmare and other sleep disorders. Also, the causes for this disorder like depression, intellectual disability, mental retardation, organic brain diseases, etc. are found to be more commonly linked with genetics and have a hereditary course which could make it an association with genetic causation. But there has been no direct genetic cause found for the nightmare disorder and hereditary inheritance is also so uncommon.
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How Are Sleep Disorders Diagnosed
If you suspect that you may have a sleep disorder, discuss your symptoms with your healthcare provider. He or she can perform a physical exam and help you identify the difficulties you are having with sleep. Keeping a sleep diary for two weeks may be helpful to your healthcare provider. Some illnesses can cause disturbed sleep, so your healthcare provider may order tests to rule out other conditions.
If your healthcare provider suspects that you have a sleep disorder, he or she may refer you to a sleep disorder clinic. A sleep specialist will review your symptoms and may suggest that you undergo a sleep study.
A sleep study or polysomnogram is a test that electronically transmits and records specific physical activities while you sleep. A sleep study can be done at home for select patients. The recordings become data that is analyzed by a qualified healthcare provider to determine whether or not you have a sleep disorder.
In order to determine if you have a sleep disorder, it is important to pay attention to your sleep habits by keeping a sleep diary and discussing patterns and characteristics of your sleep with your healthcare provider. Many common sleep problems can be treated with behavioral treatments and an increased attention to proper sleep hygiene. Consult your healthcare provider if you have any concerns about your sleep patterns.
Characteristics Of Normal Sleep
The stages of sleep have historically been divided into one stage of rapid eye movement sleep and four stages of non-rapid eye movement sleep that are characterized by increasing sleep depth., The deeper sleep stages are collectively referred to as slow-wave sleep , which is believed to be the most restorative type of sleep and typically occurs during the first one-third of the night.,, In contrast, REM sleep increases as the night progresses and is longest in the last one-third of a sleep episode. REM and NREM sleep are characterized by numerous, yet different, physiologic changes, including brain activity, heart rate, blood pressure , sympathetic nervous system activity, muscle tone, blood flow to the brain, respiration, airway resistance, renal function, endocrine function, body temperature, and sexual arousal. For example, during NREM sleep, heart rate, BP, blood flow to the brain, and respiration are decreased compared with wakeful periods. During REM sleep, these processes are increased compared with NREM sleep. Brain activity decreases from wakefulness during NREM sleep activity levels are similar during REM sleep, except for increases in motor and sensory areas.
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How To Get A Good Night’s Sleep
Believe it or not, some of us need to be taught how to sleep. Too engaged in work or play, we put off going to bed. Or we wake up in the middle of the night, mind racing, unable to drift off again. Soon enough, we’re caught in a vicious cycle where one rotten, sleepless night follows another. So we reach for a pill.
Not so fast, says Dr. Helene Emsellem. To live up to our true sleep potential â and all of the health benefits that come from a good night’s rest â the sleep-troubled need to change their nighttime habits.
Emsellem, a neurologist and medical director of the Center for Sleep and Wake Disorders in Chevy Chase, Md., is a nationally known sleep expert and author of the book Snooze… or Lose! Here, she answers your questions on sleep.
NPR: By far, the most common complaint from our listeners: They wake up about four hours into their night’s sleep, and then can’t get back to sleep for an hour or two, if at all. Why does this happen, and what’s your advice?
You mentioned using melatonin in small doses as an aid to sleep. How do we figure out the right dosage? — Jessie Norris, Urbana Ill.
At what age is it safe to give a child melatonin as a sleep aid? — Bruce Sturgeon, Seattle, Wash.
NPR: Are there any studies showing a link between high schools opening later and better student performance?
The upshot is that kids actually sleep during the extra time, they’re not wasting it.
What Is Restless Legs Syndrome
Restless legs syndrome is a sleep disorder that causes an intense, often irresistible urge to move the legs. This sensation is brought on by resting such as lying down in bed, sitting for prolonged periods such as while driving or at a theatre. RLS typically occurs in the evening, making it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep. It can be associated with problems with daytime sleepiness, irritability and concentration. Often, people with RLS want to walk around and shake their legs to help relieve the uncomfortable sensation.
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Which Type Of Marijuana Is Best For Sleep
There are different strains of marijuana, which each produce different effects. The most common strains are indica and sativa:
- Indica is thought to be more calming, and may help produce feelings of relaxation and sleepiness. People appear to prefer indica for pain management, relaxation, and sleep.
- Sativa is considered more stimulating, and it may produce feelings of euphoria for some. People tend to use sativa to gain an energy boost.
Due to its relaxing effects, indica may be considered the best . However, individuals who use cannabis to avoid nightmares may prefer sativa. Hybrid strains with a mix of indica and sativa may produce different effects based on the specific makeup of cannabinoids and other ingredients.
Most of the differences attributed to sativa versus indica strains are based on the subjective experiences of cannabis users. Some researchers argue that the distinction between indica and sativa strains is less relevant than the variety in THC content and other ingredients in any particular product.