Cost Of Sleep Disorders
From a financial perspective, the economic cost of sleep disorders is staggering. In a case study conducted in Australia in 2004, the overall cost of sleep disorders was determined to be 7.4 billion dollars for a population of 20.1 million people. This amounts to 0.8% of Australias gross domestic product for that year. Therefore, there is a pressing need to better understand sleep disorders and effective treatments to address them.
% Of Adults In The Us Are Sleep
How common is sleep deprivation in the US, one might wonder. Statistics point out that it is, in fact, very common.
In a nutshell, sleep deprivation means getting less than seven hours of sleep per night. When that is the case, the body cant function well, and it cant replenish itself during the night. This puts one at risk of developing diabetes, among many other diseases.
What Are The Types Of Sleep Disorders A Full List Of Sleep Disorders
The field of sleep medicine is constantly evolving as more research is being conducted to better understand the symptoms, causes, and best treatments for sleep disorders. Organizations such as the American Academy of Sleep Medicine have been at the forefront in advancing the field since 1970.
Throughout the decades as more research and studies were conducted, the amount of sleep disorders being discovered began to rapidly increase. In 1990 The AASM, along with other professional societies including the European Sleep Research Society, The Japanese Society of Sleep Research, and the Latin American Sleep Society published the International Classification of Sleep Disorders , which is a “primary diagnostic, epidemiological, and coding resource for clinicians and researchers in the field of sleep and sleep medicine.”
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Does Sleep Apnea Cause Other Chronic Health Conditions
Compared to their peers without sleep abnormalities, people with sleep apnea have been found to be at an increased risk for numerous cardiovascular diseases, including irregular heartbeats, hypertension, stroke, atherosclerosis , and coronary heart disease. Forty-three percent of people with mild obstructive sleep apnea and 69% of people with severe obstructive sleep apnea have hypertension. Up to 70% of stroke patients in rehabilitation have significant sleep-disordered breathing.
Overall, insufficient sleep has been linked to the development of multiple chronic diseases and conditions, including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and depression.
What Are The Symptoms Of Sleep Disorders
The symptoms of sleep disorders depend on the specific disorder. Some signs that you may have a sleep disorder include that:
- You regularly take more than 30 minutes each night to fall asleep
- You regularly wake up several times each night and then have trouble falling back to sleep, or you wake up too early in the morning
- You often feel sleepy during the day, take frequent naps, or fall asleep at the wrong times during the day
- Your bed partner says that when you sleep, you snore loudly, snort, gasp, make choking sounds, or stop breathing for short periods
- You have creeping, tingling, or crawling feelings in your legs or arms that are relieved by moving or massaging them, especially in the evening and when trying to fall asleep
- Your bed partner notices that your legs or arms jerk often during sleep
- You have vivid, dreamlike experiences while falling asleep or dozing
- You have episodes of sudden muscle weakness when you are angry or fearful, or when you laugh
- You feel as though you cannot move when you first wake up
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Features On This Page
If you regularly feel drowsy during the day, you may have a sleep problem requiring treatment.
If you spend a great deal of time lying awake in bed at night or frequently nod off during the day, you may have a sleep disorder. A variety of sleep disorders can cause similar symptoms, such as excessive daytime sleepiness. If you suspect you have a sleep disorder, it is important to seek the expert opinion of your physician and/or a sleep specialist.
Sleep Needs By Age Group:
Adult: 7 9 hours
Child 6 12 years: 9- 12 hours
Child 3 5 years: 10 13 hours
Child 1 2 years: 11 14 hours
Infants 4 -12 months: 12 16 hours
Institute of Medicine. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation: An Unmet Public Health Problem. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press 2006.
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Every Age Group Needs A Different Amount Of Sleep
Sleep needs by age vary a lot. Notably, newborns need from 14 to 17 hours of sleep, including naps, and infants need from 12 to 15 hours, also including naps. Moreover, toddlers need from 11 to 14 hours, while preschoolers need from 10 to 13 hours, with naps, too. Then, school-age children need 911 hours. As for teens, teenage sleep statistics suggest that they need 810 hours. As for adults and older adults, they need 79 and 78 hours of sleep every night, respectively.
Nering On Sleep Research And Health
NHLBI will continue to work with its partners to translate scientific sleep research discoveries into improved strategies to prevent and treat sleep disorders. NHLBI is committed to working with researchers, health care providers, and public and private organizations to implement the research opportunities outlined in the NIH Sleep Research Plan. Recommended research initiatives include looking at the connection between sleep and the bodys natural circadian rhythm, studying the influence of genetic and environmental factors that could influence a person’s sleep health, and conducting more clinical trials to improve treatments for sleep and circadian disorders.
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How To Get A Good Night’s Sleep
First, is it helpful to understand the stages of sleep. We usually pass through five stages of sleep.
- Stage 1: Light sleep. We drift in and out and can be awakened easily. Our eyes move slowly and muscle activity slows.
- Stage 2: Our eye movements stop and our brain waves become slower with occasional bursts of rapid waves called sleep spindles.
- Stage 3: Deep sleep. Extremely slow brain waves called delta waves appear, interspersed with smaller, faster waves.
- Stage 4: Deep sleep. The brain produces mostly delta waves. There are no eye movements and no muscle activity.
- Stage 5: REM sleep. Breathing becomes more rapid, irregular, and shallow. Eyes jerk rapidly, limb muscles become temporarily paralyzed. Dreams almost always happen in this stage, but may occur in other sleep stages as well.
Each cycle takes about two hours. Then the cycle starts over again with stage 1. As the cycles repeat, deep sleep periods get shorter and periods of REM sleep lengthen. Adults spend half of their sleep time in stage 2, 20 percent of the time in REM sleep, and 30 percent in the other stages. Infants start out spending about half of their sleep time in REM sleep.
% Of Us Adults Use A Sleep Tracking Application Regularly
As we know, sleep trackers analyze if were awake or asleep, chart the amount we spend sleeping, and keep track of our sleep quality. In the US, about 9% of people say they use sleep trackers occasionally, 7% have used them only once, 45% can imagine using them, and 31% report they wont ever use them, according to American sleep statistics.
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Short Sleep Duration Among High School Students
Adolescents need 8 to 10 hours of sleep per night.3 But, more than two-thirds of US high school students report getting less than 8 hours of sleep on school nights .4 Female students are more likely to report not getting enough sleep than male students. Short sleep duration is lowest among 9th graders and highest among 12th graders. Prevalence of short sleep duration also varies by race/ethnicity, with the lowest prevalence among American Indian/Alaska Native students and the highest among Asian students.
Table 4. Short Sleep Duration by Selected CharacteristicsYouth Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 20072013.
|Short sleep duration|
How Are Sleep Disorders Diagnosed
If you suspect that you may have a sleep disorder, discuss your symptoms with your healthcare provider. He or she can perform a physical exam and help you identify the difficulties you are having with sleep. Keeping a sleep diary for two weeks may be helpful to your healthcare provider. Some illnesses can cause disturbed sleep, so your healthcare provider may order tests to rule out other conditions.
If your healthcare provider suspects that you have a sleep disorder, he or she may refer you to a sleep disorder clinic. A sleep specialist will review your symptoms and may suggest that you undergo a sleep study.
A sleep study or polysomnogram is a test that electronically transmits and records specific physical activities while you sleep. A sleep study can be done at home for select patients. The recordings become data that is analyzed by a qualified healthcare provider to determine whether or not you have a sleep disorder.
In order to determine if you have a sleep disorder, it is important to pay attention to your sleep habits by keeping a sleep diary and discussing patterns and characteristics of your sleep with your healthcare provider. Many common sleep problems can be treated with behavioral treatments and an increased attention to proper sleep hygiene. Consult your healthcare provider if you have any concerns about your sleep patterns.
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Short Sleep Duration By Sex Age And Race/ethnicity
In 2014, short sleep duration was less common among respondents aged 65 years compared with other age groups . The age-adjusted prevalence of short sleep duration was higher among Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders , non-Hispanic blacks , multiracial non-Hispanics , and American Indians/Alaska Natives compared with non-Hispanic whites , Hispanics , and Asians . Short sleep prevalence did not differ between men and women.
Table 1. Short Sleep Duration by Sex, Age, and Race/Ethnicity Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, United States, 2014
Abbreviations: CI = confidence interval.
aAge-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.
bUnderage drinker is defined as any alcohol use among those aged 1820 yrs. Binge drinker is defined as 4 drinks for women and 5 drinks for men during a single occasion. Heavy drinker is defined as 8 drinks for women and 15 drinks for men per week.All differences statistically significant at p< 0.05 except excessive alcohol.
Causes Of Chronic Insomnia
Insomnia often results from poor sleep habits, such as an overstimulating nighttime routine, or consuming too much alcohol or caffeine near bedtime. Certain medications, such as antidepressants, steroids, and allergy and cold products can also bring on bouts of insomnia.In many people, insomnia is caused or made worse by a psychiatric or medical condition. For example, insomnia is a common symptom of many psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety and depression. It may also arise from painful or uncomfortable medical conditions, such as arthritis, or those that affect breathing, such as asthma.In a condition called primary insomnia, where no clear environmental, psychiatric, or medical cause can be identified, experts suspect that individual differences in brain function may result in an overactive alerting signal that continues long after an individual would like to fall asleep.
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Sleep Terrors Affect Nearly 40% Of Children According To Sleep Facts And Statistics
Night terrors usually occur when a person is still asleep. Symptoms involve violent movements, screaming, and intense fear. Even though they are frightening, sleep terrors arent a cause for concern, and most children outgrow them by their teen years. Be that as it may, they may require treatment if they lead to insufficient sleep or pose a safety risk.
What Is A Sleep Disorder Or Sleep Problem
A sleep disorder is a condition that frequently impacts your ability to get enough quality sleep. Many of us occasionally experience difficulties sleeping. Usually its due to stress, travel, illness, or other temporary interruptions to your normal routine. However, if you regularly have problems getting to sleep at night, wake up feeling exhausted, or feel sleepy during the day, you may be suffering from a sleep disorder.
Sleep disorders cause more than just daytime sleepiness. They can take a serious toll on your mental and physical health, including your mood, energy, and ability to handle stress. Ignoring sleep problems and disorders can lead to weight gain, car accidents, impaired job performance, memory problems, and strained relationships. If you want to feel your best, stay healthy, and perform up to your potential, quality sleep is a necessity, not a luxury.
Frequently having trouble sleeping can be a frustrating and debilitating experience. You sleep badly at night, which leaves you feeling dead-tired in the morning and whatever energy you have quickly drains throughout the day. But then, no matter how exhausted you feel at night, you still have trouble sleeping. And so the cycle begins again. But you dont have to live with a sleeping problem. There are many things you can do to identify the underlying causes of your sleep disorder and improve your sleep, health, and quality of life.
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In 2015 244% Of Parents Shared The Bed With Their Infants
Of them, 36.3% were people younger than 20, 28%young people aged 2024, 21.8%young adults aged 2534, and 23.6%people over the age of 35. Be that as it may, around 37% of parents reported sharing the bed with their infants sometimes, and 38.6% reported never doing that, according to sleeping statistics.
Sleep Apnea Statistics You Should Know In 2022
Around 35% of all American adults report sleeping less than seven hours per night on average, and people with certain medical conditions like sleep apneaespecially when undiagnosedhave a harder time getting enough shut-eye each night. When you read sleep apnea statistics, its easy to see why so many people are missing quality sleep and why seeking treatment for sleep apnea is so important.
Were exploring sleep apnea facts and statistics to help you learn who is impacted by sleep apnea, how it affects the body, and why its critical to diagnose and treat this common sleep disorder.
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Over 50% Of College Students Suffer From Sleep Deprivation As Per Sleep Statistics For College Students
The majority of college students are only getting 66.9 hours of sleep per night. Keeping these college student sleep statistics in mind, we should also note that ones major plays a significant role in getting enough sleep. For instance, medical students suffer the most from insufficient sleep. Also, Brown Universitys statistical study on sleeping has shown that female students suffer from insomnia more than male students.
How Sleep Disorders Are Classified
The ICSD was put together for the purpose to “discriminate between disorders and to facilitate an understanding of symptoms, etiology, and pathophysiology that allows for appropriate treatment” . Since the release of the first edition in 1990, the ICSD published a 2nd edition in 2005, and is now on its 3rd edition, published in 2014.
Some of the biggest differences between the 2nd and 3rd editions are how the various sleep disorders were divided into categories. The 2005 edition used 3 broad categories to organize all of the sleep disorders under either dysommnias , parasomnias , and sleep disorders associated with a mental, neurologic, or other medical disorders .
The updated 3rd edition now classifies sleep disorders under 6 major categories: insomnia, sleep related breathing disorders, central disorders of hypersomnolence, circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, parasomnias, and sleep related movement disorders.
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Statistics About Sleep In Children And Teens
What Percentage Of The Population Has Trouble Sleeping
According to the National Institutes of Health, 7% to 19% of adults reportedly do not get enough sleep, 40% reportedly fall asleep during the day at least once a month, and 50 to 70 million Americans have chronic sleep disorders.
In 2014, the CDC reported 35% of all adults in the U.S. experience short sleep duration .
How Many People Have Sleep Apnea
You may be wondering what percentage of people have sleep apnea. Around 50 to 70 million adults in the United States have a sleep disorder and an estimated 22 million Americans are living with moderate to severe sleep apnea, so the percentage of people with sleep apnea in the United States around 18% of the adult population. Globally, over 100 million people suffer from sleep apnea.
Sleep Disorders By The Numbers
The most commonly diagnosed sleep disorders include insomnia and sleep apnea, which both substantially impact sleep quality. The following list of sleep disorders provides more in-depth information about each of these conditions. Please note that these descriptions are only meant to serve as a guideline and that an official diagnosis for any sleep disorder must be made by a medical professional.
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Obesity And Sleep Statistics
Being overweight can affect sleep, and poor sleep can make it more likely to put on weight. Researchers from Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine studied 77 overweight volunteers with either prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Many had issues getting high-quality sleep. Half of the group went on a weight-loss diet and exercise program, and the other half just followed the diet. After 6 months, both groups lost an average of 15 pounds and reduced their belly fat by 15%. The researchers concluded that a reduction in belly fat is a good way to improve sleep.35
Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder where a sleeper will experience apneas or pauses in breathing while sleeping. Sufferers of sleep apnea often snore loudly, stop breathing during the night many times, often wake up with a dry mouth and/or headache, are tired during the day, and have trouble focusing. The chances of sleep apnea are increased by being overweight, as fat around the upper airway can block the airway, especially when sleeping on the back.