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How To Know You Have Sleep Apnea

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How Much Does An In

How to know if you have sleep apnea

Overnight polysomnograms often run anywhere from $600 to $5,000 per night and even more in some circumstances. The cost, on average, typically runs about $1,500 for each night. Various factors may influence this number, including where the center is located, what company runs it, which hospital or organization its funded by, and who your health insurance company is, will all play a factor regarding how much an in-lab or clinical sleep test will cost.

Further, not everyone will have the same type of health insurance or coverage plan. Some coverage plans may not cover any costs, even partially, whereas some cover the entire amount. Making a call to your provider ahead of time may be wise to mitigate any unpleasant surprise bills.

Home Sleep Apnea Test

Some patients with many risk factors for sleep apnea and no other medical disorders may be candidates for a home sleep apnea test. This type of sleep study lets you sleep in your own home while a small monitor collects data as you sleep. The testing equipment is less complicated than what is used in an in-lab sleep study. You will be shown how to hook up the testing equipment yourself. After your home sleep apnea test, you can take the device back to your medical provider or send it by mail.

Other apps and sleep tracking devices may claim to be able to detect sleep apnea, but their results can be unreliable. Be sure to discuss these devices with your medical provider.

After your sleep study or home sleep apnea test, you will schedule a follow-up appointment to discuss the results. If you are diagnosed with sleep apnea, your medical provider will discuss your treatment options with you.

How You Are Diagnosed With Sleep Apnea

So we talked about the most common symptoms of sleep apnea. What next? If you feel you have any of these symptoms what should you do? If you want to get the help you first need to set up an appointment with your primary care physician. Go see them, tell them about your concerns about not sleeping, and most likely you will receive a referral to a sleep doctor.

These are doctors that specialize in sleep medicine and sleeping disorders. Depending on your medical insurance you may not need a referral, but its always good to get a full check-up to make sure there are no other underlying issues.

Once you are in front of a sleep study doctor they will ask you a series of questions. Once the criteria are met for a sleep study, you will be given an appointment. And specific instructions on when to arrive for your sleep study.

The sleep study is a test that monitors your chest wall moment as you sleep, along with how much air is released from your nose and mouth during slumber. Your brain waves are also measured to check for neurological disconnect while sleeping. Consider doing research on sleep studies before you arrive for your appointment so you are not overly nervous.

Sleep study technician make you feel comfortable and explain everything during the setup. You will have electrodes attached to your head, arms, chest, and legs. Which helps to monitor heart rate as well.

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Who Gets Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea occurs in about 25% of men and nearly 10% of women. Sleep apnea can affect people of all ages, including babies and children and particularly people over the age of 50 and those who are overweight.

Certain physical traits and clinical features are common in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. These include excessive weight, large neck and structural abnormalities reducing the diameter of the upper airway, such as nasal obstruction, a low-hanging soft palate, enlarged tonsils or a small jaw with an overbite.

When To See A Doctor

How To Tell If I Have Sleep Apnea If I Live Alone? Sleep ...

If you have the warning signs of sleep apnea, discuss your symptoms with your doctor. They might have some advice tailored to your specific situation or they might recommend you to a sleep specialist. They can perform a sleep study, or polysomnogram, to help diagnose sleep apnea. This test monitors many things like brain waves, eye movement, breathing, and oxygen levels in the blood. Snoring and gasping sounds, as well as stopping breathing during sleep, are also measured.

If your child is showing the signs that indicate sleep apnea, discuss your concerns with your pediatrician. Following diagnosis, your pediatrician should have a number of suggestions regarding treatment. Often they will refer you to an otolaryngologist to see if removing the tonsils and adenoids could solve the issue.

If you have seen signs of sleep apnea in your toddler, review your observations with your pediatrician. Their diagnosis will include the impact of your toddlers weight and potential allergies on their sleep. After examining your toddlers upper airway, the pediatrician might refer you to a pulmonologist or an otolaryngologist. Removing your toddlers tonsils and adenoids could be the recommendation.

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Who’s At Risk For Developing Sleep Apnea

According to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute more than 12 million people in the United States suffers from sleep apnea. Those who are overweight are at a greater risk to develop the disorder. Men are much more likely to develop the disorder than premenopausal women. Someone with a family history of sleep apnea may also more likely to develop the disorder.

Sleep Apnea Test Costs

Rachael Gilpin Disclaimer – Nothing on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment… Read more here

While sleep apnea is a serious condition that can have potentially life-threatening consequences, its also something that may be helped or eliminated through testing and other methods, like weight loss or CPAP therapy.

Costs to be tested for the condition range depending on health insurance and where testing is performed.

Despite many health insurance companies covering the costs, the coverage amounts often differ, so knowing what to be prepared for ahead of time may help you stomach the price tag.

Further, knowing what to expect may help you feel more comfortable investing the necessary funds to help your sleep apnea and possibly improve your quality of life as a result.

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Youre A Noisy Sleeper

Snoring, snorting or gasping: Noisy sleep is a warning sign that your upperairway might be obstructed. Not all snorers have apnea, but the two oftengo hand-in-hand. As snoring gets louder, chances of havingsleep apnea are greater and greater.If you have apnea, your bed partner might notice that the snores arepunctuated by pauses in breathing. Those are apnea episodes, and they canrecur hundreds of times a night.

What Are The Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea

How to tell if you have Sleep Apnea

All three types of sleep apnea share certain common symptoms:

  • Disrupted breathing in which a persons respiration can become labored or even stop for up to a minute at a time
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
  • Irritability
  • Limited attention span or difficulty thinking clearly

Many of these symptoms arise because of poor sleep and decreased oxygen levels that occur as a result of interrupted breathing.

Some additional symptoms are connected to obstructive sleep apnea:

  • Snoring, including snoring that is especially loud and involves gasping, choking, or snorting that may cause a person to briefly wake up
  • Morning sore throat or dry mouth
  • Frequent need to wake up to urinate

Chronic snoring is the most common symptom of OSA, but that doesnt mean that everyone who snores has sleep apnea. Snoring is not a frequent symptom in people with CSA.

In general, a person with sleep apnea is not aware of their breathing problems at night. For that reason, they often only find out about the issue from a bed partner, family member, or roommate. Excessive daytime sleepiness is the most likely symptom to be noticed by people with sleep apnea that live alone.

Read Also: What Is Sleep Deprived Mean

Consult With A Doctor

If you suspect that sleep apnea is disrupting your health, the next step is to consult with a doctor as soon as possible. A physician can help you identify, understand, and treat the root causes. This can mean changing your lifestyle and diet, wearing a mouthpiece to open airways, using breathing devices, or undergoing surgery as a last resort to improve your nighttime breathing.

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You Might Have Other Sleep Issues

Not all sleep disorders are caused by breathing trouble. If your symptomspersist, you might not have apnea. Other common sleep issues that dontaffect the airways include movement disorders that cause nighttimerestlessness or narcolepsy, a neurological disorder that affects the bodys sleep-wake cycles andcauses excessive sleepiness. Your physician can work with you to pinpointthe cause.

How can I get accurate results from an at-home sleep test?

For the most accurate home sleep apnea reading, its best to have sleep time on your back and side, Patil says. Sleep apnea is typically worse when sleepers are on their backs, and side sleeping can ease apnea. Knowing what happens when you sleep in different positions can help your doctor pinpoint whether you have apnea or some other sleep issue.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Mild Sleep Apnea

When you hear the word mild, you may think there isnt much to worry about, but when it comes to OSA, a mild diagnosis can still interfere with your life.

A British study published in The Lancet showed that three months of CPAP therapy improved the quality of life in those with mild OSA. With untreated mild sleep apnea, youll likely experience apnea and hypopnea events and snore or gasp while sleeping. Youll generally experience undesired daytime sleepiness or feeling drowsy when engaging in a relaxing activity such as watching TV.

Obstructive Vs Central Sleep Apnea: Key Differences And Treatment Options

How Do You Know if You Have Sleep Apnea?There are three ...

    Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that affects thousands of individuals. With this condition, you have an interruption in your breathing while sleeping that occurs through repetitive pauses, referred to as apneic events. There are several types of sleep apnea, but two prominent types include obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.

    As a sleep technologist, its important for you to know the key differences between central and obstructive apnea so you know how to best treat your patients who may have one or the other disorder.

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    What Are The Effects Of Sleep Apnea

    If left untreated, sleep apnea can result in a number of health problems including hypertension, stroke, arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy , heart failure, diabetes, obesity and heart attacks.

    Its likely that sleep apnea can cause arrhythmias and heart failure because if you have sleep apnea, you tend to have higher blood pressure. In fact, sleep apnea occurs in about 50% of people with heart failure or atrial fibrillation.

    This is because sleep apnea can cause:

    • Repeated episodes of oxygen lowering .
    • Changes in carbon dioxide levels.
    • Direct effects on the heart due to pressure changes within the chest.
    • Increased levels of markers of inflammation.

    With the high prevalence of sleep apnea in cardiac arrhythmias and heart failure , experts recommend that you dont delay in seeking the advice of your physician.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 03/03/2020.

    References

    How Is Sleep Apnea Treated

    Once you are properly diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, you will be treated with a CPAP machine. CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, helps hold a specific level of pressure in the airway to prevent the soft tissues from collapsing.

    You will get a portable machine with a hose and mask to wear during sleep. It will be pre-programmed to the level of pressure needed to treat your sleep apnea. It must be worn at night to have an impact on your symptoms.

    Central Sleep Apnea is treated with a BiPAP machine, as a backup rate can be set to help initiate a breathing cycle.

    Your doctor may also recommend a weight loss and exercise program to improve your overall health.

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    What Are The Treatments For Sleep Apnea

    Conservative treatments: In mild cases of obstructive sleep apnea, conservative therapy may be all that is needed.

    • Overweight persons can benefit from losing weight. Even a 10% weight loss can reduce the number of apneic events for most patients. However, losing weight can be difficult to do with untreated obstructive sleep apnea due to increased appetite and metabolism changes that can happen with obstructive sleep apnea.
    • Individuals with obstructive sleep apnea should avoid the use of alcohol and certain sleeping pills, which make the airway more likely to collapse during sleep and prolong the apneic periods.
    • In some patients with mild obstructive sleep apnea, breathing pauses occur only when they sleep on their backs. In such cases, using a wedge pillow or other devices that help them sleep in a side position may help.
    • People with sinus problems or nasal congestion should use nasal sprays or breathing strips to reduce snoring and improve airflow for more comfortable nighttime breathing. Avoiding sleep deprivation is important for all patients with sleep disorders.

    Hypoglossal nerve stimulator: A stimulator is implanted under the skin on the right side of the chest with electrodes tunneled under the skin to the hypoglossal nerve in the neck and to intercostal muscles in the chest. The device is turned on at bedtime with a remote control. With each breath, the hypoglossal nerve is stimulated, the tongue moves forward out of the airway and the airway is opened.

    Dental Signs Of Sleep Apnea

    How To Know If You Have Sleep Apnea/ Sleep Apnea Symptoms

    If you have obstructive sleep apnea, youre more likely breathing through your mouth, which can lead to dry mouth and tooth decay. Another dental sign of obstructive sleep apnea is bruxism, or teeth grinding, during the night. The Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache found that bruxism affects up to 31% of adults, a quarter of whom may also have sleep apnea.

    Similarly, temporomandibular joint disorders have a strong link with sleep apnea. The Journal of Dental Research found people with two or more signs and symptoms of sleep apnea had a 73% higher risk for a TMJ disorder. If youre already aware that you have dental concerns as well as any signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea, you should speak with your doctor.

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    Screening For Sleep Apnea

    To screen for sleep apnea or other sleep disorders, your doctor may ask you about common signs and symptoms of this condition, such as how sleepy you feel during the day or when driving, and whether you or your partner has noticed that you snore, stop breathing, or gasp during your sleep. Your doctor may ask questions to assess your risk for developing this condition and take your physical measurements. Your doctor will also want to see whether you have any complications of undiagnosed sleep apnea, such as high blood pressure that is difficult to control. If the screening suggests a sleep breathing disorder, you may get a referral to a sleep specialist to help confirm a diagnosis.

    Getting Used To Your Cpap Device

    Ease into it. Start by using your CPAP device for short periods. Try wearing it for a half hour or an hour while sitting up in bed watching TV or reading a book. Once youve gotten used to that, try using it lying down or when napping.

    Use the ramp setting. Most devices can be programmed to start slowly and gradually increase air pressure. The goal is to be asleep before the machine reaches your prescribed pressure setting. Most people find this makes falling asleep much easier and more comfortable.

    Reset the machine if air flow wakes you. If a high-pressure stream of air wakes you up, turn the CPAP device on and off to restart the ramp setting.

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    What Are The Causes Of Sleep Apnea

    Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when a persons airway becomes blocked during sleep. Multiple factors have been found to increase the risk of blockage and OSA:

    • Anatomical characteristics. The size and positioning of a persons neck, jaw, tongue, tonsils, and other tissue near the back of the throat can directly affect airflow.
    • Obesity. Being overweight is a leading cause of OSA and may be an underlying risk factor in up to 60% of cases. Obesity contributes to anatomical narrowing of the airway, and research has found that a 10% increase in weight can equate to a six-fold increase in OSA risk.

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    • Sleeping on your back. This sleeping position makes it easier for tissue to collapse around the airway and cause blockages.
    • Nasal congestion. People whose ability to breathe through the nose is reduced because of congestion are more likely to experience OSA.
    • Hormone abnormalities. Hormone conditions like hypothyroidism and acromegaly may increase the risk of OSA by causing swelling of tissue near the airway and/or contributing to a persons risk of obesity.

    In CSA, breathing is affected in a different way than in OSA. Instead of an obstruction causing breathing lapses, the problem arises in how the brain communicates with the muscles responsible for respiration. In particular, the brain stem fails to adequately perceive the levels of carbon dioxide in the body, leading to breathing that is slower and shallower than it should be.

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