What Are The Negative Effects Of Chronic Stress
Your nervous system does not know the difference between emotional and physical threats. Stress over an argument, bills, and work deadlines can cause your body to react the same as a life or death situation. The more your body stays in the fight or flight mode, the harder it is to find a healthy balance.
If you are easily stressed and spend most of the day stressed out, it can lead to serious health problems. Chronic stress affects every system in the body. It suppresses your immune system, upsets the digestive system, and can lead to a stroke or heart attack. Chronic stress changes your brain and can lead to depression, anxiety, or more serious mental health issues.
Say What Find Out Why Some People Talk In Their Sleep
Are you quite the gabber during the night, or is your sleeping partner? Learn more, below, about why people chatter during slumber.
Sleep talking is a sleep disorder defined as talking during sleep without being aware of it. Technically called somniloquy, talking while you get your zzz’s can occur during any stage of sleep, but it is most likely to be comprehensible to a bed partner during REM sleep. Talking during deeper sleep just sounds like gibberish. Talking during any sleep stage can involve mumbles, moans, calling out, or whispering, but it is not considered a product of consciousness. The words dont have real meaning to the sleep talker the person doesnt know what he or she is saying.
Anyone can sleep talk, but it can be genetic and it tends to occur more in men and in children. Most children grow out of the habit only an estimated five percent of adults talk in their sleep. Some factors, including sleep deprivation, alcohol, drugs, fever, stress, anxiety, and depression can all lead to sleep talking. Typically, sleep talking is not considered something that requires treatment, unless a sleep mate is chronically disturbed by it. It may co-exist with other “parasomnias” such as night terrors, sleepwalking, and sleep apnea. While not common, sleep talking that starts after age 25 may be related to other medical issues.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Sleep Walking
Symptoms of sleepwalking disorder range from simply sitting up in bed and looking around, to walking around the room or house, to leaving the house and even driving long distances. Sleepwalking is most often initiated during deep sleep but may occur in the lighter sleep stages of non-REM sleep, usually within a few hours of falling asleep, and the sleepwalker may be partially aroused during the episode.
In addition to walking during deep sleep, other symptoms of sleepwalking include:
- Little or no memory of the event
- Difficulty arousing the sleepwalker during an episode
- Inappropriate behavior such as urinating in closets
- Violent attacks on the person trying to awaken the sleepwalker
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How Much Stress Is Too Much
Because of the widespread damage stress can cause, its important to know your own limit. But just how much stress is too much differs from person to person. Some people seem to be able to roll with lifes punches, while others tend to crumble in the face of small obstacles or frustrations. Some people even thrive on the excitement of a high-stress lifestyle.
Factors that influence your stress tolerance level include:
Your support network. A strong network of supportive friends and family members is an enormous buffer against stress. When you have people you can count on, lifes pressures dont seem as overwhelming. On the flip side, the lonelier and more isolated you are, the greater your risk of succumbing to stress.
Your sense of control. If you have confidence in yourself and your ability to influence events and persevere through challenges, its easier to take stress in stride. On the other hand, if you believe that you have little control over your lifethat youre at the mercy of your environment and circumstancesstress is more likely to knock you off course.
Your attitude and outlook. The way you look at life and its inevitable challenges makes a huge difference in your ability to handle stress. If youre generally hopeful and optimistic, youll be less vulnerable. Stress-hardy people tend to embrace challenges, have a stronger sense of humor, believe in a higher purpose, and accept change as an inevitable part of life.
Symptoms Of Sleep Talking
For the most part, sleep talking is just an incomprehensible and nonsensical monologue. The person will usually mumble and have slurred speech because theyre unconscious. On rare occasions, however, a sleep talker may actually speak eloquently and can even hold conversations with others.
Thetopics of conversationVerified SourceOxford AcademicResearch journal published by Oxford University.View sourceare usually random, though a person may talk about pessimistic topics and frequently say no. However, its possibly a sign of stress and is unintentional as the person is unaware of what theyre saying.
Sleep talking episodes typically last up to 30 seconds, and usually contain just a few words, before the sleeptalker goes quiet for the rest of the night. Other times, a person may continuously speak throughout the night.
First Responder And The Effects Of Stress
According to a 2017 report by CareerCast, firefighters have the second most stressful job in America. And police officers have the fourth most stressful job. The chronic stress of first responders is the leading cause of death. The pressure can lead to heart disease, cancer, stroke, or depression.
First responders not only run into fires, but they also respond to every accident. If the paramedics are on the scene, so are the firefighters. A study by the National Center for Biotechnology Institute shows that accident scenes are more stressful than fighting fires.
First responders love their job. They make lifetime friends and save peoples lives. But, they are always on duty. Their brains replay accident scenes and fires that didnt end well. And they live with the fear that something can go wrong.
Warning Signs That Stress Has Become Overwhelming
As stated, the effects of stress can harm the entire body. And the results can be long-lasting and require medical attention. Be aware of all the signs that stress has become overwhelming.
Stress at work is recognized worldwide as a major issue. If you have a high-stress job, it is vital to watch for the above signs of stress overload.
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Why Do We Talk In Our Sleep
Researchers still arent sure why we talk in our sleep. It may run in families, or it may be related to a mental health disorder.
Instances of sleep talking may be brought on by stress, fevers, medications, substance abuse, or sleep deprivation. Sleep deprivation itself can be due to stress or another sleep problem, such as insomnia or sleep apnea.
Despite the popular misconception that sleep talking reflects what a person is dreaming about, EEG recordings show that sleep talking can occur during any stage of sleep, REM or not.
Tips For Reducing Stress At Bedtime
Occasional stress at bedtime is inevitable. Having a plan for coping with stress can help you prevent stress from interfering with your sleep. Here are tips for learning to recognize the signs of stress and combating stress at bedtime:
Although stress can certainly interfere with getting a good nights sleep, it doesnt have to take control of your life. Understanding the bodys stress response and making a plan for managing stress can help you regain control and improve your rest.
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Who Are The Chattiest Sleepers
Sleep talking is actually pretty common, especially among young children. About half of all children under 10 talk in their sleep. Like other sleep issues common to childhood, such as wetting the bed and sleepwalking, sleep talking usually goes away naturally with age.
Only about 5% of adults regularly talk in their sleep, although two-thirds of adults say something in their sleep at least once every few months.
While boys and girls are equally prone to sleep talking, among adults it appears to be more common in men than in women.
What To Write In Your Sleep Diary
You don’t have to write in an actual diary or journal. A piece of paper is fine. Your doctor might give you a sheet to fill out, or suggest you use a template like one the Sleep Foundation or the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute offers. If you prefer to go paperless, you can use a smartphone app to keep track of your sleep.
Every sleep diary is a little bit different. Ask your doctor what information to include, and for how long to track your sleep.
Put your sleep diary and a pencil or pen right next to your bed. Write the date at the top of the page. Before you go to bed and when you wake up, answer these questions:
- What time did you get into bed?
- How long did it take you to fall asleep?
- How many times did you wake up?
- How long did you stay awake each time?
- What time did you wake up for good?
- How well do you think you slept?
- How many times did you nap during the day? How long was each nap?
- How many alcoholic or caffeinated drinks did you have?
- Which over-the-counter and prescription medications did you take?
- Did you exercise? At what time?
It’s important to complete your diary every day. If you can, fill it out within an hour after you wake up.
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Sleep Talk Often Your Stress Levels Could Be To Blame
I’ll never forget the first time my college roommates heard me talk in my sleep. It was our sophomore year, and the four of us had just moved into our house off-campus. At some point during the wee hours of the morning, my two roomies living on the second level with me began loudly pounding on my locked door, saying my nameor so they told me the following morning. When they recalled what had happened the night prior, my knee-jerk reaction was to laugh it off with my rehearsed, “Oh yeah, I didn’t tell you guys? I talk in my sleep!” However, it didn’t dawn on me until a few minutes later that they weren’t laughing with me. They were scared.
The thing was, I grew up knowing that I occasionally talk in my sleep. Friends would poke fun at me during sleepovers. My family would tell me they heard me murmuring random words throughout the night. I honestly didn’t think anything of it, because, to me, it wasn’t any different than a snoring habit. But for someone who isn’t familiar with this abnormal sleep behavior, it can be frightening to witness. And that’s when I realized, my roommates weren’t bringing it to my attention for a good laugh, but because they were genuinely concerned for my well-being.
Stressors First Responders Dont Talk About
Even though its evident that first responders have high-stress jobs, it doesnt diminish the stress level of another career. Many jobs and careers are stressful. How you handle stress is the biggest concern. Many people turn to drugs or alcohol to cope with it. Drugs and alcohol do not help. They only add stress and lead to addiction.
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Is Sleep Talking Dangerous
In the majority of cases, sleep talking is harmless. It doesnt usually have a major effect on the persons sleep, and it normally doesnt occur frequently enough to cause any serious problems.
However, there are some situations in which sleep talking can cause problems:
- If sleep talking bothers a bed partner or roommate, it may interrupt their sleep and contribute to problems like insomnia or excessive daytime sleepiness.
- If the content of sleep talking is embarrassing, it may create awkwardness or stress between the person talking in their sleep and their bed partner.
- If sleep talking occurs alongside other parasomnias, such as nightmare disorder or sleepwalking, it may be connected to bigger sleeping difficulties that can cause fragmented or insufficient sleep.
What Happens When Stress Is To Overwhelming
Stress is dangerous because it sneaks up on you. You may not even notice how much it is affecting you. A little work stress, a little stress at home, is not a big deal. But, every day, a bit more stress gets added. And before you know it, the stress has become overwhelming. The physical and emotional effects of stress can cause serious health issues.
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Does Sleep Talking Have A Significant Meaning
Usually, there’s a biological explanation for this parasomnia. Chronic fatigue, stress, and medications are all linked to this condition. However, in the absence of any of these factors, there could be a spiritual component. It might sound a bit out there, but inner energy shifts, emotional traumas coming to the surface, psychic disturbances, and actively processing internal conflicts through the dreaming process could all be potential triggers.
Is Walking Or Talking In Your Sleep A Sleep Disorder
Sleepwalking and sleep talking are both considered sleep disorders. They are more common in people who have other sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, insomnia, or sleep behavioral issues. Both sleepwalking and sleep talking tend to run in families.
Sleepwalking and sleep talking are more common in boys than in girls, though researchers dont know why. Both tend to decrease or disappear by the age of 12, but when they dont, a person may be diagnosed with a sleep disorder.
Sleep behavioral disorders, which cause people to do unusual things when they are asleep, are closely related to sleepwalking. For instance, a person might drive their car or attempt to have sex with their partner while sleeping. Rarely, people even become violent in their sleep. A handful of rape defendants have successfully used a sexsomnia defense, arguing they did not intend to rape someone and instead were sleepwalking. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders recognizes sexsomnia as a mental health diagnosis.
Therapy can help with sleepwalking or sleep talking when these issues are due to a mental health condition or stress.
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Job Loss And Unemployment Stress
Losing a job is one of lifes most stressful experiences. Its normal to feel angry, hurt, or depressed, grieve for all that youve lost, or feel anxious about what the future holds. Job loss and unemployment involves a lot of change all at once, which can rock your sense of purpose and self-esteem. While the stress can seem overwhelming, there are many steps you can take to come out of this difficult period stronger, more resilient, and with a renewed sense of purpose.
Make Sure Youre Getting Enough Sleep
Sleep deprivation is one of the most common reasons people talk in their sleep. If you sleep talk and arent getting the recommended seven to nine hours of sleep each night, you may want to start evaluating your sleep schedule. Are you staying up too late? Waking up too early? One of the best ways to fix your sleep schedule is to start slowly. Adjust your schedule gradually in 15-minute increments until you reach your goal bedtime and wake up time. If you have trouble waking up in the morning, expose yourself to daylight right away. Sunlight can reset your circadian rhythm and tell your brain its time to wake up.
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Treatments For Nightmares In Adults
Fortunately, there are steps you and your doctor can take to lessen the frequency of your nightmares and the effect they are having on your life. First, if your nightmares are the result of a particular medication, you may be able to change your dosage or prescription to eliminate this unwanted side effect.
For people whose nightmares are caused by conditions such as sleep apnea or restless legs syndrome, treating the underlying disorder may help alleviate symptoms.
If your nightmares aren’t illness- or medication-related, don’t despair. Behavioral changes have proven effective for 70% of adults who suffer from nightmares, including those caused by anxiety, depression, and PTSD.
Imagery rehearsal treatment is a promising cognitive behavioral therapy for recurrent nightmares and nightmares caused by PTSD. The technique helps chronic sufferers change their nightmares by rehearsing how they would like them to transpire. In some cases, medications may be used in conjunction with therapy to treat PTSD-related nightmares, though their efficacy has not been demonstrated as clearly as that of imagery rehearsal treatment.
There are a number of other steps you can take on your own that may help reduce your nightmare frequency. Keeping a regular wake-sleep schedule is important. So is engaging in regular exercise, which will help alleviate nightmare-causing anxiety and stress. You may find that yoga and meditation are also helpful.