What Are The Symptoms Of Depression
The symptoms of depression can include physical changes as well as changes in moods and thoughts that interfere with normal daily activities. Symptoms may include:
- Persistent sad, low, or irritable mood
- Feelings of hopelessness, worthlessness, or guilt
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities
- Decreased energy and fatigue
- Insomnia, waking up too early, or oversleeping
- Low appetite or overeating
- Thoughts of death or suicide
Depression is more common in women and there may be differences in the symptoms of depression based on sex and age. Men often experience symptoms such as irritability and anger, whereas women more frequently experience sadness and guilt. Adolescents with depression may be irritable and have trouble in school, and younger children may pretend to be sick or worry that a parent may die.
What Are The Different Types Of Depression
The most common types of depression are:
- Major depression—depressive symptoms that interfere with a man’s ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy most aspects of life. An episode of major depression may occur only once in a person’s lifetime. But it is common for a person to have several episodes. Special forms of major depression include:
- Psychotic depression—severe depression associated with delusions or hallucinations . These psychotic symptoms are depression-themed. For example, a man may believe he is sick or poor when he is not, or he may hear voices that are not real that say that he is worthless.
- Seasonal affective disorder—characterized by depression symptoms that appear every year during the winter months when there is less natural sunlight.
- Persistent depressive disorder —depressive symptoms that last a long time but are less severe than those of major depression.
- Minor depression—similar to major depression and persistent depressive disorder, but symptoms are less severe and may not last as long.
Changes In Appetite And Weight
We all tend to overeat or feel loss of appetite from time to time. However, if it’s coupled with other symptoms, such as feeling depressed or losing interest and pleasure in usual or favorite activities for two weeks or more, it could be a sign of a depressive episode, according to Simon Rego, PsyD, director of psychology training at Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx, N.Y. A weight gain of at least 5 percent of a person’s total body weight in a short period of time that causes significant distress may be considered part of depression, Dr. Rego says.
Feeling Tired And A Loss Of Energy
Some people with depression may find it difficult to get up in the morning because they feel exhausted and run down.
They may feel too fatigued to do everyday tasks, such as going to work or cooking meals. They may spend a lot of time at home resting or sleeping.
The of depression can make a person feel as though they are always tired, despite getting enough sleep at night. However, others with depression do experience poor sleep.
Stops From Reliving Trauma
When in depression we do not wish to recall or relive those memories that have put you in this position to begin with. We want to forget them and try to move on. But somehow they just keep coming back.
Sleeping is one way through which those memories and trauma can be paused. Depressed people may resort to sleeping in order to avoid reliving trauma.
Depression Acts On Neurotransmitters To Make You Tired
Depression is likely associated with changes in brain neurotransmitters, such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. “These neurotransmitters play important roles in regulating energy levels, sleep, appetite, motivation, and pleasure,” Ricke says.
According to Harvard Health Publishing, depression is a complex disease with many possible and interlinked causes, including genetics, medical conditions, stressful life events, and brain chemistry. And it can be challenging to tell the difference between everyday tiredness and depression-related fatigue.
“Fatigue and depression can look quite similar,” says Alex Dimitriu, MD, psychiatrist and sleep medicine expert, and founder of Menlo Park Psychiatry & Sleep Medicine.
How Much Sleep Is Too Much
Generally, experts recommend adults get between seven to nine hours of sleep per night, but this can vary based on individual needs. There will also be times when you’ll need more sleep than usual, such as when you’re suffering from jet lag, experiencing an abnormal amount of stress, or recovering from an illness.
You’ll know you’re getting enough sleep when you wake up feeling refreshed and restored. However, if you’re regularly sleeping more than nine or 10 hours per night, and you still feel tired during the day, that’s a sign you’re oversleeping. Around 8% to 9% of people oversleep, with women being more likely to do so than men.
Depression Symptoms To Watch For
While severe sadness is the most well-known symptom of depression, knowing how to recognize other signs can help head off a future depressive episode.
If you’re one of the 20 million people in America with depression, you know that it’s not a condition to be taken lightly. It’s important to manage symptoms of depression with therapy and medication as prescribed by your doctor, both to feel better now and to reduce the risk of a depressive episode in the future.
One of the best ways to minimize the physical and emotional damage of an episode of depression is to recognize depression early and take action — which can mean getting back on track with treatment or talking to your doctor about whether your treatment plan needs to be reviewed and revised. But not all symptoms of depression are easy to identify, and the early signs can be different for everyone. Here are some common symptoms you should look for.
Alcohol Or Drug Abuse
According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America , about 20 percent of Americans with an anxiety or mood disorder, such as depression, also have a substance abuse disorder, and about 20 percent of those struggling with substance problems also have an anxiety or mood disorder. If you relieve your anxiety or depression with alcohol or any kind of drug, it’s time to get help.
Want To Think Or Feel Nothing
Depression has complete control over your thoughts and feelings. These thoughts and feelings keep pestering you all day. All you want is for them to stop. You don’t want to think or feeling anything and sleeping gives you just that.
When depression sets in, sleeping can be a . But anything in excess is bad, sleeping way too much is not going to ease your pain. Having said that, I know it’s not your fault and neither can you control it.
These reasons push you towards avoiding the severity of your condition. You can try consulting a doctor. If that’s too big a step, try talking to a friend or a confidant.
What You Can Do To Feel Better
When you’re depressed, it can feel like there’s no light at the end of the tunnel. But there are many things you can do to lift and stabilize your mood. The key is to start with a few small goals and slowly build from there, trying to do a little more each day. Feeling better takes time, but you can get there by making positive choices for yourself.
Reach out to other people. Isolation fuels depression, so reach out to friends and loved ones, even if you feel like being alone or don’t want to be a burden to others. The simple act of talking to someone face-to-face about how you feel can be an enormous help. The person you talk to doesn’t have to be able to fix you. They just need to be a good listener—someone who’ll listen attentively without being distracted or judging you.
Get moving. When you’re depressed, just getting out of bed can seem daunting, let alone exercising. But regular exercise can be as effective as antidepressant medication in countering the symptoms of depression. Take a short walk or put some music on and dance around. Start with small activities and build up from there.
Eat a mood boosting diet. Reduce your intake of foods that can adversely affect your mood, such as caffeine, alcohol, trans fats, sugar and refined carbs. And increase mood-enhancing nutrients such as Omega-3 fatty acids.
How Does Depression Affect Your Sleep
There’s been an increasing focus on mental health during the past few years and not without good reason:
- In the UK, one in four people is likely to experience a mental health problem each year in England alone
- One in six people will be unfortunate enough for that problem to be depression, anxiety or a combination of the two.
The impact of these disorders can be crippling, with the adverse effects impacting upon every aspect of daily life.
Therefore, if you’re reading this and think you may be suffering from depression or anxiety, we urge you to seek help as soon as possible
Sleep is just one of the aspects of your life affected by depression.
As we know from the literature, the extensive number of articles on the subject and relevant websites, a good night’s sleep benefits health, mental ability and mood. This means that:
Signs Of Depression Faqs
Q: What are the first signs of depression?A: Any of the symptoms of depression listed above, including persistent low mood, loss of interest in activities that used to be enjoyable, and excessive guilt or feelings of being worthless, may serve as “warning signs�? for a depressive episode coming on. Additionally, research suggests that a person might experience other early symptoms that indicate the onset of depression, known as a prodrome, in the days, weeks or months before becoming depressed. During the prodrome, the following symptoms may be present:
- A vague sense of emotional discomfort, which may be expressed as “something not being right�?
- Anxiety, sadness or irritability
- Loss of interest and motivation
- Sleep disturbances, e.g. insomnia or sleeping a lot more than usual
These symptoms may be mistakenly attributed to external factors such as bad weather or stress. If a person thinks that they may be experiencing a depressive phase, it is recommended that they speak to a healthcare provider.
Q: What are the physical signs of depression?A: Physical symptoms of depression may include:
- Feeling tired a lot
- Restlessness or difficulty keeping still
- Unplanned weight loss or gain
Q: Depression and irritability: what is the connection?A: Persistent irritability can be a sign of depression in some people. A person might also be angry a lot and/or experience several of the other symptoms described above.
How To Feel Better After Oversleeping
You wake up much later than planned, completely out of sorts. You stare at the clock in disbelief and dismay. What next?
If you already feel miserable, it might seem tempting to write the day off and stay in bed.
Yet, even though getting up might feel like an impossible feat, these strategies can help ease that groggy, late-morning funk.
Even When Mental Health Problems Precede Disrupted Sleep The Lack Of Sleep Might Exacerbate A Persons Difficulties
His colleague, the clinical psychologist Daniel Freeman, has called for sleep problems to be given a higher priority within mental health care. Because they are common across different diagnoses, they don’t tend to be viewed as central to a particular condition. He feels they are sometimes neglected, when they could be tackled.
Even when mental health problems precede disrupted sleep, the lack of sleep might exacerbate a person’s difficulties. After all, just one night of sleep deprivation has a well-established negative impact on mood and thinking.
The complex relationship between sleep and mental health is further reinforced by the finding that if you treat depression, the problems with sleep don’t all disappear. It’s easy to see how psychological treatments which help people reduce ruminating over negative thoughts could also result in them falling asleep more easily. But in 2020 Shirley Reynolds, a clinical psychologist at Reading University, and her team trialled three different psychological treatments for depression. They worked equally well in reducing depression, but only sorted out the sleep problems for half of the participants. For the other half, the insomnia persisted, suggesting it was independent of their depression and needed to be addressed separately.
A deficit of sleep has well-established negative effects, including a tendency to withdraw from friends and family
Do You Feel Sleep Deprived
Take our 2-minute Sleep Deprivation and Depression quizzes to see if you simply aren’t getting enough sleep or if you may benefit from further diagnosis and treatment.
Sleep deprivation weakens the prefrontal cortex’s ability to control the amygdala , making it difficult to process and cope with emotions. When the brain is deprived of adequate sleep, it also struggles to concentrate and regulate growth and appetite.
Sleep deprivation can have a profound effect on both the emotional and cognitive functioning of the brain. This results in bad moods, negative thinking, decreased empathy, and poor impulse control.
The good news is that sleep deprivation can be treated, and getting on a regular sleep cycle can alleviate the above symptoms.
How Depression Impacts Daily Life
Living with depression on a day-to-day basis can have a significant impact on quality of life. In addition to the low mood and persistent feelings of sadness, depression can leave the individual feeling unwell. This combination of symptoms will often result in reduced functioning at work and at home.
Sleep disruptions, including sleeping too much or sleeping too little, will wreak havoc with concentration, energy and stamina, memory functions, appetite, and can further intensify feelings of despair. When depression causes a person to literally not want to get out of bed all day it can cause a domino effect in all other realms. Hypersomnia may even lead to excessive absences at work and declining work performance overall.
Excessive sleeping also has a negative impact on the family dynamic. When mom or dad is holed up in bed the children who are depending on the parent may not have access to the care they deserve. This places more pressure on the well parent to take up the extra burden, which can have an effect on the relationship. Eventually, the impact of depression will touch all aspects of life.
Elevation Behavioral Health Residential Depression Treatment
Elevation Behavioral Health is a Los Angeles-based residential program that offers intensive mental health treatment for depression. When outpatient interventions have been ineffective in improving quality of life, you may benefit from a more targeted treatment protocol. With deluxe accommodations and a highly attentive clinical staff, Elevation Behavioral Health strives to make the client’s stay a comfortable and healing experience. Elevation Behavioral Health offers a full daily schedule of therapies and adjunctive activities to help individuals struggling with depression reclaim their joy and return to healthy functioning. For more information about our program please contact us today at 561-0868.
Oversleeping Helps Me Escape Depression
For as long as I can remember, I have always been someone who needs a lot of sleep. Bouts of depression exacerbate this trait. During my major depressive episodes, I could sleep upwards of 18 hours a day. When I woke up, I wanted more. The more I got, the more I wanted… the more I needed. It was like an addictive drug. It was also like a veil over the pain I was feeling.
Like no other symptom of depression, sleep helped me escape from all the others. It was so easy, too. Just close my eyes and drift away. No pain. Total avoidance. Which is why this was the hardest symptom for me to combat.
Treatment Of Sleep Deprivation
Good sleep hygiene is the antidote to sleep deprivation. People accumulate sleep debt when they lose a specified amount of sleep each night, and the only way to repay that debt is to get more sleep.
Try these strategies to improve your sleep hygiene:
- Set a specific schedule for sleep and wake times, including weekends and vacations
- Go to bed when tired
- Avoid eating 2-3 hours before bed
- Engage in daily exercise
- If unable to sleep after twenty minutes, go to another room to read until sleepy
- Avoid using any electronics in the bedroom
- Turn off electronics one hour before bed
- Keep the bedroom quiet, dark, and cool
What Are Depression Naps
To many people, it won’t come as a surprise that sleep and mental health are closely intertwined. Sleeping for extensive amounts of time is commonly associated with diagnoses of depression, which is usually accompanied by several other symptoms and identifying factors.
In fact, several studies have shown that between 65% to 90% of adult patients with major depression have experienced sleep dysfunction in some form. One example is by napping for long periods on a daily basis, a practice also referred to as a “depression nap.”
According to Alex Dimitriu, MD, a psychiatrist and sleep medicine specialist and founder of Menlo Park Psychiatry & Sleep Medicine in Menlo Park, California, depression naps refer to taking a nap when you’re feeling low, in an effort to boost your mood. But it might not necessarily indicate a serious problem.
“It is important to realize there is a very big difference between feeling tired, sleepy, sad, and depressed,” Dr. Dimitriu says. “A lot of times it can be hard to know your own feelings, and too often in my work, people with fatigue end up thinking they are depressed.”
How To Tell If You Have Depression
Depression affects people in different ways and can cause a wide variety of symptoms.
They range from lasting feelings of unhappiness and hopelessness, to losing interest in the things you used to enjoy and feeling very tearful. Many people with depression also have symptoms of anxiety.
There can be physical symptoms too, such as feeling constantly tired, sleeping badly, having no appetite or sex drive, and various aches and pains.
The symptoms of depression range from mild to severe. At its mildest, you may simply feel persistently low in spirit, while severe depression can make you feel suicidal, that life is no longer worth living.
Most people experience feelings of stress, anxiety or low mood during difficult times. A low mood may improve after a short period of time, rather than being a sign of depression.
Signs Of Depression In Teens And Young Adults
Teenagers can also experience depression, but it may be difficult for their caregivers to recognize the symptoms, and many cases go undiagnosed and untreated.Signs of depression in teens and young adults may differ somewhat to those in adults, and may include the following:
- Seeming annoyed by everything and everyone
- Being argumentative and picking fights
- Responding to minor provocations with emotional outbursts
- A much stronger than usual need for social connection and social validation
- Promiscuity, substance abuse and risky behaviors
- Difficulties with school work
- Sleep disturbances, particularly sleeping too much
Other, more typical signs of depression, such as fatigue and loss of interest in activities that were once pleasurable, are very often present. It is important to distinguish normal teenage behaviors from teen depression. Significant changes in mood, together with changes in functioning, like serious social or school problems, indicate that a healthcare professional should be consulted.
If a teenager shows signs of suicidal thoughts or actions, it is vital to take these seriously, and it is of the utmost importance to call a healthcare professional or suicide prevention hotline without delay.
A ‘depression Nap’ May Not Mean Youre Depressed
Most often, clinical depression is connected to some form of insomnia, said Dr. Rochelle Zak, a sleep medicine specialist at the University of California San Francisco Sleep Disorders Center.
“Depression is less likely to result in daytime sleepiness,” Zak said. “Often, people are hyper-aroused, so they would love to nap but they can’t.”
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy For Insomnia
In populations with depression, CBTi delivered in person delivers mood and sleep improvements .
As mentioned earlier, if sleep is improved then mood should improve and this appears to be the case. The same is observed for remote CBTi but the evidence base isn’t quite as strong right now. This may be because:
- The closer interaction between therapist and client leads to greater investment on the part of the client — they want to see the treatment through and have real support in doing so.
- The varied way in which remote CBTi is currently delivered introduces differences in efficacy. Being treated by a robot following a script will never have the same level of tailoring that might be needed for the best treatment outcomes.
Our own survey data collected here at Sleepstation demonstrates that CBTi can help with depression.
We note that a large percentage of people we treat for poor sleep also report an improvement in their depressive symptoms if they’re living with depression as well as poor sleep.
We believe that’s because of the unique way in which we deliver remote CBTi. Components of a well designed course of CBTi will include, but aren’t limited to:
- Help with building habits good for sleep e.g. keeping a consistent sleep/wake schedule and mild exercise before bed
- Teaching methods to deal directly with unhelpful beliefs
- Relaxation strategies to manage anxiety once in bed
- Individualised, personalised support.
Signs Of Depression In Women
Females seem to be more likely than males to experience depression, probably due to biological, hormonal and social factors, and some of the signs of depression may differ between the sexes. For example, women with depression may be more likely than men to experience the symptoms of excessive guilt and anxiety.
- Increased appetite
- Sleeping too much
- Lack of energy
Some types of depression are unique to women. These include depression experienced as part of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and perimenopausal depression. Perinatal depression, including postpartum depression, is strongly associated with women, though new parents of any gender can experience it. Women experiencing symptoms of depression are advised to consult a medical practitioner about treatment options, including psychotherapy and medication.
Holistic Activities Complement Depression Treatment
Psychiatry has begun to embrace holistic therapies as complementary to traditional treatment modalities for depression, as these activities can help reduce stress and induce feelings of calm. Some of the holistic treatment elements include:
- Yoga. Yoga involves slow, purposeful physical poses with a focus on breathing. Yoga is known to promote relaxation and reduce stress while also strengthening and stretching muscles, and reducing blood pressure and heart rate.
- Acupuncture. Acupuncture uses tiny needles to open up energy paths in the body thought to assist in the improvement of mind-body connectedness and wellness.
- Meditation. Mindfulness meditation is also helpful in training the brain to focus purposefully on the present moment, taking in the various sensory stimuli and focusing on rhythmic breathing.
- Exercise. The positive effects of getting regular exercise are caused by the release of brain chemicals, such as endorphins, serotonin, and dopamine.
- Aromatherapy. Certain essential oils have been found to relieve symptoms of depressed mood. These include jasmine, citrus oils, bergamot, and chamomile oils.
- Nutritional counseling. A diet rich in lean proteins, nuts and seeds, fresh vegetables and fruits, oily fish such as salmon, beans, and whole grains can significantly contribute to mental stability.
Dual Diagnosis: Addiction And Depression
Drug addiction and depression often go hand in hand. According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, 20 percent of people with depression or similar mood disorders also have a problem with substance abuse. The staff at drug rehab facilities is therefore trained to help treat depression as well as drug addiction because the two disorders are often co-morbid.
How Does Depression Affect Sleep
Depression can affect a number of bodily functions, like decreased appetite and libido loss, and make it more difficult to fall asleep. , hopelessness, and other feelings that come with depression may take over a person’s thoughts as he tries to fall asleep.
How does depression affect sleep? If someone is tired during the day, he or she may want to nap, which can then affect nighttime sleep. Even getting off a regular sleep schedule can affect a person’s body. While some people don’t sleep enough, depression and sleeping a lot is also common.