Snoring And Cognitive Development
Researchers and pediatricians are increasingly calling for more attention to be paid to snoring in children. In fact, scientists have found that older children who snore may be at greater risk for cognitive, behavioral, and psychosocial disorders.
A study found that frequency of snoring, rather than sleep apnea, was associated with cognitive and behavioral problems in young kids.
A 2012 study of young children and persistent snoring found that children who snored loudly and regularly had more problem behaviors and were more likely to suffer from hyperactivity, depression, and attention issues. The study tracked 2- to 3-year-olds to compare those who snore occasionally or not at all with those who snore loudly and consistently for months or years.
A separate study published that same year showed that young children who had sleep apnea or sleep-disordered breathing, which might be indicated by snoring, were 20 percent to 60 percent more likely to have behavioral problems by age 4. They were 40 percent to 100 percent more likely to have those issues by age 7. The worse their condition, the worse the problems.
The reason for these differences, some experts say, is that snoring children may have periods of hypoxia during those episodes, they are deprived of oxygen, which leads to changes in brain function and behavior. So sleep-disordered breathing during your child’s early development may have long-lasting effects.
Sleep Apnea Of Children Other Solutions
Recently, however, more and more neonatologists, including leading American specialists, are inclined towards the possibility of the initial use of non-invasive methods of ventilation in children with mild forms of mutations.
Fortunately, modern, compact, silently operating, intelligent devices, equipped with special masks, easily adaptable to the features of the structure of the face of a particular baby, allow you to solve this problem.
Apnea in children with genetic diseases is very dangerous, but with the right approach, its consequences can be minimized, and the childs life can be made as comfortable as possible.
Fortunately, hereditary and other gene abnormalities that lead to respiratory arrest in children during sleep are extremely rare.
What can not be said about such a common diagnosis as adenoids. Pathologically enlarged pharyngeal tonsils interfere with the passage of air through the respiratory tract of a sleeping child, as a result of which he snores, breathes convulsively and unevenly, with stops.
Such children are diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome OSAS, doctors are involved in their treatment.
Is Snoring In Children Dangerous
Infrequent snoring in children is not usually dangerous, but regular or severe snoring that is indicative of sleep-disordered breathing can have significant health consequences.
Of the greatest concern is obstructive sleep apnea. OSA causes major sleep disturbances and affects the amount of oxygen a child receives during sleep. It has been connected to impaired brain development, reduced academic performance, cardiovascular issues like high blood pressure, altered metabolism, and behavior problems.
On the whole, it is clear that OSA can seriously affect a childs quality of life. The impacts of OSA have been studied primarily in older children, but researchers believe that they also extend to young kids, such as 2-3 year-olds.
Traditionally, primary snoring that did not rise to the level of OSA was thought of as benign, but recent research has indicated that habitual snoring also carries health risks. Issues of cognitive impairment and behavior problems have been found to occur more in children with primary snoring than in those who never or rarely snore. Regular snoring may affect the nervous system and have negative effects on cardiovascular health.
Beyond the immediate health effects, snoring can also be disruptive to the sleep of parents or to siblings who share a room with a child who snores. If the snoring is especially loud, it may cause others to wake up, leading to more fragmented sleep for others in a childs family.
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Baby And Toddler Snoring
Does your baby snore like a tiny freight train while sleeping? If so, youre not alone, and there are easy steps to take that can relieve most snoring in children.
A lot of babies and young children have noisy nighttime breathing, but 7 to 12% snore more than three nights a week. Why? It can be because of nasal allergies or by excessive dryness in the room. But, the most common cause of snoring is a mild blockage caused by large tonsils and adenoids.
About Snoring In Children
Your child might snore or snore more loudly if they have a cold or a blocked nose. This is because colds can narrow your childs airways. If your child has large tonsils and/or adenoids, your child might also be prone to snoring.
If your childs snoring goes on for a long time, it might be a sign of obstructive sleep apnoea, especially if your child also breathes through their mouth or seems to gasp, choke or struggle for breath. Obstructive sleep apnoea is less common than snoring.
Snoring is common. Up to 15% of children snore.
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Sleep Apnea Of Children Why It Occurs And What To Do
Cessation of breathing in a sleeping child, or sleep Apnea, can be due to a variety of reasons, ranging from age-related physiology to serious diseases caused by genetic mutations.
Depending on the nature of the disorder, children sleep Apnea:
- Not dangerous to the health of the baby, and therefore does not require any measures
- Threatens the childs life and / or leads to mental retardation, frequent headaches during wakefulness, the development of hyperactivity syndrome
- Disappears by itself or after proper treatment
Below you will find more information about the etiology of children sleep apnea, the possible consequences and current approaches to solving the problem.
Baby Sleeping On Back
The single most effective action that parents and caregivers can take to lower a babys risk of SIDS is to place the baby to sleep on his or her back for naps and at night. Compared with back sleeping, stomach sleeping increases the risk of SIDS by 1.7 12.9. 1 The mechanisms by which stomach sleeping might lead to SIDS are not entirely known. Studies suggest that stomach.
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I How Do I Know If My Child’s Snoring Is Serious
Obstructive sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder. A child who struggles to breathe while snoring may be suffering from OSA. A child who has sleep apnea may snort or gasp while snoring. He may also appear to “suck in” his chest. OSA is described as breathing that starts and stops during sleep. These pauses in breathing are usually caused when the throat narrows or even closes during sleep.
There is a range of snoring from simple to severe. Simple, primary snoring is “normal” and is, for the most part, harmless for your child. The severe snoring related to sleep apnea, however, can have serious side effects. Children with OSA may have a hard time sleeping at night. This can lead to problems in how the child acts during the day. If sleep apnea is not detected and treated, it can lead to:
- Oroblems at school
- Delayed growth
- Heart failure
Both boys and girls can suffer from sleep apnea. Some of the signs you can look for in your child are when he or she:
Some of these signs are very much like those that are found in children with ADHD. The most common signs of sleep apnea that are shared by ADHD are:
- Trouble concentrating
In fact, some children are thought to have ADHD when in reality they are suffering from OSA. These two problems can also occur together in the same child. Sleep apnea can even make the ADHD symptoms worse. Talk to your pediatrician if your child shows some of the signs listed above. Your doctor may refer you to a sleep specialist.
Cows Milk Allergy And Baby Sleep Problems
Studies estimate that cows milk allergyan intolerance to a protein found in cows milkaffects between 2% and 7% of infants .
Most sufferers are formula-fed babies. However, breastfed babies can also acquire cows milk allergy if their mothers consume milk products.
Symptoms among infants usually take the form of gastrointestinal problems, such as vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and bloating . In addition, sufferers may get skin rashes and experience respiratory symptoms, like cough and runny nose.
Cows milk allergy may also cause baby sleep problems-specifically more arousals, shorter sleep cycles, and dramatic reductions in total sleep time .
If cows milk is causing your baby sleep problems, symptoms should improve within a few weeks of removing all cow milk products from his diet . In one small study, infants who stopped consuming cows milk products for seven weeks increased their total sleep time by over 22%. They also experienced over 40% fewer arousals. If babies resumed consumption of cows milk, their sleep problems returned .
A second, much larger experimental study of babies confirmed these results. Before intervention, sufferers slept an average of 5.5 hours every 24 hours. After cow milk was removed, babies were sleeping an average 13 hours !
Note that cows milk allergy is different from lactose intolerance, though both conditions involve symptoms of bloating, abdominal pain, and diarrhea.
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But Is Snoring Normal For Young Kids
According to the National Sleep Foundation, most children snore once in a while, but only 10 percent snore on a regular basis, compared to 30 to 40 percent of adults. Snoring is caused by a lack of air moving freely through your nose and mouth during sleep. In adults, it often happens when the airway narrows because of an awkward sleeping position or because of abnormalities in the soft tissue of the throat. Its less common in kids, so if a child is snoring, theres sometimes another reason for it.
Snoring in kids can be caused by:
- A cold or some other respiratory infection
- A small jaw or a small airway
- Enlarged tonsils and adenoids.
- Sleep apnoea
Some of these are minor conditions that will pass soon enough, but consistent snoring could point to a more serious issue like sleep apnoea.
Q: What Information Does Your Pediatrician Need To Make A Diagnosis
A: Before your childs visit to the doctor, start a sleep journal. Observe and record your childs sleep habits, starting about one hour after he or she goes to bed.
Track how many nights of the week the snoring occurs and whether it happens frequently, or only occasionally, during the night, Dr. Hopkins advises.
And watch for the five red flags above, he says.
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Is All Snoring In Children The Same
Not all snoring in children is the same. The frequency, severity, and impact of snoring in children can vary significantly.
Almost anyone, adults or children, has an occasional episode of snoring. Most of the time, this snoring is minor and short-lived with no measurable effect on the persons sleep or overall health.
When snoring becomes more frequent and interrupts sleep, it can indicate the presence of sleep-disordered breathing . Sleep-disordered breathing ranges in seriousness.
On one end is primary snoring, also known as simple snoring or habitual snoring, when a child snores more than two times per week but does not have other noticeable symptoms or associated health issues.
On the other end is obstructive sleep apnea , a condition marked by constant lapses in a childs breath during the night. Those lapses, called apneas, occur dozens of times per night when the airway becomes blocked. OSA can cause fragmented sleep and is connected with negative impacts on physical health, mental health, learning, and behavior.
How Do I Confirm If My Child Has Osahs
You should consult your childs paediatrician to determine if your child has OSAHS. The paediatrician may then refer him/her to a sleep specialist, if there is a suspicion of OSAHS. The sleep specialist will record your childs sleep for at least one night in a laboratory with a test called polysomnography . This is the only way to find out if your child has OSAHS or has primary snoring. During the night, various small recording devices are placed on the childs head and body to monitor the sleep pattern. They will also record the brain waves, leg and arm movements, muscle activity, heartbeat, and breathing pattern. These monitors do not pose any danger to the child, are not painful and are designed to be as comfortable as possible. The sleep study also allows the sleep specialist to determine how serious the OSAHS is, look for any associated sleep problems and to decide on the best treatment.
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What Should I Do If I Think My Child Might Have Obstructive Sleep Apnoea
If you are worried that your child may have obstructive sleep apnoea, take them to your family doctor. Your doctor will examine your child and will refer them to an ear, nose and throat surgeon if their tonsils and adenoids are thought to be causing the problem, or to a paediatrician for further investigations. The doctor will want to know all about your childs sleep patterns and will examine the airway by looking into their mouth. A paediatrician may refer your child for a polysomnography or sleep study.
Is Snoring In Babies Normal
A newborn snoring in his sleep can be quite adorable, but if your baby snores on a regular basis, you might start to worry. A baby snoring while sleeping is a normal occurrence about one in ten babies are prone to this condition. This usually happens when a newborns airways are immature and are constricted by mucus.
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Sleep Testing And Other Screenings
While sleep tests are usually recommended for older children, its a procedure that could be necessary if a child has abnormal snoring issues that began in infancy.
For instance, the parent can sleep in the room with the child, wearing the same pajamas, ordering takeout food, and staying up late. That way, the sleep test will feel more like a slumber party than a medical exam.
Other medical screenings for snoring babies and children may include:
- endoscopic exams to provide direct views of the airway
How To Diagnose Sleep Apnea
According to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine , the only way to properly diagnose sleep apnea is to have your child participate in an overnight sleep study in a sleep lab. During the sleep study, which is called a polysomnogram, sensors are placed on your child to monitor their brain waves, heartbeat and breathing activity during different sleep stages. This helps detect problems and can pinpoint the nature of the breathing problem.
Before taking your child to a sleep lab, youll want to make sure its accredited for children, because the way sleep studies are interpreted in infants and children are different from adults. Moreover, pediatric sleep labs offer the expertise of having technicians that are adept at working with children.
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When To Worry About Your Childs Snoring
Though it can be normal for children to snore, there are signs that indicate a bigger problem.
If your child snores for three nights weekly, this can sometimes mean something serious, and its a sign that you should see a doctor.
However, there are other cases in which snoring might be a bad sign, and you need to keep an eye out for them:
- Wetting the bed.
- Difficulty breathing or gasps during sleep.
- Focus and learning issues.
- Weight stagnation or growth issues
- Diagnosed ADHD
Its worth noting that these symptoms can indicate SDB, but it doesnt mean that every child who snores is facing serious health problems. If these symptoms occur in your child, you should immediately consult your pediatrician.
Is Sleep Apnoea Dangerous When Snoring Problems Turn Serious
From grunts to loud snorts, one quarter of us are in the habit of snoring as we sleep. Snoring on its own is usually nothing to worry about, but for a small percentage of people, it is the main symptom of obstructive sleep apnoea. This is a restrictive breathing condition connected to sleep that can have some serious consequences if it’s left untreated.
11-Mar-22·8 mins read
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Predisposition To Snoring And Sleep Apnea
Among the main etiological factors in the development of apnea are the following:
- Most often men suffer from this disease
- With age, the incidence increases.
- Obesity is one of the most important risk factors.
- Postmenopausal period.
- The presence of bad habits .
- Anomalies in the development of the upper and lower jaws.
- Excessive proliferation of lymphoid tissue in the neck.
- Taking sedatives or sleeping pills.
- Concomitant neurological diseases .
How Common Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea In Toddlers
Obstructive sleep apnea is very common in toddlers. Snoring and breathing from mouth usually propel parents to take medical advice. Around 3 to 12 percent of toddlers snore. obstructive sleep apnea affects around 1 to 10 percent of children. Most toddlers present with mild symptoms and usually, most of them outgrow the condition. Most children suffering from obstructive sleep apnea belong to the age group of 2 to 8 years old.
Sleep apnea in toddlers may present with following signs and symptoms-
- LBW or low birth weight when born
- History of obstructive sleep apnea in the family
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Why Is Snoring Dangerous Why Are They So Afraid Of It
Because it causes hypoxia in our brain cells and leads to serious pathology.
The brain does not rest during snoring because the sleeper has not entered a deep sleep. A person can walk all day in a drowsy state, his performance is sharply reduced.
Snoring negatively affects the work of the whole body, and can cause a decrease in potency in a man, heart and vascular disease, hypertension, stroke, heart attack, atherosclerosis, memory impairment and depression.
At the first glance, harmless snoring can turned into apnea syndrome, as I mentioned earlier. And in this state, breathing stops for 10-25 seconds.
This phenomenon is sometimes accompanied by convulsive breaths and causes problems in the functioning of the central and cardiovascular systems.
The danger of snoring is so great that it can cause a sudden death of a sleeping person. The longer the breath is held during snoring, the more the brain suffers from a lack of oxygen.