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What Are Common Sleep Disorders

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What Are Some Common Sleep Problems

Identifying and Treating Common Sleep Disorders

Many people report that they experience problems with sleep. But what does that really mean?

Sleep problems differ in how severe they are and in their specific features.1 For example, how long you sleep or are awake, how deeply you sleep, and how you fall asleep are all related to certain sleep problems.

In the past, healthcare providers focused on sleep deprivationnot getting enough sleep as a main type of sleep problem. But research has shown that sleep deficiency, a concept that describes a group of sleep problems, is actually a more accurate way to talk about sleep problems.

Sleep deficiency is a term that describes several different sleep issues, including:

  • Not getting enough sleep
  • Sleeping at the wrong time of day
  • Not sleeping well or not spending enough time in certain stages of sleep
  • Having a sleep disorder

Sleep deficiency is associated with a number of health and other problems ranging from feeling tired to chronic health conditions. Visit and for more information.

Sleep Disturbances And Alzheimers Disease

More than 70% of people with dementia are affected by Alzheimer’s disease . Despite this high number, our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the progression of this disease remains very limited. However, recent studies have highlighted a link between sleep disturbances and Alzheimer’s disease.

Sleep changes with normal aging. Indeed, with age, we find a decrease in time sleeping and also a decrease in the quantity of NREM sleep, more precisely in NREM SWS . Older people also are more prone to insomnia or sleep apnea.

In Alzheimer’s disease, in addition to cognitive decline and memory impairment, there is also significant sleep disturbances with a modified sleep architecture. The latter may consist in sleep fragmentation, a reduction in sleep duration, insomnia, an increase in daytime napping, a decreased quantity of some sleep stages, and a resemblance between some sleep stages . More than 65% of people with Alzheimer’s disease suffer from this type of sleep disturbance.

One factors that could explain this change in sleep architecture is a change in circadian rhythm, which regulates sleep. A disruption of the circadian rhythm would therefore generate sleep disturbances. Some studies show that people with AD have a delayed circadian rhythm, whereas in normal aging we will find an advanced circadian rhythm.

Delayed Sleep Phase Disorder

Delayed sleep phase disorder is a condition where your biological clock is significantly delayed. As a result, you go to sleep and wake up much later than other people. This is more than just a preference for staying up late or being a night owl, but rather a disorder that makes it difficult for you to keep normal hoursto make it to morning classes, get the kids to school on time, or keep a 9-to-5 job.

  • People with delayed sleep phase disorder are unable to get to sleep earlier than 2 to 6 a.m., no matter how hard they try.
  • When allowed to keep their own hours , they fall into a regular sleep schedule.
  • Delayed sleep phase disorder is most common in teenagers, and many teens will eventually grow out of it.
  • For those who continue to struggle with a biological clock that is out of sync, treatments such as light therapy and chronotherapy can help. To learn more, schedule an appointment with your doctor or a local sleep clinic.

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What Is Snoring And Why Would It Affect My Sleep

Snoring is the sound that happens when air flow is partially blocked in the back of your throat. Because your airway is partially blocked, the air has to speed up to move through this blockage. This fast moving air causes your tongue, soft palate, and uvula to vibrate against each other and causes a snoring sound.

In addition to disturbing your own sleep patterns, snoring can disturb the sleep patterns of bed partners. Snoring can also be a symptom of a more serious medical condition known as obstructed sleep apnea .

Snoring may be caused by these factors:

  • Jaw and throat anatomy,

Rem Sleep Behavior Disorder

List of Common Sleep Disorders

REM sleep behavior disorder is a condition in which a person acts their dream out, whether its a simple, dramatic, or violent dream. People with RBD lack the state of paralysis we normally experience during the REM phase of our sleep. Thus, allowing them to move their limbs and act out their dreams. REM can cause disturbance to others in the home. It also serves as a danger to the person with the condition, as they can get up and move around without being aware.

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Combination Of These 2 Common Sleep Disorders Associated With Higher Death Risk

  • Researchers followed more than 5,000 people for about 15 years
  • Those with COMISA were more likely to have hypertension, cardiovascular disease
  • Those being tested for one of the disorders should be tested for the other: Researchers

How can two of the most common sleep disorders affect the mortality of those who suffer from them? Those with co-occurring insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea are 47% more likely to die compared to those who don’t have the conditions, a new study has found.

“Increased mortality” has been seen in people with insomnia and those with OSA, researchers noted in their new study, published in the European Respiratory Journal. These are the “two most common sleep disorders,” study lead Dr. Bastien Lechat said in the Flinders University news release. However, when both conditions are present, called co-morbid insomnia and sleep apnea , the effect of the combination on mortality risk is “unknown.”

For their study, the researchers looked at 5,236 participants. Among them, 52% did not have either insomnia or OSA , 3% had only insomnia, 42% had only OSA and 3% had COMISA. The participants were about 60 years old when the study began, and the researchers followed them for about 15 years. During that time, 1,210 of the participants died.

“Insomnia-alone and OSA-alone were associated with higher risk of hypertension but not cardiovascular disease compared to controls,” the researchers wrote.

What Are The Treatments For Sleep Disorders

Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. They may include

  • Good sleep habits and other lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy or relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety about getting enough sleep
  • CPAP machine for sleep apnea
  • Bright light therapy
  • Medicines, including sleeping pills. Usually, providers recommend that you use sleeping pills for a short period of time.
  • Natural products, such as melatonin. These products may help some people but are generally for short-term use. Make sure to check with your health care provider before you take any of them.

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What Is A Sleep Disorder Or Sleep Problem

A sleep disorder is a condition that frequently impacts your ability to get enough quality sleep. Many of us occasionally experience difficulties sleeping. Usually its due to stress, travel, illness, or other temporary interruptions to your normal routine. However, if you regularly have problems getting to sleep at night, wake up feeling exhausted, or feel sleepy during the day, you may be suffering from a sleep disorder.

Sleep disorders cause more than just daytime sleepiness. They can take a serious toll on your mental and physical health, including your mood, energy, and ability to handle stress. Ignoring sleep problems and disorders can lead to weight gain, car accidents, impaired job performance, memory problems, and strained relationships. If you want to feel your best, stay healthy, and perform up to your potential, quality sleep is a necessity, not a luxury.

Frequently having trouble sleeping can be a frustrating and debilitating experience. You sleep badly at night, which leaves you feeling dead-tired in the morning and whatever energy you have quickly drains throughout the day. But then, no matter how exhausted you feel at night, you still have trouble sleeping. And so the cycle begins again. But you dont have to live with a sleeping problem. There are many things you can do to identify the underlying causes of your sleep disorder and improve your sleep, health, and quality of life.

Can Common Sleep Disorders Be Deadly

5 most common sleep disorders that people struggle with | Sleep Week

Gravely, sleep deprivation can directly cause death.

In rodent studies, REM sleep deprivation causes death over the same period as food deprivation about 15 days.

  • NREM sleep deprivation causes death too, after 45 days.
  • Sleep-deprived rats lose body weight, despite eating more. They can no longer regulate their body temperature, causing intense metabolism.
  • The immune system is destroyed, causing widespread skin sores.
  • The cause of death is universally septicemia or a systemic bacterial infection, caused by the gut microbiome .

In humans, sleep deprivation leading to death is uncommon . But lack of sleep could contribute to more acute causes of death like seizures, and thus be misreported.

The strongest evidence that humans can die from sleep deprivation comes with a very rare inherited condition, fatal familial insomnia. In this disease, prion proteins cause the thalamus to be destroyed, and the patient is totally unable to sleep, even with heavy sedatives. Severe disability sets in , and death occurs within 10 months. There are no treatments or preventions.

  • This disease is autosomal dominant and found in only 40 families worldwide.

Common sleep disorders affect people worldwide. People are always looking to remedy common sleep disorders, and science may discover other treatments the more we learn about sleep.

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The 4 Most Common Sleep Disorders: Symptoms And Prevalence

Do you constantly struggle in some way with sleep? Do you have trouble getting or staying asleep? Do you wake in the middle of the night unable to return to sleep, or wake in the morning feeling as if you never really slept at all? Or maybe you’ve even been told that you exhibit strange behaviors during sleep. Do you feel tired and worn down nearly every day? If so, you might just have a sleep disorder.

Approximately 80 million Americans suffer from a sleep disorder. And while there are over 70 recognized sleep disorders, some are much more prevalent than others. Here we describe the four most common sleep disorders that could be robbing you of quality sleep.

Children And Young Adults

According to one meta-analysis, the two most prevalent sleep disorders among children are confusional arousals and sleep walking. An estimated 17.3% of kids between 3 and 13 years old experience confusional arousals. About 17% of children sleep walk, with the disorder being more common among boys than girls. The peak ages of sleep walking are from 8 to 12 years old. A different systematic review offers a high range of prevalence rates of sleep bruxism for children. Between 15.29 and 38.6% of preschoolers grind their teeth at least one night a week. All but one of the included studies reports decreasing bruxist prevalence as age increased as well as a higher prevalence among boys than girls.

Another systematic review noted 7-16% of young adults suffer from delayed sleep phase disorder. This disorder reaches peak prevalence when people are in their 20s. Between 20 and 26% of adolescents report a sleep onset latency of greater than 30 minutes. Also, 7-36% have difficulty initiating sleep. Asian teens tend to have a higher prevalence of all of these adverse sleep outcomes than their North American and European counterparts.

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Common Sleep Disorder Combos May Be Fatal: Study

Adelaide , December 15 : A study has found that people suffering from both insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea are more likely to suffer from heart problems and are almost 50 per cent more likely to die than those without either condition.

The research has been published in the ‘European Respiratory Journal’.

“Insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea are the two most common sleep disorders, affecting 10 to 30 per cent of the population, but people can often suffer from both at the same time,” said Dr Bastien Lechat from Flinders Health and Medical Research Institute: Sleep Health.

“Previously, little was known about the impact of co-morbid insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea but what we did know is that for people with both conditions, health outcomes are consistently worse than those with neither condition nor those with either condition alone,” Lechat added.

Now Flinders University researchers have studied a large US-based dataset of over 5,000 people to understand the risks of COMISA.

The participants, aged around 60 years of age at the beginning of the study and 52 per cent female, were followed for approximately 15 years, with 1,210 people dying during that time.

The results suggested that participants with COMISA were two times more likely to have high blood pressure and 70 per cent more likely to have cardiovascular disease than participants with neither insomnia nor sleep apnoea.

Periodic Limb Movement Disorder

Most Common Sleep Disorders

Periodic limb movement disorder in which a person makes repetitive Limb movement during sleep and wakes up. It includes lower extremities, i.e., flexion of the ankle, knee, and hip. There is an extension in the big toe. Some patients also suffer from Limb Movements in the upper extremities of the body.

What are the symptoms of periodic limb movement disorder

  • Fatigue during daytime
  • Spinal cord tumor

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Clues that an individual might have a sleep disorder can range from excessive daytime sleepiness to issues with mood, memory, energy, and more. Snoring, uncontrolled muscular movements, gasping for air, shouting, and even engaging in everyday activities during sleep are among the other signs that someone could have a sleep disorder. Symptoms vary depending on the type of sleep disorder and its cause.

People with a possible sleep disorder can be aware or unaware of their symptoms sometimes a partner may notice snoring or other symptoms that occur at night, while a colleague might witness daytime drowsiness. Since lack of sleep can contribute to many health issues, health care professionals see patients who report other concerns or discover test results that could indicate a sleep disorder.

Individuals with sleep disorders can experience problems beyond exhaustion, such as higher risks of cardiovascular problems and diabetes. Furthermore, missing out on shut-eye can create disturbances in entire bodily systems, including metabolism and immune function.

Slumber Yard consulted a variety of trusted health sources, such as Mayo Clinic, Healthline, and the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, to compile a list of 15 common sleep disorders and their symptoms.

Explore this list to learn more about signs that a sleep disorder might be behind that extreme exhaustion or bad mood.

What Is Sleep Like For Those Who Sleep During The Day

Humans have an internal clock that regulates our sleep-wake cycle called the circadian rhythm. This is not unique to humans as most living organisms develop this during the first month of their birth.

In humans, the main regulator of circadian rhythm can be found in the hypothalamus. A small area in your brain thats responsible for connecting the nervous system to your endocrine system.

The circadian rhythm is dictated by a group of nerve cells in the hypothalamus called the suprachiasmatic nucleus or SCN. This is connected to our optic nerves. In turn, it allows the SCN cells to respond to night and day or brightness or darkness.

When our optic nerve senses light, our SCN cells send signals to raise our temperature, heart rate, blood pressure and delay the release of sleep hormones like melatonin. During the night, it sends signals that its time for the body to cool down and relax.

This explains why we tend to be energetic when we wake up in the morning, and then in the evening, we tend to feel a little bit sleepy because this is the time when the brain receives signals to release melatonin.

Its important to know that certain periods in the 24-hour cycle will put people at risk for sleep. This is mainly any time during 3 am to 4 am. This is where our circadian clock is at its lowest alertness.

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Common Sleep Disorder Combo Could Be Deadly

Flinders University
People who suffer from both insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea are more likely to suffer from heart problems and are almost 50% more likely to die than those without either condition, say researchers, who advise people being tested for one of the disorders be tested for the other.

People who suffer from both insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea are more likely to suffer from heart problems and are almost 50% more likely to die than those without either condition, say Flinders University researchers, who advise people being tested for one of the disorders be tested for the other.

“Insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea are the two most common sleep disorders, affecting 10 to 30% of the population, but people can often suffer from both at the same time,” says Dr Bastien Lechat from Flinders Health and Medical Research Institute: Sleep Health.

“Previously, little was known about the impact of co-morbid insomnia and obstructive sleep apnoea but what we did know is that for people with both conditions, health outcomes are consistently worse than those with neither condition or those with either condition alone.”

Now, in a new study published in the European Respiratory Journal, Flinders researchers have studied a large US-based dataset of over 5000 people to understand the risks of COMISA.

“This is the first study to assess mortality risk in participants with co-morbid insomnia and sleep apnoea,” says Dr Lechat, who led the research.

Let Them Avoid Daytime Naps

What are the common sleep disorders encountered in patients with PD?

As a caregiver, try to engage them in another activity to not sleep in the afternoon. Try to eliminate their daytime naps as much as possible.

People who sleep in the daytime make multiple changes in their sleep cycle. Try to keep them engaged and busy as much as possible, so they do not sleep and lie on the couch.

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