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What Are The 3 Types Of Insomnia

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What Are The 3 Types Of Insomnia

Insomnia: Types and Causes

The following are the three types of insomnia:

1. Transient insomnia : This is a short-term condition that lasts less than a week. It can occur when a person takes certain medications, such as SSRI antidepressants, Alpha-blockers, Beta-blockers, and ACE inhibitors. Transient insomnia can also occur when a person sleeps in a new environment, such as in a new house or a hotel. It can also occur when a person experiences physical discomfort, such as noise, light, or sleeping on an uncomfortable mattress. This type of insomnia usually goes away after a person gets used to his/her current situation.

2. Acute insomnia : Also known as adjustment insomnia, acute insomnia is the most common insomnia type. It’s a short-term condition that lasts for a few days or a few weeks. It occurs when a person experiences a stressful event, such as a breakup, the loss of a loved one, the loss of a job, etc.

3. Chronic insomnia: This is a more serious type of insomnia as it lasts for a month or more. Chronic insomnia mostly occurs when one has an underlying health condition, such as diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, and mental health conditions like anxiety, depression, or ADHD.

Things You May Not Know About Insomnia

Most adults need around eight hours of good, un-interrupted sleep per night as a cornerstone of good personal health, but plenty of people struggle to get enough Zs. Estimates say around a third of Americans suffer from at least brief symptoms of insomnia.

That leaves many people asking what causes insomnia.

The better question is, what is insomnia, said Dr. Lyle Victor, director of the Beaumont Sleep Center – Canton. Almost everybody has a different answer to this question.

Insomnia can have several characteristics:

  • difficulty falling asleep
  • waking up several times during the night
  • waking up too early without being able to fall back asleep
  • waking up feeling unrefreshed

To be diagnosed with insomnia, you must have daytime symptoms such as difficulty thinking or focusing, poor memory, fatigue, irritability, malaise or even depression, Dr. Victor said.

What Are The 3 Types Of Insomnia Topic Guide

Sleep disorders affect both men and women, but suffer these problems at double the rate of men. Psychosocial stress, hormonal changes, illness, and lifestyle factors can all affect sleep in women. Medications may be used to help women get to sleep, but losing weight, avoiding caffeine, getting plenty of exercise and overall good sleep hygiene can help in many cases.

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How Much Sleep Do I Need

Most adults need between 7 and 9 hours of sleep each night. You know youre getting enough sleep if you dont feel sleepy during the day. The amount of sleep you need stays about the same throughout adulthood. However, sleep patterns may change as you age, and become less deep and restful. That is why older people may sleep less at night and take naps during the day.

Whats Causing Your Insomnia

  • Are you under a lot of stress?
  • Are you depressed? Do you feel emotionally flat or hopeless?
  • Do you struggle with chronic feelings of anxiety or worry?
  • Have you recently gone through a traumatic experience?
  • Are you taking any medications that might be affecting your sleep?
  • Do you have any health problems that may be interfering with sleep?
  • Is your bedroom quiet and comfortable?
  • Do you try to go to bed and get up around the same time every day?

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What Prescription Medicines Treat Insomnia

Prescription medicines can help treat short-term or long-term insomnia.2 But your doctor or nurse may have you try cognitive behavioral therapy first rather than medicine to treat insomnia.2

The types of prescription medicines used to treat insomnia include sedatives and certain kinds of antidepressants.22 Prescription sleep medicines can have serious side effects, including sleepiness during the daytime and increased risk of falls for older adults.2,17 They can also affect women differently than men. In 2013, the Food and Drug Administration required drug companies to lower the recommended dose for women of certain prescription sleep medicines with zolpidem, because women’s bodies do not break down the medicine as quickly as men’s bodies do.23

If you decide to use a prescription sleep medicine:

  • Ask your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about any warnings and potential side effects of the medicine.
  • Take the medicine at the time of day your doctor tells you to.
  • Do not drive or do other activities that require you to be alert and sober.
  • Take only the amount of medicine prescribed by your doctor.
  • Tell your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist about all other medicines you take, both over-the-counter and prescription.
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • Do not take medicines that your doctor has not prescribed to you.
  • Talk to your doctor or nurse if you want to stop using the sleep medicine. You need to stop taking some sleep medicines gradually .

Why Is Sleep Important

Sleep is essential for good health. During sleep, our bodies and brains repair themselves. Some research suggests our brains use the time during sleep to clear away toxins that build up during the day.25 Sleep is also important to our ability to learn and form memories. Not getting enough sleep puts people at risk for health problems, including high blood pressure, obesity, and depression.

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Insomnia Due To A Drug Or Substance

This type of secondary insomnia occurs when your sleep is disrupted by the use of a substance such as alcohol, caffeine, food, or medication.

With alcohol, caffeine and food, sleep problems occur because these substances, when used in high concentrations, stay in your body for several hours after consumption. Research has shown that sleepers who drink large amounts of alcohol before going to bed are often prone to delayed sleep onset, and may also experience sleep disruptions and poor sleep quality. Caffeine is a stimulant, so experts recommend limiting caffeine about four or five hours before bedtime, and eating your last large meal 2 to 3 hours before sleeping. With medication, side effects from certain drugs can make falling asleep difficult for some people, according to the ASA.

Unfortunately, this type of sleep problem may also occur when you stop using a substance, so weaning yourself off of a substance you normally ingest before bed is better than stopping cold-turkey.

A Disorder And Symptom

Insomnia – The Three Most Common Types

Insomnia is also considered one of the most difficult conditions to treat, since its both a disorder and a symptom of other issues, so it can be difficult to make an accurate diagnosis of an underlying issue that is causing it. Oftentimes a medical condition can cause insomnia common examples include pain, acid reflux, shortness of breath, nocturia – or frequent need to urinate at night – or anything that causes pain or discomfort. Insomnia is also common in people who experience a lot of stress, worry a lot or experience racing thoughts right before bed.

The good news is that insomnia is treatable – and that the occasional night of poor sleep doesnt mean youre an insomniac.

If you suffer a night or two of bad sleep, you dont need to make up sleep hour-for-hour in order to feel well again. But if you keep losing an hour or two of sleep each night over time, you collect sleep debt, which must be paid off in the long term, lest you risk things like getting into car accidents.

You need about 20 minutes of uninterrupted sleep to get any benefits from that portion of sleep, Dr. Victor said. If your sleep is constantly interrupted, youre probably not getting any benefits from it.

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Tips For Dealing With Chronic Insomnia

Do you have trouble falling asleep or staying asleep? Millions of Americans have some type of sleep disorder, which is any condition that negatively impacts the ability to sleep. Thankfully, there are ways to get the rest you need.

Eric JacksononOctober 21, 2021

Experts recommend that most adults aim for between seven and nine hours of sleep each night. The reality, though, is that a large number of people dont get that much sleep. Some people have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep at least occasionally, while others have a sleep disorder that routinely disrupts their sleep. As many as 70 million Americans experience ongoing problems getting enough sleep, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Sleep disorders range from conditions that cause a temporary disruption of sleepsuch as jet lag, which interrupts circadian rhythmsto those that may occur routinely, such as insomnia, one of the most common sleep disorders reported in the U.S.

There are two different overarching forms of insomnia. When stress or trauma temporarily disrupts sleep, its called acute, or short-term, insomnia. When sleep is disrupted for three or more nights a week for at least three months, its called chronic insomnia.

What Age Group Does Insomnia Affect The Most

Teenagers, college students, and elderly people have the most trouble sleeping lets look at the numbers.

#12 20% of teenagers get less than 5 hours of sleep, while the average amount of sleep they get is 6.5 hours.

A study published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence examines the effects of sufficient versus insufficient sleep on mental health.

Although teenagers need about 9 hours of sleep, according to the National Institute of Health, only 3% of students reported getting enough sleep.

According to the teenage insomnia statistics, 20% of teenagers stated they get less than 5 hours of sleep while the average amount is 6.5 hours. Interestingly, teenagers today spend a lot of time being on social media networks.

The primary reason for the lack of sleep among teenagers is depression and anxiety. Parents, educators, and therapists are advised to pay more attention to the role of healthy sleep in preventing mental illnesses.

#13 43% of people aged 65 or older have difficulty sleeping.

Aging is related to many health concerns, including sleeping difficulties. Poor sleep can result in reducing the quality of life in people over 65. Life changes such as retirement and social isolation can increase stress and anxiety, contributing to sleep issues among the older population.

Recent statistics showing the demographics of the insomnia disorder suggest that 43% of people aged 65 and older experience difficulty falling or staying asleep.

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Causes Of Insomnia: Figuring Out Why You Cant Sleep

In order to properly treat and cure your insomnia, you need to become a sleep detective. Emotional issues such as stress, anxiety, and depression cause half of all insomnia cases. But your daytime habits, sleep routine, and physical health may also play a role. Try to identify all possible causes of your insomnia. Once you figure out the root cause, you can tailor treatment accordingly.

Common Psychological And Medical Causes Of Insomnia

14 Types of Insomnia  Causes and Treatments

Sometimes, insomnia only lasts a few days and goes away on its own, especially when it is tied to an obviously temporary cause, such as stress over an upcoming presentation, a painful breakup, or jet lag. Other times, insomnia is stubbornly persistent. Chronic insomnia is usually tied to an underlying mental or physical issue.

Anxiety, stress, and depression are some of the most common causes of chronic insomnia. Having difficulty sleeping can also make anxiety, stress, and depression symptoms worse. Other common emotional and psychological causes include anger, worry, grief, bipolar disorder, and trauma. Treating these underlying problems is essential to resolving your insomnia.

Medical problems or illness. Many medical conditions and diseases can contribute to insomnia, including asthma, allergies, Parkinsons disease, hyperthyroidism, acid reflux, kidney disease, and cancer. Chronic pain is also a common cause of insomnia.

Medications. Many prescription drugs can interfere with sleep, including antidepressants, stimulants for ADHD, corticosteroids, thyroid hormone, high blood pressure medications, and some contraceptives. Common over-the-counter culprits include cold and flu medications that contain alcohol, pain relievers that contain caffeine , diuretics, and slimming pills.

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Early Morning Awakening Insomnia

Early morning awakening insomnia involves waking up well before a person wants or plans to in the morning. Some experts view this as a component of sleep maintenance while others consider it separately.

Inability to get their desired amount of sleep can impair a persons physical and mental function the next day.

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Home Remedies For Insomnia

  • Lifestyle changes can bring a great difference to your wellbeing. No matter how small they may be, their routine practice can have an effect on resolving sleep deprivation naturally.
  • Healthy living goes beyond the exteriors of physical health and involves better emotional stability and wellbeing. Healthy living is not only about physical health that caters to regular diet and physical activity itâs also about your social connections and the rapport you share with them.
  • âSleep hygieneâ begins with maintaining proper sleep schedule, avoiding exposure to gadget screens during night, and saying no to smoking, limiting caffeine and avoiding hunger pangs during night via timely dinner help in better sleep.
  • One of the most effective home remedy for insomnia is adopting mind healing and relaxation techniques like yoga, meditation etc..
  • Counselling and cognitive therapy help in relieving anxiety and depression thus help in relieving insomnia.
  • Another useful home remedy for insomnia is to avoid day sleeping, watching T.V before going to bed, maintaining peaceful sleep environment all are conducive to a good nightâs sleep.

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Treating Insomnia With A Better Sleep Environment And Routine

Insomnia Explained Clearly – Causes, Pathophysiology & Treatment

Two powerful weapons in the fight against insomnia are a quiet, comfortable bedroom and a relaxing bedtime routine. Both can make a big difference in improving the quality of your sleep.

Make sure your bedroom is quiet, dark, and cool. Noise, light, a bedroom thats too hot or cold, or an uncomfortable mattress or pillow can all interfere with sleep. Try using a sound machine or earplugs to mask outside noise, an open window or fan to keep the room cool, and blackout curtains or an eye mask to block out light. Experiment with different levels of mattress firmness, foam toppers, and pillows that provide the support you need to sleep comfortably.

Stick to a regular sleep schedule. Support your biological clock by going to bed and getting up at the same time every day, including weekends. Get up at your usual time in the morning even if youre tired. This will help you get back in a regular sleep rhythm.

Turn off all screens at least an hour before bed. Electronic screens emit a blue light that disrupts your bodys production of melatonin and combats sleepiness. So instead of watching TV or spending time on your phone, tablet, or computer, choose another relaxing activity, such as reading a book or listening to soft music.

Avoid stimulating activity and stressful situations before bedtime. This includes checking messages on social media, big discussions or arguments with your spouse or family, or catching up on work. Postpone these things until the morning.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Insomnia

The most common symptom of insomnia is difficulty sleeping â either going to sleep, staying asleep, or waking up too early. If you have insomnia, you may:

  • Lie awake for a long time without going to sleep
  • Wake up during the night and find it difficult to go back to sleep
  • Not feel rested when you wake up

Lack of sleep may cause other symptoms during the daytime. For example, you may wake up feeling tired, and you may have low energy during the day. It can also cause you to feel anxious, depressed, or irritable, and you may have a hard time concentrating or remembering things.

Is Insomnia A Serious Problem

Getting enough sleep is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Insomnia can affect you mentally and physically. It can make you feel tired, depressed, and irritable. It can also make it hard for you to concentrate or perform tasks during the day. If you have insomnia, you may worry about being able to sleep. Sometimes this can make sleeping harder.

If you dont get enough sleep on a regular basis, youre at increased risk of diseases. These include high blood pressure, heart disease, and diabetes.

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