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What Are The 3 Types Of Sleep Apnea

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Three Main Types Of Sleep Apnea Machines

3 Types of Sleep Apnea
  • CPAP. After completing your sleep study, your physician may prescribe you a CPAP machine along with the exact air pressure setting you need to help you breathe while asleep. This air pressure is a constant flow set to the same pressure setting all night. You breathe in with the assistance of this pressure setting, and you exhale against this same pressure setting. CPAP machines are the most popular for treating OSA.
  • APAP. An APAP machine is automated to work within a pre-set pressure range. An APAP machine automatically adjusts throughout the night to fit your specific pressure needs on a breath-by-breath basis. This makes APAP machines more comfortable.
  • BiPAP. BiPAP stands for bi-level positive airway pressure. As the name implies, a BiPAP machine offers two levels of airway pressure: one for inhalation and another one for exhalation. BiPAP machines allow those with severe OSA to cycle air in and out of their lungs easier.

American Sleep Apnea Association

We envision a world in which most people suffering from sleep apnea are diagnosed, aware, educated and treated. This serious syndrome, when left untreated has a large influence on quality of life and multiple life-threatening implications. Yet it is highly treatable. Unfortunately it is estimated that more than 80% of people suffering from sleep apnea are undiagnosed. To help those living with sleep apnea, we work relentlessly to promote

  • better awareness in the general public and among health professionals and,
  • affordable, convenient and highly effective diagnoses and treatments.
  • What Is Mixed Sleep Apnea

    Mixed sleep apnea is a form of sleep apnea that combines obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Sometimes one form will be more predominant than the other, meaning someone may have a bit more of the obstructive sleep apnea component or a bit more of the central sleep apnea component, Dr. Becker says.

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    What Happens When You Stop Breathing

    When you stop breathing, your heart rate also tends to drop the longer your body is deprived of oxygen. Then, your involuntary reflexes cause you to startle awake at the end of that period of not breathing. When this occurs, your heart rate tends to accelerate quickly and your blood pressure rises.

    These are changes that take place acutely when you stop breathing. However, your body starts to experience chronic effects if you experience frequent apnea. Data suggests increased risk, particularly when you stop breathing roughly 30 times or more per hour. But there is likely a risk at even lower frequency rates.

    For example, your blood pressure tends to go up, your heart walls thicken due to increased workload and the structure of your heart changes. It tends to become stiffer and less flexible because there are more fibrous cells growing in between the muscle cells.

    All of those things increase the risk that you can have either atrial or ventricular arrhythmias. They also tend to reduce the function of the heart so that its less efficient at pumping blood.

    Three Types Of Sleep Apnea And The Health Risks

    The Three Types Of Sleep Apnea


    With all due respect to the author of the old adage “a lack of sleep never hurt anybody,” a recent study, published in the journal Sleep Medicine, suggests just the opposite.

    People who get less sleep, say researchers in the UK, are more likely to experience issues around chronic pain, and sleep apnea is one cause for the pain and sleep issues many people suffer from on a nightly basis.

    “Sleep and pain problems are two of the biggest health problems in today’s society,” lead author of the study, Esther Afolalu, told Reuters News.

    High on the list of disorders that make healthy slumber a near impossibility is sleep apnea, a condition that causes people to involuntarily stop breathing while asleep.

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    Whats Happening In Your Throat And Body That Causes Sleep Apnea

    As the brain registers that you are not getting enough oxygen, it jolts your body awake to breathe. This is when a person who has obstructive sleep apnea starts breathing normally again with a snort, cough, or gasping or choking sound.

    It can often occur in people who have conditions such as a brain infection, stroke, or heart failure, or in people who take certain types of medication, such as opioids or benzodiazepines.


    When To See A Doctor For Breathing Disruptions

    When left untreated, sleep apnea can make it difficult for you or your loved one to go about their day due to extreme tiredness, and it can lead to more severe health concerns. Sleep apnea can cause heart disease, diabetes, stroke, heart failure, high blood pressure, and more.

    If you or a loved one are experiencing breathing disruptions throughout the night, its essential to get tested for sleep apnea so you can get treatment to prevent other health issues.

    If you are having difficulty getting a good nights rest, its time to consider getting tested for sleep apnea. For a convenient and affordable option, ApneaMed offers a home sleep study that can be self-administered in the comfort of your own home saving you both time and money.

    offers various home sleep tests and in-home breathing equipment to help you treat your obstructive sleep apnea. Contact our team to learn more.

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    Why Would You Need Two Airway Pressure Settings

    BiPAP therapy is used when a lower exhalation setting is helpful if you have difficulty exhaling against the pressure setting you use to inhale. An example of when this might happen is if you have severe OSA and your inspiratory setting needs to be high in order to keep your airway open and exhaling against such a high setting may be difficult.

    Over time, not being able to exhale carbon dioxide can be dangerous for your health as you are not inhaling enough oxygen. The CO2 can build up in your system, throwing off your blood gas levels and leading to severe health problems like organ damage. In the shorter term, having trouble exhaling may disturb your sleep and wake you up.

    A doctor may prescribe a BiPAP rather than CPAP if you have breathing issues that may affect your ability to exhale against a higher air pressure. The conditions are:

    • CSA
    • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    • Overlap Syndrome
    • Obesity Hypoventilation

    Now that you have a better grip on what makes each machine stand out, the major similarities between APAP, BiPAP, and CPAP machines are that they all help to open your airway and facilitate breathing while you sleep, reducing the number of apnea events.

    The main difference among them is how they do that.

    Remember that no machine is the best over the otherthe right one is the one that will help you breathe easier at night to experience all the benefits of CPAP therapy, so you can get a restful nights sleep.

    What Are The Symptoms


    Snoring is commonly associated with sleep apneaand for good reason. Most people who have this condition snore, but not everyone who snores has sleep apnea. There are other symptoms that you can look out for, though, including gasping for air, clenching or grinding your teeth, or a pause in breathing that lasts 10 to 30 seconds during sleep. Your partner is more likely than you to notice any of these symptoms.. Since all types of sleep apnea require your body to wake you up slightly to restore breathing patterns, they also keep you from getting deep sleep even if youre going to bed early. So while you likely wont remember waking up, youll experience symptoms like fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and mood swings. Low oxygen levels at night can also cause you to wake up with headaches, while clenching or grinding your teeth can cause headaches as well as jaw pain.

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    What Are The Threedifferent Types Of Sleep Apnea

    • Obstructive Sleep Apnea Out of the three forms of sleep apnea, OSA is the most prevalent. This typeof sleeping disorder is distinct due to an obstruction that prevents patientsfrom inhaling and/or exhaling properly. Common causes include fatty tissue inthe throat area, certain medications, and sleeping position.
    • Central Sleep Apnea For patients with CA, the brain neglects to signal the body to keep inhalingand exhaling. This causes patients to stop breathing, despite the fact thatthere isnt anything blocking the airway. Neurological problems, certainmedications, and altitude are all common triggers of this form of sleep apnea.
    • Mixed Sleep Apnea For those who experience a combination of the above two conditions, they arediagnosed with mixed sleep apnea.

    Sleep Disorders Impact Health And Safety In The Workplace

    Sleep disorders have a serious impact on health, productivity, and safety in the workplace.

    Most immediately, lack of sleep can undermine workplace safety and productivity. . Employees who dont get enough sleep can:

    • Experience drowsiness

    Obstructive sleep apnea is caused by the muscles at the back of the throat relaxing and closing up the airway.

    Central sleep apnea is caused by the brain not sending proper signals to the muscles that control breathing, so the body stops making an effort to breath. This form of sleep apnea is less common than obstructive sleep apnea.

    Complex sleep apnea is caused by some combination of muscles relaxing and interrupted brain signals.

    The most common symptoms of sleep apnea are:

    • Loud snoring
    • Gasping for breath during sleep
    • Waking up with a dry mouth
    • Feeling fatigued during the day

    Diagnosing sleep apnea requires a sleep study which monitors the persons sleep throughout the night. To do this, the person is connected to medical equipment that monitors breathing, brain activity, and blood oxygen levels. Sleep studies can happen in a sleep lab, or in certain circumstances, at home.

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    Why Choose Cpap Therapy

    Why CPAP over APAP or BiPAP?

    CPAP machines have been around for over 40 years. CPAP machines were pioneered by an Australian doctor, Dr. Colin Sullivan, whose long-term research interests in the role of the upper respiratory airway in sudden infant death syndrome led him to discover that PAP therapy could also be used to treat sleep apnea.

    This research and their ease of use make CPAP machines a safe and effective way to keep your airway open throughout the night, preventing apnea events.

    If you have sleep apnea, you may have excess throat tissue that loses tone and relaxes while you sleep. The excess throat tissue falls backward and blocks your ability to breathe. Each one of these moments may cause you to gasp yourself awake to get a breath in. These are called apnea events.

    CPAP machines can also treat Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome . UARS is a precursor to OSA. Instead of experiencing a full blockage, you will have a reduction in your air intake because your airway is crowded due to a buildup of loose tissue.

    You may not gasp yourself awake due to a total loss of oxygen, but you will experience labored breathing, and your lungs will need to work harder to take in air as you sleep. Although you are breathing and taking in some oxygen, it may not be enough and sometimes your brain may wake you up to allow you to breathe more freely and consistently. If left unchecked, UARS will usually progress into OSA.

    Common Sleep Apnea Symptoms That Happen During Sleep And Warning Signs You May Notice During The Day

    4 Sleeping Positions for Sleep Apnea: Which is The Best?
    • Habitual snoring that may be loud enough to be heard outside the room soon after you fall asleep
    • Breathing that stops for 10 seconds or more, followed by snorting and gasping for air in some cases this pattern can repeat 30 times or more in an hour
    • Having a dry mouth in the morning when you wake up
    • Morning headache
    • Extreme sleepiness and fatigue during the day
    • Irritability
    • Waking up feeling tired despite sleeping seven or more hours the minimum number of hours of sleep recommended for adults by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, published in 2015 in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
    • Problems with memory, attention, and concentration, per MedlinePlus
    • Decreased libido or sexual dysfunction
    • Depression
    • Hyperactivity
    • Weakness or numbness in your body
    • Changes in your voice

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    What Are Risk Factors For Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    The major risk factor for sleep apnea is excess body weight. You are much more likely to have sleep apnea if you are overweight or obese. However, sleep apnea can occur in slim people too. Common risk factors for sleep apnea include:

    • Excess weight: Your risk for sleep apnea is higher if you are overweight or obese .
    • Large neck size: Your risk for sleep apnea is higher if you have a neck size of 17 inches or more for men, or 16 inches or more for women. A large neck has more soft tissue that can block your airway during sleep.
    • Middle age: Sleep apnea can occur at any age. However, it is more common between young adulthood and middle age.
    • Male gender: Sleep apnea is more common in men than in women. For women, the risk of sleep apnea increases with menopause.
    • Hypertension: High blood pressure is common in people who have sleep apnea.
    • Sedation: Medication or alcohol can interfere with the ability to awaken from sleep and can lengthen periods of apnea.
    • Airway abnormalities: Examples are a deviated septum or nasal polyps.
    • Family history: You have a higher risk of sleep apnea if a family member also has it. Inherited traits that increase the risk for sleep apnea include obesity and physical features such as a recessed jaw. Other common family factorssuch as physical activity and eating habitsmay play a role.

    The Three Types Of Sleep Apnea

    ByJesse L Moore | Submitted On September 03, 2010

    Probably the most common sleeping disorder among adults is sleep apnea. The word “apnea” means “a temporary suspension of breathing during sleep”. In practice, persons who experience it have pauses in their breathing while they are asleep. These abnormal pauses last from just a few seconds to as much as a minute or more and can happen up to 30 times per hour. Sleep disorder symptoms can go on for years without being correctly identified.

    Diagnosing the condition medically requires an overnight sleep study performed in a medical setting. There are three classifications of sleep apnea that may be diagnosed:

    Obstructive Sleep Apnea : This is the most commonly diagnosed type. It is caused by a momentary collapse of the airway which is composed of naturally soft tissue. It is most common in men and becomes more frequent with age.

    Central Sleep Apnea : This type occurs when the respiratory control center is not in balance when asleep. The neurological systems that monitor breathing cease to react quickly enough to keep a regular breathing rhythm. With CSA, the individual simply stops breathing and then starts again. During the pause there are no chest movements and no signs of distress. This condition is also known as “Cheyne-Stokes respiration”.

    Learn more about sleep disorders at Sleep Apnea

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    What Are Some Central Sleep Apnea Treatment Options

    Central sleep apnea treatment varies, depending on why the sleep apnea is occurring. For example, if central sleep apnea is caused by congestive heart failure, it would be treated by treating the congestive heart failure, Dr. Becker tells SELF. Other treatments include supplemental oxygen, CPAP, reducing the dosage for opioid medications, or a therapy called bilevel positive airway pressure . BiPAP is a form of airway pressure therapy that delivers pressure when you breathe in and a different amount of pressure when you breathe out.

    Obstructive Vs Central Sleep Apnea: Key Differences And Treatment Options

    What is Sleep Apnea and What are the Different Types of Sleep Apnea? | theSITREP

      Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that affects thousands of individuals. With this condition, you have an interruption in your breathing while sleeping that occurs through repetitive pauses, referred to as apneic events. There are several types of sleep apnea, but two prominent types include obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea.

      As a sleep technologist, its important for you to know the key differences between central and obstructive apnea so you know how to best treat your patients who may have one or the other disorder.

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      What Causes Sleep Apnea

      Ivan Gener/StocksySleep apneaJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicinsleep apnea

      This chronic disruption of the normal sleep cycle can leave individuals feeling exhausted and sleepy during the day, and put them at increased risk for health problems associated with lack of sleep and with reduced blood oxygen levels during sleep, such as irritability, problems with memory or concentration, anxiety, and depression even though the disruptions are typically so short most people dont even realize theyve been awoken during the night.

      But it tends to be most common in people who are older, heavier, and have large necks. The anatomical changes associated with all of those factors make a person more likely to develop the intermittent airway obstructions during sleep that characterize obstructive sleep apnea .

      Heres a primer on whats happening in the throat that causes obstructive sleep apnea, and all of the factors that can put you at a higher risk for developing it.

      What Are The Types Of Sleep Apnea

      There are three types of sleep apnea:

      • Obstructive Sleep Apnea : OSA occurs when the airway at the back of the throat becomes physically blocked. That obstruction causes temporary lapses in breath.
      • Central Sleep Apnea : CSA happens because there is a problem with the brains system for controlling muscles involved in respiration, leading to slower and shallower breathing.
      • Mixed Sleep Apnea: When a person has both OSA and CSA at the same time, it is referred to as mixed sleep apnea or complex sleep apnea.

      Because the underlying causes are distinct, there are important differences in the symptoms, causes, and treatments of OSA and CSA.

      Get tested for sleep apnea from the convenience of your own bedroom!

      Lofta WatchPAT is a FDA-approved portable diagnostic device that uses the most innovative technology to ensure the accurate screening, detection, and the follow-up treatment of sleep apnea. .

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