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What Are The Side Effects Of Sleep Apnea

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Clinical Side Effects Of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure In Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnoea

Sleep Apnea’s Side Effects

Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Respiratory Technology Group, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

School of Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Contribution: Conceptualization, Data curation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Respiratory Technology Group, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Contribution: Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Respiratory Technology Group, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

School of Biomedical Engineering, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Contribution: Conceptualization, Data curation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Respiratory Technology Group, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Faculty of Medicine and Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia

Contribution: Conceptualization, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Ruling Out Other Medical Reasons Or Conditions

Your doctor may order the following tests to help rule out other medical conditions that can cause sleep apnea:

  • Blood tests to check the levels of certain hormones and to rule out endocrine disorders that could be contributing to sleep apnea. Thyroid hormone can rule out hypothyroidism. Growth hormone tests can rule out acromegaly. Total testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate tests can help rule out polycystic ovary syndrome .
  • Pelvic ultrasound to examine the ovaries and detect cysts. This can rule out PCOS.

Your doctor will also want to know whether you are using medicines, such as opioids, that could be affecting your sleep or causing breathing symptoms of sleep apnea. Your doctor may want to know whether you have traveled recently to altitudes greater than 6,000 feet, because these low-oxygen environments can cause symptoms of sleep apnea for a few weeks after traveling.

Other Positive Airway Pressure Breathing Devices

In addition to CPAP, there are other devices that a sleep specialist may recommend for sleep apnea treatment.

Expiratory positive airway pressure single-use devices fit over the nostrils to help keep the airway open and are smaller, less intrusive than CPAP machines. These may benefit people with mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea.

Bilevel positive airway pressure devices can be used for those who are unable to adapt to using CPAP, or for central sleep apnea sufferers who need assistance for a weak breathing pattern. This device automatically adjusts the pressure while youre sleeping, providing more pressure when you inhale, less when you exhale. Some BiPAP devices also automatically deliver a breath if the mask detects that you havent taken one for a certain number of seconds.

Adaptive servo-ventilation devices can be used for treating central sleep apnea as well as obstructive sleep apnea. The ASV device stores information about your normal breathing pattern and automatically uses airflow pressure to prevent pauses in your breathing while youre asleep.

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Top 10 Sleep Apnea Side Effects

Home> Living With Sleep Apnea> Top 10 Sleep Apnea Side Effects

Many people, especially spouses, have wondered, What are the sleep apnea side effects, because my husband snores like a freight train and other than me losing sleep, that cannot be good for him! While snoring may be one of the most noticeable sleep apnea side effects, there are certainly other signs and symptoms to be on the lookout for when you leave this serious, life-long condition untreated.

What Are The Signs Of Sleep Apnea

The Effects of Sleep Apnea on the Body

There are two kinds of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea happens when air cant flow into or out of the nose or mouth, although youre trying to breathe. Central sleep apnea happens when the brain fails to send the right signals to your muscles to make you start breathing.

Sleep apnea may be noticed more by the bed partner than by the sleeper, says Jun. Your bed partner might notice that your breathing pauses, or they may complain of your loud snoring.

That said, snoring itselfthough annoyingisnt the same as sleep apnea. Snoring is just the vibration sound created by airway resistance. You can snore loudly and not have sleep apnea, and you may even have sleep apnea without much snoring.

People with sleep apnea might also suffer from unexplained fatigue and mood swings, because their breathing interruptions continually wake them and prevent them from settling into a deep, nourishing sleep.

The consequences can be significant, Jun says. We’re talking about car accidents in the daytime, lost productivity at work, mood swings, waking up feeling groggy and falling asleep in class.

Other sufferers might wake up with a dry mouth, since sleep apnea tends to make you breathe with an open mouth, drying out your saliva. Some awaken with a headache, which may be caused by low oxygen or high carbon dioxide levels during sleep.

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What Should I Do If I Have Side Effects

Every patient who uses a sleep apnea device should check whether it is one of the four million recalled Philips CPAPs, Bi-level PAPs or mechanical ventilators. If so, patients should consult with their doctor immediately and call Shouse Law Group to discuss filing a lawsuit. Victims may be able to recover substantial settlements for their medical expenses, lost wages, and pain and suffering.

Otherwise, patients experiencing disruptive side effects from safe sleep apnea devices are encouraged to contact their physician or respiratory therapist. They are skilled in all the ways to adjust the mask and machine to increase comfort and efficacy.

Furthermore, sleep apnea device users should keep their devices clean using approved cleaning methods only. Otherwise, harmful bacteria may travel through the airways and cause infections and other problems.

Legal References

The Dangers Of Uncontrolled Sleep Apnea

    Youve probably heard that regular exercise and a heart-healthy diet arethe most important things you can do for your cardiovascular health. As itturns out, though, the quality of sleep you receive is also critical toyour hearts wellbeing.

    In particular, undiagnosed sleep apnea is directly tied to an increased risk in cardiovascular and metabolic health. The scariest part? You might not even know you have this very common problem.

    Sleep apnea happens when upper airway muscles relax during sleep and pinch off the airway, which prevents you from getting enough air. Your breathing may pause for 10 seconds or more at a time, until your reflexes kick in and you start breathing again, explains Jonathan Jun, M.D. , a pulmonary and sleep medicine specialist at the Johns Hopkins Sleep Disorders Center.

    Sleep apnea occurs in about 3 percent of normal weight individuals but affects over 20 percent of obese people, Jun says. In general, sleep apnea affects men more than women. However, sleep apnea rates increase sharply in women after menopause. Sleep apnea is often linked to heart disease and metabolic issues like diabetes.

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    Which Side Is Best To Sleep On

    Whether you should sleep on your right or left side depends on which health issues you face. The left side may provide more benefits, particularly for those who are pregnant, or experience gastroesophageal reflux disease . People with these conditions might want to take special care to sleep on their left side. People with heart failure, however, might experience discomfort on their left sides and instead prefer to sleep on their right sides.

    You May Need A New Pressure

    The Effects of Sleep Apnea on Patients and Spouses

    If youve gone through recent lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking or drinking, weight gain or loss, or changes to your underlying medical condition , some of the original symptoms of OSA may reappear, due to residual sleep disorderd breathing. These changes to your lifestyle or medical condition may require a new pressure setting for your CPAP or BiPAP. With advances in technology, an FDA cleared OSA test that can be done in your home, with the results interpreted by a certified physician, remotely. If you think you may be suffering from residual sleep disordered breathing, to find a home sleep apnea test provider.

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    Getting Used To Your Cpap Device

    Ease into it. Start by using your CPAP device for short periods. Try wearing it for a half hour or an hour while sitting up in bed watching TV or reading a book. Once youve gotten used to that, try using it lying down or when napping.

    Use the ramp setting. Most devices can be programmed to start slowly and gradually increase air pressure. The goal is to be asleep before the machine reaches your prescribed pressure setting. Most people find this makes falling asleep much easier and more comfortable.

    Reset the machine if air flow wakes you. If a high-pressure stream of air wakes you up, turn the CPAP device on and off to restart the ramp setting.

    Health Consequences Of Sleep Apnea

    The chronic sleep deprivation caused by sleep apnea can result in daytime sleepiness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness, and an increased risk of accidents and errors in your daily activities.

    Sleep apnea also has a mental impact. It can trigger moodiness and irritability and cause anxiety and depression. It also increases your risk of other serious health problems like high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, and stroke.

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    Developing Central Sleep Apnea

    After using CPAP therapy, some people may start to experience episodes of the breath-holding characteristic of central sleep apnea. You may have complex sleep apnea if central apneas did not account for the majority of your breathing disturbances before starting CPAP but now contribute to more than five events per hour.

    This sometimes resolves in time, and it may be alleviated by simply lowering the CPAP pressure. Sometimes, treatment may require a change to adaptive servo-ventilation therapy, in which the volume and speed of air can be set to vary according to your needs.

    What Are The Risks Of Untreated Sleep Apnea

    Sleep Apnea Symptoms And Natural Remedies That Work

    Left untreated, sleep apnea can lead to more health problems. Lack of oxygen sends your body in high alert and increases heart rate and blood pressure.

    Its very similar to that type of stress response. I would liken sleep apnea to something like that happening on a nightly basis, explains Jun.

    Constant oxygen fluctuations can lead to blood vessel and organ inflammation. If you have symptoms of sleep apnea, your doctor may check for these health conditions to help diagnose sleep apnea.

    Sleep apnea increases the risk of:

    • Asthma
  • U.S. National Library of Medicine. . Obesity hypoventilation syndrome . Retrieved from
  • Suni, E. . Sleep Apnea. Retrieved from
  • Morgan. C.E. et al. . Surgical Approach to snoring and Sleep Apnea. Retrieved from
  • Burgos-Sanchez, C. et al. . Impact of Alcohol Consumption on Snoring and Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Retrieved from
  • Yusonkaya, S. et al. . Effects of smokng on patents wth obstructve sleep apnea syndrome. Retrieved from
  • Cleveland Clinic. . Sleep Apnea. Retrieved from
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. . Sleep Apnea. Retrieved from
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    Effects On The Endocrine System

    Patients with sleep apnea often experience altered hormone levels. Hormones are regulated by the endocrine system. Treating sleep apnea may reverse neuroendocrine dysfunction.

    Individuals with sleep apnea have low growth hormone levels, without any other specific reason for the deficiency.

    Hypothyroidism, an endocrine disorder, may lead to sleep apnea. However, sleep apnea can, in turn, cause other endocrine disorders.

    Sleep apnea is associated with higher risk of endocrine disorders like polycystic ovary syndrome and hypogonadism.

    What Are The Side Effects Of Wearing A Dental Sleep Apnea Appliance

    In this article, we will review common side effects when wearing dental sleep apnea appliances.

    Oral appliances are dental mouthguards prescribed by sleep medical professionals for the treatment of snoring and sleep apnea.

    Oral sleep appliances are a very effective treatment alternative to CPAP therapy . They are often prescribed for individuals suffering from snoring or obstructive sleep apnea who cannot tolerate a CPAP machine or are looking for a more portable option.

    If you have started wearing an oral appliance recently, this article will help you learn more about the common side effects.

    Here are some common questions you may have when you begin to wear your oral sleep appliance.

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    Treatment For Sleep Apnea

    Treatments for sleep apnea include: continuous positive airway pressure or bi-level positive airway pressure machines, lifestyles changes, oral devices or surgery. Sleep apnea treatment options depend on how severe sleep apnea is.

    Specialists measure severity by how many apnea events times you stop or have slow breathing a person has per hour while sleeping. This measurement comes from a sleep study.

    How Severe is Your Sleep Apnea?

    Sleep Apnea Severity

    Effects On Oral Health

    Signs of Sleep Apnea and Effects on Men – Men’s Health Pitch

    Sleep apnea can have some nasty effects on your oral health, like:

    For obvious reasons, sleep apnea often results in dry mouth. And dry mouth is the breeding ground for harmful bacteria that cause tooth decay and gum disease.

    Less obviously, sleep apnea can lead to teeth grinding. When you stop breathing while asleep, your brain needs to wake you up for a moment, so you can start breathing again. The way your brain does this is by grinding your teeth together.

    This works to wake you up so youre breathing again, but it wreaks havoc on your dental health.

    Not only can teeth grinding lead to jaw soreness, it can cause damage to your teeth and/or dental restorations.

    Also, if your dentist identifies signs of teeth grinding, this may be an early indication of sleep apnea that prompts you to schedule a sleep study with a qualified sleep specialist.

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    Nasal And Sinus Congestion Runny Nose And Irritation

    Mucus in the initial phases of the nasal passage acts as a natural humidifier within the nasal passage. However, when you use an apnea machine, the flow of pressurized air tends to dry out the mucus and the nasal passage. As a reaction, the body produces more mucus, which leads to a congested nose and sinus.

    In some cases, the mucus is also generated as a result of the colder temperature of pressurized air. Mucus present in the nasal passage and sinus arrests the foreign particulate matter and microbes which try to enter the body. These microbes and particulate matter are responsible for irritation in the nasal passage.

    • Use a humidifying CPAP machine or one which performs the job of a humidifier and air warmer.
    • See a doctor when the congestion or irritation gets out of hand or becomes chronic.

    What Is Sleep Apnoea

    Sleep apnoea occurs when the throat muscles relax too much during sleep. This is the common form of sleep apnoea.

    A rarer form is central sleep apnoea where breathing stops during sleep and there is a pause before breathing begins again. It is caused by a disruption to the mechanisms that control the rate and depth of breathing.

    If you have sleep apnoea, the walls of your throat will collapse and become narrow as you breath in while you sleep. Air tries to travel through the narrowed airway and causes vibrations in tissues in the back of the throat these vibrations produce sounds known as snoring.

    Sometimes the throat can collapse so much that not enough air can get into the lungs , or it blocks off completely and no air gets into the lungs .

    You may have partial or complete obstructions where your breathing may decline or stop for a short time . These are sometimes called episodes or interruptions.

    When these things happen, the brain gets messages that something is wrong and will arouse itself from sleep for a few seconds. Most people are not aware of these arousals.

    This pattern can repeat itself hundreds of times every night, causing you to have fragmented sleep. This can leave you feeling unrefreshed in the morning with fatigue and sleepiness throughout the day and contributing to poor concentration and work performance.

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    Middle Ear Pressure And Ear Pain

    Long-term CPAP treatment may cause discomfort and pain in the middle ear. It has been shown that CPAP application can affect middle ear pressure and this was directly proportional to the pressure of the CPAP.- However, the same study showed CPAP treatment had no significant effect on the acoustic muscle reflex. The acoustic muscle reflex is an involuntary muscle contraction that occurs in the middle ear in response to high-intensity sound stimuli. Although ear pain has been reported as an uncommon complication of CPAP, no evidence was observed in eustachian tube function change in patients using CPAP for a minimum of 6 months.,

    Common Cpap Side Effects

    Snoring and Sleep Apnea

    Although CPAP therapy is one of the most successful methods for treating and reducing the symptoms of sleep apnea, there are a host of CPAP side effects that may follow after constant use of sleep apnea equipment. If you wear a CPAP mask and use a CPAP machine, these issues might sound familiar to you.

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    Clean Your Cpap Regularly

    Make sure that your CPAP mask and machine are clean. It is important to make cleaning your mask, tubing, and water chamber a regular habit to avoid any bacteria or fungi buildup. The CPAP mask and humidifier chamber should be cleaned daily with mild soap and water. On top of this, you should soak all of the parts in vinegar and water, using one part vinegar to three parts water. Follow this routine once a week. There are also sanitizing machines, like a CPAP cleaner, that you can purchase if you are having trouble keeping up with this cleaning schedule.

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