What Are The Types Of Sleep Apnea
There are three types of sleep apnea:
- Obstructive Sleep Apnea : OSA occurs when the airway at the back of the throat becomes physically blocked. That obstruction causes temporary lapses in breath.
- Central Sleep Apnea : CSA happens because there is a problem with the brains system for controlling muscles involved in respiration, leading to slower and shallower breathing.
- Mixed Sleep Apnea: When a person has both OSA and CSA at the same time, it is referred to as mixed sleep apnea or complex sleep apnea.
Because the underlying causes are distinct, there are important differences in the symptoms, causes, and treatments of OSA and CSA.
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Lifestyle Treatments For Sleep Apnea
For mild cases of sleep apnea, lifestyle changes may be enough to treat the issue. Your doctor will let you know if thats the right starting point. But even if you are prescribed a medical treatment, the following changes can help reduce your sleep apnea episodes and improve your sleep.
Lose weight. If you are overweight, losing weight can have an enormous impact. While it is usually not a total cure, it can reduce the number of breathing episodes you experience, reduce your blood pressure, and decrease daytime sleepiness. Even a small amount of weight loss can open up your throat and improve sleep apnea symptoms.
Exercise. Even when exercise does not lead to weight loss, it can decrease your sleep apnea breathing episodes and improve your alertness and energy during the day. Aerobic exercise, resistance training, and yoga are all good choices for strengthening the muscles in your airways and improving breathing.
Sleep on your side. Lying on your back is the worst position for sleep apnea, as it causes the jaw, tongue, and other soft tissues to drop back toward the throat, narrowing your airway. Sleeping on your stomach isnt much better, since lying face down or twisting your head to the side both obstruct breathing. Lying on your side, on the other hand, helps keep your airway open. If you find side sleeping uncomfortable or you tend to roll on to your back after youre asleep, countered side pillows or body pillows may help.
The Best Pillows For Sleep Apnea
Back sleeping can be a challenge for people with sleep apnea. This position promotes heavier snoring than side or stomach sleeping, and those who use CPAP therapy may feel the added discomfort of a mask placing pressure on their face. For those who still prefer back sleeping despite their CPAP equipment, the Bilt-Rite CPAP Pillow offers a few useful features to help you rest as comfortably as possible.
Each side of the pillow features a large circular cutout designed to prevent your air mask from shifting a common cause of disruptive air leaks. The cutouts also provide enough room for any connective hose. The top and bottom are also slightly contoured to cushion the head while you lie on your back. This ensures even alignment, as excessively thick pillows can create discomfort around the neck and shoulders.
The fill consists of polyester fibers that can be likened to artificial down, giving the pillows a plush yet supportive feel. The cover is made from a breathable polyester and cotton blend with a smooth feel ideal for people with sensitive skin. The entire pillow can be washed and dried in your household machines, making it very convenient to clean as needed.
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How To Sleep With Sleep Apnea Without Cpap
Are you searching for ways on how to sleep with sleep apnea without CPAP? One common sleep-related breathing disorder among people is obstructive sleep apnea. Bear in mind that if left untreated or treated in a poor way, sleep apnea can leave you feeling tired all day and suffering from daytime sleepiness, which affects your productivity. One cure for sleep apnea has been the use of the CONTINUOUS POSITIVE AIRWAY PRESSURE device or CPAP mask.
However, this device causes discomfort to some patients. For instance, 25-50% of those who try it cant tolerate it as a cure for sleep apnea, which means that they have to look for alternative ways. This post looks at 4 ways on how to sleep with sleep apnea without CPAP.
Continued Excessive Daytime Sleepiness
Sometimes individuals with treated sleep apnea still experience excessive daytime sleepiness , a chronic condition, and need help with improving wakefulness. We know this sleep deficit is contributing to worsening co-existing medical conditions and impacts human performance as well as cognitive abilities.
For this reason, physicians may prescribe medications, after diagnosing EDS, to improve daytime functioning for those who suffer from this chronic condition.
Treatment of EDS relies on identifying and treating the underlying disorder which may alleviate the symptoms from EDS. The medications used to treat EDS work in the brain to help keep an individual alert and awake during the day. There is declining usage of older, previously prescribed medications to treat EDS due to several adverse effects risk of dependency, especially when illicitly misused. A new generation of medications, more specifically targeted to treat EDS cases is becoming the standard of care.
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The Latest Sleep Apnea Devices Everything You Need To Know
While CPAP is one of the most effective treatments for sleep apnea, many patients stop using their machines within a year. Good news, theyre now plenty of alternatives you can try.
The latest sleep apnea devices include more comfortable face masks, body positioners, innovative nerve stimulators, and surgically implanted suspension lines.
Special Types Of Cpap:
- APAP auto-: Unlike CPAP, APAP doesnt produce continuous pressure. The pressure of the air delivered is determined by the machine for each breath and adjusted to the persons breathing. APAP may be an option for people who dont respond well to the continuous pressure of the CPAP machine or whose sleep only occurs in certain positions.
- BiPAP bi-level PAP: BiPAP machines lower the pressure every time you exhale. They are mostly used if its difficult to breathe out against the pressure created by . These machines are also suitable for obstructive lung disease.
Studies have shown that therapy can relieve the symptoms of sleep . Being less tired during the day can improve your mood and your general quality of life. The different types of CPAP machines are about as effective as each other.
But therapy cant cure obstructive sleep it can only relieve the symptoms. If the treatment is stopped, the symptoms usually come back right away.
The treatment can also help reduce high blood pressure. It’s not clear whether therapy also lowers the risk of heart disease or stroke.
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How Common Is Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea is estimated to affect between 2-9% of adults in the United States, but many cases are believed to go undiagnosed, which fits with studies that have found considerably higher rates of OSA. Precise prevalence is hard to determine because studies have used different criteria for diagnosing the condition. A consistent finding, though, is that OSA affects men more than women. It can occur in people of any age but is more common in older adults.
Central sleep apnea has been found to affect around .9% of adults over the age of 40. It is found much more frequently in men than in women.
As this data demonstrates, OSA is much more common than CSA. For this reason, when people talk about sleep apnea, they are generally referring to OSA.
Cbd For Anxiety And Depression
A 2019 study reported that the frequency of anxiety and depression was higher in patients with sleep apnea than in most individuals.
The Permanente Journal published a research paper revealing that CBD had a calming and balancing effect on the central nervous system. 22 adult subjects with anxiety and sleep disorders reported that their conditions improved after taking CBD.
In a 2019 study posted in the journal Frontiers in Psychology, the authors stated that CBD might curb anxiety-like behaviors. The study tested 37 patients with social anxiety all subjects reported that their anxiety significantly dropped after a dose of 300 mg of CBD oil.
Other studies have brought similar results, suggesting that CBD had anxiolytic and antidepressant properties.
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What Can You Do To Reduce Sleep Apnea
You can first try to relieve the symptoms by making changes in your lifestyle and sleeping habits. But this wont necessarily reduce the pauses in breathing. There are different ways to improve your general sleeping habits that will have a positive effect on your sleep. For instance:
- Avoid stimulants like coffee and tea four to six hours before going to sleep, as well as large meals in the evening, because they can affect your sleep.
- Do not drink alcohol or smoke in the evening because this can also result in a poor nights sleep. Alcohol relaxes your throat muscles even more, making sleep worse.
- Find a quiet, dark, and most importantly comfortable place to sleep with a pleasant temperature.
Some sleeping pills and sedatives have many side effects when taken over the long term, and can make sleep worse. These mainly include . Medications that belong to this group of drugs should be avoided, or only taken for a few days at the lowest dose possible. Other sleeping pills probably dont cause more breathing pauses.
Overweight people are more prone to sleep probably because too much stomach fat makes breathing more difficult. Fat in the neck and throat area narrows the airways even more. Losing weight can have a generally positive effect on the health of people who are very overweight . The sleep apnea also improves as a result, but weight loss alone is rarely enough to make it go away completely. Combining a low-calorie diet with more exercise can help you lose weight.
Key Takeaways On Using Cbd Oil For Sleep Apnea
CBD has demonstrated several health benefits for patients with sleep apnea. Both animal and human studies suggest that this cannabinoid can be used for symptom control and to improve sleep quality in people suffering from this condition.
On top of that, CBD might be useful in regulating a persons sleep-wake cycle one of the main therapeutic targets for sleep apnea.
More research needs to be done on the link between CBD and sleep apnea, but current findings are very promising.
You can incorporate CBD oil into your daily routine to reduce anxiety, hypertension, pain, and type 2 diabetes, all of which are the side effects of untreated sleep apnea.
CBD may be used safely as adjunctive therapy to some conventional sleep apnea treatments, such as lifestyle changes, physical activity, CPAP machine use, and diet modifications.
Do you take CBD oil for sleep apnea? Does it help? Let us know by leaving a comment below:
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How Is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed
If your doctor determines that you have symptoms suggestive of sleep apnea, you may be asked to have a sleep evaluation with a sleep specialist or may order an overnight sleep study to objectively evaluate for sleep apnea.
- Testing includes an overnight sleep study called a polysomnogram . A PSG is performed in a sleep laboratory under the direct supervision of a trained technologist. During the test, a variety of body functions, such as the electrical activity of the brain, eye movements, muscle activity, heart rate, breathing patterns, air flow, and blood oxygen levels are recorded at night during sleep. After the study is completed, the number of times breathing is impaired during sleep is tallied and the severity of the sleep apnea is graded.
- For adults, a Home Sleep Test can sometimes be performed instead. This is a modified type of sleep study that can be done in the comfort of home. It records fewer body functions than PSG, including airflow, breathing effort, blood oxygen levels and snoring to confirm a diagnosis of moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea.
An HST is not appropriate to be used as a screening tool for patients without symptoms. Its not used for patients with significant medical problems . Its also not used for patients who have other sleep disorders in addition to the suspected obstructive sleep apnea.
What To Consider When Purchasing A Sleep Apnea Pillow
The following criteria can influence the performance, comfort, and quality of a pillow, so theyre worth assessing when shopping for new pillows. There are many pillow options on the market, but sleepers can easily narrow down their options by focusing on the factors that are most important for those with sleep apnea.
Sleeping PositionSleeping position has a substantial effect on pillow performance, particularly for CPAP users. Side and stomach sleepers often experience pressure from their mask pushing into the pillow, which can cause both discomfort and air leaks. Those who sleep on their side or stomach may benefit from a CPAP pillow with indents or cutouts to accommodate their mask, while back sleepers can also utilize cervical and wedge pillow designs.
ShapeThe shape of a pillow and how well it retains its shape are important considerations for those with sleep apnea. Side sleepers often prefer contoured designs, which can comfortably accommodate the shoulders and neck. Specialty shapes, such as wedge pillows and CPAP pillows, are also worth considering for certain sleepers. CPAP pillows allow space for the mask and hose, making them popular with side and stomach sleepers, while wedge pillows elevate the upper body, which may appeal to back sleepers.
SupportSupport measures how well the pillow holds up the neck and head and keeps the spine aligned. Some materials, like polyfoam and memory foam, tend to be more supportive than others.
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Does Sleeping Without A Pillow Help Sleep Apnea
Sleeping without a pillow is unlikely to improve sleep apnea severity. In fact, it is likely to jeopardize the spinal alignment of side and back sleepers, potentially putting more pressure on the airway. However, stomach sleeping may be beneficial for those with sleep apnea, and many individuals who favor this position sleep without a pillow to avoid forcing the head backward.
Better Sleep Means A Happier You
Good sleeping can lead to good moods. Simply waking up feeling rested helps your energy levels soar. This gives you energy to deal with whatever life throws at you, or it at least helps you deal with the obstacles and challenges in everyday life. Having the ability and energy to manage and deal with your emotions will help focus on the happier emotions.
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Does Cbd Oil Help With Sleep Apnea
In a study published in the journal Current Neuropharmacology, the authors found that CBD might be the modulator of the sleep-wake cycle.
The National Sleep Foundation states that the sleep-wake cycle, also known as the body clock or circadian rhythm, is the bodys internal system that controls feelings of wakefulness and sleepiness over 24 hours.
A study from the journal Sleep indicates that the circadian system plays an important role in the development of sleep apnea. The research team also suggested that this system could be the therapeutic target in the treatment of sleep apnea.
In 2016, a study was published in the journal Endocrine Reviews, stating that the circadian system influences the bodys sleep-wake cycle. The authors also added that sleep duration is affected by the circadian phase at which sleep occurs.
Research has concluded that the endocannabinoid system helps regulate the sleep-wake cycle suggesting that the lack of restorative sleep could lead to dysregulation within the ECS.
The authors also noted that the ECS becomes engaged in the recovery of sleep after a person suffers from abnormal sleep periods.
Sleep Apnea Causes And Risk Factors
While anyone can have sleep apnea, certain factors increase the risk:
- Sex Men are much more likely to have sleep apnea than women, although after menopause, frequency in women increases.
- Older age While sleep apnea can occur at any age, it is more common as you get older. According to the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort study, its prevalence peaks when people are in their 50s and 60s and then plateaus.
- Weight The risk of sleep apnea is much higher in those who are overweight, and higher still in those who are obese.
- Anatomical differences Physical attributes that can contribute to sleep apnea include a small upper airway, a small or receding jaw, a long soft palate, a high tongue position, a deviated septum, and enlarged tonsils and adenoids.
- Smoking According to a study conducted by Center for Tobacco Research and Intervention, University of Wisconsin, Madison, smokers are three times more likely to have sleep apnea than those who have never smoked.
- Neck circumference greater than 17 inches in men or 16 inches in women.
Allergies or other medical conditions that cause nasal congestion and blockage can also contribute to sleep apnea.
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More Sleep Will Help Shed The Extra Weight
Getting a full eight hours of sleep doesnt mean you will wake up and lose the weight you need to, but sleeping can help your body from packing on extra pounds. Without sleep, your body produces something called ghrelin, a hormone that will boost your appetite, not great if you want to lose weight. Without sleep your body also will not produce leptin, a hormone that helps you realize that you are full, also not great for loosing weight. Not to mention, stress increases the likelihood that you will stress eat, and you might not have the energy to fight craving if you are stressed and under slept.