Sleep Apnoea Can Cause Other Problems
Without treatment, sleep apnoea can lead to:
- a higher chance of having a stroke
- depression or changes in your mood
- a higher chance of having a serious accident caused by tiredness, such as a car accident
- difficulty concentrating at work or school
Sleep apnoea can also be difficult for your partner and put a strain on your relationship with them.
Other Positive Airway Pressure Breathing Devices
In addition to CPAP, there are other devices that a sleep specialist may recommend for sleep apnea treatment.
Expiratory positive airway pressure single-use devices fit over the nostrils to help keep the airway open and are smaller, less intrusive than CPAP machines. These may benefit people with mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea.
Bilevel positive airway pressure devices can be used for those who are unable to adapt to using CPAP, or for central sleep apnea sufferers who need assistance for a weak breathing pattern. This device automatically adjusts the pressure while youre sleeping, providing more pressure when you inhale, less when you exhale. Some BiPAP devices also automatically deliver a breath if the mask detects that you havent taken one for a certain number of seconds.
Adaptive servo-ventilation devices can be used for treating central sleep apnea as well as obstructive sleep apnea. The ASV device stores information about your normal breathing pattern and automatically uses airflow pressure to prevent pauses in your breathing while youre asleep.
Dont Forget That While Youre Sleeping Others Are Not
While the snorer may not feel that the condition is disrupting his or her sleep, the partner being kept up all night by the noise may feel differently. Relationships can severely suffer if partners are irritated about being kept awake or having to sleep in separate rooms. Over 41 percent of women who say they need a good nights sleep instead have it interrupted by a snoring partner. The lack of sleep or need for nighttime separation can foster resentment and decrease intimacy in relationships.
There are additional health risks from lack of consistent high-quality sleep, including being more prone to accidents, difficulty focusing, impaired attention and alertness, as well as other serious risks such as heart disease, stroke and diabetes. This lack of sleep can promote weight gain while also accelerating the aging of the skin and brain.
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Snoring Or Sleep Apnea: They Can Be Quite Different Things
Millions of Americans suffer from snoring activity during sleep. While some of these people are simple snorers or primary snorers, many have a serious sleep disorder called Obstructive Sleep Apnea .
Understanding the differences between sleep apnea and primary snoring is the first step to effective treatment of both conditions. For all the people across the country who are getting nudged or elbowed throughout the night from frustrated bed partners, its important to know what their snoring means, and how they can silence it.
What Is A Cpap Device And How Does It Work
A CPAP device is a machine that uses a hose and airtight nosepiece or mask to deliver a steady stream of air as you sleep. The air pressure helps keep your airway open, preventing pauses in breathing.
CPAP technology is constantly being updated and improved, and the new CPAP devices are lighter, quieter, and more comfortable than they used to be. So even if youve given up on them in the past, you owe it to yourself to give them a second look.
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Are There Any Treatment Options For Catathrenia
The good news is that while catathrenia may be annoying for a bed partner, its pretty much harmless. Like most people with catathrenia, I sleep just fine.
We know its annoying, but were not exactly sure how to fix it, Dr. Zaghi says. We have some guesses that maybe its related to some kind of stress, something therapy or deep breathing exercises might help, but were not going to push it too much because honestly we dont know.
There are some steps that can be taken for those whose catathrenia is impacting their sleep quality. Lacie Broussard Petitto, APRN, DNP, a pediatric nurse practitioner at Texas Childrens Hospital, recommends sufferers schedule a sleep study to make sure that catathrenia is actually the issue.
From there, Petitto says catathrenia can be treated continuously with a CPAP machine, although positive airway pressure doesnt work for everyone. For some, asking their bed fellows to wear earplugs or use a white noise machine is the best option.
Catathrenia can have significant impacts on peoples relationships, sleep quality and overall health. Unfortunately, because its so rare, catathrenia is an understudied disorder, but Im holding out hope. With further research, maybe someday Ill be able to go to bed without groaning, moaning, or sounding like a frog.
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Get A Better Evenings Sleep
It is possible to snore even more when you are exhausted.
As snoring can conflict with the top quality of rest you get, it might come to be a ferocious cycle. Snoring can be protected against by damaging the cycle.
Sleeping at a proper time and offering yourself additional time to remainder will decrease your danger of snoring.
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If Snoring Affects Your Life Seek A Solution
It is vital to understand that even if you are not diagnosed with sleep apnea, snoring could still be adversely affecting your partner, the restfulness of your sleep, and your overall health. Talking with your doctor about your chronic snoring, a formal diagnosis, and effective treatments may lead to improvements your health, whether or not your snoring is caused by sleep apnea.
What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
When breathing stops, oxygen levels in the body drop and carbon dioxide levels rise. This usually triggers the brain to wake us up to breathe. Most of the time, this happens quickly and we go right back to sleep without knowing we woke up.
This pattern can repeat itself all night in obstructive sleep apnea. So people who have it don’t reach a deeper, more restful level of sleep.
Signs of obstructive sleep apnea in kids include:
- snoring, often with pauses, snorts, or gasps
- heavy breathing while sleeping
Because it’s hard for them to get a good night’s sleep, kids might:
- have a hard time waking up in the morning
- be tired or fall asleep during the day
- have trouble paying attention or be hyperactive
As a result, obstructive sleep apnea can hurt school performance. Teachers and others may think a child has ADHD or learning problems.
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The Difference Between Osa And Snoring
All too often, snoring and sleep apnea are confused or thought of as interchangeable. In truth, while all untreated OSA sufferers snore, only some people who snore have sleep apnea.
Snoring is simply a sound caused by a vibration during breathing. The vibration is the result of a partially blocked airway in the mouth, nose, or throat. Snoring can be caused by a number of different factors, including:
- Sinus infections or colds.
- Poor muscle tone.
- Throat and airway obstructions.
Snoring is a symptom of obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is when a person has multiple pauses in their breathing pattern during sleep. These interruptions in breathing can cause disturbed sleep, interrupted sleep, and light sleep. In turn, a lack of restful sleep can cause a litany of other health issues, such as extreme daytime drowsiness, difficulty concentrating, depression, and anxiety.
Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome Is A Combination Of Osa And Central Sleep Apnea
Doctors have recently identified a third type of sleep apnea called complex sleep apnea, which is a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Patients with this type of sleep apnea may at first seem to have obstructive sleep apnea, but unlike typical patients with obstructive sleep apnea, these patients symptoms are not fully addressed with the use of CPAP.
In patients with complex sleep apnea syndrome, breathing problems persist even after the airway obstruction is addressed and treated, which means something besides the collapsing throat muscles are also contributing to the apnea.
The problem is that there is still a lot of debate among sleep medicine specialists about whatexactly is going on in complex sleep apnea, or what the key characteristics that define it are.
In a study published in March 2014 in the journal Sleep Medicine Clinics, doctors conducted a review of 223 patients referred to the Mayo Clinic Sleep Disorders Center over one month, as well as 20 patients diagnosed with central sleep apnea. 00122-7/abstract” rel=”nofollow”> 11) They found that 15 percent of all sleep apnea patients had complex sleep apnea. As many as 84 percent were found to have obstructive sleep apnea, and 0.4 percent had central sleep apnea.
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How Does Apnea Affect Breathing
With apnea, your airways are fully obstructed so that you do stop breathing for 10 seconds or more during the night. With either case, you might wake up many times during your sleep to catch your breath without being aware. Hypopnea has three types: Central hypopnea, when air flow lessens and breathing slows
How Is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed
If your doctor determines that you have symptoms suggestive of sleep apnea, you may be asked to have a sleep evaluation with a sleep specialist or may order an overnight sleep study to objectively evaluate for sleep apnea.
- Testing includes an overnight sleep study called a polysomnogram . A PSG is performed in a sleep laboratory under the direct supervision of a trained technologist. During the test, a variety of body functions, such as the electrical activity of the brain, eye movements, muscle activity, heart rate, breathing patterns, air flow, and blood oxygen levels are recorded at night during sleep. After the study is completed, the number of times breathing is impaired during sleep is tallied and the severity of the sleep apnea is graded.
- For adults, a Home Sleep Test can sometimes be performed instead. This is a modified type of sleep study that can be done in the comfort of home. It records fewer body functions than PSG, including airflow, breathing effort, blood oxygen levels and snoring to confirm a diagnosis of moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea.
An HST is not appropriate to be used as a screening tool for patients without symptoms. Its not used for patients with significant medical problems . Its also not used for patients who have other sleep disorders in addition to the suspected obstructive sleep apnea.
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There Are Many Oral Medications To Treat Sleep Apnea
FALSE. You cant take a pill to cure sleep apnea. Treatment consists of a device such as a continuous positive airway pressure machine, which is a mask on the face that delivers pressurized air to keep the airway open. CPAPs are the gold standard, but there are other options, such as dental devices that adjust the position of the jaw or tongue. In some cases, surgery can help to reduce the bulk of structure in the upper airways or place implants that stimulate the tongue. But for people with sleep apnea who are overweight, dropping weight is crucial as well.
Weight loss has the potential to cure sleep apnea, Dr. Pervez says. It can at least make it better.
Can Snorelab Tell Me If I Have Osa
This is a question we get asked a lot. However, its important to note that SnoreLab is not an automatic sleep apnea detector.
It is true that sleep apnea often has some very distinctive sounds normal breathing followed by at least 10 seconds of silence and then a gasp or choke.
Whilst SnoreLab could detect this typical sound profile, sleep apnea is defined by apneic events and such events are not actually defined by sound.
An apnea is a period during sleep where breathing stops for at least 10 seconds.
Apnea is therefore identified by measuring both breathing effort and airflow . A drop in blood oxygen saturation also helps to confirm this apneic event. Measuring this requires specialist equipment beyond the reach of a consumer app.
In SnoreLab, you can search your session for risky sounds using Full Night Recording mode to ensure that every sound and event is captured.
Some users have used this feature to discover sounds in their recordings that suggested apneic events. They have then found them useful in subsequent medical consultations. For many people, SnoreLab has helped flag sleep apnea they werent aware that they had.
This is one example of a sleep apnea event found on SnoreLab
It is important to note however, this not all apnea events can be easily identified like the above.
Some users diagnosed with sleep apnea do not have very high Snore Scores. One user sent us a screenshot of their session with an apnea event playing with barely any sound detected at all
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Sometimes Snoring Is No Big Deal
TRUE, BUT Snoring can be an isolated phenomenonthat is, you can snore and not have sleep apnea. But some people who snore might have apnea and not know it because the nighttime disturbances and daytime fatigue are subtle, Dr. Pervez says. Its also possible to have relatively mild symptoms of daytime sleepiness and still have bad enough apnea that treatment is required. Plus, some research indicates that people who snore have higher blood pressure.
What Is Sleep Apnea
Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that happens when a person’s breathing is interrupted during sleep. People with untreated sleep apnea stop breathing repeatedly during their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times during the night.
If its not treated, sleep apnea can cause a number of health problems, including hypertension , stroke, cardiomyopathy , heart failure, diabetes and heart attacks. Untreated sleep apnea can also be responsible for job impairment, work-related accidents and motor vehicle crashes, as well as underachievement in school in children and adolescents.
There are two types of sleep apnea, obstructive and central:
- Obstructive sleep apnea is the more common of the two. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs as repetitive episodes of complete or partial upper airway blockage during sleep. During an apneic episode, the diaphragm and chest muscles work harder as the pressure increases to open the airway. Breathing usually resumes with a loud gasp or body jerk. These episodes can interfere with sound sleep, reduce the flow of oxygen to vital organs, and cause heart rhythm irregularities.
- In central sleep apnea, the airway is not blocked but the brain fails to signal the muscles to breathe due to instability in the respiratory control center. Central apnea is related to the function of the central nervous system.
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What Are Risk Factors For Obstructive Sleep Apnea
The major risk factor for sleep apnea is excess body weight. You are much more likely to have sleep apnea if you are overweight or obese. However, sleep apnea can occur in slim people too. Common risk factors for sleep apnea include:
- Excess weight: Your risk for sleep apnea is higher if you are overweight or obese .
- Large neck size: Your risk for sleep apnea is higher if you have a neck size of 17 inches or more for men, or 16 inches or more for women. A large neck has more soft tissue that can block your airway during sleep.
- Middle age: Sleep apnea can occur at any age. However, it is more common between young adulthood and middle age.
- Male gender: Sleep apnea is more common in men than in women. For women, the risk of sleep apnea increases with menopause.
- Hypertension: High blood pressure is common in people who have sleep apnea.
- Sedation: Medication or alcohol can interfere with the ability to awaken from sleep and can lengthen periods of apnea.
- Airway abnormalities: Examples are a deviated septum or nasal polyps.
- Family history: You have a higher risk of sleep apnea if a family member also has it. Inherited traits that increase the risk for sleep apnea include obesity and physical features such as a recessed jaw. Other common family factorssuch as physical activity and eating habitsmay play a role.
Snoring Is More Than Just An Annoying Habit That Inconveniences Sleeping Partners It Can Also Be The Sign Of Something Worse Here Are Some Important Facts You Need To Know About Snoring And Its Connection To Sleep Apnea
Loud snoring, accompanied by daytime fatigue, may be a sign of a common disorder known as sleep apnea. This condition causes breathing to stop and start repeatedly during sleep. It can affect the mood, leave a person exhausted during the day, challenge relationships with bed partners, and even be dangerous to ones health. It can also lead to poor concentration and an increased risk of accidents, as well as irritability and even depression. Physical health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, liver problems and weight gain are other possible results.
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How Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treated
When obstructive sleep apnea is mild, doctors might check a child’s sleep for a while to see if symptoms improve before deciding on treatment.
When big tonsils cause sleep apnea, doctors will refer families to an ear, nose, and throat doctor . The ENT might recommend:
- removing the tonsils
- removing large adenoids
These surgeries often are effective treatments for obstructive sleep apnea.
For other causes, a doctor may recommend continuous positive airway pressure therapy. In CPAP therapy, a person wears a mask during sleep. The mask may cover the nose only or the nose and mouth. It’s connected to a machine that pumps air to open the airways.
When excess weight causes obstructive sleep apnea, it’s important to work with a doctor on diet changes, exercise, and other safe weight-loss methods.