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What Is Acute Insomnia

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Chronic Pain And Covid

Acute vs. Chronic Insomnia | Insomnia

has disrupted the lives of many, leading to major physical, psychological and socioeconomic impacts in the general population. Social distancing practices defining the response to the pandemic alter familiar patterns of social interaction, creating the conditions for what some psychologists are describing as a period of collective grief. Individuals with chronic pain tend to embody an ambiguous status, at times expressing that their type of suffering places them between and outside of conventional medicine. With a large proportion of the global population enduring prolonged periods of social isolation and distress, one study found that people with chronic pain from COVID-19 experienced more empathy towards their suffering during the pandemic.

Early Morning Awakening Insomnia

Early morning awakening insomnia involves waking up well before a person wants or plans to in the morning. Some experts view this as a component of sleep maintenance while others consider it separately.

Inability to get their desired amount of sleep can impair a persons physical and mental function the next day.

Insomnia And Mental Health

Both transient and chronic insomnia are strongly associated with depression and other mood disorders. The inability to sleep is a common sign of many mood disturbances, including:

  • Depression. Difficulty sleeping is often one of the first symptoms of depression. Research shows that acute insomnia is frequently related to the first onset of depression symptoms
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social phobia
  • Both the depressive and manic phases of bipolar disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder. Disrupted sleep and nightmares are common symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Fear, hypervigilance, and paranoia may make sleep difficult or impossible. Insomnia may be caused by flashbacks, as well as hallucinations and talking or shouting during sleep

Insomnia is not only a symptom of depression and other mood disorders, it may be a cause. Studies reveal that insomnia can have serious and deleterious effects on the brain, making depression and anxiety more likely. Treating insomnia early may help prevent depression, just as treating depression may help prevent chronic insomnia.

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What Is Insomnia Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment And Prevention

You know how awful one night of bad sleep can make you feel. Now multiply that one bad night by weeks, even months, and its easy to understand why insomnia can take a tremendous mental and physical toll on people.

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If you struggle to sleep, youre not alone. Estimates suggest approximately 10 percent of adults suffer from chronic insomnia and between 15 and 35 percent of adults suffer from some level of short-term insomnia lasting anywhere from a few days to up to three months, according to the American Academy of Sleep Medicine.

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Epidemiological studies show that lack of sleep is associated with obesity, diabetes, and heart disease, even Alzheimers, says;Sara Nowakowski, PhD, a clinical psychologist and sleep researcher at the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston. Other consequences of insomnia include increased risk for psychiatric disorders and motor vehicle accidents. When it comes to health, she adds: Sleep is just as important as diet and other lifestyle behaviors.

Thats why dealing with insomnia and getting the help you need is critical. So how do you know if you have insomnia, and how do you treat it if you do have it? Read on to get answers to your most pressing questions.

The 3 Types Of Insomnia: Transient Acute And Chronic Insomnia

Characterizations of insomnia

Insomnia is categorised into 3 types, measured by the length of time you have insomnia for. These types 3 types are transient, acute and chronic insomnia.

Each type of insomnia has its own causes. If you dont get your insomnia treated, a relatively simple short term insomnia problem can, over time, develop into a more complex long term insomnia problem.

But no matter how long you have had insomnia for or how major the problem is, insomnia can in the vast majority of cases be cured with the right treatment.

Take a look at the 3 types of insomnia and try to decide what type of insomnia you have. ;Identify the root cause and then look it up in the causes of insomnia article to identify the best treatment.

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Favorite Products And Tech For People Who Have Trouble Sleeping

The Better Sleep Council is the consumer-education arm of the;International Sleep Products Association;. BSCs purpose is to provide education for consumers about sleep, health, and the products that are involved . BSC is run by bedding and sleep experts across the mattress and bedding industry. Find resources on the site about how to pick out a mattress, mattress upkeep, what else in your bedroom promotes a good nights sleep, and more.

Pzizz is a noise machine app that personalizes a mix of music optimized for sleep, voice narrations, and sound effects for each user. Your unique playlist is developed according to clinical sleep interventions and psychoacoustics research. The audio sequence you hear is intended to help quiet your mind and help you sleep.

This hypnosis and meditation app was created by the self-help audio author Glenn Harrold. The app features hypnotherapy and meditation recordings designed to alleviate stress and anxiety and help you get to sleep. The app was ranked as one of the top sleep apps by the;American Sleep Association.

With additional reporting by .

Is There A Diagnosis Criteria For Acute Insomnia

There are no such acute insomnia tests that can be used to diagnose your insomnia, however, a proper diagnosis of your condition can be made formally by a healthcare provider after a thorough and careful examination.

It is important to get your sleep troubles checked as many co-existing medical, mental health, or psychiatric disorders can disrupt your sleeping habits too.

Also Read: Depression And Insomnia

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Exercising To Reduce Stress

Studies have shown that exercise reduces stress. Exercise effectively reduces fatigue, improves sleep, enhances overall cognitive function such as alertness and concentration, decreases overall levels of tension, and improves self-esteem. Because many of these are depleted when an individual experiences chronic stress, exercise provides an ideal coping mechanism. Despite popular belief, it is not necessary for exercise to be routine or intense in order to reduce stress; as little as five minutes of aerobic exercise can begin to stimulate anti-anxiety effects. Further, a 10-minute walk may have the same psychological benefits as a 45-minute workout, reinforcing the assertion that exercise in any amount or intensity will reduce stress.

Theoretical explanations

The Lazarus and Folkman model suggests that external events create a form of pressure to achieve, engage in, or experience a stressful situation. Stress is not the external event itself, but rather an interpretation and response to the potential threat; this is when the coping process begins.

There are various ways individuals deal with perceived threats that may be stressful. However, people have a tendency to respond to threats with a predominant coping style, in which they dismiss feelings, or manipulate the stressful situation.

Highly adaptive/active/problem-focused mechanisms

Mental inhibition/disavowal mechanisms

Active mechanisms

Health promotion

Suggested strategies to improve stress management include:

Improving Health With Current Research

Insomnia and Sleep Transient Acute Chronic CPAP Induced Discussed

Learn about the following ways the NHLBI continues to translate current research into improved health for people who have insomnia. Research on this topic is part of the NHLBIs broader commitment to advancing;Sleep Science and Sleep Disorders scientific discovery.;

Learn about some of the pioneering research contributions we have made over the years that have improved clinical care.

Another NHLBI-supported study, using fruit flies, showed that genes may explain sleep variations and may help to identify ways to treat insomnia. View To Sleep or Not: Researchers explore complex genetic network behind sleep duration for more information.;

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Be Cautious With Caffeine

Are you in the habit of consuming coffee or a carbonated beverage with dinner? If you suffer from insomnia, your sleeping problem could simply be due to caffeine consumption.

According to a study done by Ph.D. Christopher Drake, you should avoid caffeine for at least six hours prior to going to sleep. Bear in mind that other foods, like chocolate, also contain caffeine.

But avoiding consuming these products isnt the only thing you can do. Additionally, there are tasty foods that, should you consume regularly, will definitely help you sleep better.

Insomnia Cures That Dont Require Meds Or Supplements

If youre looking for insomnia cures that dont involve ingesting anything, thats understandable. Sleep meds can be expensive; some are infamous for causing;adverse reactions. And occasionally researchers produce a fairly scary study, like;a 2012 survey that associated regular sleeping pill use with an increased risk of cancer and death.

The good news: Bazil estimates between 50 and 90 percent of the insomnia complaints hes seen in his practice can be improved without medication.

Your brain is designed to keep you up at night; thats completely normal, he says. If we fell asleep when we were surrounded by tigers in the jungle 2,000 years ago, nobody would have survived.

But the things we face now are not tigers surrounding us. It could be, Ive got this meeting tomorrow morning, or my phone just went off and I want to read this email, or Im really engrossed in this television program and I really want to stay up and watch it.

All these things can start and perpetuate a pattern in which your brain thinks youre supposed to be awake. Medicines can be helpful but never completely solve the problem. The problem is youve got to teach your brain to shut off.

To that end, here are the strategies experts say are most effective.

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Insomnia Physical Illness And Pain

Almost any condition that causes pain can disrupt sleep by making it harder to lie comfortably in bed. Dwelling on pain when sleepless in bed may amplify it, increasing stress and sleeping problems.

Health complications related to Type II diabetes can be part of an underlying cause of insomnia. Pain from peripheral neuropathy, more frequent need for hydration and urination, and rapid blood sugar changes can interrupt sleep. There is also a correlation between diabetes and other health conditions that are known to interfere with sleep including obstructive sleep apnea and depression.

Other types of physical illness, including those affecting the respiratory or nervous system, may pose challenges to sleep that can culminate in short-term or chronic insomnia.

Transient Insomnia Vs Chronic Insomnia

Acute Insomnia vs Chronic Insomnia//AspieAnswersAll

The word insomnia is often used to describe any form of trouble sleeping. Insomnia can mean nearly anything trouble falling asleep for a single night, trouble staying asleep for a few weeks, or difficulty falling back to sleep for several months.

What does insomnia really refer to? Does it have a single, defined meaning, or can the term insomnia be applied broadly, as it often is?;Whats the;difference between short-term insomnia and insomnia as a sleep disorder?


From the Latin insomnis, meaning sleepless. Insomnia is difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or falling back to sleep.

Note: The content on Sleepopolis is meant to be informative in nature, but it shouldnt take the place of medical advice and supervision from a trained professional. If you feel you may be suffering from any sleep disorder or medical condition, please see your healthcare provider immediately.

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If You Can’t Fall Asleep Get Up

Don’t lay in bed for hours trying to sleep. It’s only going to make it harder. For one thing, you don’t want to condition your mind to associate your bed with lying awake.;

This goes back to the concept of stimulus control. Lying awake in bed trains your brain to associate bed with wakefulness rather than sleep. It’s also likely that the longer you lay in bed, the more anxious you will get about not being able to sleep.;

“We tell ourselves things like, ‘Oh my gosh, I’m going to have a hard time falling asleep again’ and ‘Oh my goodness, I’m so tired and I have to work in the morning,'” Moore says.; “Those types of stories come into our brain and can increase our anxiety and actually make it harder to fall asleep.”

Try going to bed at your normal time, but if you are still awake after 20 to 30 minutes, get out of bed or read a book . Once you feel tired enough to fall asleep, try getting back in bed. Moore says this applies even to people who wake up in the middle of the night.;

Insomnia And Mental Health Disorders

Mental health conditions like anxiety, depression, and bipolar disorder frequently give rise to serious sleeping problems. It is estimated that 40% of people with insomnia have a mental health disorder.

These conditions can incite pervasive negative thoughts and mental hyperarousal that disturbs sleep. In addition, studies indicate that insomnia can exacerbate mood and anxiety disorders, making symptoms worse and even increasing the risk of suicide in people with depression.

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If You Cant Fall Asleep Get Up

Dont lay in bed for hours trying to sleep. Its only going to make it harder. For one thing, you dont want to condition your mind to associate your bed with lying awake.

This goes back to the concept of stimulus control. Lying awake in bed trains your brain to associate bed with wakefulness rather than sleep. Its also likely that the longer you lay in bed, the more anxious you will get about not being able to sleep.

We tell ourselves things like, Oh my gosh, Im going to have a hard time falling asleep again and Oh my goodness, Im so tired and I have to work in the morning,’ Moore says. Those types of stories come into our brain and can increase our anxiety and actually make it harder to fall asleep.

Try going to bed at your normal time, but if you are still awake after 20 to 30 minutes, get out of bed or read a book . Once you feel tired enough to fall asleep, try getting back in bed. Moore says this applies even to people who wake up in the middle of the night.

Transient Vs Chronic Insomnia

Acute Insomnia Treatment Guidelines To Help Improve My Sleep

Have you been having trouble sleeping at night? Do you seem to toss and turn and never quite get to sleep? Do you wake up several times during the night? If you answered yes to these, and its been going on for several weeks, you may have insomnia. Most people know that it is a condition involving difficulty sleeping, but they do not know much else. There are actually two types of insomnia; transient and chronic.

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What Is Acute Insomnia How To Diagnose And Treat Your Short

  • Acute insomnia, or short-term insomnia, is when youre having sleep troubles that last for less than a month at a time.
  • Often, acute insomnia is the result of stress, and once the event causing stress passes, you should be able to sleep better.
  • However, acute insomnia can still affect other areas of your life, and its important to know how to treat your sleep troubles and get through it.
  • Visit Insiders Health Reference library for more advice.

Anyone who has laid awake in bed staring at the clock, mentally calculating how many hours of sleep they will get if they fall asleep right now, knows the struggle of insomnia.

The sleep disorder is incredibly common, with acute cases affecting as many as 25% of Americans a year, according to a study from the University of Pennsylvania.

Insomnia can manifest in different ways for different people. Some have trouble falling asleep, others have trouble staying asleep, and some have difficulty with both.

However, when those sleep issues start to have a negative impact on your daily life, thats when it goes from just a few days of bad sleep to a concerning case of insomnia.

Insomnia can last for days, weeks, or even years. Generally, it is considered acute insomnia when it lasts for less than a month at one time, and chronic insomnia when it continues for longer, usually three months at one time.

How Is Insomnia Diagnosed

To diagnose insomnia, your health care provider

  • Takes your medical history
  • Asks for your sleep history. Your provider will ask you for details about your sleep habits.
  • Does a physical exam, to rule out other medical problems that might cause insomnia
  • May recommend a sleep study. A sleep study measures how well you sleep and how your body responds to sleep problems.

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When Should You See A Sleep Doctor

When do sleep issues cross the line from nuisance to a medical issue? Anyone who is distressed by poor sleep could benefit from seeing a sleep specialist, particularly a behavioral sleep specialist, like a psychologist or other therapist, who will not jump straight to medications, says Kennedy. Even if a person doesnt need therapy, a consultation with a professional can provide strategies and dispel a lot of the misconceptions about sleep that lead to longer-term problems.

What Is A Natural Cure For Chronic Insomnia

Types of Insomnia

There isnt one single natural cure for chronic insomnia. However, theres a range of natural aids to support sleep and help manage insomnia.

  • Magnesium

    Magnesium contributes to normal muscle and psychological function, making it a useful addition to support your sleep quality and quantity.

  • Valerian

    Valerian root is a traditional herbal remedy used for the temporary relief of night-time disturbances and mild anxiety.

  • Theanine and Lemon Balm

    The soothing blend of Theanine and Lemon Balm is often recommended for those who want to improve their sleep.

  • St Johns Wort

    St Johns Wort is a traditional herbal medicinal product used to relieve the symptoms of slightly low mood and mild anxiety.

  • Tart cherry juice

    Tart cherry juice is rich in the sleep hormone melatonin, which is why its widely taken before bed.

  • 5-HTP

    A naturally-occurring amino acid, 5-HTP supports the bodys serotonin production, which helps to regulate the bodys circadian rhythm.

  • Epsom salts

    Soaking in a relaxing Epsom salt bath can prepare your body and mind for rest at night.

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