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What Is Restless Leg Syndrome In Spanish

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European Guidelines On Management Of Restless Legs Syndrome: Report Of A Joint Task Force By The European Federation Of Neurological Societies The European Neurological Society And The European Sleep Research Society

Corresponding Author

Sleep Research Institute, Madrid, Spain

Paracelsus-Elena Klinik, Center of Parkinsonism and Movement Disorders, Kassel, Germany

Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University of Goettingen, Kassel, Germany

Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Deceased December 2010.

Neurology Service and Multidisciplinary Sleep Unit, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain

Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Barcelona, Spain

Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer , Barcelona, Spain

Corresponding Author

Sleep Research Institute, Madrid, Spain

Paracelsus-Elena Klinik, Center of Parkinsonism and Movement Disorders, Kassel, Germany

Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University of Goettingen, Kassel, Germany

Department of Neurological Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Deceased December 2010.

Neurology Service and Multidisciplinary Sleep Unit, Hospital Clinic, Barcelona, Spain

Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas , Barcelona, Spain

Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer , Barcelona, Spain

Reviewed and approved by the European Federation of Neurological Societies , the European Society of Sleep Research , and the European Neurological Society .

The authors did not receive any funding for this review. Financial disclosures are included at the end of the manuscript.

Common Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms Are Not Related With The Risk For Restless Legs Syndrome

  • 1Section of Neurology, Hospital Universitario del Sureste, Arganda del Rey, Spain
  • 2UNEx, ARADyAL, University Institute of Molecular Pathology Biomarkers, Cáceres, Spain
  • 3Section of Neurology, Hospital La Mancha-Centro, Alcázar de San Juan, Spain
  • 4Fundació per la Recerca Biomèdica i Social Mútua de Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
  • 5Movement Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Universitari Mutua de Terrassa, Barcelona, Spain
  • 6Department of Medicine-Neurology, Universidad de Alcalá, Alcalá de Henares, Spain

Parkinsons & Restless Leg Syndrome: Using Dopaminergic Medication

Because RLS is well-treated by medications that also treat PD, it is likely that some aspect of brain dopamine function is altered in RLS. However, unlike in PD, in which the deficit in substantia nigra dopamine-producing cells can be proven in many ways, no such abnormality has been shown in RLS. For example, studies show that DaTscan results are not abnormal in RLS.

Using dopaminergic medications to treat RLS however can be tricky. In some people they can lead to a phenomenon known as augmentation, in which long term use of dopaminergic medications can worsen the symptoms – making them appear earlier in the day or migrating to the upper body in addition to the legs.

Saatchi & Saatchi Create Spanish Restless Legs Syndrome Campaign

Online public awareness push is in collaboration with UCB

The Spanish arm of Saatchi & Saatchi Health has launched a new online campaign that aims to improve national public awareness of restless legs syndrome .

Uncovering Restless Legs Syndrome has been developed in partnership with Belgium-headquartered pharma company UCB and includes a website with associated blogs, forums and social networks.

The RLS microsite, www.destapandospi.com, represent the central axis of the action and features information relating to the condition, its symptoms, treatment options, as well as testimonials from people living with RLS. The site also allows users to create their own infographics, with the added option of sharing these and personal comments via the site’s Facebook page and Twitter feed.

Together with Saatchi & Saatchi Health and UCB, the project has been supported by a number of institutions, including the Spanish Society of Neurology, the Foundation of the Brain, the Spanish Society of Restless Legs Syndrome, the Research Institute of Sleep, and Centro Comercial Príncipe Pío.

RLS is characterised by unpleasant sensations in the legs, resulting in an uncontrollable urge to move to gain relief. The condition affects about 10 per cent of the population in Spain, many of whom have difficulty falling and staying asleep. While the underlying pathophysiology of RLS is not fully understood, it is thought to involve the central dopamine system.

3rd July 2013

What Is Restless Leg Syndrome Here Are The Symptoms And Causes

RLS Educational Poster

JAKARTA – Restless legs are the most common problem experienced by nearly 2 million people per year in Indonesia. Restless leg syndrome is called Willis Ekbom. The desire to move the legs uncontrollably is a symptom of this syndrome.

The sufferer will feel the urge to move the legs because there is discomfort in the legs. Can recur at any time, either evening, morning or evening. Symptoms can arise in the condition of the body from sitting to lying down.

Reported by John Hopkins Medicine, restless leg syndrome can be experienced by anyone. An estimated 5 percent of the population has this syndrome, 10 percent of whom are around the age of 65.

The symptoms experienced by sufferers of Willis Ekbom are as follows:

1. The sensation and urge to move the legs are generally felt after lying down or sitting for a long time. Usually when traveling long distances, for example in a car, and other transportation.

2. These symptoms will decrease after stretching the ankle and its surroundings. There is a sense of relief after moving your legs and walking up and down.

3. The worst symptoms are experienced at night.

4. Feet throbbing at night so that it encourages to move the legs, either kicking or wiggling the legs.

Reported by the NHS, in most cases of restless leg syndrome there is no clear cause.

The natural chemical dopamine is involved in controlling muscle movement and may be responsible for the involuntary movement of the legs known as restless leg syndrome.

Cules Son Los Sntomas Del Sndrome De Las Piernas Inquietas

Se producen sensaciones cuando se acuesta o se sienta durante un tiempo prolongado. Esto causa:

  • La necesidad de mover las piernas para aliviar temporalmente los síntomas al:
    • Estirar o flexionar
    • Dar vueltas en la cama
    • Levantarse y caminar
  • Los síntomas empeoran cuando se acuesta, en especial al intentar conciliar el sueño, o durante otras formas de inactividad, incluido simplemente estar sentado
  • Una tendencia a sentir más molestia tarde durante el día y por la noche

Cules Son Las Causas Del Sndrome De Las Piernas Inquietas

Aún se desconoce la causa del síndrome de las piernas inquietas. En algunos casos se cree que es hereditario. Algunos casos se han vinculado a daños en los nervios de las piernas como consecuencia de la diabetes problemas renales o alcoholismo.

Aproximadamente 1 de cada 10 personas en los EE. UU. tienen síndrome de las piernas inquietas.

Sndrome De Las Piernas Inquietas : National Institute Of

El síndrome de las piernas inquietas, Some parentsRestless legs syndrome is a sleep disorder, or burning sensation, You usually have these sensations in the calf, This often causes difficulty initiating sleep and is relieved by movement of the leg…restless leg syndromeRestless leg syndrome is a disorder in which there is an urge or need to move the legs to stop unpleasant sensations, disrupting sleep, mercydesmoines.org, acromelalgia or Willis-Ekbom disease, along with a powerful urge to move them; Hypersomnia – being unable to stay awake during the day, which often causes burning, In people with periodic limb movement disorders, Moving eases the unpleasant feeling temporarily.

Missing:

Translate Restless Legs Syndrome From English To Spanish

  • restless legs syndrome:The word restless legs syndrome exists in our database, but we currently do not have a translation from English to Spanish.
  • Synonyms for “restless legs syndrome”:restless legs; Ekbom syndrome; syndrome
  • Translation Matrix for restless legs syndrome:

    Noun

    Synonyms for “restless legs syndrome”:

    Related Definitions for “restless legs syndrome”:

  • feeling of uneasiness and restlessness in the legs after going to bed ; may be relieved temporarily by walking or moving the legs1
  • Cmo Se Diagnostica El Sndrome De Las Piernas Inquietas

    Su médico puede diagnosticarle el síndrome de las piernas inquietas de acuerdo con las señales y síntomas, una historia médica completa y un examen físico. Además, se pueden realizar análisis de laboratorio o un estudio del sueño. Actualmente, no hay un estudio definitivo para diagnosticar el síndrome de las piernas inquietas.

    Does Having Rls Increase The Risk Of Developing Pd

    Since RLS affects as much as 4-10% of the US adult population, it is clear that the vast majority of those with RLS do not ever develop PD.

    Despite this, it still might be the case that RLS increases the risk of subsequently developing PD. There have been many studies trying to figure this out – with conflicting results. Some studies show that there is no increased risk and others show that having RLS confers about a two-fold increased risk of developing PD over the general population.

    Genotyping Of Nos3 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms

    Genomic DNA, obtained from venous blood samples of participants in the study, was used for genotyping, which was performed by using pre-designed specific TaqMan probes for the SNPs rs1799983 , rs79467411 and the intronic rs2070744 SNP , all by Life Technologies, Alcobendas, Madrid, Spain). All the SNPs were analyzed by triplicate in a QuantStudio 3 thermocycler . Full details of the genotyping procedure, which was identical for all SNPs, are described elsewhere . The promoter rs2070744 SNP was included in the study because it has several clinical associations and it is related to increased mRNA expression The two missense NOS3 SNPs were selected according to their allele frequencies in public databases such as the Genome Aggregation Database , because both displayed minor allele frequencies higher than, or around, 10%, which is adequate to reach a high statistical power.

    Examples Of Restless Legs Syndrome In A Sentence

    Restless Legs Syndrome Patient Education Brochures ...

    restless legs syndromeSELFrestless leg syndromeCincinnati.comrestless leg syndrome Popular Sciencerestless legs syndrome SELFrestless leg syndrome Teen Voguerestless legs syndrome Washington Postrestless leg syndrome Discover Magazinerestless leg syndrome New York Times

    These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word ‘restless legs syndrome.’ Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

    Cmo Se Trata El Sndrome De Las Piernas Inquietas

    Su médico tendrá en cuenta la edad, la salud general y otros factores cuando le recomiende un tratamiento.

    Las opciones de tratamiento para el síndrome de las piernas inquietas pueden incluir:

    • Intentar tener buenos hábitos de sueño
    • Dejar de realizar actividades que empeoren los síntomas.
    • Evitar la cafeína, el alcohol y el tabaco, que pueden empeorar los síntomas.
    • Hacer ejercicio moderado con regularidad.
    • Mantener una dieta bien balanceada.
    • Tratar las afecciones crónicas subyacentes.

    Medicamentos incluidos los siguientes:

    • Agentes dopaminérgicos que se utilizan mayormente para tratar el mal de Parkinson
    • Benzodiazepinas como por ejemplo clonazepam y diazepam
    • Opioides como por ejemplo codeína, propoxifeno o oxicodona
    • Anticonvulsivos como por ejemplo gabapentina y pregabalina

    Consulte a su médico para obtener más información sobre el tratamiento del síndrome de las piernas inquietas.

    Is There A Known Cause For Restless Leg Syndrome

    Extensive research into the cause of RLS is occurring worldwide. A single unifying cause has not been identified, but we are getting closer. Here is what we do know:

    • RLS often runs in families. This is called primary or familial RLS. Researchers are currently looking for the gene or genes that cause RLS.
    • RLS sometimes appears to be a result of another condition, which, when present, worsens the underlying RLS. This is called secondary RLS.
    • Up to 25% of women develop RLS during pregnancy but symptoms often disappear after giving birth.
    • Low iron levels with out without anemia frequently contribute to a worsening of RLS.
    • RLS is very common in patients requiring dialysis for end-stage renal disease.
    • Damage to the nerves of the hands or feet from any number of causes including diabetes contributes to RLS.

    What Are The Symptoms Of Restless Legs Syndrome

    Symptoms of restless legs syndrome include:

    • Leg discomfort: These uncomfortable limb sensations are often described by adults as creeping, itching, pulling, crawling, tugging, throbbing, burning, or gnawing. These sensations usually occur at bedtime but can occur at other times of limb inactivity.
    • Urge to move legs : To relieve limb discomfort, you have an uncontrollable urge to move your limbs especially when resting, such as when sitting or lying down.
    • Sleep disruption: Additional time is often needed to fall asleep because of the urge to move your limbs to relieve the discomfort. Sometimes staying asleep may also be difficult.
    • Bedtime behavior problems: Because of the discomfort, you may need to get out of bed to stretch your limbs to relieve the discomfort.
    • Daytime sleepiness: Problems with falling asleep and staying asleep may result in daytime sleepiness.
    • Behavior and work performance problems: Again, due to sleep disruption, problems may emerge in daytime behavior and work performance.

    English Translation: Restless Leg Syndrome

    GLOSSARY ENTRY
    Spanish term or phrase:
    Spanish to English translations Medical – Medical
    Spanish term or phrase:Sindrome de piernas inquietas
    Entre las alteraciones del sueño más frecuentes se encuentran el insomnio y las apneas del sueño , aunque en este último caso los efectos más graves los sufren quienes son menores de 50 años. También con el tiempo aumenta el Síndrome de Piernas Inquietas, sensación incomoda en las extremidades inferiores que ocurre cuando se está en la cama o sentado. La forma de aliviar el malestar es caminando, lo que significa interrumpir el descanso.

    Qu Es El Sndrome De Las Piernas Inquietas

    El síndrome de las piernas inquietas es un trastorno del sueño. Causa sensaciones desagradables en las piernas, que se describen como:

    • Sensación de que algo repta
    • Sensación de que algo camina
    • Hormigueo
    • Tironeos

    Por lo general estas sensaciones se producen en la pantorrilla, pero pueden sentirse en cualquier lugar, desde el muslo hasta el tobillo. Puede estar afectada una o las dos piernas. Algunas personas pueden tener la sensación en los brazos. Con el síndrome de las piernas inquietas, tiene un deseo urgente de mover el miembro afectado cuando se producen las sensaciones. El movimiento con frecuencia alivia la molestia en la extremidad.

    Los problemas de sueño resultan comunes con el síndrome de las piernas inquietas debido a la dificultad que causa quedarse dormido. La fatiga severa durante el día también puede ser un gran problema.

    How Long Will Restless Legs Syndrome Last

    Symptoms of primary or idiopathic RLS typically worsen over time, but, for some people, weeks or months may pass without any symptoms. If the RLS stems from a condition, illness, pregnancy, or medication, it may go away as soon as the trigger has gone.

    RLS can pose problems for women during pregnancy.

    Women who already have RLS can find that symptoms get worse during pregnancy. However, becoming pregnant can lead to RLS in its own right. Symptoms tend to get worse as the pregnancy progresses and are especially likely in the third trimester.

    The cause of the increased incidence of RLS during pregnancy is unknown, but the following factors are believed to be involved:

    • low levels of minerals or vitamins, such as iron and folate
    • sleep deprivation as a result of changes in the body and discomfort
    • changes in the hormones
    • increased sensitivity of the senses

    This condition has not been widely researched during pregnancy. However, some of the drug treatments used outside of pregnancy, such as rotigotine and gabapentin, have not been assessed for safe use in women who are pregnant.

    Behavioral treatments, such as mild exercise and a healthy sleeping pattern, are often recommended as a first-line treatment for women during pregnancy.

    If iron levels are low and thought to be the cause of RLS, oral iron supplements are safe to prescribe during pregnancy. In severe cases, higher concentrations may be administered intravenously through a drip.

    Medication

    There are two main types of RLS:

    Characteristics Of Restless Leg Syndrome

    There are certain features of RLS that make it a unique and specific disorder.

  • The hallmark of RLS is a feeling of restlessness, usually in the legs. The restlessness is often accompanied by additional sensations such as tingling, “creepy-crawly” or electric sensations, usually located in the legs. The symptoms are usually not restricted to the toes or feet, as in peripheral neuropathy, but rather are present more generally in the legs, often the calves or thighs.
  • The restlessness is worse when the person is at rest or not moving. This feature makes it hard for people with RLS to get to sleep and can also interfere with the ability to sit still in order to read, relax, or do desk work.
  • Symptoms are improved with moving, particularly walking. Unfortunately, the relief lasts only as long as the movement continues, which makes some people “pace the floor” for hours when the condition is severe. Besides walking, sometimes providing other stimuli to the legs is helpful, such as rubbing, massage, or stretching.
  • RLS can be accompanied by a related disorder called Periodic Limb Movements of Sleep which are repetitive leg movements that occur during sleep.
  • Sleep Hygiene For Restless Legs Syndrome

    Saatchi & Saatchi create Spanish restless legs syndrome ...

    Sleep hygiene is important, as tiredness makes symptoms worse.

    Tips include:

    • Sleeping in a cool, quiet bedroom.
    • Going to bed at the same time every night, and getting up at the same time every morning.
    • Reduce the amount of light you are exposed to for an hour before bed.
    • Avoid stimulating drinks, such as caffeine or sugar.
    • Avoiding or reducing alcohol consumption and tobacco.

    Exercise and physical activity can help RLS, but it can also aggravate it. Most patients find moderate exercise helpful, but too much can make symptoms worse. Working out late in the evening may also be unhelpful.

    How Is Restless Legs Syndrome Diagnosed

    Unfortunately, there is no specific test for restless legs syndrome . The diagnosis is made based on your symptoms. A medical history, complete physical and neurological exam and blood tests may be conducted to rule out any other possible health problems associated with RLS. An overnight sleep study may be recommended to evaluate for other sleep disorders, especially obstructive sleep apnea.

    Your healthcare provider will ask about any family history of RLS. They will also ask if you have any sleep complaints, such as insomnia due to your symptoms. Your healthcare provider will also ask if you have trouble staying awake during the day and ask about other behavior or work performance problems.

    To confirm a diagnosis of RLS, you must meet the following five criteria:

    • Have an urge or desire to move your legs , usually occurring together with uncomfortable sensations such as pulling, tugging, crawling, itching, aching, or burning.

    Also, the urge to move or uncomfortable sensations:

    • Begin or worsen during periods of rest or inactivity.
    • Are partially or totally relieved by activities such as stretching, walking or exercising the affected muscles.
    • Are worse or occur solely in the evening or at night.
    • Are not solely due to another medical or behavioral problem.

    How Is Restless Legs Syndrome Treated

    Treatment of restless legs syndrome depends on the intensity of the symptoms. Treatment should be considered if quality of life is affected by insomnia and excessive daytime drowsiness. In cases of RLS due to ongoing medical disorders, specific treatment is also necessary.

    Non-drug treatments. Non-drug treatments are tried first, especially if symptoms are mild. Non-drug treatments include:

    • Getting regular exercise, such as riding a bike/stationary bike or walking, but avoiding heavy/intense exercise within a few hours of bedtime.
    • Following good sleep habits, including avoiding reading, watching television or being on a computer or phone while lying in bed; getting 7 to 9 hours of sleep and following other healthy sleep habits. Not getting enough sleep can worsen RLS symptoms.
    • Avoiding or limiting caffeinated products , nicotine, and alcohol.
    • Applying a heating pad, cold compress, or rubbing your legs to provide temporary relief to the leg discomfort. Also consider massage, acupressure, walking, light stretching or other relaxation techniques.
    • Soak in a warm tub.
    • Try magnesium supplements. They may be helpful.
    • Reduce stress as much as possible. Try meditation, yoga, soft music or other options.

    Iron supplementation. Iron deficiency is a reversible cause of RLS. If blood tests reveal you have low iron levels, your doctor may recommend taking an iron supplement.

    You and your doctor will discuss the treatment that might be best for you.

    References

    What Causes Restless Legs Syndrome

    Restless legs syndrome has been found to be a genetic syndrome in some cases, meaning that parents with RLS can pass it down to their children. Up to 92% of patients with RLS have a first-degree relative with the disorder. These patients tend to develop symptoms earlier in life than those with RLS without the genetic link.

    In addition to the genetic source, many medical problems are closely associated with the development of RLS, including:

    • Pregnancy.
    • Dialysis.

    Medications can also contribute to the development of RLS. Such known medications include antidepressants, allergy drugs and anti-nausea medications. Caffeine, nicotine and alcohol can also make symptoms worse.

    Sndrome De Las Piernas Inquietas

    encentral nervous system disease characterized by throbbing, pulling creeping or other unpleasant sensations in the legs and the irresistible urge to move them

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    Periodic Limb Movement Disorder

    PLMD is a similarly related sleep disorder, sometimes called periodic limb movement during sleep . In people with PLMD, the limbs twitch or jerk uncontrollably while sleeping. It is also considered a type of sleeping disorder. The movement may cause the individual to wake up frequently during the night, and this can undermine the quality and length of sleep. It can lead to RLS.

    Lifestyle changes and common medications that may help alleviate RLS symptoms include:

    • Warm baths and massages: These can relax the muscles and reduce the intensity of symptoms.
    • Warm or cool packs: Some people prefer warm, some cold, and others say that alternating hot and cold is helpful.
    • Relaxation techniques: Stress can make RLS worse, so exercises such as yoga, meditation, and tai chi may help.
    • Exercise – using legs more can help alleviate symptoms. If the patient has a sedentary lifestyle, walking instead of driving, taking up a sport, or exercising the legs in a gym can help.

    What Is Restless Legs Syndrome

    Restless legs syndrome , also called Willis-Ekbom disease, is a sleep disorder that causes an intense, often irresistible urge to move your legs . It occurs along with other sensations in your limbs described as pulling, creeping, tugging, throbbing, itching, aching, burning or crawling.

    These sensations usually occur when lying down in bed or when sitting for long periods of time, such as while driving or while at a theater. RLS typically occurs in the evening, making it difficult to fall asleep. Often times people with RLS want to walk around and shake their legs to help relieve the uncomfortable sensations.

    What Is Restless Leg Syndrome

    You have a strong urge to move your legs which you may not be able to resist. The need to move is often accompanied by uncomfortable sensations. Some words used to describe these sensations include: creeping, itching, pulling, creepy-crawly, tugging, or gnawing. Your restless leg syndrome symptoms start or become worse when you are resting. The longer you are resting, the greater the chance the symptoms will occur and the more severe they are likely to be.

    Your RLS symptoms get better when you move your legs. The relief can be complete or only partial but generally starts very soon after starting an activity. Relief persists as long as the motor activity continues.

    Your RLS symptoms are worse in the evening especially when you are lying down. Activities that bother you at night do not bother you during the day or didn’t when symptoms first started occurring.

    Methods And Search Strategy

    Restless Leg Syndrome Awareness Day, man and lady

    A literature search was performed using the same strategy as the previous guidelines ; all terms were searched as free text and standardized search items in electronic databases . Existing guidelines and meta-analyses were also taken into consideration. All articles published in English between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2011 were assessed for inclusion, and data extraction performed. In addition, task force members performed an independent literature search. Each working group task force member was allocated to cover two drugs or class of drugs, and each allocated topic was reviewed independently by two members to reduce reviewer error and bias. Dropout rates because of adverse events were noted, and risk of bias was assessed. Full text copies of the relevant studies were obtained, and task force members assessed them for inclusion and extracted the relevant data into evidence tables.

    The methodological limitations of this review concern language and publication bias: the task force only included studies published in English peer-reviewed journals available in electronic format. Language and publication bias are considered to lead to an inflation of positive results in reviews and meta-analyses. The positive, level A recommendations made by the task force are only made for drugs where large-scale studies have been published, therefore limiting positive result bias.

  • Paraesthesia/dysaesthesia or pain .
  • Polysomnographic indexes of sleep dysfunction .
  • Quality of life.

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