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What Is The Sleeping Disorder Called

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Where Does This Disease Come From

A Sleep Disorder Called Depression

The cause of this pathology is not well known.

We know that in the brain you have hormones, including orexin, which is used to regulate wakefulness and sleep.

It would be in deficit in people who have narcolepsy.

There would be a genetic part since we realized that we manage to highlight certain peculiarities.

There could be a triggering factor, in particular certain infections.

Narcolepsy happens more often in periods.

There are a little more in the summer, as if a seasonal viral infection could trigger the disease.

But at this stage, we have no real recognized causes.

Common Treatment Types For Sleep Apnea

There are various ways sleep apnea can be treated, including:

CPAP Therapy. A CPAP machine is used to keep your airways open as you sleep. The machine uses mild air pressure and is attached to a mask or prongs that fit in your nose.

Alternatives. There are other alternatives if you dont like the idea of wearing a mask to bed. You can choose to:

  • Wear a dental or oral appliance. To find out more, this article, Pros and Cons of Dental Sleep Apnea Treatment Devices, provides the ways in which an oral appliance can help patients with sleep apnea, as well as the shortcomings of a using a dental device for sleep apnea.
  • Have surgery. If oral appliances and CPAP dont work for you, surgery is an option.
  • Undergo a weight management program. Losing weight may help improve or eliminate your symptoms if youre obese or overweight.
  • Try positional therapy. Some people primarily suffer from sleep apnea when they sleep on their back. Positional therapy often involves wearing a device that keeps you sleeping on your side.

What Are Sleep Disorders

Sleep disorders are conditions that impair your sleep or prevent you from getting restful sleep and, as a result, can cause daytime sleepiness and other symptoms. Everyone can experience problems with sleep from time to time. However, you might have a sleep disorder if:

  • You regularly experience difficulty sleeping.
  • You are often tired during the day even though you slept for at least seven hours the night before.
  • You have a reduced or impaired ability to perform regular daytime activities.

There are more than 100 million Americans of all ages who are not getting an adequate amount of sleep. Sleep is very important. Not getting enough sleep can have untoward consequences on school and work performance, interpersonal relationships, health and safety.

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Dreaming And Rem Sleep

We typically spend more than 2 hours each night dreaming. Scientists do not know much about how or why we dream. Sigmund Freud, who greatly influenced the field of psychology, believed dreaming was a safety valve for unconscious desires. Only after 1953, when researchers first described REM in sleeping infants, did scientists begin to carefully study sleep and dreaming. They soon realized that the strange, illogical experiences we call dreams almost always occur during REM sleep. While most mammals and birds show signs of REM sleep, reptiles and other cold-blooded animals do not.

REM sleep begins with signals from an area at the base of the brain called the pons. These signals travel to a brain region called the thalamus, which relays them to the cerebral cortex the outer layer of the brain that is responsible for learning, thinking, and organizing information. The pons also sends signals that shut off neurons in the spinal cord, causing temporary paralysis of the limb muscles. If something interferes with this paralysis, people will begin to physically act out their dreams a rare, dangerous problem called REM sleep behavior disorder. A person dreaming about a ball game, for example, may run headlong into furniture or blindly strike someone sleeping nearby while trying to catch a ball in the dream.

How Can I Sleep Better


If you are not getting enough sleep at night, take a look at your sleep routine. Set regular bed- and wake-up times. If you know what time you have to wake up in the morning, count back at least 8 hours from there. Try to stick to the schedule as close as you can, even on weekends.

Here are some tips for better sleep:

  • Keep the bedroom dark, cool, and quiet.
  • Dont keep a TV or video game system in the bedroom.
  • About an hour before bedtime, put away homework and turn off all screens . Turn off or silence cellphones. Consider charging phones outside the room.
  • Try a relaxing bedtime routine, like taking a warm bath or shower, reading, listening to music, or meditating before going to sleep.
  • Avoid caffeine in the late afternoon and evening.
  • Get regular exercise .
  • If you are very tired during the day, take a short nap in the early afternoon. Longer or later naps make it harder to fall asleep at night.

Talk to your doctor if you have trouble falling or staying asleep, snore most nights, or you think you’re getting enough rest at night but still feel tired during the day.

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Isolated Symptoms Apparently Normal Variants And Unresolved Issues

This section lists sleep-related symptoms that are in the borderline between normal and abnormal sleep, such as disorders due to sleep length and snoring.

Long sleeper is a person who sleeps more in the 24-hday than the typical person. Sleep is normal in architecture and quality. Usually, sleep lengths of 10 h or greater qualify for this diagnosis. Symptoms of excessive sleepiness occur if the person does not get that amount of sleep. A short sleeper is a person with a routine pattern of obtaining 5 h or less of sleep in a 24-hday. In children, this sleep length can be 3 h or less than the norm for the appropriate age group. Snoring is diagnosed when a respiratory sound is disturbing to the patient, a bed partner, or others. This diagnosis is made when the snoring is not associated with either insomnia or excessive sleepiness. Not only can snoring lead to impaired health, but it may also be a cause of social embarrassment and can disturb the sleep of a bed partner. Snoring associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is not diagnosed as snoring.

Do You Suffer From Sleep Apnea

Untreated sleep apnea can lead to other health conditions, including high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, diabetes and depression. Our sleep apnea quiz evaluates risk factors like snoring, breathing pauses during sleep, fatigue and obesity and gives you an idea of what to do next based on your results.

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Periodic Limb Movements Of Sleep

A movement disorder often associated with RLS is called periodic limb movements of sleep . PLMS involves sudden, repetitive jerking movements of the legs or sometimes arms while you’re asleep. They can be fairly rhythmic and typically happen between about 20 and 40 seconds apart and can continue for several hours. Many people with PLMS aren’t aware that they have it until a sleeping partner tells them.

What distinguishes PLMS from RLS is that RLS can happen when you’re resting or trying to get to sleep, but PLMS only happens when you’re asleep. However, many people have both disorders. In most cases, the cause is unknown, and researchers think it involves the nervous system.

PLMS can sometimes occur as a result of obstructive sleep apnea or antidepressant use. It’s typically diagnosed with a polysomnogram.

Other Things That Impact Sleep

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Young age. Infants may sleep up to 16 hours a day. But most won’t sleep through the night without a feeding until 4 months of age. School-aged children may sleep 10 hours a day. Their sleep may be disturbed by an illness or fever. Call your doctor if your child has a fever and is sluggish when waking up.

Old age. People over age 60 may not sleep as deeply as younger people. Sleep apnea is also more common among older people.

Lifestyle. People who drink coffee, smoke cigarettes, or drink alcohol are more likely to have sleep problems than people who do not.

Medication. Many drugs can cause sleeplessness. Others can cause daytime fatigue.

Depression and anxiety. Insomnia is a common symptom of depression and anxiety.

Heart failure and lung problems. Some people find it difficult to sleep at night because they become breathless when they lie down. This can be a symptom of heart failure or a problem with the lungs.

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There Are Two Types Of Sleep Apnea:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when air cant flow into or out of your nose or mouth even when youre making an effort to breathe.
  • Central sleep apnea is far less common and occurs when the brain fails to send the appropriate signals to the breathing muscles that initiate respiration.

If you suffer from sleep apnea, you may experience as many as 100 to 200 involuntary breathing pauses also known as apneic events every single night. The constant disruption of deep sleep often leads to frequent morning headaches and excessive daytime sleepiness.

What Is Sleep Deprivation

Sleep deprivation is defined as not obtaining adequate total sleep. Insufficient sleep adversely affects how the body functions. Experts say that if you feel drowsy during the day, even during boring activities, you havent had enough sleep. If you routinely fall asleep within 5 minutes of lying down, you probably have severe sleep deprivation, possibly even a sleep disorder. Microsleeps, or very brief episodes of sleep in an otherwise awake person, are another mark of sleep deprivation. In many cases, people are not aware that they are experiencing microsleeps. The widespread practice of burning the candle at both ends in western industrialized societies has created so much sleep deprivation that what is really abnormal sleepiness is now almost the norm.

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To Keep The Nervous System Functioning

Sleep appears necessary for our nervous systems to work properly. Too little sleep leaves us drowsy and unable to concentrate the next day. It also leads to impaired memory and physical performance and reduced ability to carry out math calculations. If sleep deprivation continues, hallucinations and mood swings may develop. Some experts believe sleep gives neurons used while we are awake a chance to shut down and repair themselves. Without sleep, neurons may become so depleted in energy or so polluted with byproducts of normal cellular activities that they begin to malfunction. Sleep also may give the brain a chance to exercise important neuronal connections that might otherwise deteriorate from lack of activity.

What Are The Treatments For Sleep Disorders

i have a terrible sleeping disorder its called reading ...

Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. They may include:

  • Good sleep habits and other lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy or relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety about getting enough sleep
  • CPAP machine for sleep apnea
  • Bright light therapy
  • Medicines, including sleeping pills. Usually, providers recommend that you use sleeping pills for a short period of time.
  • Natural products, such as melatonin. These products may help some people but are generally for short-term use. Make sure to check with your health care provider before you take any of them.

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What Medicines May Help With Sleep Disorders

Your healthcare provider may recommend some of the following medications and supplements:

  • Sleep aids may be helpful in some cases of insomnia, including melatonin, zolpidem, zaleplon, eszopiclone, ramelteon, suvorexant, lamborexant, or doxepin.
  • Restless legs syndrome can be treated with gabapentin, gabapentin enacarbil, or pregabalin.
  • Narcolepsy may be treated with a number of stimulants or wake-promoting medications, such as modafinil, armodafinil, pitolisant and solriamfetol.

What Is A Sleep Doctor Called

The formal name for a sleep doctor is somnologist from the root somnus, meaning sleep.

American Sleep Association Providing information about Dr. Sleep since 2002.

Visit the ASA Ask the Sleep Doctor Section to find out more about sleep doctors, sleep psychologists, sleep dentists and other sleep specialists.

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Problem #: Cannot Fall Asleep

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Most people experience short term insomnia at some time. Insomnia includes having trouble falling asleep, having trouble getting back to sleep, and waking up too early. Insomnia is more common in females, people with a history of depression, and in people older than 60. Temporary insomnia can be caused by:

  • Hearing a noise
  • A stressful event like the loss of a job or a death in the family or even catastrophic world events
  • Certain medications could keep you awake, particularly those that treat colds and allergies, heart disease, high blood pressure, and pain
  • Bad habits that sabotage our sleep including drinking alcohol and eating too close to bedtime

Short-term insomnia lasts only a few days and is usually not a cause for concern. For example, with jet lag or even seasonal time changes, your internal body clock will readjust itself within several days. Insomnia is considered chronic when it lasts most nights for a few weeks or more. This longer-term condition deserves professional attention. If you are unsure whether you have chronic insomnia, experts suggest looking at it like you would a headache. If it goes on day after day, and nothing you do seems to help, you should see a health care professional, particularly if you cannot find a cause.

Sometimes insomnia is caused by an underlying illness that needs treatment, such as:

  • Thyroid disorders
  • Restless leg syndrome

What Kind Of Doctors Treat Sleep Disorders

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Your family doctor, pediatrician, or internist may be able to help diagnose and treat simple sleep disorders, especially those that improve with better sleep habits. If you continue to have problems getting enough sleep, or good quality sleep, you may be referred to a sleep specialist. Sometimes neurologists or pulmonologists specialize in treating sleep disorders.

A board-certified sleep specialist will be able to diagnose and treat your sleep disorder. Sometimes, your sleep doctor will refer you to another member of the sleep team for specific treatments. These types of specialists include:2

  • Psychiatrists and psychologists for mental health and sleep behavior issues
  • Otorhinolaryngologists for ear, nose, and throat conditions
  • Dentists and oral and maxillofacial surgeons for tooth and jaw issues

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How Much Sleep Do We Need

The amount of sleep each person needs depends on many factors, including age. Infants generally require about 16 hours a day, while teenagers need about 9 hours on average. For most adults, 7 to 8 hours a night appears to be the best amount of sleep, although some people may need as few as 5 hours or as many as 10 hours of sleep each day.Women in the first 3 months of pregnancy often need several more hours of sleep than usual.

People tend to sleep more lightly and for shorter time spans as they get older, although they generally need about the same amount of sleep as they needed in early adulthood. About half of all people over 65 have frequent sleeping problems, such as insomnia, and deep sleep stages in many elderly people often become very short or stop completely. This change may be a normal part of aging, or it may result from medical problems that are common in elderly people and from the medications and other treatments for those problems

The amount of sleep a person needs also increases if he or she has been deprived of sleep in previous days. Getting too little sleep creates a sleep debt, which is much like being overdrawn at a bank. Eventually, your body will demand that the debt be repaid. We dont seem to adapt to getting less sleep than we need while we may get used to a sleep-depriving schedule, our judgment, reaction time, and other functions are still impaired.

Why Am I So Tired All The Time

Excessive daytime sleepiness can be caused by lifestyle factors or health conditions. Poor sleep habits, nutritional deficiencies, excessive consumption of alcohol or caffeine, and too much or too little exercise can all contribute to daytime fatigue. Sleep disorders, autoimmune diseases, diabetes, other health conditions, and certain medications may also play a factor.

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How Do Hypnopompic Hallucinations Differ From Nightmares

Hypnopompic hallucinations differ from nightmares in that they happen as youre waking up in the morning, while nightmares tend to occur during rapid eye movement sleep. Also, hypnopompic hallucinations usually consist of simple images, sounds, or sensations. Nightmares, on the other hand, tend to be more complex dreams with storylines.

Nightmares are dreams that the sleeper finds frightening. Hypnopompic hallucinations can occasionally be alarming, but they dont normally provoke strong emotions. Instead, their content is usually rather benign. For example, a hypnopompic hallucination might involve images that look similar to what youd see in a kaleidoscope, or background sounds like a ringing phone or doorbell. While the frightening feeling of nightmares might linger, people usually forget about hypnopompic hallucinations quickly.

Sometimes hypnopompic hallucinations occur at the same time as sleep paralysis. In these instances, they might feel frightening and similar to a nightmare. Sleep paralysis is a phenomenon in which a person feels awake but cannot move their body. Sometimes sleep paralysis is accompanied by tactile hallucinations, such as the sensation that another person is in the room, or that a person or object is putting pressure on your chest.

Sleep Problems And Mental Disorders

I have a terrible sleeping disorder. it

Sleeping problems occur in almost all people with mental disorders, including those with depression and schizophrenia. People with depression, for example, often awaken in the early hours of the morning and find themselves unable to get back to sleep. The amount of sleep a person gets also strongly influences the symptoms of mental disorders. Sleep deprivation is an effective therapy for people with certain types of depression, while it can actually cause depression in other people. Extreme sleep deprivation can lead to a seemingly psychotic state of paranoia and hallucinations in otherwise healthy people, and disrupted sleep can trigger episodes of mania in people with manic depression.

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