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What Sleep Disorder Requires A Medical Specialist

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Sleep Psychologists Or Psychiatrists

Sleep disorder diagnosis requires a neurologist, a pulmonologist and a psychiatrist: Dr Thilagavathy

Sleep impacts mental health, and a reduction in sleep can exacerbate some mental health conditions like depression. Sleep psychologists study sleep through a behavioral, psychological, and physiological lens. Sleep psychologists most often use cognitive behavioral therapy to help reduce unhelpful thoughts about sleep and increase sleep-supporting behaviors. CBT has been shown to effectively reduce insomnia in clinical trials.

Sleep psychiatrists may also use behavioral intervention tools, such as CBT, as well as prescribe psychiatric medication to help you sleep better. Generally, sleep psychiatrists prescribe medication only after CBT or other behavioral interventions have failed.

A quick online search should help you locate a sleep psychologist or psychiatrist near you.

What To Ask A Sleep Specialist

During your first visit to a sleep specialist, they will ask about your symptoms and overall health. If necessary, they may recommend you to enroll in a sleep study or additional tests to diagnose your condition.

A sleep study is a non-invasive test that helps monitor your sleep patterns. The doctor will assess your results and recommend an appropriate treatment.

Before taking this step, make sure you know what to ask a sleep specialist. Consider the following questions:

  • Do they suspect you have a sleep disorder?
  • Should you undergo a sleep study?
  • Is the testing facility accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine?
  • Who will assess and interpret the results of your sleep test?
  • Can you see the facility before taking the test?
  • Could your sleep problems be due to any medications youre taking?
  • Is your snoring normal?
  • What do they think about your sleeping habits?
  • Are there any lifestyle changes you can make to improve your sleep?

After you receive a diagnosis, ask the doctor about your treatment options and what to expect in the long run. Are there any complications you should be aware of? Is there anything you can do to prevent your condition from getting worse?

Selecting A Healthcare Provider Who Is Right For You

Finding a sleep specialist can be a little intimidating. You may rely on your healthcare provider, friends, or family for recommendations. It may be helpful to read online physician reviews available through various websites by searching the practitioner’s name. Make sure the provider will be accessible to you and that you can get the support that you need to evaluate and treat your condition.

Once you have found a reputable provider, you will want to evaluate whether they can meet your needs. It is essential to consider how your condition will be assessed. You will want to select a center that can provide a thorough and appropriate evaluation, including any necessary testing such as:

  • Multiple sleep latency testing
  • Maintenance of wakefulness testing

As part of this consideration, you may need to take into account cost as well as your insurance coverage. If you have insomnia, you may want to find someone who can provide cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia .

The resources available to you are always expanding, and with a little research, you should be able to find a reputable sleep specialist to meet your needs.

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Access An Online Sleep Doctor

If you are suffering from a chronic lack of sleep or believe you have developed a sleep disorder visiting a sleep doctor or sleep clinic is one of the most effective methods of dealing with the issue. Thankfully in the digital age, you can visit online sleep doctors for a fraction of the cost of clinic-based care. Sleepstation is an effective online sleep clinic. They can help you pinpoint the root problem with your sleep and give you a multi-step plan for recovery.

Although there many behavioral improvements that people can make on their own if they have the resources and correct information, generally it is beneficial to consider a sleep specialist if the individual continues to have difficulties during the night and daytime after a few weeks.

What Are The Treatments For Sleep Disorders

hypnosis for sleep and relaxation

Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. They may include:

  • Good sleep habits and other lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and exercise
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy or relaxation techniques to reduce anxiety about getting enough sleep
  • CPAP machine for sleep apnea
  • Bright light therapy
  • Medicines, including sleeping pills. Usually, providers recommend that you use sleeping pills for a short period of time.
  • Natural products, such as melatonin. These products may help some people but are generally for short-term use. Make sure to check with your health care provider before you take any of them.

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Ear Nose And Throat Doctors

Ear, nose, and throat doctors formally called otorhinolaryngologists are also able to diagnose and treat certain sleep disorders related to the upper throat and airways. Check with your primary care doctor for referrals or recommendations of local otorhinolaryngologists. You may also want to check with your insurance provider to make sure your visit is covered.

My Husband 76 Has Started Sleeping A Lot More Than Usual What Could Cause This And What Should I Do

Excessive sleep at night and/or during the day, especially in older adults, deserves medical and psychosocial evaluation to search for potentially important and treatable clinical issues, including breathing-related sleep disorders, early dementia, depression and adverse effects of prescribed and over-the-counter medications.

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You Notice Your Repetitive Leg And Foot Movements

This may be a sign of a sleep disorder known as Periodic Limb Movement Disorder , which is characterized by repetitive leg and foot movement in the form of jerks, muscle twitches, cramping, and flexing during sleep . Although it may cause you to wake up, it doesn’t alwaysa common symptom is EDS or fatigue, which causes many to confuse PLMD with insomnia. In many PLMD cases, ones sleep partner picks up on it first. There are two main types:

  • Primary Primary PLMD is idiopathic, meaning the cause is unknown and the condition appears on its own.
  • SecondarySecondary PLMD is triggered by a specific cause, such as iron deficiency/anemia, diabetes, over-caffeination, and other sleep disorders such as Restless Leg Syndrome , narcolepsy, REM sleep behavior disorder, or sleep apnea. It can also present as a side effect of certain medications, including anti-nausea, tricyclic antidepressants, and neuroleptics.
  • How PLMD is diagnosed:

    First, you will likely undergo a routine physical examination to rule out other causes, followed by a PSG in a sleep lab.

    How To Find A Sleep Specialist Near You

    Diagnosing Sleep Disorders — New Techniques and at Home Sleep Studies

    You can search the web, which increasingly provides local area results tailored to where you live. For example, you can Google sleep doctor near me, sleep specialist near me, or local sleep apnea specialist, or a similar phrase. Entering your city, metropolitan region, or state can help to tailor your results.

    If you live near Kansas City, Shawnee, Kansas or Leawood, Kansas, you can also call our sleep center, Sweet Sleep Studio.

    Dr. Abid Bhat has been in the practice of Sleep Medicine for over 10 years. He has given lectures on sleep medicine at the local and national levels and his research has been published in a number of reputed national and international journals. Dr. Bhat is regularly featured on local news channels as well. He has lived in Kansas City since 2006 and is happy to bring his expertise about sleep to the local community.

    Call Sweet Sleep Studio in Kansas to make an appointment today at 221-6059.

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    Educational Activities Of The Centers For Disease Control And Prevention

    The public education efforts coordinated by the CDC provide additional models that could be used to increase awareness about the health implications of chronic sleep loss and disorders. The CDC has extensive experience in health education and has developed very effective programs in such diverse areas as obesity, colorectal cancer screening, and adolescent health.

    The CDCs public information campaign to encourage physical activity includes a website that covers the importance of physical fitness including the health benefits, how much exercise is needed, how to overcome barriers to exercise, and specific tips for becoming more active. The website includes references to documents and other organizations that are resources for individuals interested in this topic .

    One advantage of working with an organization such as the CDC is its credibility and connections to individuals and organizations that can increase program effectiveness. For example, Katie Couric, NBC Today Show host, and Academy Award-winning actor Morgan Freeman have served as spokespersons for different campaigns.

    Given that chronic sleep loss and sleep disorders are a major public health problem, a public and professional campaign on sleep conditions would fit in well with existing CDC mission and programs.

    They Understand How The Brain Works

    Although there is still much to be learned about how the brain works, neurologists have a better understanding of the brain than other medical professionals. The brain is responsible for controlling the process of sleep, which means that there are various neurological factors that can affect this process. When it comes to treating sleep disorders that are thought to be caused by neurological factors, a neurologist can employ their expertise to identify the issue and develop more effective treatments.

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    I Have An Infant And A Toddler And My Sleep Is Often Interrupted Is There Anything I Can Do To Get The Best Sleep Possible Given The Circumstances

    Pediatric sleep specialists have developed techniques that parents of infants and toddlers can use to promote better sleep and sleep habits in their children, thereby enabling tired parents themselves to have a better chance at restorative sleep. See infant sleep recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics.

    You Experience A Strong Discomforting Urge To Move Your Legs At Night

    The 8 Most Common (And Terrible) Sleep Disorders

    If your legs feel like theyre tingling, itching, aching, and/or burning when youre trying to fall asleep, thats a sign of Willis-Ekbom disease, known more commonly as Restless Leg Syndrome . It affects up to 1 in 10 people at some point during their life, with women twice as likely as men to develop symptoms . Although generally worse at night, RLS can also flare up during inactive periods of the dayespecially when in a confirmed space such as a movie theater or train.

    Like PLMD, there are two main types of RLS:

  • Primary Primary RLS is idiopathic, meaning the cause is unknown . It typically begins prior to age 40 and is lifelong.
  • SecondarySecondary RLS is marked by a sudden onset of symptoms triggered by a specific cause, such as iron deficiency, diabetes, pregnancy, or rheumatoid arthritis.
  • How RLS is diagnosed:

    Note that RLS is easy to misdiagnose, so its important to consult an expert. Because the causes of RLS vary considerably, there isnt one single diagnostic test. Primary care doctors can usually diagnose the condition based on your medical/family history, a physical examination, and bloodwork. If not, ask for a neurologist referral.

    Okay, youve decided to consult a sleep specialist to take charge of your sleep issues . Now comes the tricky part…how to find one and what to look for?

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    What Is A Sleep Study

    A sleep study, or polysomnogram, is a test that records your brain and body functions as you sleep. It requires spending 1 or 2 nights in a sleep lab and is painless. As you sleep, a sleep technologist will monitor your brain waves, eye movement, muscle tone, heartbeat, and breathing. Then, your sleep specialist will use this data to diagnose and treat your sleep disorder.3

    Causes And Diagnoses Of Sleep Apnea

    Sleep apnea causes interruptions in breathing during sleep, and is more likely in people who snore loudly, are overweight, have high blood pressure, or some nose or throat abnormality.

    Sleep apnea also causes low levels of oxygen and high levels of carbon dioxide in the blood, and may be associated with irregular heartbeat, high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke or daytime sleepiness.

    Your sleep medicine specialist* will need to know your symptoms, and whether they began when you gained weight or stopped exercising. If you can, ask a partner, roommate or relative if they have ever heard you snore loudly or make choking noises in your sleep.

    You may also need to keep a sleep diary for two weeks. This includes information about what time you went to bed each night, when you woke up in the morning, and how many times you woke up each night. This will help the physician see your sleep patterns, which may contain clues about how to diagnose and correct your sleep problem.

    A sleep medicine specialist will also try to determine if there is something else that is causing your sleep problems or making the symptoms worse, such as:

    • Another sleep disorder
    • Substance abuse

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    What Is A Sleep Medicine Specialist/doctor

    Sleep medicine specialists are physicians with additional, specialized training in the field of sleepspecifically, in the area of diagnosing and managing sleep disorders.

    A sleep doctor with board certification demonstrates a high level of dedication to the study and understanding of sleep and the role it plays in general health. He or she is authorized to practice sleep medicineto provide medical care to individuals of all ages with various sleep disorders.

    These sleep disorders can include:

    • insomnia
    • sleep apnea and snoring
    • parasomnias
    • sleep motion disorders
    • a number of other related sleep conditions

    Many sleep disorders can have serious, long-term impacts on your health. A board-certified sleep physician has a comprehensive understanding of how sleep affects your body and your mental health. She or he is able to design a plan to improve your sleepimproving your quality of life and your preventative care.

    Sleep physicians can prescribe therapies, including medications and medical device therapy , and can refer patients to other specialists as needed .

    Depending on the size of the practice, a sleep medicine physician may also consult with or partner with specialists who can help with the management phase of a sleep disorder, including a sleep medicine dentist, a sleep behavior expert, and a sleep surgeon. However, the first step to treating or managing a sleep problem is being seen, examined, and diagnosed correctly.

    When Do You Need A Sleep Specialist

    Your Healthy Family: When to see a doctor about trouble sleeping

    If your primary care doctor has not been able to help, you may need to see a sleep disorders doctor. Signs that you may have a sleep disorder that requires specialized care include:1

    • Your sleep problems have lasted more than a few weeks or longer.
    • You often feel sleepy during the day.
    • Your partner says that you snore loudly, gasp, or stop breathing while sleeping.
    • You wake up feeling tired instead of refreshed.

    There is some evidence that being treated by a sleep specialist results in better relief from symptoms. One study looked at people with sleep apnea and CPAP use. A CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure machine, is used to regulate the breathing of people with sleep apnea. The study found that those who saw a sleep specialist and were tested in a sleep lab were more likely to:4

    • Use their CPAP machines every night
    • Be better fitted for their machine
    • Understand the importance of using the CPAP consistently

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    What To Expect At The Doctor

    Your doctor will give you a full physical examination and ask you about your symptoms, lifestyle, medical history, and any other illnesses you might have. If there is no obvious cause for your symptoms or if your sleeplessness and daytime tiredness continue, your doctor might suggest a sleep study.

    Thatâs when you sleep in a special room where a medical team can monitor what happens in your brain and body. You usually have small sensors stuck to your head and chest or elsewhere. There are no needles involved. The team will look for possible sleep disruptions. Theyâll pay attention to a number of things including:

    • Eye movements

    Many Sleep Disorders Are Related To Neurological Conditions

    Another reason why you should see a neurologist for sleep disorders is because many sleep disorders actually occur in coordination with neurological conditions such as neurodegenerative diseases, epilepsy, and stroke. Neurologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of these neurological disorders, so they are more likely to recognize possible sleeping disorders as a symptom.

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    Your Primary Care Physician May Or May Not Manage Sleep Issues

    The primary care physician is usually considered a generalist who will refer patients with specific medical conditions out to specialist for disease management however, many of these doctors are now managing many medical conditions, such as diabetes and hypertension themselves without referring to a specialist. This also applies to sleep.

    Some physicians will manage the sleep issues of their patients. Some doctors will screen all of their new patients for sleep issues and incorporate sleep assessments into their new patient intake forms . This doctor will ask how your sleeping. Better yet, she may ask your bed partner how youre sleeping. Are you snoring? Gasping for air at night? Do you stop breathing during the night? These are all signs of sleep disorder. This doctor will then order a sleep study . After your sleep study, she will receive the results and contact you to discuss next steps. If you have a sleep disorder like sleep apnea, this may include ordering CPAP therapy to treat your disease .

    With this type of doctor, you wont need to see a specialist. Its worth asking your primary care physicians office staff if he or she manages sleep disorders. If not, you may wish to ask for a referral to a specialist or find one on your own .

    Now well talk about which specialists will manage sleep issues.

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