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Why Do People Get Sleep Apnea

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Does Weight Loss Method Matter In Osa

How Sleep Apnea can stop CPAP: Why CPAP is a bandaid and there is a correction.

With several options for losing weight, many OSA patients want to know which one is best for sleep apnea. Some of the best weight loss methods include:

  • Dietary changes
  • Medications
  • Surgery

Doctors usually prescribe dietary and exercise interventions as a first-line treatment for obesity. Obese patients who are unlikely or unable to achieve adequate weight loss through behavior modifications may consider pharmacological or surgical interventions. There is evidence that behavioral modification is just as effective as certain weight-loss surgeries in improving OSA. Encouragingly, exercise alone can modestly improve the severity of OSA, even without significant weight loss.

Regardless of technique, OSA improvement is proportional to the amount of weight lost. Therefore, patients should discuss with their doctor which weight loss strategy is best-suited to their personal circumstances, overall health, and their OSA severity.

Dont Wait To Seek Care

When it comes to sleep and weight, early intervention is key for preventing harm and reclaiming quality of life. With adequate treatment, sleep apnea carries an excellent prognosis. And its never too late, or too early, to take an active approach to weight control. If you think you may have sleep apnea, its important to see a doctor for an accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment options.

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Jill Wiseman

Staff Writer

Jill has been a science and technical writer for over a decade. She also holds a degree in public health from the University of Washington.

John DeBanto

Internal Medicine Physician

Dr. DeBanto is a medical doctor and gastroenterologist with 20 years of experience in obesity management and related issues such as sleep apnea.

Jill Wiseman

Staff Writer

Jill has been a science and technical writer for over a decade. She also holds a degree in public health from the University of Washington.

John DeBanto

Internal Medicine Physician

Dr. DeBanto is a medical doctor and gastroenterologist with 20 years of experience in obesity management and related issues such as sleep apnea.

    Wearable Devices With Vibrator

    Among the latest sleep apnea devices, theyre designed to train your body to sleep more on your side.; Strapped to the chest or the back of the neck, they detect when you sleep on your back and vibrate to urge to you to switch to your side.

    While more expensive than a tennis ball or pillow, NightShift and NightBalance have been shown in studies to be effective.

    1. Sleep Apnea, National sleep Foundation website.

    2. Trends in CPAP adherence over twenty years of data collection: a flattened curve, J Otolaryngology Head Neck Surg. 2016, 45: 43.

    3. Positional therapy in the management of positional obstructive sleep apnea-a review of the current literature, Sleep Breath. 2018, 22:297-304.

    4. Can positional therapy be simple, effective and well tolerated all together? A prospective study on treatment response and compliance in positional sleep apnea with a positioning pillow, Sleep Breath. 2018, 22:1143-1151.

    5. Efficacy of the New Generation of Devices for Positional Therapy for Patients With Positional Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review of the Literature and Meta-Analysis, J Clin Sleep Med. 2017, 13:813-824.

    6. The effects of posture on obstructive sleep apnea, Am Rev Respir Dis. 1986, 133:662-6.

    7. The influence of head-of-bed elevation in patients with obstructive sleep apnea, Sleep Breath. 2017, 21: 815820.

    8. Efficacy of the tennis ball technique in patients with positional obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome, European Respiratory Journal 2011, 38: p2217.

    Also Check: How To Help Stop Snoring

    Can You Die From Sleep Apnea

      According to Dr. Amie Stringfellow, a Board-Certified Sleep Physician, Sleep Apnea is a very serious conditionThere have been a few instances of deaths attributed to Sleep Apnea, but these cases are pretty rare.

      Although its rare for this condition to be the actual cause of death, its important to note that this condition can cause or exacerbate other health conditions that may lead to death, which is why the Sleep Apnea death rate is higher than that of the general population.;According to a study done by the;Wisconsin Sleep Cohort, untreated Obstructive Sleep Apnea increases the risk of death.

      Central Sleep Apnea Causes And Risk Factors

      Pin on Obstructive Sleep Apnea

      Like obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea is more common in men and people over the age of 65. But unlike obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea is often associated with serious illness, such as heart disease, stroke, neurological disease, or spinal or brainstem injury. Some people with obstructive sleep apnea can also develop central sleep apnea when theyre being treated with positive airway pressure devices.

      Recommended Reading: How Does Sleep Apnea Affect Your Health

      Reevaluate Your Treatment Plan

      If youre actively treating sleep apnea and continuing to battle fatigue, youre not alone. In CPAP users, this can happen in 5 to 55 percent of patients, according to a study published in September 2016 in the journal Sleep Medicine Clinics. The researchers suggest sticking to CPAP therapy, if youre using it; improving your sleep habits, which are worth another look; asking your doctor if any of your medications are interfering with your sleep; and figuring out if you have another underlying condition thats contributing to your fatigue, such as diabetes or hypothyroidism. You should also consider being evaluated for other sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy or restless legs syndrome.

      Together, youll get to the bottom of it and feel energized in the future.

      Untreated Sleep Apnea And Heart Attacks

      Multiple studies have shown a link between Sleep Apnea and sudden cardiac death. One five-year;study;found that OSA raised the risk of sudden cardiac death, particularly when oxygen saturation levels fell below 78%. Researchers also found that individuals with Obstructive Sleep Apnea have more than;2.5 times the risk;of experiencing sudden cardiac death between the hours of 12 a.m. and 6 a.m. compared to those without the condition.

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      Sleeping Upright With Sleep Apnea What We Know And 3 Things To Try

      Its no surprise people are wondering about sleeping upright with sleep apnea since symptoms are worse for many patients if they lay on their back.;

      Recent research suggests that elevating your head may indeed help improve symptoms.

      Depending on your sleep apnea type, symptom severity, and other factors, you have options simple tricks to elevate your head and new devices designed to keep you from sleeping on your back.

      Its High Stakes Whether Your Sleep Apnea Will Get Worse Over Time

      7 Signs You Have Sleep Apnea & What to Do About It

      ;Living with sleep apnea can be pretty frustrating.

      Sleep apnea snoring can also make for miserable nights for a bedmate.

      So, its understandable if youre curious whether your sleep apnea will get worse over time.

      Maybe your symptoms are mild and youre wondering whether you need to do anything at all.

      Or perhaps, your sleep apnea was under control and lately things just seem to be getting worse.

      Regardless of the reason, its a good question to ask, because the stakes are high.; We know what sleep apnea can do to ruin someones life.

      Its a sleep disorder in which breathing is repeatedly interrupted during sleep.; The breathing interruptions cause you to fall out of restorative deep sleep into a lighter sleep which is why you wake up feeling like you didnt sleep at all.

      And when this happens night after night, it can take a huge toll on you, your sleep, and your relationships.

      Sleep patterns are known to change as part of the normal aging process.; As you get older, you spend less time in deep sleep.

      Older people generally have a harder time falling asleep and staying asleep.; And according to a National Sleep Foundation poll, 44% experience insomnia symptoms at least a few nights each week.

      But what youre really wondering is what happens with sleep apnea as time goes by.

      Can it really get worse as you get older or if left untreated?

      Should you stay the course or try doing something different?

      Lets take a look at what the research says and what you can do about it.

      Also Check: Is It Better To Sleep On Your Left Side

      Connections Between Obesity And Chronic Health Problems

      Carrying extra weight can lead to a wide range of comorbidities: health problems that exist in addition to obesity. The chronic conditions most commonly associated with excessive weight are heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Other issues include hypertension, inflammatory disorders, joint pain, mobility challenges, and, of course, obstructive sleep apnea.

      The OAC has produced a comprehensive article on the connections between sleep apnea and obesity that we happily recommend for further reading.

      They have also undertaken the considerable challenge of addressing how obesity is currently defined in this article discussing how metabolism is interconnected with other body processes that influence overall health.

      From this, we learn that human biology is affected by excess weight in a way that practically guarantees well face comorbidities like sleep apnea unless we are proactive about keeping to a healthy weight.

      Im A Cpap Dropout: Why Many Lose Sleep Over Apnea Treatment

      By Victoria KnightJuly 17, 2019

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      You must credit us as the original publisher, with a hyperlink to our khn.org site. If possible, please include the original author and Kaiser Health News in the byline. Please preserve the hyperlinks in the story.

      Have questions? Let us know at

      Also Check: How To Treat Restless Leg Syndrome

      Sleep Apnea Symptoms: 10 Signs You May Have Sleep Apnea

      The Center for Disease Control is calling insufficient sleep a public health epidemic. A huge portion of this mass sleeplessness can be blamed on society too many television stations, too many smartphones, too many late nights in front of the blue glow of a computer screen. You could call it technology-induced insomnia. However, you can also blame this epidemic on evolution, because many sleepless nights are being caused by a disorder known as sleep apnea, which is far from rare and is oftentimes brushed off as insomnia. Over 20 million Americans suffer from the disorder and almost 90% of people who have sleep apnea are undiagnosed. Did you know that people with sleep apnea are twice as likely to crash and die in a car accident? People with sleep apnea also have a 30% higher risk of dying from a heart attack. Obstructive sleep apnea, which is the most common form of sleep apnea, sets off a chain reaction of health conditions that include cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetes, depression, and high blood pressure ;the list goes on and on. And while people who are obese might have a higher chance of being diagnosed with the disorder, sleep apnea spares no specific type of person, so it is important to pay attention to a series of different signs to know if you should seek help. Here are ten signs that you might have sleep apnea.

      Getting Used To Your Cpap Device

      Sleep Apnea Mask Alternatives,why do people snore what is ...

      Ease into it. Start by using your CPAP device for short periods. Try wearing it for a half hour or an hour while sitting up in bed watching TV or reading a book. Once youve gotten used to that, try using it lying down or when napping.

      Use the ramp setting. Most devices can be programmed to start slowly and gradually increase air pressure. The goal is to be asleep before the machine reaches your prescribed pressure setting. Most people find this makes falling asleep much easier and more comfortable.

      Reset the machine if air flow wakes you. If a high-pressure stream of air wakes you up, turn the CPAP device on and off to restart the ramp setting.

      Recommended Reading: What Is A Sleep Cycle Called

      How To Tell If You Should Get Tested For Sleep Apnea

      First, lets talk a little about what sleep apnea is so you have a better understanding if youre on the right track to figuring out what might be going on with your sleep and health.

      Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that affects an estimated 6% of Americans. It is characterized by long pauses in breathing or shallow breathing while asleep. Each pause is known as an apnea episode, and in severe cases can last up for a few minutes. Shallow breathing episodes are known as hypopnea and often occur in between apnea episodes. People who have sleep apnea stop breathing hundreds of times while they are sleeping, depriving their brain and body of much-needed oxygen. Sleep apnea can be extremely severe and can cause other major health issues to develop.

      Sound familiar? Great, youre on the right track.

      Now, lets see if we can answer the question you came here with How do I know if I should get tested for sleep apnea? To make this easy, weve developed a quick quiz to help you tell if you should get tested for sleep apnea. Be honest with yourself and add up how many yes answers you marked.

      Reflecting on the past week:

      So how many times did you answer yes? Was it one or more times? If so, youre experiencing some of the more serious symptoms of sleep apnea, and you really should get tested right away.

      2-4% of the American population suffers from apnea without a diagnosis.

      How Excess Weight Causes Sleep Apnea

      Several health conditions increase the likelihood of developing sleep apnea, but OSA is most common in people who are overweight or obese. Excess weight creates fat deposits in a persons neck called pharyngeal fat. Pharyngeal fat can block a persons upper airway during sleep when the airway is already relaxed. This is why snoring is one of the most common sleep apnea symptoms air is literally being squeezed through a restricted airway, causing a loud noise.

      Additionally, increased abdominal girth from excess fat can compress a persons chest wall, decreasing lung volume. This reduced lung capacity diminishes airflow, making the upper airway more likely to collapse during sleep. OSA risk continues to increase with a rising body mass index , which measures ones body fat based on height and weight. Even a 10% weight gain is associated with a six-fold increase in OSA risk.

      Less common causes of sleep apnea include enlarged tonsils that block the airway, anatomical features such as a large neck or narrow throat, endocrine disorders , acid reflux, lung diseases, and heart problems. However, roughly 6090% of adults with OSA are overweight.

      Lofta WatchPAT is a FDA-approved portable diagnostic device that uses the most innovative technology to ensure the accurate screening, detection, and the follow-up treatment of sleep apnea. .

      Also Check: How Do You Stop Snoring When You Sleep

      Health Consequences Of Sleep Apnea

      The chronic sleep deprivation caused by sleep apnea can result in daytime sleepiness, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, forgetfulness, and an increased risk of accidents and errors in your daily activities.

      Sleep apnea also has a mental impact. It can trigger moodiness and irritability and cause anxiety and depression. It also increases your risk of other serious health problems like high blood pressure, heart disease, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, and stroke.

      Whats The Risk Of Death From Sleep Apnea

      Sleep Apnea and Why You Should Care

      Researchers have found that severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea has the potential to raise your;risk of dying early;by as much as 46%. If you leave this condition untreated, you have a higher risk of a heart attack. Sleep Apnea also increases your risk of having a stroke.

      According to the;Cleveland Clinic, Sleep Apnea has the potential to result in sudden death due to abnormal heart rhythms. The condition may lower your oxygen levels during sleep, activate your fight-or-flight response, and then change the pressure in your chest when your upper airway closes, which can stress your heart.

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      Illusion Of Sleep Apnea Being A New Disease

      Sleep apnea has been around for a very long time, but wasnt given its official name until the late 20th century, says J. Mark Anderson, MD, DABFM, of Executive Medicine of Texasand who is board certified in family medicine.

      What OSA used to be regarded as:

      Prior to sleep apnea being widely recognized, people who died of sleep apnea were often just assumed that they died in their sleep of natural causes, or if elderly, of old age, says Dr. Anderson.

      His snoring rattled the windows.;Dr. Anderson says, Most people who snore, a symptom of sleep apnea, are often undiagnosed sufferers of sleep apnea.

      Her snoring was mixed with snorts and gasps.

      Shes always been such a sleepyhead.

      Its stress; itll fatigue you and give you headaches.

      Hes just overworked; too much overtime, not enough vacation time.

      Of course she needs 12 hours of sleep a day; she has a three-year-old, a two-year-old and a six-month-old.

      Dr. Anderson explains, While sleep apnea is underdiagnosed, the number of reported cases are on the rise.

      Perhaps this is due to a number of famous people dying of the condition, such as Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia.

      The symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea have always been around. Other symptoms include irritability and trouble concentrating, not to mention falling asleep easily when immobile or inactive.

      Just because the cause of these symptoms for some patients has been discovered doesnt mean that OSA was created for profit.

      F How Else Can I Change My Sleep Position

      Dont limit yourself to sleeping upright in bed or on a chair.

      Check with your doctor to see if other sleep positioning strategies might work better for you.

      Have you given side sleeping a fair try?

      A number of sleep aides have been designed to encourage the body to sleep on its side, ranging from simple low setups to high tech devices:

      Recommended Reading: How To Stop Snoring Exercises

      Why It Seems Everyone Is Getting Diagnosed With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

      Increased awareness. If you have not been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, but know someone who has, this is enough to increase your awareness.

      Its akin to the phenomenon of noticing that everyone is driving a particular model of car only after youve purchased that car!

      Increased awareness by the medical community. Medicine is not finite. Doctors and researchers are always learning something new.

      A new discovery does not mean a fad or in disease just to make money.

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